The Jean Genie
|"The Jean Genie"|
|Single by David Bowie|
|from the album Aladdin Sane|
|Released||24 November 1972|
|Recorded||RCA Studios, New York City|
6 October 1972
|David Bowie singles chronology|
"The Jean Genie" is a song by David Bowie, originally released as a single in November 1972. According to Bowie, it was "a smorgasbord of imagined Americana", with a protagonist inspired by Iggy Pop, and the title being an allusion to author Jean Genet. One of Bowie's most famous tracks, it was the lead single for the album Aladdin Sane (1973). Promoted with a film clip featuring Andy Warhol associate Cyrinda Foxe, it peaked at No. 2 on the UK Singles chart.
Music and lyrics
Bowie composed "The Jean Genie" in autumn 1972, completing the song in New York City, where he spent time with the Warhol set's Cyrinda Foxe. Bowie later asserted, "I wrote it for her amusement in her apartment. Sexy girl." The recording took place at New York's RCA Studios on 6 October 1972. Mixing occurred the following week at RCA Studio B in Nashville, Tennessee; the original single mix is in narrow stereo, while the stereo soundscape is wider in the album mix.
The song's chugging R&B riff is often compared to The Yardbirds, especially their cover of Bo Diddley's "I'm a Man",, but was most probably inspired by French singer Jacques Dutronc's La Fille du Père Noël (1966), while the lyrics have been likened to the "stylised sleaze" of The Velvet Underground. The subject matter was inspired in part by Bowie's friend Iggy Pop or, in Bowie's own words, "an Iggy-type character... it wasn't actually Iggy." The line "He's so simple minded, he can't drive his module" later gave the band Simple Minds their name.
The title has long been taken as an allusion to the author Jean Genet. Bowie was once quoted as saying that this was "subconscious... but it's probably there, yes". In his 2005 book Moonage Daydream, he stated this less equivocally: "Starting out as a lightweight riff thing I had written one evening in NY for Cyrinda's enjoyment, I developed the lyric to the otherwise wordless pumper and it ultimately turned into a bit of a smorgasbord of imagined Americana ... based on an Iggy-type persona ... The title, of course, was a clumsy pun upon Jean Genet".
Mick Rock directed a film clip to promote the song, in October 1972 in San Francisco, mixing concert and studio footage of Bowie performing with the Spiders From Mars, along with location shots of the singer posing at the Mars Hotel with Cyrinda Foxe. Bowie wanted the video to depict "Ziggy as a kind of Hollywood street-rat" with a "consort of the Marilyn brand". This led to Foxe's casting, and she flew from New York to San Francisco especially for the shoot.
Bowie also recorded "The Jean Genie" for Top of the Pops, the performance being broadcast on 4 January 1973. Unusually for the era, the four-piece band performed live, and included an extended guitar solo by Mick Ronson. Tapes of this edition of Top of the Pops were subsequently wiped, but a copy was made by BBC cameraman John Henshall, who had utilised the then new fisheye lens camera techniques for the performance. Henshall was contacted by music television afficianado Ray Langstone who persuaded John to share his historic material. The film has since been preserved and was shown at the British Film Institute in December 2011. The BBC re-broadcast the clip in its Top of the Pops 2 Christmas Special on 21 December 2011, for the first time since the original broadcast in January 1973.
Release and aftermath
Some controversy arose in the UK when fellow RCA act Sweet issued "Block Buster!", utilising a riff very similar to "The Jean Genie". Sweet's single, written by Mike Chapman and Nicky Chinn, and recorded and released slightly later than Bowie's song, made No. 1 in the UK charts while "The Jean Genie" was still in the Top 10. All parties maintained that the similarity was, in Nicky Chinn's words, "absolute coincidence". Chinn described a meeting with Bowie at which the latter "looked at me completely deadpan and said 'Cunt!' And then he got up and gave me a hug and said, 'Congratulations...'"
