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The Interview

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The Interview
The Interview 2014 poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster[a]
Directed by
Produced by
  • Seth Rogen
  • Evan Goldberg
  • James Weaver
Screenplay byDan Sterling
Story by
  • Seth Rogen
  • Evan Goldberg
  • Dan Sterling
Starring
Music byHenry Jackman
CinematographyBrandon Trost
Edited by
Production
companies
Distributed bySony Pictures Releasing[b]
Release date
  • December 11, 2014 (2014-12-11) (Los Angeles)
  • December 24, 2014 (2014-12-24) (United States)
Running time
112 minutes[3]
CountryUnited States
Language
  • English
  • Korean
Budget$44 million[4][5]
Box office$12.3 million[6]

The Interview is a 2014 American political satire film co-produced and directed by Seth Rogen and Evan Goldberg in their second directorial work, following This Is the End (2013). The film's screenplay was written by Dan Sterling, based upon a story he co-wrote with Rogen and Goldberg. The film stars Rogen and James Franco as journalists who set up an interview with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un (Randall Park), but are recruited by the CIA to assassinate him. The film is heavily inspired by a Vice documentary which was shot in 2012.

Rogen and Goldberg developed the idea for The Interview in the late 2000s, with Kim Jong-il as the original assassination target. In 2011, after Jong-il's death, Jong-un replaced him as the North Korean leader to which Rogen and Goldberg re-developed the script with the focus on Jong-un's character. The film was first announced in March 2013, along with the beginning of pre-production. Principal photography took place in Vancouver from October to December 2013. The film was produced by Columbia Pictures, LStar Capital and Rogen and Goldberg's Point Grey Pictures, and distributed by Sony Pictures Releasing.

In June 2014, the North Korean government threatened action against the United States if Sony released the film. As a result, Sony delayed the release from October to December and reportedly re-edited the film in order to make it more acceptable to North Korea. In November, the computer systems of Sony were hacked by the "Guardians of Peace", a group the FBI claims has ties to North Korea.[7] The group also threatened terrorist attacks against theaters showing the film. As a result, major theater chains opted not to release the film to which Sony instead released it for online digital rental and purchase on December 24, 2014, followed by a limited release at selected theaters the next day.

The Interview grossed $40 million in digital rentals, making it Sony's most successful digital release and earned an additional $12.3 million worldwide in box office ticket sales on a $44 million budget. It received mixed reviews for its humor and subject matter, although a few critics praised the performances of Rogen, Franco, Park and Diana Bang.

Plot[edit]

Dave Skylark is the host of the talk show Skylark Tonight, where he interviews various celebrities about personal topics and gossip. After Skylark and his crew celebrate their 1,000th episode, the show's producer Aaron Rapaport is upset by a producer peer who criticized the show as not being a real news program. A while later, Rapaport reveals his concern and urge for change, to which Skylark agrees. Later, Skylark discovers that North Korean leader Kim Jong-un is a fan of Skylark Tonight, prompting Rapaport to arrange an interview for him. Rapaport travels to a place outside Dandong, China to receive instructions from Sook-yin Park, the North Korean chief propagandist, and Rapaport accepts the task of interviewing Kim on behalf of Skylark.

The next day, CIA agent Lacey shows up at Skylark and Rapaport's place, proposing that the duo assassinate Kim using a transdermal strip that will expose Kim to ricin via handshake; they reluctantly agree. Skylark carries the ricin strip hidden inside a pack of gum. Upon their arrival in the presidential palace in Pyongyang, they are introduced to security officers Koh and Yu; Koh discovers the strip and chews it, believing it to be gum. That night, Lacey airdrops them two more strips from an UAV, but in order to smuggle it back to their room, Rapaport has to evade a Siberian tiger and then hide the container in his rectum. Later, Kim shows up and introduces himself to Skylark.

