|Genres||Rhythm and blues|
|Occupation(s)||Backing vocalists, Girl group|
|Years active||1960–1976; 1990s|
|Associated acts||Ike & Tina Turner, Ike Turner, The Mirettes|
|Past members||Robbie Montgomery|
Linda Shuford-Williams Eloise Hester
Janice Singleton (Hughes)
Pat Arnold (a.k.a. P. P. Arnold)
Randi Love a.k.a. Michelle Love
Lois Lee Miles
See members section for others
|Genres||rhythm and blues|
|Associated acts||The Ikettes|
|Members||Robbie Montgomery, Venetta Fields, Jessie Smith, Pat Powdrill|
The Ikettes were a trio (sometimes quartet) of female backing vocalists for the Ike & Tina Turner Revue. Despite their origins, the Ikettes became successful artists in their own right, with hits in the early- and mid-1960s.
The group started as the Artettes, the backing group of Art Lassiter. The first official incarnation of The Ikettes was composed of Robbie Montgomery, Venetta Fields, and Jessie Smith; Ike never paid them much, which caused their lineup to change frequently, and they never received royalties. The original trio of Ikettes later morphed into the Mirettes.
In 1960, when Art Lassiter didn't show up for a recording session, Ike Turner took Lassiter's backup singers, the Artettes — Robbie Montgomery, Frances Hodges, and Sandra Harding — and had them accompany Tina Turner on her first recording, "A Fool in Love". The hit single propelled Ike to form the Ike & Tina Turner Revue, but with a new group of backup singers: Delores Johnson, Eloise Hester, and Jo Armstead. (Montgomery was pregnant and unable to tour.)
Montgomery rejoined the Revue shortly after having her baby, and teamed with Jessie Smith, and eventually Venetta Fields, to form the first official incarnation of The Ikettes. They cut "I'm Blue (The Gong-Gong Song)" the following year. Ike produced the record and leased it to Atco Records, who issued three less successful Ikettes singles in 1962. The following year, Ike switched them to his Teena record label for two singles: "Crazy in Love" (credited as Robbie Montgomery & the Ikettes) and "Prisoner in Love". "Here's Your Heart" came out on Innis in 1964 but failed to go national; nor did a Phi-Dan single in 1965.
A six-record stint from 1964 through 1966 on Modern Records saw The Ikettes score three hits: "The Camel Walk" (1964), and "Peaches and Cream" and "I'm So Thankful" (both 1965). Ultra-funky remakes of "Sally Go Round the Roses" and "Da Doo Ron Ron" did not go as well; neither did "He's Gonna Be Fine, Fine, Fine," though it sounded like a precursor to the music Betty Davis did later. When "Peaches and Cream" became rapidly popular, Ike sent a different set of Ikettes — Janice Singleton (Hughes), Diane Rutherford and Marquentta Tinsley — on the road with "The Dick Clark Caravan of Stars", and kept Montgomery, Smith, and Fields on tour with his revue. Singleton and Rutherford provided backing vocals for Tina Turner on the Phil Spector-produced 1966 classic "River Deep – Mountain High".
In the meantime, Turner hired new women as Ikettes. The first set included Pat Arnold (a.k.a. P. P. Arnold), Juanita Hixson, Gloria Scott, and Maxine Smith. Later members included Pat Powdrill, Ann Thomas, Shelly Clark (later of Honey Cone), Rose Smith and Paulette Parker. Innis, attempting to earn some money from its unreleased material, issued "So Blue Over You"/"So Fine" credited to Ike & Tina Turner & the Ikettes in 1968.
Ike Turner's formation of a second group of Ikettes in 1965 caused much annoyance to Montgomery, Fields, and Smith, and they left the Ike and Tina Turner Revue in late 1965. After trying unsuccessfully to continue using the name the Ikettes under management of Tina Turner's sister, Alline Bullock, they changed their name to "The Mirettes", after the Mirwood label they had signed to. Their single release did not chart and they signed with Revue Records. The stint with Revue proved luckier: their first two singles, a sexy "In the Midnight Hour" and "Take Me for a Little While", made impressions. A third single, "First Love", stiffed, as did a single on Minit Records in 1968 entitled "Help Wanted". A shift to Uni Records was more fruitful for The Mirettes, but the songs were not big hits. Zea Records dropped the raunchy "Ain't My Stuff Good Enough" in 1970. The Mirettes broke up in 1971, after Venetta Fields left the group and was replaced by one-time Ikette Pat Powdrill.
Pompeii and Liberty Records issued singles credited to The Ikettes in 1969 and 1970 respectively, but only a remake of Sly & the Family Stone's "I Want to Take You Higher" (with Ike & Tina Turner) got much notice. It was followed by two more singles credited to the Ikettes on United Artists, including a remake of "Camel Walk" in 1971 and "Two Timin', Double Dealin'" in 1973, the last known single by either the Ikettes or the Mirettes [see below].