"The Jean Genie" spent 13 weeks in the UK charts. It peaked at No. 2, making it Bowie's biggest hit to date. In the US, it reached No. 71 (this time beating "Block Buster!", which made #73). While biographer David Buckley has described it as "derivative, plodding, if undeniably catchy", it remains one of Bowie's signature tunes, and was often played at his concerts.
- "The Jean Genie" (Bowie) – 4:02
- "Ziggy Stardust" (Bowie) – 3:13
|Australia (Kent Music Report)||42|
|Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)||26|
|Canadian RPM Top Singles||75|
|West Germany (Official German Charts)||37|
|Irish Singles Chart||3|
|Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)||7|
|Netherlands (Single Top 100)||5|
|UK (Official Charts Company)||2|
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100||71|
- A live version recorded at Santa Monica Civic Auditorium on 20 October 1972 was released on Santa Monica '72 and Live Santa Monica '72, as well as on the bonus disc of the Aladdin Sane – 30th Anniversary Edition in 2003. This version also appeared on the Japanese release of RarestOneBowie.
- The song was played at the Hammersmith Odeon, London, on 3 July 1973 but was left off the Ziggy Stardust – The Motion Picture album. This particular version featured Jeff Beck on guitar.
- A live version from the first leg of the 1974 tour was released on David Live. A live recording from the second leg of the same tour (previously available on the unofficial album A Portrait in Flesh) was released in 2017 on Cracked Actor (Live Los Angeles '74).
- A live performance recorded on 23 March 1976 was included on Live Nassau Coliseum '76, which was released as part of the 2010 reissues of the Station to Station album, in the 2016 box set Who Can I Be Now? (1974–1976), and as a stand–alone album in 2017.
- A live version recorded on 6 May 1978 was included on the 2017 edition of Bowie's live album Stage, which was released in the box set A New Career in a New Town (1977–1982), and as a stand–alone album in 2018.
- A summer 1978 performance from the same Isolar II tour was released on Welcome to the Blackout in 2018.
- The song was a late addition to the setlist during Bowie's Glass Spider Tour in 1987 and was released as part of the concert video Glass Spider (1988/2007).
- Billy Corgan performed the song live with David Bowie on Bowie's 50th Birthday Bash concert in January 1997.
- "The Jean Genie" has appeared on many Bowie compilations:
- The Best of David Bowie (Japan 1974)
- ChangesOneBowie (1976)
- The Best of Bowie (1980)
- ChangesBowie (1990)
- The Singles Collection (1993)
- The Best of David Bowie 1969/1974 (1997)
- Best of Bowie (2002)
- The Platinum Collection (2006)
- Nothing Has Changed (2014) – original single mix
- Bowie Legacy (2016) – original single mix
- The original single mix of the song was also released on the bonus disc of Aladdin Sane – 30th Anniversary Edition, in 2003, and on Re:Call 1, part of the Five Years (1969–1973) boxed set, in 2015.
- Picture disc versions were released in both the RCA Life Time picture disc set and the Fashion Picture Disc Set.
- Scott Weiland and the Wildabouts – performed the song live on Howard Stern Presents in March 2015
- The Diamonds – Million Copy Hit Songs Made Famous by Elton John & David Bowie
- Marillion often interpolated the song during live performances of their single "Market Square Heroes"
- Hothouse Flowers (& friends) – live recording
- Arno & Beverly Jo Scott – "La fille du père Noël meets Jean Genie"; this track appears as "Jean Baltazaarrr" on the compilation BowieMania: Mania, une collection obsessionelle de Beatrice Ardisson (2007)
- Van Halen – live recording
- Enuff Z'Nuff from their album 10 (2000) and Hero: The Main Man Records Tribute to David Bowie (2007)
- The Dandy Warhols – Come on Feel the Dandy Warhols
- Edmund Butt – "Gene Genie" (Gene Hunt's theme from "Ashes to Ashes" Series) on Ashes to Ashes (Original Soundtrack) (2008)
- UFX – Total Sonic Mayhem (2002); the video for the 2013 remaster combines the song with its inspiration Jean Genet's only film Un Chant d'Amour (1950)
Appearances in popular culture
- The song is featured in the BBC television series Life on Mars (named after a David Bowie song) and is mentioned by DCI Gene "the Gene Genie" Hunt, who periodically refers to himself as 'The Gene Genie'. In the episode "A Conflict of Interests" it is playing as they enter the club; in a later scene, while they escort Stephen Warren from his club, Sweet's "Block Buster!", with its comparable riff, is played. Hunt refers to himself as the Gene Genie more frequently in the sequel series, Ashes to Ashes (also named for a Bowie song) and his individual theme music on the latter programme is an instrumental version of "The Jean Genie" (retitled "Gene Genie"), created by series composer Edmund Butt.
