The Iron Curtain (film)
|The Iron Curtain|
|Directed by||William Wellman|
|Produced by||Sol C. Siegel|
|Screenplay by||Milton Krims|
|Based on||I Was Inside Stalin's Spy Ring
1947 articles in
by Igor Gouzenko
|Narrated by||Reed Hadley|
|Music by||Alfred Newman|
|Cinematography||Charles G. Clarke|
|Edited by||Louis R. Loeffler|
|Distributed by||Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation|
|May 12, 1948|
|Box office||$2 million (US rentals)|
The Iron Curtain is a 1948 black-and-white thriller film starring Dana Andrews and Gene Tierney, directed by William Wellman. The film was based on the memoirs of Igor Gouzenko. Principal photography was done on location in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada by Charles G. Clarke. The film was later re-released as Behind the Iron Curtain.
In Shostakovich v. Twentieth Century-Fox, Russian composer Dmitry Shostakovich unsuccessfully sued the film's distributor, Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation, in New York court, for using musical works of his that had fallen into the public domain.
Igor Gouzenko (Dana Andrews), an expert at deciphering codes, comes to the Soviet embassy in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada in wartime 1943, along with a Soviet military colonel, Trigorin (Frederic Tozere), and a major, Kulin (Eduard Franz), to set up a base of operations.
Warned of the sensitive and top-secret nature of his work, Igor is put to a test by his superiors, who have the seductive Nina Karanova (June Havoc) try her wiles on him. Igor proves loyal to not only the cause but to his wife, Anna (Gene Tierney), who arrives in Ottawa shortly thereafter with the news that she is pregnant.
Trigorin and his security chief, Ranov (Stefan Schnabel), meet with John Grubb (Berry Kroeger), the founder of Canada's branch of the Communist Party. One of their primary targets is uranium being used for atomic energy by Dr. Harold Norman (Nicholas Joy), whom they try to recruit.
In the years that pass, the atomic bomb ends the war. Anna, who has borne a son, now has serious doubts about the family's future. Igor begins to share these doubts, particularly after one of his colleagues, Kulin (Eduard Franz), has a breakdown and is placed under arrest. Once Igor is told that he is going to be reassigned back to Moscow, he decides to take action. He takes secret documents from the Embassy and tells Anna to hide them, in case anything happens to him. Trigorin and Ranov threaten his life, and the lives of his and Anna's families in the Soviet Union, but Igor refuses to return the papers.
Grubb and several others are called back to the Soviet Union to answer for their failures. Canada's government places the Gouzenkos in protective custody and grants them residence. The film ends with the proviso that the family lives in hiding protected by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. "Yet they have not lost faith in the future. They know that ultimate security for themselves and their children lies in the survival of the democratic way of life".
- Dana Andrews as Igor Gouzenko
- Gene Tierney as Anna Gouzenko
- June Havoc as Nina Karanova
- Berry Kroeger as John Grubb, aka 'Paul'
- Edna Best as Mrs. Albert Foster, neighbor
- Stefan Schnabel as Col. Ilya Ranov, embassy attache
- Eduard Franz as Maj. Semyon Kulin
- Nicholas Joy as Dr. Harold Preston Norman, aka 'Alec'
- Frederic Tozere as Col. Aleksandr Trigorin
Twentieth Century-Fox bought the rights to Gouzenko's articles about his experiences as Hollywood began producing films regarding Communist infiltration in the late '40s. The studio also purchased the rights to two historical books on Soviet espionage, George Moorad's Behind the Iron Curtain and Richard Hirsch's The Soviet Spies: The Story of Russian Espionage in North America, though no material from the two books was actually used in the film.
- "Top Grossers of 1948", Variety 5 January 1949 p 46
- "The Iron Curtain". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- Higham, Charles; Greenberg, Joel (1968). Hollywood in the Forties. London: A. Zwemmer Limited. p. 75. ISBN 0-302-00477-7.