The Kingsmen

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The Kingsmen
1963 "Louie Louie" line-up. L-R Don Gallucci, Jack Ely, Lynn Easton, Mike Mitchell, and Bob Nordby
1963 "Louie Louie" line-up. L-R Don Gallucci, Jack Ely, Lynn Easton, Mike Mitchell, and Bob Nordby
Background information
OriginPortland, Oregon, United States
Genres
Years active1959–present
LabelsJerden, Wand, Sundazed
Websitelouielouie.org
MembersDick Peterson
Kim Nicklaus
Steve Peterson
Todd McPherson
Dennis Mitchell
Past membersMike Mitchell
Lynn Easton
Jack Ely
Bob Nordby
Don Gallucci
Gary Abbott
Norm Sundholm
Barry Curtis
Kerry Magness
J.C. Reick
Turley Richards
Pete Borg
Jeff Beals
Steve Friedson
Yank Barry
Fred Dennis
Andy Parypa
Marc Willett

The Kingsmen is a 1960s garage rock band from Portland, Oregon, United States. They are best known for their 1963 recording of R&B singer Richard Berry's "Louie Louie", which held the No. 2 spot on the Billboard charts for six weeks and has become an enduring classic.

In total, the Kingsmen charted 13 singles from 1963 to 1968 and five consecutive albums from 1963 to 1966. Their first album, The Kingsmen in Person, remained on the Billboard Top LPs chart for 131 weeks from January 1964 to August 1966. Their early albums were released internationally in Canada, the UK, France, Germany, Mexico, South Africa, and Taiwan.

Early years[edit]

Lynn Easton and Jack Ely started performing at an early age in local newspaper-sponsored reviews the Journal Juniors and the Young Oregonians, respectively.[2] In 1957, Easton invited Jack Ely to play with him at a Portland Hotel gig, with Ely singing and playing guitar and Easton on the drum kit. The two teenagers had grown up together, as their parents were close friends.[3] Easton and Ely performed at local parties and events, and soon added Mike Mitchell on guitar and Bob Nordby on bass to round out the band. They called themselves the Kingsmen, taking the name from a recently disbanded group.[4] The Kingsmen began their collective career playing at fashion shows, Red Cross events, and supermarket promotions, generally avoiding rock songs on their setlist.[5] In 1962, Don Gallucci, a high school freshman at the time, was recruited from another local group, the Royal Notes, to play keyboards.[6]

"Louie Louie"[edit]

In 1962, while playing a gig at the Pypo Club in Seaside, Oregon, then managed by Al Dardis, the band noticed Rockin' Robin Roberts's version of "Louie Louie" being played on the jukebox for hours on end. The entire club would get up and dance.[7] Ely convinced the Kingsmen to learn the song, which they played at dances to a great crowd response.[8] Unknown to him, he changed the beat because he misheard it on a jukebox.[9] Ken Chase, host of radio station KISN, formed his own club to capitalize on these dance crazes.[10] Dubbed "The Chase", the Kingsmen became the club's house band and Ken Chase became the band's manager. On April 5, 1963, Chase booked the band an hour-long session at the local Northwestern Inc. studio for the following day to record a demo tape for a summer cruise ship gig.[11] Adding to the hurried atmosphere, the band had just played a 90-minute "Louie Louie" marathon the night before.[12]

Despite the band's annoyance at having so little time to prepare, on April 6 at 10 am the Kingsmen walked into the three-microphone recording studio. "Jamaica Farewell", one partial and one full take of "Louie Louie", and "Haunted Castle" were recorded.[13] For "Louie Louie", the only vocal number, Ely was forced to lean back and sing to a microphone suspended from the ceiling. "It was more yelling than singing", Ely said, "'cause I was trying to be heard over all the instruments."[11] In addition, he was wearing braces at the time of the performance, further compounding his infamously slurred words.[14] Ely sang the beginning of the third verse two bars too early but realized his mistake and waited for the rest of the band to catch up. The Kingsmen were not proud of the recording and wanted to fix their mistakes, but Chase liked the energy and rawness[15] and assured them that the demo version could be redone before a record was released.[16] The one hour session cost either $36,[17] $50,[15] or somewhere in between [18] and the band split the cost.