- The song appears in Anton Corbijn's 2007 Ian Curtis biopic Control. In the film a young Curtis sings the chorus against a mirror as Aladdin Sane blasts from a record player.
- Arjen Lucassen mentioned this song in the track "Best of Friends" on his album Pools of Sorrow, Waves of Joy.
- The song appears in the pilot episode of Alphas.
- The song appears in the critically and commercially successful film American Hustle as Bradley Cooper mimics Louis C.K.
- The Scottish New Wave band, Simple Minds took their name from a lyric in the song.
- Savage, Jon (1 February 2013). "The 20 best glam-rock songs of all time". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
- Wolk, Douglas (1 October 2015). "David Bowie - Five Years 1969-1973". Pitchfork. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
- Dave Thompson, Allmusic
- Gordinier, Jeff (31 May 2002), "Loving the Aliens", Entertainment Weekly, no. 656, pp. 26–34
- Kevin Cann (2010). Any Day Now – David Bowie: The London Years: 1947–1974: p.270
- Kevin Cann (2010). Any Day Now – David Bowie: The London Years: 1947–1974: p.271
- Roy Carr & Charles Shaar Murray (1981). Bowie: An Illustrated Record: p.52
- Productions GG (17 April 2018). "Jacques Dutronc - La Fille Du Pere Noel". Retrieved 6 March 2019 – via YouTube.
- Nicholas Pegg (2000). The Complete David Bowie: pp.110-111
- "FAQ; Simple Minds". Simple Minds. Retrieved 14 May 2013. External link in
- David Bowie & Mick Rock (2005). Moonage Daydream: pp.140-146
- TASCHEN. "Mick Rock. David Bowie with Cyrinda Foxe, 1972 - TASCHEN Books". www.taschen.com. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
- "Top of the Pops 2". Top of the Pops. 2011-12-21. BBC. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
- "David Bowie Top of the Pops footage found by cameraman". BBC News. 13 December 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
- "David Bowie's lost 1973 Top of the Pops performance of The Jean Genie". YouTube. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- Mark Blake (Ed.) (2007). "Future Legend", MOJO 60 Years of Bowie: pp.74-75
- David Buckley (1999) Strange Fascination – David Bowie: The Definitive Story: p.184
- "Ultratop.be – David Bowie – The Jean Genie" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
- "The Jean Genie in Canadian Top Singles Chart". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
- "Lescharts.com – David Bowie – Life On Mars?" (in French). Les classement single.
- "Offiziellecharts.de – David Bowie – The Jean Genie". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 14 February 2019. To see peak chart position, click "TITEL VON David Bowie"
- "The Jean Genie in Irish Chart". IRMA. Retrieved 19 July 2013. Only one result when searching "Jean Genie"
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – David Bowie" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – David Bowie – The Jean Genie" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
- "1973 Top 40 Official UK Singles Archive - 13th January 1973". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
- "Aladdin Sane awards on Allmusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
- Pegg, Nicholas, The Complete David Bowie, Reynolds & Hearn Ltd, 2000, ISBN 1-903111-14-5.
- Tremlett, George, David Bowie: Living on the Brink, Carroll & Graf Publishers, 1996, ISBN 0-7867-0465-9.