Skylark spends the day with Kim by playing basketball, hanging out and partying together. Kim persuades Skylark that he is misunderstood as both a cruel dictator and a failed administrator, and they become friends. At dinner, Koh has a seizure due to the ricin poisoning and accidentally kills Yu before dying. The next morning, Skylark feels guilty and discards one of the ricin strips, then thwarts Rapaport's attempt to poison Kim with the second strip. After another dinner mourning the death of Kim's bodyguards, Skylark witnesses Kim's malicious side as he threatens war against South Korea and "every single enemy of his country". Skylark leaves and after taking a walk, he discovers that a nearby grocery store is merely fake and realizes that Kim has been lying to him. At the same time, during an attempted sex with Rapaport (who still has the ricin strip in his hand), Sook-yin reveals that she despises Kim and apologizes for defending the regime. Skylark, Rapaport and Sook-yin plan to ruin Kim's cult of personality by causing him to cry on air. Before the broadcast starts, Kim gives Skylark a puppy as a gift to keep.

During the internationally televised interview with Kim, Skylark addresses increasingly sensitive topics (including the country's food shortage issues and economic sanctions imposed by the US) and challenges Kim's need for his father's approval. Meanwhile, Sook-yin and Rapaport seize control of the broadcasting center and fend off guards trying to halt the broadcast. Despite his initial resistance, Kim eventually cries uncontrollably and soils himself after Skylark sings "Firework" by Katy Perry (having learned of Kim's fondness of Perry earlier), ruining his reputation. Feeling betrayed and labeling Skylark as a "fake friend", Kim shoots him and leaves, but Skylark survives due to a bulletproof vest. Skylark, Rapaport and Sook-yin regroup (with the puppy in tow) and escape the presidential palace with the unexpected help of a panel-control guard. The trio hijack Kim's personal tank, originally given to Kim Il-sung by Joseph Stalin, to get to their pickup point. Kim boards a helicopter while his own army attacks the group. He prepares a nuclear missile launch, but before he can issue the command to launch, Skylark shoots down Kim's helicopter, killing him. With the immediate threat over, Sook guides Skylark and Rapaport to an escape route where they are rescued and loaded onto a rescue craft by three SEAL Team Six members disguised as Korean People's Army troops, while Sook goes to Pyongyang to ensure political stability. Back in the United States, Skylark writes a book about his experience while North Korea moves toward denuclearization and democratization with Sook-yin as interim leader.

Cast[edit]

The film also features cameo appearances from Eminem, Rob Lowe, Bill Maher, Seth Meyers, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Brian Williams and Scott Pelley. Iggy Azalea, Nicki Minaj, Emma Stone, Zac Efron and Guy Fieri appear in the title graphic card for Skylark Tonight.

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

Seth Rogen and Evan Goldberg developed the idea for The Interview in the late 2000s, joking about what would happen if a journalist was required to assassinate a world leader.[8] Initially, screenwriter Dan Sterling wrote his script involving a fictional dictator from a fictional country, but Rogen, Goldberg and Sony executives asked him to rewrite the script focusing on Kim.[9] The screenplay was then titled Kill Kim Jong Un.[10] Previous iterations of the story revolved around Kim Jong-il, but put the project on hold until Jong-il died and his son Kim Jong-un assumed power in 2011. Development resumed when Rogen and Goldberg realized that Jong-un is closer to their own age, which they felt would be more humorous. To write the story, co-written with Daily Show writer Dan Sterling, they researched meticulously by reading non-fiction books and watching video footage about North Korea. The script was later reviewed by an employee in the State Department.[11] Rogen and Goldberg aimed to make the project more relevant and satirical than their previous films while retaining toilet humor.[8] They were pleased when former NBA star Dennis Rodman visited North Korea, as it reinforced their belief that the premise of the film was realistic.[8]

Pre-production[edit]