With a competing "Louie Louie" version from Paul Revere and the Raiders getting heavy play on a competing station, Chase began playing the Kingsmen's demo version on his show at KISN. He then contracted with Jerry Dennon's Jerden Records to press a single.[19] The B-side was "Haunted Castle", composed by Ely and Don Gallucci, the new keyboardist; however, Lynn Easton was credited on both the Jerden and Wand releases.[20]

"Louie Louie" reached No. 1 on the Cashbox and Music Vendor charts and No. 2 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. Additionally it reached No. 1 on the CHUM Canada chart and in the UK it reached No. 26 on the Record Retailer chart. It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc.[21]

The band attracted nationwide attention when "Louie Louie" was banned by the governor of Indiana, Matthew E. Welsh, also attracting the attention of the FBI because of alleged indecent lyrics in their version of the song. The lyrics were, in fact, innocent, but Ely's baffling enunciation permitted teenage fans and concerned parents alike to imagine the most scandalous obscenities. (Ironically, the FBI totally missed Lynn Easton yelling "Fuck!" at 0:54 after fumbling a drum fill.) All of this attention only made the song more popular. In April 1966 "Louie Louie" was reissued and once again hit the music charts, reaching No. 65 on the Cashbox chart and No. 97 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.

In 1985, Ross Shafer, host and a writer-performer of the late-night comedy series Almost Live! on the Seattle TV station KING, spearheaded an effort to have "Louie Louie" replace "Washington, My Home" by Helen Davis as Washington's official state song.[22] Picking up on this initially prankish effort, Whatcom County Councilman Craig Cole introduced Resolution No. 85–12 in the state legislature, citing the need for a "contemporary theme song that can be used to engender a sense of pride and community, and in the enhancement of tourism and economic development". His resolution also called for the creation of a new "Louie Louie County". While the House did not pass it, the Senate's Resolution 1985-37 declared April 12, 1985, "Louie Louie Day". A crowd of 4,000, estimated by press reports, convened at the state capitol that day for speeches, singalongs, and performances by the Wailers, the Kingsmen, and Paul Revere and the Raiders. Two days later, a Seattle event commemorated the occasion with the premiere performance of a new, Washington-centric version of the song written by composer Berry.[23]

Over the years the Kingsmen's version of "Louie Louie" has been recognized by organizations and publications worldwide for its influence on the history of rock and roll. Rankings and recognition in major publications and surveys are shown in the table below.

Source Poll/Survey Year Rank
Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Hall of Fame Singles 2018 None[24]
Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll 1995 None[25]
National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences Grammy Hall of Fame 1999 None[26]
National Public Radio The 300 Most Important American Records of the 20th Century 1999 None[27]
Smash Hits, James E. Perone The 100 Songs That Defined America 2016 None[28]
The Wire The 100 Most Important Records Ever Made 1992 None[29]
Mojo Ultimate Jukebox: The 100 Singles You Must Own 2003 #1[30]
The Ultimate Playlist, Robert Webb The 100 Greatest Cover Versions 2012 #1[31]
Paste The 50 Best Garage Rock Songs of All Time 2014 #3[32]
Rolling Stone 40 Songs That Changed The World 2007 #5[33]
All Time Top 1000 Albums, Colin Larkin The All-Time Top 100 Singles 2000 #6[34]
VH1 100 Greatest Songs of Rock and Roll 2000 #11[35]
The Heart of Rock and Soul, Dave Marsh The 1001 Greatest Singles Ever Made 1989 #11[36]
Rolling Stone The 100 Best Singles of the Last 25 Years 1989 #18[37]
Los Angeles LA's Top 100 2001 #19[38]
Rock and Roll, Paul Williams The 100 Best Singles 1993 #22[39]
VH1 100 Greatest Dance Songs 2000 #27[40]
Mojo 100 Greatest Singles of All Time 1997 #51[41]
Rolling Stone The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time 2010 #54[42]
Rolling Stone The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time 2004 #55[43]
NEA and RIAA Songs of the Century 1999 #57[44]
Mojo Big Bangs: 100 Records That Changed The World 2007 # 70[45]
Pitchfork The 200 Best Songs of the 1960s 2006 #154[46]
Rolling Stone The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time 2021 #156[47]
NME The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time 2014 #157[48]
WCBS-FM Top 1001 Songs of the Century 2005 #184[49]