The Ikettes changed once again in 1969 when Edna Lejeune Richardson took ill and was temporarily replaced by Stonye Figueroa. Stonye along with Ester Jones and Claudia Lennear, went on to perform on The Ed Sullivan Show with Ike and Tina Turner on January 11, 1970. The Ikettes trio performed in Las Vegas January 1970, at the Hilton Hotel opposite Redd Foxx.
Edna Lejeune Richardson returned to the group in 1972. In 1974 she, along with Stonye Figueroa and Linda Sims, appeared on Don Krishner's Rock Concert. Jones and Richardson were long-time members of the Ikettes. Lejeune was married to Ike Turner's drummer Soko Richardson, but later was divorced. In 1974 Edna had a minor role in the blaxploitation classic "Truck Turner". She played "Frenchie", one of "Dorinda's Girls". She later became a backup dancer for Tina Turner during Tina's solo years; she was noted as being Tina's favorite Ikette. (Tina Turner no longer uses Ikettes in her shows; instead, she affectionately refers to her back-up dancers as her "flowers.")
As Ike Turner revived his career in the 1990s, he formed a new set of Ikettes, including Jeanette Bazzell, Randi Love a.k.a. Michelle Love, Stonye Figueroa (1998), and Audrey Madison-Turner.
Former Ikettes Clydie King and Venetta Fields had a successful joint career after leaving Ike & Tina, joining Ray Charles as The Raelettes, the UK rockers Humble Pie (post-Peter Frampton) as two-thirds of The Blackberries, as well as a brief stint with Delaney and Bonnie. They also appear as backing vocalists on the first album by Steely Dan.
Armstead, the first of the originals to leave, went solo and sang with groups before hooking up with a pre-Motown Nickolas Ashford and Valerie Simpson to form the formidable songwriting/production team of Ashford/Simpson/Armstead.
Janice Singleton (Hughes) left the Ikettes to lead groups on A&M (The Secrets: lead vocals on A&M recording by Diane Rutherford-Swann) and Verve (The Unit Plus), then teamed with ex-Ikette Maxine Smith (Green) on world tours with Leo Sayer, Martha Reeves, Boz Scaggs, and Joe Cocker, among others. In 2007, Singleton and Smith joined the Mohegan Sun All Stars.
- Jo Armstead (1960–c.1964)
- P. P. Arnold (1964–1966)
- Mary Bennett (April–July 1978, during the breakup of Ike and Tina)
- Bonnie Bramlett (c. 1963–c. 1966) — first white member
- Jean Brown (Burks) (c. 1971)
- Mary Brown
- Alesia "Sugar" Butler (1972-1974) — performed on Midnight Special (1972), The Johnny Carson Show, and Burns & Schreiber Comedy Hour
- Shelly Clark (c. 1966–c. 1968) — later a member of Honey Cone
- Vera Cliburn (1970s, mid-1990s)
- Venetta Fields (1962–1965)
- Stonye Figueroa (a.k.a. Barbara Cook) (1969-1974, 1998–2007)
- Yolanda Goodwin (1974–1976)
- Martha Graham (c. 1968)
- Vera Hamilton (c. 1973; died August 31, 2013)
- Eloise Hester (1960–?)
- Juanita Hixson (1964–?)
- Frances Hodges
- Brenda Holloway
- Patrice Holloway
- Delores "Dee Dee" Johnson (1962–?)
- Johnnie B. Johnson-Day (early 60s)
- Esther Faye Buron Jones (1969–1976; died in 2006) — "longest running Ikette"
- Clydie King
- Claudia Lennear (c. 1969–c. 1970)
- Charlotte Lewis
- Robbie Montgomery (1960–1965) — later a successful restaurateur and star of the reality series Welcome to Sweetie Pie's
- Paulette Parker a.k.a. Maxayn (1967–?)
- Pat Powdrill (c. 1966–c. 1972; died April 11, 1996)
- Edna Lejeune Richardson (?–1969; 1974–1976) — married to Ike's drummer Soko Richardson
- Diane Rutherford-Swann (c. 1964–1966)
- Gloria Scott (1964)
- Linda Shuford-Williams aka Linda Jones (1972-1974) Johnny Carson, Midnight Special. 20 feet from Stardom.
- Linda Sims
- Janice Singleton (c. 1964–1966)
- Jessie Smith (c. 1961–1965)
- Maxine Smith (1964–?)
- Rose Smith (c. 1966)
- Jackie Stanton
- The Stovall Sisters (1967)
- (Margaret) Ann Thomas (c. 1966–?) — the "non-singing Ikette" married to Ike Turner in the 1980s
- Marcy Thomas (1974–1975) — later known as Lyrica Garrett on Love & Hip Hop: Hollywood
- Marquentta Tinsley (c. 1964–?)