In March 2013, it was announced that Rogen and Goldberg would direct a comedy film for Columbia Pictures in which Rogen would star alongside James Franco, with Franco playing a talk-show host and Rogen playing his producer.[12] Rogen and Goldberg were on board to produce along with James Weaver through Point Grey Pictures, while Columbia was said to finance the $30 million budgeted film.[12] Lizzy Caplan joined the film's cast in October 2013. Caplan signed on to play Agent Lacey, a CIA agent who tries to get Franco's character to assassinate the Korean prime minister.[13] Randall Park and Timothy Simons signed on to co-star later that month. Park plays the North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un and Simons the director of the talk show.[14][15] Park was the first to audition for the role of Kim and got the part immediately. Before filming began, Park gained 15 pounds and shaved his head to resemble Jong-un's crew cut. His role was praised by critics.[8][16] Although Rogen and Goldberg wrote the character of Kim as "robotic and strict", Park instead played it "sheepish and shy", which they found more humorous.[8] Diana Bang was cast as Sook-yin Park, for which she was well received by critics.[16][17]

Filming[edit]

Principal photography on the film began in Vancouver, British Columbia, on October 10, 2013,[18] and concluded on December 20, 2013.[19] There are hundreds of visual effects in the film; a crowd scene at the Pyongyang airport, for example, was digitally manipulated with a shot from 22 Jump Street.[8]

Pre-release reaction[edit]

In June 2014, The Guardian reported that the film had "touched a nerve" within the North Korean government, as they are "notoriously paranoid about perceived threats to their safety."[20][21] The Korean Central News Agency (KCNA), the state news agency of North Korea, reported that their government promised "stern" and "merciless" retaliation if the film was released. KCNA said that the release of a film portraying the assassination of the North Korean leader would not be allowed and it would be considered the "most blatant act of terrorism and war."[22][23] The next month, North Korea's United Nations ambassador Ja Song-nam condemned the film, describing its production and distribution as "an act of war" and because of Kim's assassination in the film, "the most undisguised sponsoring of terrorism."[24] The Guardian described Song-nam's comments as "perfect publicity for the movie."[24] Later in July, KCNA wrote to U.S. President Barack Obama, asking to have the film pulled.[25] Shortly before the planned release of the film on December 25, 2014, screenwriter Dan Sterling told Creative Screenwriting: "I couldn't believe that the most infamous man in the world knew about my script – but most importantly, I would never want something I wrote to lead to some kind of humanitarian disaster. I would be horrified if anyone got hurt over this."[9]

Release[edit]

Delay and changes[edit]

In August 2013, Sony delayed the film's release from October 10 to December 25, 2013.[26] Sony made post-production alterations to the film to modify its portrayal of North Korea, including modifying the designs of buttons worn by characters, originally modeled after real North Korean military buttons praising the country's leaders, and cutting a portion of Kim Jong-un's death scene.[27]

Sony Pictures Entertainment hack and threats[edit]

A hacker group compromised much of Sony Pictures Entertainment's computer system in late 2014 in retaliation for the film's content.

On November 24, 2014, an anonymous group identifying themselves as the "Guardians of Peace" hacked the computer networks of Columbia Pictures's parent company Sony Pictures Entertainment.[28] The hackers leaked internal emails, employee records and several recent and unreleased Sony Pictures films, including Annie, Mr. Turner, Still Alice, and To Write Love on Her Arms. The North Korean government denied involvement in the hack.[29][30][31] On December 8, the hackers leaked further materials, including a demand that Sony pull "the movie of terrorism", widely interpreted as referring to The Interview.[32][33][34]

On December 16, 2014, the hackers threatened to attack the New York premiere of The Interview and any cinema showing the film.[30] Two further messages were released on December 1; one, sent in a private message to Sony executives, said that the hackers would not release further information if Sony never released the film and removed it from the internet. The other, posted to Pastebin, a web application used for text storage which the Guardians of Peace had used for previous messages, stated that Sony had "suffered enough" and could release The Interview, but only if Kim Jong-un's death scene was not "too happy". The message also threatened that if Sony made another film antagonizing North Korea, the hackers "will be here ready to fight".[35]

Distribution[edit]

The Interview was not released in Japan, as live-action comedy films do not often perform well in the market. In the Asia-Pacific region, it was released only in Australia and New Zealand.[36]