Kingsmen history[edit]

The Kingsmen in 1966. Clockwise from lower left: Lynn Easton, J.C. Rieck, Kerry Magness, Mike Mitchell, Dick Peterson

Before the success of "Louie Louie", the members of the Kingsmen took varied paths. Easton, whose mother had registered the name of the group and therefore owned it, declared that from this point on he intended to be the singer, forcing Ely to play the drums. This led Jack Ely and Bob Nordby to quit the group in 1963, and Gary Abbott and Norm Sundholm were added to play drums and bass, respectively.[50]

Don Gallucci was forced out because he wasn't old enough to tour and later formed Don and the Goodtimes, which morphed into the short-lived Touch.[51] Later, Gallucci became a record producer with Elektra Records, with his most famous production being the Stooges' seminal second album Fun House. ("Louie Louie" was frequently performed at Stooges concerts; the song appears on their live album as well as an Iggy Pop solo record.)

The two remaining original Kingsmen, Lynn Easton and Mike Mitchell, were joined by Gary Abbott, Barry Curtis and Norm Sundholm to record their first album and tour as the official band. Dick Peterson replaced Gary Abbott shortly thereafter. This line-up stayed intact from 1964 into 1966 and charted multiple singles and albums with Easton as the principal vocalist.

After Ely's departure and considerable chart success by the new line-up, the group learned that he was performing with another group as The Kingsmen.[52][53] Following legal action, a settlement was reached and Easton, Mitchell, Peterson, Curtis and Sundholm established their rights to the "Kingsmen" name. Thus, Ely was forced to stop using the name, Easton could no longer lip sync to Ely's vocals, and subsequent releases of "Louie Louie" were required to have the text "Lead vocal by Jack Ely" below the title. Unable to perform using the Kingsmen name, Ely continued with his groups the Squires and the Courtmen. He also received a gold record for "Louie Louie" as part of the settlement.[54][55][56]

The Kingsmen's 1964 follow up to "Louie Louie" was a party version of "Money (That's What I Want)" which hit the Billboard Hot 100 at No. 16 and on Cashbox at No. 17. Then came "Little Latin Lupe Lu" peaking on Billboard at No. 46 and Cashbox at No. 49. After that it was "Death of An Angel" No. 33 on Cashbox and No. 42 on Billboard.

After starting 1965 with their own float in the Rose Bowl Parade,[57] the Kingsmen returned to the Top 10 nationally with "The Jolly Green Giant" reaching No. 4 on Billboard and No. 8 on Cashbox. The novelty number also made No. 25 on the Billboard R&B chart and hit No. 1 on the RPM Canada chart.[59] The follow-up song was "The Climb", No. 45 on Cashbox and No. 65 on Billboard. "Annie Fanny" was released next reaching No. 43 on Cashbox and No. 47 on Billboard. Next came "(You Got) The Gamma Goochee", No. 98 on Cashbox and No. 122 on Billboard. The group also appeared in the beach party movie How to Stuff a Wild Bikini singing "Give Her Lovin'" (released as a B-side to "Annie Fanny") which appeared on the soundtrack album along with their recording of the title song.

