The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood
|Cover artist||Peter Mendelsund|
|Publisher||Pantheon Books (US), Fourth Estate (UK)|
|March 1, 2011 (US), March 31, 2011 (UK)|
|Media type||Print (Hardcover)|
|LC Class||Z665 .G547 2011|
|Preceded by||Isaac Newton|
The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood is a book by science history writer James Gleick, published in March 2011, which covers the genesis of the current information age. It was on The New York Times best-seller list for three weeks following its debut.
Gleick begins with the tale of colonial European explorers and their fascination with African talking drums and their observed use to send complex widely understood messages back and forth between villages, and over even longer distances by relay. Gleick transitions from the information implications of such drum signaling to the impact of the arrival of long-distance telegraph and then telephone communication to the commercial and social prospects of the industrial age west. Research to improve these technologies ultimately led to our understanding the essentially digital nature of information, quantized down to the unit of the bit (or qubit).
Starting with the development of symbolic written language (and the eventual perceived need for a dictionary), Gleick examines the history of intellectual insights central to information theory, detailing the key figures responsible such as Claude Shannon, Charles Babbage, Ada Byron, Samuel Morse, Alan Turing, Stephen Hawking, Richard Dawkins and John Archibald Wheeler. The author also delves into how digital information is now being understood in relation to physics and genetics. Following the circulation of Claude Shannon's A Mathematical Theory of Communication and Norbert Wiener's Cybernetics many disciplines attempted to jump on the information theory bandwagon to varying success. Information theory concepts of data compression and error correction became especially important to the computer and electronics industries.
Gleick finally discusses Wikipedia as an emerging internet-based Library of Babel, investigating the implications of its expansive user-generated content, including the ongoing struggle between inclusionists, deletionists, and vandals. Gleick uses the Jimmy Wales-created article for the Cape Town butchery restaurant Mzoli's as a case study of this struggle. The flood of information that humanity is now exposed to presents new challenges, Gleick says. He argues that because we retain more of our information now than at any previous point in human history, it takes much more effort to delete or remove unwanted information than to accumulate it. This is the ultimate entropy cost of generating additional information and the answer to slay Maxwell's Demon.
In addition to winning major awards for science writing and history, The Information received mostly positive reviews. In The New York Times, Janet Maslin said it is "so ambitious, illuminating and sexily theoretical that it will amount to aspirational reading for many of those who have the mettle to tackle it." Other admirers were Nicholas Carr for The Daily Beast and physicist Freeman Dyson for The New York Review of Books. Science fiction author Cory Doctorow in his BoingBoing review called Gleick "one of the great science writers of all time", "Not a biographer of scientists... but a biographer of the idea itself." Tim Wu for Slate praised "a mind-bending explanation of theory" but wished Gleick had examined the economic importance of information more deeply. Ian Pindar writing for The Guardian complained that The Information does not fully address the relationship between social control of information (censorship, propaganda) and access to political power.
Awards and honors
- 2012 Royal Society Winton Prize for Science Books, winner.
- 2012 PEN/E. O. Wilson Literary Science Writing Award, winner.
- 2012 Andrew Carnegie Medal for Excellence in Nonfiction, finalist.
- 2012 Hessell-Tiltman Prize, winner.
- 2011 National Book Critics Circle Award, finalist (Nonfiction).
- 2011 Salon Book Award (Nonfiction).
- 2011 New York Times Bestseller
- 2011 Time Magazine's Best Books of the Year
- Information Theory
- Bell Labs
- Decoding Reality by Vlatko Vedral
- Decoding the Universe by Charles Seife
- Turing Machine
- "Best Sellers". The New York Times. 27 May 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- Carr, Nicholas (March 1, 2011). "Drowning in Beeps". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
- Dyson, Freeman (March 10, 2011). "How We Know". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
- Doctorow, Cory (March 24, 2011). "James Gleick's tour-de-force: The Information, a natural history of information theory". Boing Boing. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
- Wu, Tim (March 28, 2011). "Bit by Bit: James Gleick on the fascinating quest to understand and wield information". Slate. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- Pindar, Ian (April 30, 2011). "How a costly toy came to transform our world". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
- "Royal Society Winton Prize for Science Books". The Royal Society. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- Julie Bosman (August 29, 2012). "PEN American Center Announces Literary Awards". New York Times. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- American Library Association. [permanent dead link] - May 17, 2012.
- PEN UK.  - English PEN, Apr 13, 2012.
- Karen Long.  - Critical Mass, Feb 27, 2012.
- Laura Miller. "The best fiction of 2011", "The best nonfiction of 2011" - Salon, Dec 8, 2011.
- Bits in the ether Author Page
- The Information Palace Essay by James Gleick on origin and evolving meaning of the word 'information'.
- Wiki is not paper Essay
- After Words interview with Gleick on The Information, June 18, 2011