|Directed by||Alexander Mackendrick|
|Produced by||Michael Balcon|
|Written by||William Rose|
|Music by||Tristram Cary|
|Edited by||Jack Harris|
|Distributed by||The Rank Organisation|
The Ladykillers is a 1955 British black comedy crime film directed by Alexander Mackendrick for Ealing Studios. It stars Alec Guinness, Cecil Parker, Herbert Lom, Peter Sellers, Danny Green, Jack Warner, and Katie Johnson as the old lady, Mrs. Wilberforce.
William Rose wrote the screenplay, for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay and won the BAFTA Award for Best British Screenplay. He claimed to have dreamt the entire film and merely had to remember the details when he awoke.
Mrs Wilberforce is a sweet and eccentric old widow who lives alone with her raucous parrots in a gradually subsiding lopsided house, built over the entrance to a railway tunnel in Kings Cross, London. With nothing to occupy her time and an active imagination, she is a frequent visitor to the local police station where she reports fanciful suspicions regarding neighbourhood activities. Having led wild-goose chases in the past, she is humoured by the officers there who give her reports no credence whatsoever.
She is approached by an archly sinister character, "Professor" Marcus, who wants to rent rooms in her house. She is not aware that he has assembled a gang of hardened criminals for a sophisticated security van robbery at London King's Cross railway station: the gentlemanly and easily fooled con-man Major Claude Courtney; the comedic Cockney spiv Harry Robinson; the slow-witted and punch drunk ex-boxer 'One-Round' Lawson; and the murderous, cruel and vicious continental gangster Louis Harvey. As a cover, the "Professor" convinces the naive Mrs. Wilberforce that the group is an amateur string quintet using the rooms for rehearsal space. To maintain the deception, the gang members carry musical instruments and play recordings of Boccherini's Minuet (3rd movement) from String Quintet in E, Op. 11 No. 5 and Haydn's Serenade for Strings Op. 3 No. 5 (the "Serenade" was actually composed by Roman Hoffstetter) during their planning sessions.
After the heist, "Mrs. W" is deceived into retrieving the disguised money from the railway station herself. This she successfully manages to do, but not without serious complications owing to her tendency to righteous meddling. As the gang departs her house with the loot, 'One-Round' accidentally gets his cello case full of banknotes trapped in the front door. As he pulls the case free, banknotes spill forth while Mrs. Wilberforce looks on. Finally, smelling a rat, she informs Marcus that she is going to the police.
Stalling, the gangsters half convince Mrs. W that she will surely be considered an accomplice for holding the cash. In any case, they assert, it is a victimless crime as insurance will cover all the losses and the police will probably not even accept the money back. She wavers, but when she rallies, the criminals finally decide they must kill her. No one wants to do it, so they draw lots using matchsticks. The Major loses but tries to make a run for it with the cash. As the oblivious Mrs. W dozes, the criminals cross, double-cross and manage to kill one another in rapid succession. The Major falls off the roof of the house after being chased by Louis; Harry is killed by One-Round who, after having had a change of heart about the killing of Mrs. W, wrongly thinks that Harry has killed her; One-Round tries to shoot Louis and Marcus when he overhears a plan to double-cross him, but leaves the gun's safety catch on and is himself killed by Louis; Marcus kills Louis by dislodging his ladder under the tunnel behind the house, causing Louis to fall into a passing railway wagon. Before falling into the carriage, Louis fires a last shot at Marcus which nearly hits him. Finally, with no one else left, Marcus himself is struck on the head by a changing railway signal, and his body drops into another wagon. All the other bodies have been dumped into railway wagons passing behind the house and are now far away.
Mrs. Wilberforce is now left alone with the plunder. She goes to the police to return it, but they do not believe her story. They humour her, telling her to keep the money. She is puzzled but finally relents and returns home. Along the way, she leaves a banknote of large denomination with a startled starving artist.
- Alec Guinness as Professor Marcus
- Cecil Parker as Major Claude Courtney
- Herbert Lom as Louis Harvey
- Peter Sellers as Harry Robinson
- Danny Green as 'One-Round' Lawson
- Jack Warner as the Superintendent
- Katie Johnson as Mrs Louisa Wilberforce
- Philip Stainton as the Station Sergeant
- Frankie Howerd as the barrow boy
Kenneth Connor appears in an uncredited role as the taxi driver. Alec Guinness seems to have based his performance of Professor Marcus on the actor Alastair Sim, for whom the part was originally intended. Robinson was the first major film role for Peter Sellers; he would later appear with Lom in several of The Pink Panther films. Sellers and Guinness would appear together again in Murder By Death (1976).
Awards and nominations
|Academy Awards||Best Screenplay – Original||William Rose||Nominated|
|British Academy Film Awards||Best Film from any Source||The Ladykillers||Nominated|
|Best British Film||Nominated|
|Best British Actress||Katie Johnson||Won|
|Best British Screenplay||William Rose||Won|
The film holds a rare 100% rating on review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes based on 23 reviews, with a weighted average of 8.6/10. The site's consensus reads: "The Ladykillers is a macabre slow-burn with quirky performances of even quirkier characters". The British Film Institute ranked The Ladykillers the 13th greatest British film of all time. In 2017 a poll of 150 actors, directors, writers, producers and critics for Time Out magazine saw it ranked the 29th best British film ever.
- In 1966 the film was adapted into an opera by the Czech composer Ilja Hurník under the name The Lady and the Robbers (Dáma a lupiči).
- A radio adaptation of the film, by Bruce Bedford, was first broadcast on BBC Radio 4 on 13 January 1996 starring Edward Petherbridge and Margot Boyd.
- In 2004 the Coen Brothers directed an American remake of the film, starring Tom Hanks, Irma P. Hall, Marlon Wayans, J. K. Simmons, Tzi Ma and Ryan Hurst. The setting of the film is moved from London to Saucier, Mississippi, home of a riverboat casino.
- In 2011 the film was adapted as a play by Graham Linehan. It premiered at the Liverpool Playhouse in November that year before transferring to the Gielgud Theatre in London with Peter Capaldi as Professor Marcus.
- The play was revived at the London Vaudeville Theatre in 2013 and subsequently toured around the UK and Ireland. This revived production featured a new cast.
- The play had its North American premiere at the Shaw Festival in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada in June 2019 with Damien Atkins as Professor Marcus and Chick Reid as Mrs. Wilberforce.
- "Reginald Mount". The Art of War. The National Archives. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "The Ladykillers 1955". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- "screenonline.org.uk, part of the British Film Institute (BFI)". Screenonline.org.uk. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
- U.S. MONEY BEHIND 30% OF BRITISH FILMS: Problems for the Board of Trade: The Manchester Guardian, 4 May 1956. p. 7.
- . "The Ladykillers (1955): Rotten Tomatoes". Retrieved 30 June 2019.
- "The 100 best British films". Time Out. Retrieved 24 October 2017
- "BBC radio programmes catalogue entry". BBC. 26 November 2012. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- "The Ladykillers 2004". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- Graham Linehan. "How Graham Linehan dynamited The Ladykillers". Guardian. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- "Play details on Gielgud Theatre site". London-theatreland.co.uk. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- "Vaudeville Theatre". Vaudeville Theatre. 9 October 2007. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- "» Latest News". Theladykillers.co.uk. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- "The Ladykillers Review - Best of Theatre News". Bestoftheatre.co.uk. 15 July 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
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