- Adrienne Williams
- Carlena "Flora" Williams (1964) — sang lead on "Blue With a Broken Heart"
- Debbie Wilson
- Shirley Alexander aka Shirley Butler (1969-70)
1980s and 1990s
- Jeanette Bazzell Turner (1987–2000) — married to Ike Turner from 1995–2001.
- Vera Cliburn (1970s, mid-1990s)
- Stonye Figueroa (a.k.a. Barbara Cook) (1969-1974, 1998)
- Bonnie Johnson (1988)
- Randi Love a.k.a. Michelle Love (mid-1990s–early 2000s)
- Audrey Madison-Turner (1993–early 2000s) — married to Ike Turner from 2006–2007
- Marcy Thomas a.k.a. Lyrica Garrett (1988)
- Fine Fine Fine (Stateside, 1965)
- Soul the Hits (Modern Records, 1966)
- In Person (Minit, 1969) — credited to Ike & Tina Turner and The Ikettes
- Come Together (Liberty, 1970) — credited to Ike & Tina Turner And The Ikettes
- The Ikettes (G)Old & New (United Artists, 1974)
- Can't Sit Down ... 'Cos It Feels So Good! The Complete Modern Recordings (Kent, 1987)
- "Come On and Truck" (1962)
- "I Do Love You" (1962)
- "I'm Blue (The Gong-Gong Song)" (1962)
- "Pee Wee" (1962) — as Robbie Montgomery and the Ikettes
- "I'm Leaving You" (1963)
- "Crazy In Love" (1963) — as Robbie Montgomery and the Ikettes
- "I'm Leaving You" (1963)
- "No Bail in This Jail" (1963)
- "You're Still My Baby" (1963) — Venetta Fields on lead vocals
- "Blue With a Broken Heart" a.k.a. "Blue On Blue" (1964)
- "Camel Walk" (1964)
- "Here's Your Heart" (1964) — as The Ikettes With Ike & Tina Revue
- "Prisoner in Love" (1964)
- "Don't Feel Sorry For Me" (1965)
- "(He's Gonna Be) Fine, Fine, Fine" (1965)
- "How Come" (1965)
- "I'm So Thankful" (1965)
- "It's Been So Long" (1965)
- "(Never More Will I Be) Lonely For You" (1965)
- "Nobody Loves Me" (1965)
- "Peaches N' Cream" (1965)
- "Your Love Is Mine" (1965)
- "You're Trying To Make Me Lose My Mind" (1965)
- "The Biggest Players"(1966)
- "Can't Sit Down 'Cos It Feels So Good" (1966)
- "Da Do Ron Ron" (1966)
- "The Loco-Motion" (1966)
- "Not That I Recall" (1966)
- "Sally Go Round The Roses" (1966)
- "Sha La La" (1966)
- "What'cha Gonna Do" (1966)
- "You Can't Have Your Cake and Eat It Too" (1966)
- "So Fine" (1968) — as Ike & Tina and The Ikettes
- "I Want to Take You Higher" (1970)
- "I'm Just Not Ready For Love" (1972)
- "Two Timin' Double Dealin'" (1973)
- "Take Me For a Little While" (1968)
- "First Love" (1968)
- "Help Wanted" (1968)
- "In the Midnight Hour" (1968)
- "Ain't My Stuff Good Enough" (1970)
- "Now That I Found You Baby" (1996)
- "He's All Right with Me" (1966)
- In the Midnight Hour (1968)
- Whirlpool (1969)
With Quincy Jones
- The Lost Man (soundtrack) (Uni, 1969)
- Baumgart, Malcom. Original sleeve note from The Ikettes — Fine, Fine Fine (1986).
- Nevill, Brian. "Looking for Pat Powdrill," SpectroPop (2006).
- Eve Zibart, "Bonnie Bramlett Belts Them Out at Cellar Door", The Washington Post, May 11, 1978, C7.
- Pareles, Jon. "ROCK REVIEW: Turner Revue Is Back (Minus Tina)," New York Times (August 26, 1996), p. B3.
- The Ed Sullivan Show, 1970 and Don Kristner's Rock Concert, 1974; also 20 Feet From Stardom
- Wikane, Christian John. "Her Best Is Yet to Come: The Return of Gloria Scott," PopMatters (18 March 2009).
- Seen on the cover of Ikettes (G)old and New album (right); 20 Feet from Stardom
- Pryweller, Joseph. "Moving In Different Directions: Picking Hampton Over The Bright Lights Of Calif.," Daily Press (December 21, 1990).
- Seen on the cover of Ikettes (G)old and New album (center); 20 Feet from Stardom
- Willman, Chris. "Ike Turner Doesn't Quite Get It Turned Around," Los Angeles Times (October 10, 1988).
- The Boston Herald (Aug. 27, 1996), p. 3
- Telen (Aug. 9, 1997), p. 8.
- Christian, Margena A. (October 2008). "The last days of Ike Turner". Ebony. Retrieved October 6, 2011.