The Humpty Dumpty Circus

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The Humpty Dumpty Circus
Directed by J. Stuart Blackton
Produced by Albert E. Smith
Release date
  • 1897 (1897)
Country United States
Language Silent

The Humpty Dumpty Circus is an animated short film made in 1897 by director and producer J. Stuart Blackton and Albert E. Smith, the Anglo-American founders of Vitagraph Studios. The short was the first film to use the stop-motion technique,[1][2] and featured a circus with acrobats and animals in motion. According to Smith, they used his daughter's set of small circus dolls, which had jointed limbs so they could be balanced in place.[3] Unfortunately, the film now only exists as still images.


  1. ^ Ken A. Priebe, The Art of Stop-Motion Animation, Boston, Massachusetts: Thomson Course Technology PTR, 2007, ISBN 9781598632453, p. 9
  2. ^ Nichola Dobson, The A to Z of Animation and Cartoons, Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow, 2009, ISBN 9780810876231, p. xxiv
  3. ^ Paul Wells, Understanding Animation, London/New York: Routledge, 1998, ISBN 9780415115964, n.p.

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