The Importance of Being Earnest (opera)
The Importance of Being Earnest is a three-act opera by Gerald Barry based on the play of the same name by Oscar Wilde. The opera was given concert performances in Los Angeles in 2011 and in London and Birmingham in 2012, and received its first fully staged performances at the Opéra national de Lorraine, Nancy. Its first British staged performance took place at the Linbury Studio Theatre, Covent Garden, in 2013.
The opera was commissioned jointly by the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra and the Barbican Centre, and was completed by the composer in eight months. Barry himself adapted the libretto from the original play, cutting the text substantially. However, Wilde's plot is retained completely, as well as many of his most famous lines. The composer has commented: "The text was far too long, and I had to cut around two-thirds of it, but the structure is so strong that I think people will hardly notice. I got rid of all the social niceties, which gives a different tone—the butler is not so polite as he was!" In describing his technique, the composer has further said in respect of act 3:
Everyone's on stage, terrible scandals have been revealed about Miss Prism and the baby, and Canon Chasuble comes in and says "Everything is ready for the christening." Everyone just responds with weird vocal slides, there's no text at all. He responds by saying, "Your mood seems peculiarly secular" and they do it all again, as if they're animals in a menagerie. I was very pleased with that, I thought "I've matched Wilde in madness"
Concert performances of the opera were given in Los Angeles in April 2011 conducted by Thomas Adès, and in London (26 April 2012) and Birmingham (28 April 2012), the English performances being given by the Birmingham Contemporary Music Group, also conducted by Adès. The opera was given its first staged performances on 17 March 2013 at the Opéra national de Lorraine in Nancy, directed by Sam Brown and conducted by Tito Muñoz, and in June 2013 at the Royal Opera House's Linbury Studio Theatre, conducted by Tim Murray. In October and November 2013 a touring production of the opera was given in Derry, Belfast, Cork and Dublin by Northern Ireland Opera, conducted by Pierre-André Valade.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere concert performance
Los Angeles Philharmonic
Conductor: Thomas Adès
Opéra national de Lorraine
Conductor: Tito Muñoz
|Premiere British staging|
Britten Sinfonia, London
Conductor: Tim Murray
|Algernon Moncrieff||baritone||Joshua Bloom||Phillip Addis||Benedict Nelson|
|John Worthing||tenor||Gordon Gietz||Chad Shelton||Paul Curievici|
|Gwendolyn Fairfax||mezzo-soprano||Katalin Károlyi||Wendy Dawn Thompson||Stephanie Marshall|
|Lady Bracknell||bass||Stephen Richardson||Alan Ewing||Alan Ewing|
|Miss Prism||contralto||Hilary Summers||Diana Montague||Hilary Summers|
|Cecily Cardew||soprano||Hila Plitmann||Ida Falk Winland||Ida Falk Winland|
|The Rev. Canon Chasuble D.D.||Spoken role||Matthew Anchel||Steven Beard|
|Butler||bass||Adam Lau||José Luis Barreto||Simon Wilding|
The following synopsis is in accordance with the Royal Opera House production, 2016. Time: The present.
Location: Algernon Moncrieff's flat in London. Algernon is playing his own variations on Auld Lang Syne on the piano while his butler prepares afternoon tea. John "Jack" Worthing, whom Algernon knows as Ernest, arrives. 'Ernest' has come from the country to propose to Algernon's cousin, Gwendolen Fairfax. Algernon, however, refuses his consent until 'Ernest' explains why his cigarette case bears the inscription "From little Cecily, with her fondest love to her dear Uncle Jack." 'Ernest' is forced to admit to living a double life. In the country, he assumes a serious attitude for the benefit of his young ward Cecily, goes by the name of John or Jack, and pretends that he has a wastrel younger brother named Ernest in London. In the city, meanwhile, he assumes the identity of the libertine Ernest. Algernon confesses to a similar deception: he pretends to have an invalid friend named Bunbury in the country, whom he can "visit" whenever he wishes to avoid an unwelcome social obligation.
Gwendolen and her formidable mother Lady Bracknell (sung by a male bass) call on Algernon. Asserting the superiority of German music over French, Lady Bracknell gives a rendition of Friedrich Schiller's Ode to Joy. Jack proposes to Gwendolen. She accepts, but seems to love him mostly because of his professed name of Ernest. Jack resolves to himself that he will be rechristened "Ernest". Lady Bracknell interviews Jack to assess his worthiness as a suitor for Gwendolen. Horrified to learn that Jack was adopted after being discovered as a baby in a handbag at Victoria Station, she forbids him further contact with her daughter. Gwendolen manages to secretly promise Jack her undying love. As Jack gives her his address in the country, Algernon surreptitiously notes it.