Rogen predicted that the film would make its way to North Korea, stating that "we were told one of the reasons they're so against the movie is that they're afraid it'll actually get into North Korea. They do have bootlegs and stuff. Maybe the tapes will make their way to North Korea and cause a revolution."[37] Business Insider reported via Free North Korea Radio that there was high demand for bootleg copies of the film in North Korea.[38] The South Korean human rights organizations Fighters for a Free North Korea and Human Rights Foundation, largely made up of North Korean defectors, planned to distribute DVD copies of The Interview via balloon drops.[39][40] The groups had previously air-dropped offline copies of the Korean Wikipedia into North Korea on a bootable USB memory device.[41] The balloon drop was scrapped after the North Korean government referred to the plan as a de facto "declaration of war."[42][43]

Cancellation of wide theatrical release[edit]

The premiere was held in Los Angeles on December 11, 2014.[44] The film scheduled a wide release in the UK and Ireland on February 6, 2015.[45] Following the hackers' threats on December 16, Rogen and Franco canceled scheduled publicity appearances and Sony pulled all television advertising.[46] The National Association of Theater Owners said that they would not object to cinema owners delaying the film to ensure the safety of filmgoers. Shortly afterwards, the ArcLight and Carmike cinema chains announced that they would not screen the film.[47]

On December 17, Sony canceled the New York City premiere. Later that day, other major theater chains including AMC, Cinemark, Cineplex, Regal and Southern Theatres either delayed or canceled screenings of the film.[48] The chains reportedly came under pressure from shopping malls where many theaters are located, which feared that the terror threat would ruin their holiday sales. They also feared expensive lawsuits in the event of an attack; Cinemark, for instance, contended that it could not have foreseen the 2012 Aurora shooting, which took place at one of its multiplexes, a defense that would not hold in the event of an attack at a screening of The Interview.[49]

The cancellation also affected other films in which each films' subject matter is North Korea. An Alamo Drafthouse Cinema location in Dallas planned to hold a free screening of Team America: World Police, which satirizes Kim Jong-un's father Kim Jong-il, in place of its previously scheduled screening of The Interview;[50][51] Paramount Pictures refused to permit the screening.[52] New Regency pulled out of a planned film adaptation of the graphic novel Pyongyang starring Steve Carell; Carell declared it a "sad day for creative expression".[53]

Sony received criticism for canceling the wide release.[54][55][56] Guardian film critic Peter Bradshaw wrote that it was an "unprecedented defeat on American turf", but that "North Korea will find that their bullying edict will haunt them."[57] In the Capital and Gizmodo suggested the cancellation caused a Streisand effect, whereby the attempt to remove or censor a work has the unintended consequence of publicizing it more widely.[58][59] In a press conference, U.S. President Barack Obama said that though he was sympathetic to Sony's need to protect employees, he thought Sony had "made a mistake. We cannot have a society in which some dictator in some place can start imposing censorship in the United States. I wish they'd spoken to me first. I would have told them: do not get into the pattern in which you are intimidated."[60]

According to Sony Pictures Entertainment CEO Michael Lynton, the cancellation of the wide release was a response to the refusal of cinema chains to screen the film, not the hackers' threats, and that Sony would seek other ways to distribute the film. Sony released a statement saying that the company "is and always has been strongly committed to the First Amendment ... Free expression should never be suppressed by threats and extortion."[61]

Revised release[edit]

After the wide release cancellation, Sony considered other ways to release the film, citing pressure from the film industry, theater owners, and the White House.[61][62][63] On NBC's Meet the Press on December 21, Sony's legal counsel David Boies noted that the company was still committed to releasing the film.[63] Sony planned a limited release for December 25, 2014, at more than three hundred American independent and arthouse cinemas.[64][65][66][67] Lynton stated that Sony was trying to show the film to the largest audience by securing as many theaters as they could.[65][66]

