The Lambeth Walk
"The Lambeth Walk" is a song from the 1937 musical Me and My Girl (with book and lyrics by Douglas Furber and L. Arthur Rose and music by Noel Gay). The song takes its name from a local street Lambeth Walk once notable for its street market and working class culture in Lambeth, an area of London.
The tune gave its name to a Cockney dance first made popular in 1937 by Lupino Lane. The story line of Me and My Girl concerns a Cockney barrow boy who inherits an earldom but almost loses his Lambeth girlfriend. It was turned into a 1939 film The Lambeth Walk which starred Lane.
The choreography from the musical, in which the song was a show-stopping Cockney-inspired extravaganza, inspired a popular walking dance, done in a jaunty strutting style. Lane explained the origin of the dance as follows: "I got the idea from my personal experience and from having worked among cockneys. I'm a cockney born and bred myself. The Lambeth Walk is just an exaggerated idea of how the cockney struts." 
When the stage show had been running for a few months, C. L. Heimann, managing director of the Locarno Dance Halls, got one of his dancing instructors, Adele England, to elaborate the walk into a dance. "Starting from the Locarno Dance Hall, Streatham, the dance-version of the Lambeth Walk swept the country." The craze reached Buckingham Palace, with King George VI and Queen Elizabeth attending a performance and joining in the shouted "Oi" which ends the chorus." The fad reached the United States in 1938, popularized by Boston-based orchestra-leader Joseph (Joe) Rines, among others. Rines and his band frequently performed in New York, and the dance became especially popular at the "better" night clubs. As with most dance crazes, other well-known orchestras did versions of the song, including Duke Ellington. The dance then spread across America and to Paris and Prague. Mass Observation devoted a chapter of their 1939 book Britain to the craze.
A member of the Nazi Party drew attention to it in 1939 by declaring 'The Lambeth Walk' (which had become popular in swing clubs in Germany) to be "Jewish mischief and animalistic hopping" as part of a speech on how the "revolution of private life" was one of the next big tasks of National Socialism in Germany. However the song continued to be popular with the German public and was even played on the radio, particularly during the war as part of the vital task of maintaining public morale.
In 1942, Charles A. Ridley of the Ministry of Information made a short propaganda film, Lambeth Walk - Nazi Style, which edited existing footage taken from Leni Riefenstahl's Triumph of the Will to make it appear they were dancing to "The Lambeth Walk". The propaganda film was distributed uncredited to newsreel companies, who would supply their own narration. Joseph Goebbels placed Ridley on a Gestapo list for elimination if Britain was defeated.
Both Russ Morgan and Duke Ellington had hit records of the song in the United States.
- Anytime you're Lambeth way,
- Any evening, any day,
- You'll find us all doin' the Lambeth walk.
- Every little Lambeth gal,
- With her little Lambeth pal,
- You'll find 'em all doin' the Lambeth walk.
- Everything's free and easy,
- Do as you darn well pleasey,
- Why don't you make your way there,
- Go there, stay there.
- Once you get down Lambeth way,
- Every evening, every day,
- You'll find yourself doin' the Lambeth walk.
The composer Franz Reizenstein wrote a set of Variations on the Lambeth Walk with each variation being a pastiche of the style of a major classical composer. Notable are the variations in the style of Beethoven, Chopin and Liszt.
- streetmap.co.uk - Location of Lambeth Walk
- Charles Madge and Tom Harrisson, Britain. by Mass Observation, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1939
- Guy, Stephens (2001). Richards, Jeffrey, ed. The Unknown 1930s: An Alternative History of the British Cinema 1929-39. I.B.Tauris. p. 112. ISBN 1-86064-628-X.
- "Nazis Hold Lambeth Walk is 'Animalistic Hopping'", New York Times January 8, 1939, p. 26
- Nicholson, Geoff. The Lost Art of Walking: The History, Science, and Literature of Pedestrianism. Penguin, 2009, Chapter 5 ISBN 1-59448-403-1
- on YouTube - Movietone Newsreel using Charles A. Ridley's footage edited from "Triumph of the Will"