Location: The garden of John Worthing's estate. Cecily is studying with her governess, Miss Prism, who extols the German language, also giving a rendition of the Ode to Joy. Algernon arrives, pretending to be Ernest Worthing, and soon charms Cecily. Long fascinated by her Uncle Jack's mysterious black sheep brother, she is predisposed to fall for Algernon in his role of Ernest (a name she, like Gwendolen, is apparently particularly fond of). Therefore, Algernon, too, plans for the rector, Dr. Chasuble, to rechristen him "Ernest". Meanwhile, Jack has decided to abandon his double life. He arrives and announces his brother's death in Paris, a story immediately undermined by Algernon's presence in the guise of Ernest. Gwendolen now enters. During the temporary absence of the two men, she meets Cecily, and each woman indignantly declares that she is the one engaged to "Ernest". The atmosphere between the two (in a dialogue effected via megaphones) grows chillier, accompanied in the orchestra by the rhythmic demolition of a stack of dinner plates. When Jack and Algernon reappear, their deceptions are exposed; they immediately quarrel about each other's disastrous 'Bunburying'.
Location: The morning-room of Worthing's estate. The girls forgive the men on learning that they are both prepared to undergo re-christening on their behalf. Arriving in pursuit of her daughter, Lady Bracknell is astonished to learn that Algernon and Cecily are engaged. The revelation of Cecily's fortune (£130,000) soon dispels Lady Bracknell's initial doubts over the young lady's suitability, but then Jack announces that, as Cecily's guardian, he forbids her engagement. Jack will consent to Cecily's marriage only if Lady Bracknell agrees to his own union with Gwendolen—something she declines to do. The impasse is broken when Lady Bracknell hears mention of Miss Prism, and recognises her as the person who, twenty-eight years earlier, as a family nursemaid, had taken a baby boy for a walk in a perambulator and never returned. Challenged, Miss Prism explains that she had absent-mindedly put the manuscript of a novel she was writing in the perambulator, and the baby in a handbag, which she had left at Victoria Station. Jack produces the very same handbag, proving that he is the lost baby, whom Lady Bracknell identifies as the elder son of her late sister, and thus Algernon's elder brother after all. Having acquired such respectable relations, he is now acceptable as a suitor for Gwendolen. Lady Bracknell informs Jack that, as the first-born, he would have been named after his father, General Moncrieff. The cast examines the Army Lists (via mobile phones) and discovers that his father's name—and hence his own real name—isin fact Ernest. Lady Bracknell complains to her newfound relative: "My nephew, you seem to be displaying signs of triviality." "On the contrary, Aunt Augusta", he replies, "I've now realised for the first time in my life the vital importance of being Earnest."
The actor Stephen Fry commented that making an opera setting of Wilde's play was like "taking a machete to a soufflé". However, critical reception of the opera has been generally very positive. The Los Angeles Times wrote of the staged premiere "The world now has something rare: a new genuinely comic opera and maybe the most inventive Oscar Wilde opera since Richard Strauss's Salome more than a century ago". Ninfea Cruttwell-Reade noted the climax to the confrontation of Cicely and Gwendolyn when the latter
proceeded to attack her tea-companion with acerbic remarks while 40 dinner plates were systematically demolished by a percussionist on the off-beats. This "ostinato" for fractured china made a fabulous din, and was a masterstroke on Barry's part. Other noteworthy moments were the merry jigs danced by Ernest ... and Lady Bracknell as they disputed the validity of his marriage proposal, and the serial duet sung by Algernon and Ernest about cucumber sandwiches.
Matthew Rye commented on the 2016 London production
Barry deliberately and constantly subverts our expectations, transcending the original and creating something completely new. He gets through acres of Wilde's text ... in almost patter style and to motoric regular rhythms that play against word stress and meaning; and then he sets the most mundane of phrases such as “They have been eating muffins” to extravagant melismas.
- Royal Opera House (2016), pp. (6)–(9).
- Hewett (2012)
- "Music review: L.A. Phil premieres Gerald Barry's sensational opera 'The Importance of Being Earnest' ", (8 April 2011), Los Angeles Times website, accessed 4 April 2016.
- Loomis, George (2013-03-19). "Singing the Praises of Oscar Wilde's 'Importance of Being Earnest'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
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- "The Importance of Being Earnest", Northern Ireland Opera website, accessed 5 April, 2106.
- Royal Opera House (2016), pp. (4)–(5). The following paragraphs include copied content from The Importance of Being Earnest; see that page for details.
- Cruttwell-Reade (2013)
- Rye (2016).
- "RPS music Awards 2012", RPS website, accessed 4 April 2016.
- "Gerald Barry: The Importance of Being Earnest", NMC Records website, accessed 5 April 2016. CD no. NMC197.
- Cruttwell-Read, Ninfea (2013). "Gerald Barry's The Importance of Being Earnest staged at the ROH Linbury Studio", in Bachtrack website (17 June 2013), accessed 2 April 2016.
- Hewett, Ivan (2012). "Gerald Barry talks about his new opera The Importance of Being Earnest", in The Daily Telegraph, 20 April 2012. Website accessed 1 April 2016.
- Kilby, Paul (2015). "Gerald Barry's The Importance of Being Earnest", 21 January 2015, in Music & Literature website, accessed 2 April 2016.
- Royal Opera House (2016). The Importance of Being Earnest. (Programme booklet).
- Rye, Matthew (2016). "Wilde life: The Importance of Being Earnest, the opera", 30 March 2016, in Bachtrack website, accessed 4 April 2016.