Sony released The Interview for rental or purchase in the United States through the streaming services Google Play, Xbox Video, and YouTube on December 24, 2014. It was also available for a limited time on SeeTheInterview.com, a website operated by the stealth startup Kernel.com, which Sony previously worked with to market The Fifth Wave.[68] Within hours, The Interview spread to file sharing websites after a security hole allowed people to download rather than stream the film.[69] TorrentFreak estimated that The Interview had been downloaded illegally via torrents at least 1.5 million times in just two days.[70] On December 27, the North Korean National Defence Commission released a statement accusing President Obama of forcing Sony to distribute the film.[71] The film was released on iTunes on December 28.[72]

In the first week of January 2015, Sony announced The Interview would receive a wide theatrical release in the United Kingdom and Ireland on February 6, but it would not be distributed digitally in the UK.[73] The film became available for streaming on Netflix on January 24.[74]

Home media[edit]

Sony released the film on Blu-ray Disc and DVD on February 17, 2015. The home release was packaged as the "Freedom Edition", and included 90 minutes of deleted scenes, behind-the-scenes featurettes, a blooper reel, feature commentary with directors Rogen and Goldberg, and a special episode of Naked and Afraid featuring Rogen and Franco.[75] As of July 21, 2015, the film had earned over $6.7 million in sales in the U.S.[76]

Reception[edit]

Box office and online rentals[edit]

The Interview opened to a limited release in the United States on December 25, 2014, across 331 theaters[77] and earned over $1 million on its opening day. Variety called the opening gross "an impressive launch for a title playing in only about 300 independent theaters in the U.S."[78] It went on to earn over $1.8 million in its opening weekend, and by the end of its run on January 25, 2015, had grossed $6.1 million at the box office.[79]

Within four days of its online release on December 24, 2014, The Interview earned over $15 million through online rentals and purchases. It became Sony Pictures' highest-grossing online release, outselling Arbitrage ($14 million), Bachelorette ($8.2 million), and Snowpiercer ($7 million).[80] It is the top-selling Google Play and YouTube film of 2014.[81] By January 20, 2015, the film had earned more than $40 million from online sales and rentals.[82]

Sony expected The Interview to break even through video-on-demand sales and saving millions of dollars on marketing.[83] The National Association of Theater Owners contended that Sony would lose at least $30 million due to poor box office performance.[84]

Critical response[edit]

On review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds a 51% approval rating, based on 141 reviews, with an average rating of 5.6/10. The site's consensus reads: "Unfortunately overshadowed by controversy (and under-screened as a result), The Interview's screenplay offers middling laughs bolstered by its two likable leads."[85] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 52 out of 100, based on 33 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews."[86]

IGN's Roth Cornet wrote that "though it's unlikely to stand out as one of the shrewdest political satires of its time, [it] is a clever, unrestrained and—most importantly—sidesplitting parody that pokes fun at both a vapid media and one of the world's most dangerous dictators."[87] Edward Douglas of ComingSoon.net said the film was "hilarious, but it will probably get us nuked."[88] Jordan Hoffman of The Guardian gave the film three out of five stars and wrote that "if this unessential but agreeable movie really triggered an international response, this is life reflecting art in a major way."[89]

Scott Foundas of Variety panned the film as "cinematic waterboarding" and "about as funny as a communist food shortage, and just as protracted", but praised the performances of Randall Park and Diana Bang.[16] Mike Hale of The New York Times also praised Park and Bang, but wrote that "after seeing The Interview and the ruckus its mere existence has caused, the only sensible reaction is amazement at the huge disconnect between the innocuousness of the film and the viciousness of the response."[90]

Political response[edit]

In the wake of the Sony Pictures Entertainment hack, leaks revealed e-mails between Sony Pictures Entertainment CEO Michael Lynton and RAND Corporation defense analyst Bruce Bennett from June 2014. Bennett advised against toning down The Interview's graphic Jong-un death scene, in the hope that it would "start some real thinking in South Korea and, I believe, in the North once the DVD leaks into the North". Bennett expressed his view that "the only resolution I can see to the North Korean nuclear and other threats is for the North Korean government to eventually go away", which he felt would be likeliest to occur following an assassination of Kim. Lynton replied that a senior figure in the United States Department of State agreed. Bennett responded that the office of Robert R. King, U.S. Special Envoy for North Korean Human Rights Issues, had determined that the North Korean statements had been "typical North Korean bullying, likely without follow-up".[91]