In 1966 the Kingsmen continued to hit the charts with "Killer Joe" reaching No. 77 on Billboard and No. 81 on Cashbox. Their original recording of "Louie Louie" was re-released as "Louie Louie 64-65-66" and re-entered the Billboard, Cash Box, and Record World charts. They also released a promotional item, a "picture-sleeve-clad potato-chip ad jingle 45" titled "The Krunch", their only picture sleeve single, which did not chart.[60]

In 1967 they made the charts for the last time with "Bo Diddley Bach" reaching No. 128 on Billboard. Later that year, founding member Lynn Easton left the group. He worked for an advertising firm and hosted this is IT, a "bandstand-type" show for Portland television station KGW.[61]

In late 1968 with the original group on a recording and touring hiatus, the Kingsmen's management team worked with the Kasenetz-Katz production organization and studio musicians to release a single on the Earth label ("Feed Me"/"Just A 'B' Side").[62] A separate lineup was formed with new members (including lead singer Yank Barry) to tour for a time during 1968–1969 on the East Coast of the United States while the main lineup of the band was inactive.[63][64][65]

In 1973 the reactivated group signed with Capitol and released one single which did not chart.[66][67]

In addition to Jack Ely's groups and re-recordings, several of the Kingsmen pursued other solo projects. Dick Peterson and Barry Curtis as the Other Two released two singles in 1966, and Lynn Easton re-recorded "Jolly Green Giant" in 1976.[68] Peterson as Dick St. Nicklaus released two albums, Magic (1979) and Sweet and Dandy (1980), and multiple singles.

In 1983, the group successfully sued K-tel over the release of the 1982 60's Dance Party album because it featured a 1976 Jack Ely re-recording of "Louie Louie" billed as by "The Kingsmen" and displayed the text "These selections are rerecordings by the original artists" on the back cover.[69][68]

On November 9, 1998, the Kingsmen were awarded ownership of all their early recordings released on Wand Records from Gusto Records, including "Louie Louie".[70] They had not been paid royalties on the songs since the 1960s.[71][72][73]

The Kingsmen were among hundreds of artists whose material was destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire.[74]

Mike Mitchell died on April 16, 2021, on his 77th birthday. At the time of his death, he was the only remaining member of the Kingsmen's original lineup who still performed with the band.[75] His "Louie Louie" guitar break has been called "iconic",[76] "blistering",[77] and "one of the most famous guitar solos of all time".[78] Guitar Player magazine noted, "Raw, lightning-fast, and loud, the solo's unbridled energy helped make the song a No. 2 pop hit, but also helped set the template for garage-rock – and later hard-rock – guitar."[79]

Members[edit]

Current[edit]

  • Dick Peterson – drums (1963–present)
  • Steve Peterson – keyboards (1988–present)
  • Kim Nicklaus – keyboards (1982–1984, 2000–present)
  • Todd McPherson – bass (1992–present)
  • Dennis Mitchell – guitar (2006–present)

Former[edit]

  • Mike Mitchell – vocals, guitar (1959–2021; died 2021)[80]
  • Lynn Easton – vocals, drums, saxophone (1959–1967; died 2020)[6]
  • Jack Ely – vocals, guitar (1959–1963; died 2015)[81]
  • Bob Nordby – bass (1959–1963)
  • Don Gallucci – keyboards (1962–1963)
  • Gary Abbott – drums (1963; died 2015)[82]
  • Norm Sundholm – bass (1963–1967)
  • Barry Curtis – keyboards (1963–2005)
  • Kerry Magness – bass (1966–1967; died 2004)[83]
  • J.C. Rieck – keyboards, vocals (1966–1967; died 2019)[84]
  • Turley Richards – vocals, guitar (1967)
  • Pete Borg – bass (1967; died 2010)[85]
  • Jeff Beals – bass (1967–1968); died 2016
  • Steve Friedson – keyboards (1967–1973)
  • Yank Barry – vocals (1968–1969)[86][65]
  • Fred Dennis – bass (1972–1984)
  • Andy Parypa – bass (1982–1984)
  • Marc Willett – bass (1984–1992)

Timeline[edit]

Discography[edit]

U.S. albums and singles, plus major compilation releases and appearances on 1960s various artist compilations.

