The Lady Vanishes (1979 film)
|The Lady Vanishes|
1979 theatrical poster.
|Directed by||Anthony Page|
|Produced by||Tom Sachs|
|Screenplay by||George Axelrod|
|Based on||The Wheel Spins
by Ethel Lina White
|Music by||Richard Hartley|
|95 minutes (UK)|
|Budget||₤2 million or £2.5 million|
The Lady Vanishes is a 1979 English comedy mystery film directed by Anthony Page. Its screenplay by George Axelrod was based on the novel The Wheel Spins by Ethel Lina White (1876–1944). It stars Elliott Gould as Robert, Cybill Shepherd as Amanda (Iris), Angela Lansbury as Miss Froy, Herbert Lom, Arthur Lowe and Ian Carmichael as Charters and Caldicott.
The film is a remake of Alfred Hitchcock's 1938 film of the same name. The film follows two Americans travelling by train across 1938 Germany. Together, they investigate the mysterious disappearance of an English nanny also travelling on the train. The setting of the remake is essentially similar to Hitchcock's film, but is openly set in pre-Second World War Germany rather than in the original fictional country. The Austrian fountain of Oberdrauburg by Hellmuth Marx is part of the setting. In addition, both leads have their nationality changed from English to American.
In August 1939, a motley group of travellers find themselves in a small hotel in Bavaria, awaiting a delayed train to Switzerland. They include a "much married madcap American heiress", Amanda Metcalf-Midvani-Von Hoffsteader-Kelly, and Robert Condon, a wise-cracking American photographer.
That evening, Amanda gets very drunk and is knocked unconscious. The following morning, badly hungover, she finds herself in a train compartment with Miss Froy, an elderly governess, and Baroness Kisling with her servants. Other travellers include Charters and Caldicot, English gentlemen returning to Britain for the test match, and 'Todhunter', an English diplomat 'larking about' with his mistress and Dr. Egon Hartz.
When she wakes up, Miss Froy has vanished. Her fellow travellers deny seeing Miss Froy and declare that she never existed. Amanda begins to doubt her own mental condition. Amanda starts to investigate, joined only by a sceptical Condon. The train stops to pick up a badly burnt and heavily bandaged automobile accident victim. Shortly thereafter, a "Miss Froy" apparently reappears, but it is not her.
The train resumes its journey and Amanda is attacked. Miss Froy's broken glasses are found and Condon now believes Amanda's story. They surmise that Miss Froy was lured to the baggage car and is being held captive - and that the heavily bandaged 'accident victim' is now Miss Froy. This proves to be the case and Dr. Hartz attempts to drug them - but his wife (disguised as a nun) has not put any drug in their drinks.
At the next station, the train is shifted onto a branch line and only the buffet car and one carriage are left. The train stops and Helmut von Reider, an SS officer (son of Miss Froy's former employer), approaches the train, demanding that Miss Froy be surrendered. The passengers refuse and a gunfight ensues. Miss Froy chooses this moment to confess that she is in fact a courier with a vital coded message (she hums a tune to them) that must be delivered to London. She leaves the train and disappears. Condon, Charters and Caldicot contrive to take over the engine and drive the train back to the main line and over the Swiss border. Back in London at the Foreign Office, the duo attempt to remember the tune she sang, then suddenly they hear someone humming the same tune. It is Miss Froy who managed to escape her captors.
- Elliott Gould - Robert Condon
- Cybill Shepherd - Amanda Kelly
- Angela Lansbury - Miss Froy
- Herbert Lom - Dr. Hartz
- Arthur Lowe - Charters
- Ian Carmichael - Caldicott
- Gerald Harper - Mr Todhunter
- Jenny Runacre - "Mrs" Todhunter
- Jean Anderson - Baroness
- Madlena Nedeva - Nun
- Madge Ryan - Rose Flood Porter
- Rosalind Knight - Evelyn Barnes
- Vladek Sheybal - Trainmaster
- Wolf Kahler - Helmut
- Barbara Markham - Frau Kummer
- Peter Schratt - German Officer
The producer formed a package and approached Tony Williams of Rank who agreed to finance. Williams had recently agreed to finance a remake of The 39 Steps; he defended the idea of remaking a classic:
The old films suffer technically against today's. The pace of modern films is much faster. The style of acting is different. Those old actors were marvellous, but if you consult the man in the street, he's more interested in seeing a current artist than someone who's been dead for years.
"What we're competing with here is not the real picture but people's memory of it," said George Axelrod. "Hitchcock's film had some brilliant things in it, but as a whole picture you'd have to admit it's pretty creaky. The four or five things people remember from the original receive a homage in our version - which raises the question of when a homage becomes a rip off."
Axelrod admitted the script was "not like the stuff I normally do, which is two people in and around a bed" but he agreed to do the adaptation because "this picture is actually going to be shown in theatres for actual people to see". Axelrod had gotten involved in the movie originally by ABC TV who wanted him to write a version of Murder on the Orient Express (1974) - he suggested they buy the rights to Night Train or The Lady Vanishes. He ended up writing three different versions of The Lady Vanishes for ABC TV but none was picked up. Then the rights reverted to Rank Films, who asked Axelrod to work on the movie.
Among Axelrod's changes to the original were setting the new film in 1939 Germany, and altering the hero to a photographer from Life Magazine and the heroine to be a screwball "rompy, Carole Lombard character." The script was constantly rewritten as filming went along.
The consensus of critics is that the film suffers by comparison to Hitchcock's 1938 film, and it gains only 20% approval on the critical opinion aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. Geoff Andrew of Time Out notes that "Comparisons are odious, but this remake of Hitchcock's thriller continually begs them by trampling heavily over its predecessor." The British Film Institute is more critical, calling it "about as witless and charmless as could be conceived".
Variety magazine notes that the script is "best when dwelling on English eccentricity to make the film's most endearing impression...Shepherd and Gould stack up as contrived cliches, characters that jar rather than complement." Film4's review agrees, writing that the two leads are "ruthlessly upstaged by loveable old coves Arthur Lowe and Ian Carmichael as cricket-mad Charters and Caldicott". It, however, calls it a "watchable remake".
- Tom Johnson and Deborah Del Vecchio, Hammer Films: An Exhaustive Filmography, McFarland, 1996 p379
- The lucrative case for believing in yesterday The Guardian (1959-2003) [London (UK)] 18 Dec 1978: 11.
- David Huckvale, James Bernard, composer to Count Dracula: a critical biography (2006) 238
- ony Williams Interviewed by Andrew Spicer, London, 18 March 2011, Michael Klinger Papers accessed 16 April 2014
- Mills, B. (28 January 1979). Movies. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current File). Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/171835421?accountid=13902
- Mann, R. (22 October 1978). MOVIES. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File). Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/158662943?accountid=13902
- PRODUCTION INCREASES: Fog Lifts on British Film Industry Tuohy, William. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 30 Dec 1977: g1.
- Rotten Tomatoes. Accessed 1 February 2011.
- Review, Time Out. Accessed 1 February 2011.
- Brian McFarlane, Anthony Slide, The encyclopedia of British film, (British Film Institute, 2005)
- Review, Variety. Accessed 1 February 2011.
- Review, Film4. Accessed 1 February 2011.