In an interview with CNN, Bennett said Lynton sits on the board of trustees of the RAND Corporation, which had asked Bennett to talk to Lynton and give his opinion on the film.[92] Bennett felt The Interview was "coarse" and "over the top", but that "the depiction of Kim Jong-un was a picture that needed to get into North Korea. There are a lot of people in prison camps in North Korea who need to take advantage of a change of thinking in the north." Bennett felt that if the DVD were smuggled into the country it might have an effect "over time".[93] Bennett contacted the Special Envoy for North Korean Human Rights Issues, a personal friend of his, who "took the standard government approach: we don't tell industry what to do".[92] Jen Psaki, a spokesperson for the United States Department of State, confirmed that Daniel R. Russel, the U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, had spoken to Sony executives; she reiterated that "entertainers are free to make movies of their choosing, and we are not involved in that".[94]

Legacy[edit]

In Greece, in April 2017, the film's opening scene, depicting a young girl reciting a poem with hate speech, was mistakenly broadcast in the news bulletin of Alpha TV and the news program Live News on Epsilon TV, as a real-life provocative event against the United States.[95] In response to the backlash on various online newspapers, Antonis Sroiter and Nikos Evangelatos, the hosts of the said programs, apologized in posts they made on their social accounts.[96][97]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Korean text translates as: "The war will begin" (on the missiles and tanks). The Korean text line right beneath the stars' names above the movie title translates to: "Please do not believe these ignorant dishonorable Americans!" while the small text to the left and right of the title, meanwhile, translates to the film's title. The fine print at the bottom of the poster reiterates the opening tagline from the top of the poster, translating to: "Awful work by the 'pigs' that created Neighbors and This Is the End".[1]
  2. ^ All references to Sony Pictures were removed from the final film and marketing.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vary, Adam B. (June 11, 2014). "The Poster For Seth Rogen and James Franco's New Comedy Is Filled with Anti-American Propaganda" Archived March 28, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. BuzzFeed. Retrieved December 21, 2014.
  2. ^ Donnelly, Matt (December 12, 2014). "Hack Attack: Sony Orders Its Name Removed from 'Interview' Marketing Materials". TheWrap. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  3. ^ "The Interview (15)". British Board of Film Classification. November 17, 2014. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ "Sony Weighing Premium VOD Release for 'The Interview' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. December 17, 2014. Archived from the original on January 16, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. ^ "Sony Could Lose $75 Million on 'The Interview' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. December 18, 2014. Archived from the original on December 20, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. ^ "The Interview (2014) – Financial Information". The Numbers. Archived from the original on April 22, 2018. Retrieved May 1, 2019. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ Gabi Siboni and David Siman-Tov, Cyberspace Extortion: North Korea versus the United States Archived August 20, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, INSS Insight No. 646, December 23, 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Eells, Josh (December 17, 2014). "Seth Rogen at the Crossroads". Rolling Stone. New York City (1224/1225): 52–57, 86. ISSN 0035-791X. Archived from the original on December 25, 2014. Retrieved December 17, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. ^ a b Maroff, Melissa (December 18, 2014). "The Interview: an "Act of War"". Creative Screenwriting. Archived from the original on July 21, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ Weinstein, Shelli (February 4, 2015). "Seth Rogen: Censoring North Korea in 'The Interview' 'Seemed Wrong'". Variety. Archived from the original on February 5, 2015. Retrieved February 6, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  11. ^ Demick, Barbara (January 2, 2015). "A North Korea Watcher Watches "The Interview"". newyorker.com. Archived from the original on July 14, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  12. ^ a b Siegel, Tatiana (March 21, 2013). "Seth Rogen to Direct, Star in 'The Interview' for Columbia Pictures (Exclusive)". hollywoodreporter.com. Archived from the original on June 13, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  13. ^ Kit, Borys (October 1, 2013). "Lizzy Caplan Joins Seth Rogen and James Franco in 'The Interview'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 5, 2014. Retrieved December 25, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  14. ^ Siegel, Tatiana (October 8, 2013). "Randall Park and 'Veep's' Timothy Simons to Co-Star in Seth Rogen's 'The Interview'". hollywoodreporter.com. Archived from the original on April 20, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  15. ^ Mazza, Ed (June 25, 2014). "North Korea Calls Seth Rogen-James Franco Film An 'Act Of War'". