|University of California, San Diego
San Diego State University
Cal State San Marcos
|"The worst in collegiate journalism since 1982"|
|Type||monthly College newspaper|
|Headquarters||UCSD, La Jolla, CA, U.S.|
|Circulation||8000 - 9000 (SDSU)|
The Koala is a satirical comedy college paper distributed primarily on the campus of the University of California, San Diego, San Diego State University and Cal State San Marcos. The publication at UCSD is one of a handful of campus newspapers partly or entirely funded by the Associated Students of UCSD, the school's student government whose responsibilities include distributing monies to various student organizations. It was founded in 1982, but the details of its origins are uncertain. The composition of the paper consists of artwork, articles, personals, and lists similar to David Letterman's Top Ten List. The Koala's standing protocol when giving interviews to commercial media of any sort is that no statement can be given until they are furnished with beer from the interviewing entity. Exceptions are made for student media as a matter of courtesy.
Nearly all of The Koala's writing involves making fun of a race, ethnicity, religion, group, people with disabilities, sex, or sexual orientation, as well as recent national tragedies. No subject is taboo and boundaries are nonexistent. The paper also encourages a hedonistic lifestyle including alcohol, drugs, and debauchery.
In addition to the print version, The Koala also broadcasts a television show, Koala-TV, as well as having an online portal for readers and staff. The material on both is consistent with the type of humor found in the paper. In addition to The Koala at UCSD, there are also spin-offs of The Koala distributed at San Diego State University and California State University San Marcos (CSUSM).
The official "purpose" of The Koala is "To crush all your hopes and dreams with comedy."
Attempted dissolution by university in 2002
On November 19, 2001, two UCSD Koala staff members attended an open meeting of MEChA. A student photographer, who was not a member of The Koala, later submitted his photographs from the meeting to the paper, which used them in a criticism and parody of MEChA's president, Ernesto Martinez. In February 2002, three months after the meeting, the University accused the two Koala students who attended the MEChA meeting and The Koala itself of violating the Student Code's prohibition of "obstruction or disruption of teaching, research, administration, disciplinary procedures, or other UCSD or University activities." In March 2002, Vice Chancellor Joseph W. Watson wrote to "all academics... staff... and students at UCSD": "We condemn The Koala's abuse of the Constitutional guarantees of free expression and disfavor their unconscionable behavior." The University announced that a trial would be held to determine if the paper would be dissolved.
On May 22, 2002, the UCSD Judicial Board opened the trial to the campus media. The UCSD administration refused to participate and left the hearing. Two days later, Director of Student Policy and Judicial Affairs Nicholas S. Aguilar nullified the hearing and ordered a retrial behind closed doors. At the secret trial held on June 5, 2002, the charges were dismissed.
Criticism of university
The university administration was subject to sharp criticism for its handling of the case.
The Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE), released documents and emails indicating that the University encouraged official complaints from MEChA President Ernesto Martinez, and instructed him on how to proceed legally and informally against The Koala. Director of Student Policy and Judicial Affairs Nicholas S. Aguilar denounced the "hate, bigotry, and intolerance" of The Koala. Aguilar encouraged Martinez to submit to his office "any complaints of alleged misconduct not based on the content of the publication." He further assured Martinez of his and the UCSD's administration's support of "the UCSD Principles of Community," which, in his view, Martinez was defending against The Koala. Despite his statements in support of MEChA, Aguilar did not recuse himself from the case. In response to a letter from FIRE, Aguilar claimed that UCSD's actions against The Koala was not based on the content of the publication. Some of these documents were later published by The Koala.
FIRE also pointed out that in 1995, another UCSD student publication, Voz Fronteriza, published an editorial which celebrated the death of Luis A. Santiago, a Latino Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) officer who died in the line of duty. The article described Santiago as ""traitor...to his race," and stated that "We're glad this pig died, he deserved to die," and argued, "All the Migra pigs should be killed, every single one...the only good one is a dead one...The time to fight back is now. It is time to organize an anti-Migra patrol...It is to [sic] bad that more Migra pigs didn't die with him." In response to outrage generated by this article, Vice Chancellor Joseph W. Watson, whose office oversaw the trial of The Koala, defended Voz Fronteriza's "right to publish their views without adverse administrative action" because "student newspapers are protected by the first amendment of the U.S. constitution." The UCSD administration also issued a formal statement that the University was "legally prohibited from censuring the content of student publications."
