The Judicial Commission of Inquiry into Allegations of State Capture
|Date||21 August 2018- (in progress)|
|Location||Johannesburg, South Africa|
The Judicial Commission of Inquiry into Allegations of State Capture, also known as the Zondo Commission of Inquiry or Zondo Commission, is a public inquiry launched by the government of Cyril Ramaphosa in August 2018 to "investigate allegations of State Capture, Corruption, Fraud and other allegations in the Public Sector including Organs of State" in South Africa. It is headed by deputy Chief Justice Raymond Zondo. Most testimonies given to the inquiry have focused on allegations of corruption during the administration of Jacob Zuma.
A range of testimonies were given on a number of corruption and state capture related issues such as:
- Accusations of state capture by the Gupta brothers, ranging from the running of their media enterprises to contracts that companies associated with the brothers received from state owned companies to the 'Guptagate' Waterkloof Airforce base incident.
- Corruption and maladministration at the Vrede Dairy Project
- Accusations of maladministration and corruption at:
Bosasa Chief Operating Officer Angelo Agrizzi made national headlines when he testified to the commission that the company systematically gave substantial bribes to South African government officials to ensure that the company received government contracts and was not investigated. Agrizzi's testimony implicated then President Zuma, notable government minister Nomvula Mokonyane, chairperson of South African Airways Dudu Myeni, and ANC politician Gwede Mantashe.
Former president Jacob Zuma gave testimony at the hearing regarding his role in state capture and corruption activities during his presidency. On the first day of his testimony he claimed that there was a foreign backed conspiracy against him and that some of those testifying against him were apartheid era-spies. Zuma accused the Zondo Commission of being a tool to end his political career. Zuma admitting to having a friendly relationship with the Gupta brothers but denied engaging in any corrupt activities. Following the first day of Zuma's testimony the Democratic Alliance accused Zuma of trying to play the victim and misleading the commission.
During Zuma's second day of testimony he claimed that he was the target of a suicide bombing assassination attempt, the South African Police Service later stated that they were unaware of any such event taking place. Zuma controversially accused senior ANC member, Ngoako Ramatlhodi, of being a spy involved in a conspiracy against him. During the third day of Zuma's testimony he accused the commission of being biased against him and threatened to withdraw his cooperation from the commission leading to the commission adjourning for a day to give Zuma's legal team more time to prepare. On the fourth day Zuma's legal team announced that it would be withdrawing from the commission but later the same day announced that he changed his mind and would return to give additional testimony at a later date.
Following Zuma's testimony to the commission South African media speculated that the chances of Zuma being later charged and convicted for crimes committed during his administration or for giving false testimony to the commission had increased.
- Website of the Commission of Inquiry
- TimesLive coverage of the commission
- Eyewitness News coverage of the commission
- Daily Maverick coverage of the commission
- News24 coverage of the commission
- Parliamentary Monitoring Group (22 June 2018). "Judicial Commission of Inquiry Into Allegations of State Capture (Call for evidence/information)". pmg.org.za. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- "State capture: Sweet deal enabled ANN7 to get huge discount on SABC archive footage". TimesLIVE. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- "Transnet finance boss Anoj Singh 'had no authority' to appoint Gupta-linked firm". TimesLIVE. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- Smit, Sarah. "Zondo commission: Eskom's Gupta contracts under the spotlight". The M&G Online. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- "Zondo commission hears how Indian airline pushed for Mumbai route". citizen.co.za. 14 November 2018. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- Mahlakoana, Theto. "Mkhwebane announces info to share with Zondo inquiry on Guptas". ewn.co.za. Retrieved 2019-07-29.
- Smit, Sarah. "Vrede farmers lost trust in Mkhwebane, Zondo commission hears". The M&G Online. Retrieved 2019-07-29.
- "Transnet lost R1.8bn in club loan, Zondo Commission hears". eNCA. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- Bateman, Barry. "Zondo commission to probe interference at law enforcement agencies". ewn.co.za. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- Thamm, Marianne. "DAYS OF ZONDO: Colonel Madhoe was credibly accused of enabling R61m worth of corrupt deals – eight years later, he is still at SAPS". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- "Reserve Bank: In 4 years, police made little headway on 64 reported cases". Fin24. 2019-06-10. Retrieved 2019-06-10.
- Smit, Sarah. "Zondo commission: Eskom 'fooled the system' to pay the Guptas". The M&G Online. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- Manyathela, Clement. "Zondo Commission resumes with more testimony from Eskom officials". ewn.co.za. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- "SABC sold 100 hours of footage to ANN7 for 'peanuts', Zondo commission hears". News24. 2019-06-04. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
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- "Former SAA exec says Dudu Myeni asked staff to 'do illegal things'". Fin24. 2019-06-19. Retrieved 2019-06-19.
- Kassen, Jarita. "NC Education Dept says its willing to address Bosasa corruption accusations". ewn.co.za. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- Bezuidenhout, Jessica. "Days of Zondo: The unravelling of Angelo Agrizzi, State Capture's racist whistle-blower". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- Dlulane, Bonga. "Angelo Agrizzi: Bosasa a classic example of state capture". ewn.co.za. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- "Angelo Agrizzi set to give more explosive testimony at Zondo commission". BusinessLIVE. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- "Jacob Zuma backtracks on decision to withdraw from state capture inquiry". News24. 2019-07-19. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
- "Mokonyane feels 'betrayed' by Zondo commission for not giving her access to contents of Agrizzi's testimony". News24. 2019-01-21. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
- Agency, African News. "Dudu Myeni 'was powerful', State capture inquiry hears". Engineering News. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
- "Mantashe wants to testify after Bosasa security upgrade claims, offers to take journos to his homes". News24. 2019-02-02. Retrieved 2019-02-03.
- Letoaba, Eyaaz Matwadia, Ipeleng. "Key allegations levelled against Zuma at the Zondo commission". The M&G Online. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
- Chabalala, Jeanette (2019-07-16). "Zuma at state capture inquiry: Will he out more people?". News24. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
- Bezuidenhout, Jessica. "DAYS OF ZONDO: The Essence of Zuma, Day One: 'State Capture Commission is designed to bury me'". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
- Burke, Jason (2019-07-15). "Zuma tells South Africa corruption inquiry he is victim of foreign plot". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
- "Jacob Zuma attempted to play the victim at Zondo commission - DA's Mazzone | IOL News". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
- Haffajee, Ferial. "DAYS OF ZONDO: NEWSFLASH: Zuma hasn't laid a case related to suicide bomber plot – and reveals new assassination threat". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
- "Zuma at Zondo - a blow by blow account of Day Two". BizNews.com. 2019-07-16. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
- Ntsabo, Mihlali. "Zuma accuses Zondo of being unfair as testimony halted on day 3". ewn.co.za. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
- "Jacob Zuma retracts his withdrawal from state capture probe". TimesLIVE. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
- "Zuma will no longer participate in #StateCaptureInquiry - lawyer". www.iol.co.za. 19 July 2019. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
- Hogg, Alec (2019-07-15). "Zuma at Zondo: Odds shorten on another BRICs president behind bars". BizNews.com. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
- Mabena, Sipho. "Zuma's allegations could see him facing jail time – analysts". The Citizen. Retrieved 2019-07-19.