Studio albums[edit]

Listed in chronological order with peak chart positions (Billboard/Cashbox) noted.

Live albums[edit]

  • Plugged (Kingsmen CD 1) 1995 [e][87]
  • Garage Sale (Louie Louie Records) 2003 [87]

Releases of earlier material[edit]

  • Louie Louie – Live & Unreleased (Jerden 7004) recorded 1963, released 1992 [f][87]
  • Since We've Been Gone (Sundazed 6027) recorded 1967, released 1994 [87]
  • Live At The Castle (digital only) recorded 1964, released 2011 [g][88]

Compilation albums[edit]

  • The Kingsmen Greatest Hits (Wand WDM/WDS-681) 1967
  • The Best of the Kingsmen (Scepter/Citation Series CTN-18002) 1972
  • A Quarter to Three (Picc-A-Dilly PIC-3329) 1980 [h][87]
  • Ya Ya (Picc-A-Dilly PIC-3330) 1980 [i][87]
  • House Party (Picc-A-Dilly PIC-3346) 1980 [j][87]
  • The Kingsmen Greatest Hits (Picc-A-Dilly PIC-3348) 1981 [k][87]
  • The Best of the Kingsmen (Rhino RNLP 126) 1985
  • Rock & Roll – Kingsmen (Starday N5-2125) 1985
  • Louie Louie – The Kingsmen (Prime Cuts 1322) 1986
  • The Kingsmen – 12 Greatest (Golden Circle CS 57582) 198?
  • The Kingsmen – Louie, Louie (Golden Circle GC57881) 1987
  • The Jolly Green Giant (Richmond 2125) 1988
  • The Kingsmen – Louie Louie (Highland Music/Richmond 2138) 1988
  • The Best of the Kingsmen (Rhino 70745) 1989
  • The Kingsmen – Louie Louie and More Golden Classics (Collectables 5073) 1991
  • The Kingsmen – 20 Greats (Highland Music/Festival FST FCD 4417) 1991
  • The World of the Kingsmen/Louie Louie (Trace 0400612) 1992
  • Louie Louie 1994
  • The Best of the Kingsmen (Laserlight/Delta 124 24) 1995
  • The Very Best of the Kingsmen (Varèse Sarabande/Varèse Vintage 5905) 1998
  • The Kingsmen's Greatest Hits (K-tel K4185-2) 1998
  • Louie Louie: The Very Best of the Kingsmen (Collectables 5628) 1999
  • The Kingsmen – America's Premier 60s Garage Band (Edel America 70172) 2000
  • The Kingsmen – Gold (N'Dagroove Records NDA5331) 2012
  • The Kingsmen – Louie Louie and Other Great Hits (digital only) 2021[l]

Singles[edit]