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on June 27, 2014. Retrieved June 26, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  16. ^ a b c Foundas, Scott. "Film Review: 'The Interview'". Variety. Archived from the original on December 25, 2014. Retrieved December 19, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  17. ^ Smith, Krista (November 20, 2014). "The Interview Actress Diana Bang Is Ready for Anything". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on December 17, 2014. Retrieved December 17, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  18. ^ Schaefer, Glen (October 12, 2013). "Seth Rogen and Evan Goldberg come home to shoot B.C. for Korea in The Interview". The Province. Retrieved December 25, 2013.
  19. ^ Vlessing, Etan (September 30, 2013). "Seth Rogen, Evan Goldberg to Direct 'The Interview' in Vancouver". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 5, 2014. Retrieved December 25, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  20. ^ McCurry, Justin (June 25, 2014). "North Korea threatens 'merciless' response over Seth Rogen film". The Guardian. Archived from the original on April 18, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  21. ^ Branigan, Tanya (December 18, 2014). "Sony's cancellation of The Interview surprises North Korea-watchers". The Guardian. Archived from the original on December 20, 2014. Retrieved December 20, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  22. ^ "North Korea calls new Seth Rogen film, The Interview, an 'act of war'". CBC News. June 25, 2014. Archived from the original on June 26, 2014. Retrieved June 26, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  23. ^ "North Korea threatens war on US over Kim Jong-un movie". BBC. June 25, 2014. Archived from the original on June 25, 2014. Retrieved June 25, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  24. ^ a b Beaumont-Thomas, Ben (July 10, 2014). "North Korea complains to UN about Seth Rogen comedy The Interview". The Guardian. Archived from the original on July 30, 2014. Retrieved July 30, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  25. ^ Ryall, Julian (July 17, 2014). "North Korea appeals to White House to halt release of US comedy film". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  26. ^ Lang, Brent (August 7, 2014). "'The Interview' with Seth Rogen, James Franco Pushed Back to Christmas". Variety. Archived from the original on August 10, 2014. Retrieved August 7, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  27. ^ Siegel, Tatiana (August 13, 2014). "Sony Altering Kim Jong Un Assassination Film 'The Interview'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 15, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  28. ^ Sanger, David E.; Perlroth, Nicole (December 17, 2014). "U.S. Said to Find North Korea Ordered Cyberattack on Sony". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  29. ^ McCurry, Justin. "North Korea denies hacking Sony Pictures". The Guardian. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved December 17, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  30. ^ a b "Hackers who targeted Sony invoke 9/11 attacks in warning to moviegoers". The Guardian. Archived from the original on December 17, 2014. Retrieved December 17, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  31. ^ "Sony's New Movies Leak Online Following Hack Attack". NBC News. Archived from the original on December 2, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  32. ^ Weise, Elizabeth (December 9, 2014). "Hackers told Sony to pull 'The Interview'". USA Today. Archived from the original on November 30, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  33. ^ "North Korean Government Thought To Be Behind Sony Pictures Hack". NPR. December 1, 2014. Archived from the original on April 24, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  34. ^ "North Korea's Cyber Skills Get Attention Amid Sony Hacking Mystery". NPR. December 4, 2014. Archived from the original on April 7, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  35. ^ Weise, Elizabeth; Johnson, Kevin (December 19, 2014). "Obama: Sony "did the wrong thing" when it pulled movie". USA Today. Archived from the original on December 19, 2014. Retrieved December 19, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
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  37. ^ Cite error: The named reference December2014 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
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External links[edit]