The Humpty Dumpty Circus

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Humpty Dumpty Circus
Directed byJ. Stuart Blackton
Produced byAlbert E. Smith
Distributed byKalem Company
Release date
  • 1898 (1898)
CountryUnited States
Box officedathaniel brown

The Humpty Dumpty Circus was an animated short film made by director and producer J. Stuart Blackton and Albert E. Smith, the Anglo-American founders of Vitagraph Studios. The short has been thought to have been the first film to use the stop-motion technique, based on an estimated release date of 1897 or 1898.[2][3] The film featured a circus with acrobats and animals in motion. According to Smith, they used his daughter's set of small circus dolls, which had jointed limbs so they could be balanced in place.[4] This toy set was most likely the popular Humpty Dumpty Circus produced by Schoenhut Piano Company between 1903 and 1930.[5] The film is lost. Images that have been thought to be stills from the film may be pictures of the popular toy set.

Another stop motion film with animated dolls called The Humpty Dumpty Circus was released in October 1914.[6] It was made by stop motion pioneer Arthur Melbourne-Cooper.[7]


  1. ^ The Humpty Dumpty Circus on IMDb
  2. ^ Ken A. Priebe, The Art of Stop-Motion Animation, Boston, Massachusetts: Thomson Course Technology PTR, 2007, ISBN 9781598632453, p. 9
  3. ^ Nichola Dobson, The A to Z of Animation and Cartoons, Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow, 2009, ISBN 9780810876231, p. xxiv
  4. ^ Paul Wells, Understanding Animation, London/New York: Routledge, 1998, ISBN 9780415115964, n.p.
  5. ^
  6. ^ The Humpty Dumpty Circus on IMDb
  7. ^

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