Year Song Titles Peak chart positions Label Album
Billboard Hot 100 [89] Cashbox Top 100 [90] Billboard R&B [91] Cashbox R&B 50 [92] Record World[90][m] Canada [n] U.K.[93]
1963 "Louie Louie" (Berry)
b/w "Haunted Castle" (Easton)[o]
2 [p] 1 [q] 1 1 1 23 Jerden 712
Wand 143 [r]
In Person [s][t]
[u]
1964 "Money" (Gordy-Bradford)
b/w "Bent Scepter" (Gallucci)
16 17 [q] 6 24 24 Wand 150 In Person [v][w]
In Person [s]
"Little Latin Lupe Lu" (Medley)
b/w "David's Mood" (Lewis)
46 49 [q] 66 Wand 157 Volume II [w]
Volume II [s]
"Death of an Angel" (Woods)
b/w "Searchin' for Love" (Gust)
42 33 [q] 29 42 36 Wand 164 Volume II
Volume 3
"The Jolly Green Giant" (Easton, Harris, Terry)
b/w "Long Green" (Easton)
4 8 25 6 1 [96] Wand 172 Volume 3
Volume II / Volume 3 [x]
1965 "The Climb" (Easton)
b/w "The Waiting" (Gallucci-Easton)
65 45 39 Wand 183 On Campus
In Person [s]
"Annie Fanny" (Easton)
b/w "Give Her Lovin'" (Easton)
47 43 29 13 Wand 189 On Campus
[y]
"(You Got) The Gamma Goochee" (Mangiagli)
b/w "It's Only The Dog" (Wayne)
122 98 95 Wand 1107 [u]
[z]
1966 "Killer Joe" (Russell-Elgin-Medley)
b/w "Little Green Thing" (Lewis)
77 81 66 Wand 1115 15 Great Hits [aa]
On Campus
"The Krunch" [ab] (Easton)
b/w "The Climb" (Easton)
[ac] [ac] Wand 1118 [ad] [u]
On Campus
"Little Sally Tease" (Valley)
b/w "My Wife Can't Cook" (Russ)
[ae] [af] [ag] Wand 1127 Up and Away
[ah]
"If I Needed Someone" [ai] (Harrison)
b/w "Grass Is Green" (Peterson-Mitchell)
[aj] 128 136 Wand 1137 Up and Away
Up and Away
"Louie 64-65-66" (Berry)
b/w "Haunted Castle" (Easton)
97 65 30 76 Wand 143 [ak] In Person
[u]
1967 "Trouble" (Resnick-Levine)
b/w "Daytime Shadows" (Easton-Tannen-Wildey)
[al] [am] [an] Wand 1147 Up and Away
Up and Away
"Children's Caretaker" (Peterson)
b/w "The Wolf of Manhattan" (Levine-Resnick)
[ao] [ap] Wand 1154 Up and Away
[z]
"(I Have Found) Another Girl" (Curtis-Peterson)
b/w "Don't Say No" (Bartholemew-Richardson)[aq]
[ar] [as] 95 Wand 1157 Up and Away
[ah]
"Bo Diddley Bach" (Sonny Curtis)
b/w "Just Before the Break of Day" (Tillison)
128 139 143 Wand 1164
Since We've Been Gone
1968 "Get Out of My Life Woman" (Toussaint)
b/w "Since You've Been Gone" (Dangel-Ormsby-Merrill)
Wand 1174 [ah][w]
[z][w]
"On Love" (Bell-Turnbull)
b/w "I Guess I Was Dreamin'" (Weston-Rabbitt)
[at] Wand 1180
1973 "You Better Do Right" (Kingsmen)
b/w "Today'" (Kingsmen)
[au] [av] [aw] Capitol 3576
* Most album cuts had crowd noise overdubs to simulate a live performance.
* The late 1968 release on Earth 104 ("Feed Me"/"Just a B-side") is not included in the singles discography as it was released by Kingsmen management using studio musicians while the original group was on a recording and touring hiatus.

Appearances (1960s releases)[edit]

