Kjartansson constant Q model

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The Kjartansson constant Q model uses mathematical Q models to explain how the earth responds to seismic waves and is widely used in seismic geophysical applications. Because these models satisfies the Krämers–Krönig relations they should be preferable to the Kolsky model in seismic inverse Q filtering. Kjartanssons model is a simplification of the first of Azimi Q models [1] (1968).

Kjartansson constant Q model[edit]

Kjartanssons model is a simplification of the first of Azimi Q models.[1] Azimi proposed his first model together with [2] Strick (1967) and has the attenuation proportional to |w|1 − γ| and is:

The phase velocity is written:

If the phase velocity goes to infinity in the first term on the right, we simply has:

This is Kjartansson constant Q model.


Studying the attenuation coefficient and phase velocity, and compare them with Kolskys Q model we have plotted the result on fig.1. The data for the models are taken from Ursin and Toverud.[3]

Data for the Kolsky model (blue):

cr = 2000 m/s, Qr = 100, wr = 2π100

Data for Kjartansson constant Q model (green):

a1 = 2.5 × 10 −6, γ = 0.0031


  1. ^ a b Azimi S.A.Kalinin A.V. Kalinin V.V and Pivovarov B.L.1968. Impulse and transient characteristics of media with linear and quadratic absorption laws. Izvestiya – Physics of the Solid Earth 2. pp. 88–93
  2. ^ Strick E. The determination of Q, dynamic viscosity and transient creep curves from wave propagation measurements. Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 13, pp. 197–218
  3. ^ Ursin B. and Toverud T. 2002 Comparison of seismic dispersion and attenuation models. Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica 46, 293–320.