Thor L. Halvorssen, executive director of FIRE, cited Vice Chancellor Watson's and USCD's 1995 defense of Voz Fronteriza, and argued that "UCSD hypocritically and selectively violates both its own obligations to that Constitution and its own unconstitutional restrictions of speech on behalf of 'courtesy' and 'sensitivity.'" Alan Charles Kors, president of FIRE, argued that "This is an unmistakable attempt to censor officially disfavored views. The same university that in 1995 declared MEChA's call for the murder of U.S. immigration officers to be 'protected by the first amendment of the U.S. constitution' now prosecutes a student publication's parody of MEChA as 'disruptive.'"
Other scandals which have garnered national media attention are:
- In March 2012, a reputed member of The Koala at CSUSM running for student body president was arrested on 12 felony charges of identity theft, election fraud, and illegally accessing a university computer system. The election results were voided and the outcome of the matter is still pending.
- In October 2011, six current and former CSUSM students alleged to be members of The Koala were accused of "Disorderly, lewd, indecent, or obscene behavior at a University related activity, or directed toward a member of the University community" and "Conduct that threatens or endangers the health or safety of any person within or related to the University community, including physical abuse, threats, intimidation, harassment, or sexual misconduct". Soon after the charges went public, they were withdrawn.
- In 2010, The Koala was involved in a racially charged television segment on UCSD's closed-circuit Student Run Television (SRTV) channel. The footage broadcast by the Koala organization was in violation of SRTV's charter (since Koala did not attain the appropriate approvals required for all broadcasts) and included racial slurs and support for the actions of students involved in the recent party billed the "Compton Cookout". When school administration and officials later sought to collect a copy of the tapes at The Koala headquarters, a note was found that read "Compton Lynching". Although both the Chancellor and the AS President of UCSD condemned The Koala's actions, their future funding has been reinstated.
- In 2006, The Koala was evicted from its campus offices by Gary Radcliffe, assistant vice chancellor of student life, when a bong with marijuana residue and beer bottles were discovered in its filing cabinets. This resulted in a sit-in where staffers occupied and lived in the office and adjacent media commons.
- In 2005, Editor Steve York broadcast a pornographic video of him having sex with a woman on Koala-TV. York's story appeared on several local and national TV news programs. York also went on The O'Reilly Factor to discuss the issue.
- In 2003, The Koala published a parody newspaper called Jizzlam, a parody of Playboy Magazine for Muslims; which critics charged was offensive against the Muslim community. The 16-page edition included illustrated articles like The Jizzlam guide to sexual positions during prayer and The Miss World Jizzlam burkini contest.
- In 1998, The Koala lost its main campus office for repeated violations of the student code of conduct and student organization conduct agreement.
- In 1998, a spin-off of The Koala, "Koala-TV", was banned from campus for broadcasting nude scenes from a Jenny McCarthy Playboy video.
- In 1997, the staff of The Koala was cited for leaving a female student passed out in the office. The student was taken to a downtown detention cell and fully recovered.
- In 1993, The Koala office was vandalized by unknown people who drew swastikas in green paint on the floor and door.
- "The Koala at San Marcos".
- Joseph W. Watson, Vice Chancellor Emeritus, University of California, San Diego, biography at College Access Foundation of California.
- Student Press Law Center - News Flashes
- Commentary: It’s a question of Free Speech by Victor Menaldo, La Prensa San Diego, July 26, 2002.
- Victory at UCSD, but Deception Remains; Administration Drops Case Against The Koala, Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE), June 21, 2002.
- Student Humor Magazine Prosecuted for Parody at UCSD: University Decision Expected This Week, Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE) June 18, 2002.
- FIRE's Analysis of The UCSD Statement (In Full) Regarding the Koala/Judicial Board Hearing, Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE), June 21, 2002.
- University of California at San Diego: Censorship of Student Satire Magazine - list of articles, Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE).
- Emails Between UCSD Administration and Ernesto Martinez, The Koala.
- "New UCSD racial incident sparks rage, confrontation". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- SignOnSanDiego.com > News > Education - Eviction expected for UCSD's Koala
- UCSD To Remove Student Organization From Campus - San Diego News Story - KGTV San Diego
- SignOnSanDiego.com > News > Education - Despite ban, porn back on UCSD TV
- College Student Airs Personal Porn Video On Campus TV - Education News Story - KNBC | Los Angeles
- UCSD Pulls Plug On 'Koala TV' - San Diego News Story - KGTV San Diego
- "Transcript: Student-Run TV Becomes Sex TV". Fox News. February 23, 2005.
- Koala editors under investigation for anti-Islam edition, Student Press Law Center (SPLC) Fall 2003, Vol. XXIV, No. 3 - Page 39.