  • Original Great Northwest Hits, Volume 1 (Jerden JRL 7001, 1964) – "Louie Louie"
  • Original Great Northwest Hits, Volume 2 (Jerden JRL 7002, 1964) – "J.A.J."
  • The Groups are the Greatest – The Greatest of the Groups (Scepter 518, 1964) – "Louie Louie", "Money", "Bent Scepter"
  • Murray The K – The Fifth Beatle Gives You Their Golden Gassers (Scepter 524, 1964) – "Louie Louie", "Money"
  • The Greatest on Stage (Wand 661, 1965) – "David's Mood", "Money", "Louie Louie"
  • How to Stuff a Wild Bikini soundtrack (Wand 671, 1965) – "Give Her Lovin'", "How to Stuff a Wild Bikini" [ax]
  • The Hitmakers (Jerden JRL 7005, 1965) – "Twist and Shout", "All the Little Animals" [ay]
  • KHJ Boss Goldens, Volume 1 (Original Sound KHJ 9365, 1965) – "The Jolly Green Giant"
  • Wolfman's Favorite Oldies (Scepter 564, 1967) – "Louie Louie", "Killer Joe"
  • Battle of the Bands, Volume 2 (Panorama 109, 1967) – "C.C. Rider"
  • 보칼 넘버원! 제1집, (Daedo Records EU-138, 1968) – "Louie Louie" [az]
Discography notes
  1. ^ LP release features the Easton, Mitchell, Sundholm, Gallucci, Abbott "B" line-up except for "Louie Louie" and "Haunted Castle" (CD bonus track), which feature the earlier Easton, Ely, Mitchell, Nordby, Gallucci "A" line-up.
  2. ^ a b c LP release features the Easton, Mitchell, Sundholm, Curtis, Peterson "C" line-up.
  3. ^ LP release features a mix of the "B" line-up on two songs, the "C" line-up on five songs, and the "D" line-up (Easton, Mitchell, Sudholm, Peterson, Rieck) on eight songs.
  4. ^ LP release features a mix of the "E" line-up (Easton, Mitchell, Peterson, Rieck, Beals) on nine songs, the "F" line-up (Mitchell, Peterson) on three songs, and the "G" line-up (Mitchell, Peterson, Rieck, Beals) on one song.
  5. ^ Features the Mitchell, McPherson, Curtis, Peterson, Peterson line-up with Willett on one song in place of McPherson. Live cuts from performances in Oregon and Washington. All from 1994 except "Rumble" from 1988.
  6. ^ Unused tracks from live performance tapes recorded November 15–16, 1963 at The Chase nightclub for The Kingsmen In Person. All songs previously unreleased versions.
  7. ^ All tracks recorded live August 24, 1964, at The Spanish Castle nightclub. Includes previously unreleased live version of "Louie Louie". Initially released on Spotify.com.
  8. ^ First five tracks from 15 Great Hits, remainder from Up and Away.
  9. ^ A compilation of tracks taken from various albums, with only "Ya Ya" and "Lip Service" previously unreleased.
  10. ^ Track list includes three previously unreleased songs ("Busy Body", "Willy Nilly", "Slow Down"), two alternate versions ("Night Train", "Under My Thumb"), and six previously released songs.
  11. ^ All tracks previously released with the exception of an alternate version of "Little Green Thing".
  12. ^ Initially released on Bandcamp.com
  13. ^ Music Vendor until mid-1964.
  14. ^ CHUM chart 1963-1964. RPM chart 1965 and later.
  15. ^ Written by Jack Ely and Don Gallucci, but credited to Lynn Easton. A 1966 legal settlement granted subsequent royalties to Ely.[94]
  16. ^ Dave Marsh asserts that "Louie Louie" "far outsold" the No. 1 record "Dominique", but that "proper decorum" was a factor in keeping it from Billboard's top spot.[95]
  17. ^ a b c d Billboard R&B chart not published from November 30, 1963, to January 23, 1965.
  18. ^ Released on regional Jerden label in April. Released nationally on Wand label in October.
  19. ^ a b c d Alternate version included on Live and Unreleased.
  20. ^ Alternate version included on Live at the Castle
  21. ^ a b c d Included as a bonus track on the 1993 CD reissue of The Kingsmen In Person.
  22. ^ Alternate version included on 15 Great Hits
  23. ^ a b c d Alternate version included on Since We've Been Gone.
  24. ^ "Long Green" released on both albums.
  25. ^ Included as a bonus track on the 1993 CD reissue of The Kingsmen Volume II. Also on the 1965 How to Stuff a Wild Bikini soundtrack album
  26. ^ a b c Included as a bonus track on the 1993 CD reissue of The Kingsmen Volume 3.
  27. ^ Included as a bonus track on the 1993 CD reissue of Up and Away.
  28. ^ Some copies have "The Crunch".
  29. ^ a b "The Climb" charted previously as a 1965 A-side
  30. ^ Promotional release with white label and picture sleeve. Stock label copies also exist.
  31. ^ Listed (unranked) July 9, 1966, in "Spotlight Singles", p. 16.
  32. ^ Listed (unranked) July 9, 1966, in "Pick of the Week", p. 6.
  33. ^ Listed (unranked) July 2, 1966, in "Four Star Picks", p. 23.
  34. ^ a b c Included as a bonus track on the 1994 CD reissue of The Kingsmen On Campus.
  35. ^ "If I Need Someone" on label.
  36. ^ Listed (unranked) October 8, 1966, in "Spotlight Singles", p. 16.
  37. ^ Re-release of 1963 original with retitled A-side.
  38. ^ Listed (unranked) January 21, 1967, in "Spotlight Singles", p. 14.
  39. ^ Listed (unranked) February 4, 1967, in "Pick of the Week", p. 22.
  40. ^ Listed (unranked) January 21, 1967, in "Sleepers of the Week", p. 1.
  41. ^ Listed (unranked) April 15, 1967, in "Spotlight Singles", p. 18.
  42. ^ Listed (unranked) May 6, 1967, in "Best Bets", p. 26.
  43. ^ Bartholemew and Richardson were Barry Curtis and Dick Peterson of the Kingsmen.
  44. ^ Listed (unranked) May 20, 1967, in "Spotlight Singles", p.18.
  45. ^ Listed (unranked) May 20, 1967, in "Pick of the Week", p. 24.
  46. ^ Listed (unranked) May 25, 1968, in "Best Bets", p. 22.
  47. ^ Listed (unranked) April 7, 1973, in "Pop Picks", p.70.
  48. ^ Listed (unranked) March 31, 1973, in "Picks of the Week", p. 16.
  49. ^ Listed (unranked) March 31, 1973, in "Sleepers of the Week", p. 1.
  50. ^ Only release of "How to Stuff a Wild Bikini".
  51. ^ Only release of "All The Little Animals".
  52. ^ Korean various artists compilation.[97]

Other uses of the name[edit]

Prior to this group's formation, another group called The Kingsmen operated in 1958 and was made up of members of Bill Haley & His Comets who were moonlighting from their regular work with Haley. This group scored a hit record (#35) on Billboard with the instrumental entitled "Week End", written by Rudy Pompilli, Franny Beecher, and Billy Williamson, backed with "Better Believe It" as the B side. They released a follow-up single on East West Records featuring "The Catwalk" backed with "Conga Rock". Although the Comets did the actual recordings, when the Kingsmen went on tour a different set of musicians performed instead of Haley's people. The band made at least one appearance on American Bandstand in 1958.

Many other groups have used the name "The Kingsmen", including a gospel vocal group formed in 1956 (also referred to as The Kingsmen Quartet), and bands that were later renamed as Flamin' Groovies, The Gants and The Statler Brothers. An a cappella group at Columbia University is traditionally known as the Kingsmen; former members include Art Garfunkel and the original lineup of Sha Na Na.[98]

Further reading[edit]

  • Marsh, Dave (1993). Louie Louie: The History and Mythology of the World's Most Famous Rock 'n' Roll Song. New York City: Hyperion Books. ISBN 1562828657.
  • Blecha, Peter (2009). Sonic Boom! The History of Northwest Rock: From Louie Louie to Smells Like Teen Spirit. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Backbeat Books. ISBN 0879309466.
  • Peterson, Dick (2005). Louie Louie: Me Gotta Go Now. Sherwood, Oregon: Thalian Press. ISBN 1420856103.
  • Ace Records (UK); 'Love that Louie' CD sleevenotes.
  • Rhino Records; 'The Best of Louie Louie' CD sleevenotes.
  • Renaissance Records; 'Touch' CD sleevenotes.

References[edit]

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  12. ^ Marsh 1993, p. 88.
  13. ^ Peterson 2005, pp. 45–57.
  14. ^ Hayes, Ron (August 13, 1993). "Rock's Rumored Dirtiest Song Turns 30". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
  15. ^ a b Blecha 2009, p. 138.
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  19. ^ Blecha 2009, p. 139.
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External links[edit]