The Last House on the Left (1972 film)
||This article is incomplete. (October 2014)|
|The Last House on the Left|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Wes Craven|
|Produced by||Sean S. Cunningham|
|Written by||Wes Craven|
David A. Hess
|Music by||David Alexander Hess|
|Edited by||Wes Craven|
Sean S. Cunningham Films
The Night Co.
|Distributed by||Hallmark Releasing Corp (1972)
Filmways Pictures (1981)
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (Current) (DVD, 2009)
|84 minutes (uncut)
91 minutes (original)
|Box office||$3.1 million|
The Last House on the Left is a 1972 American exploitation-horror film written, edited, and directed by Wes Craven and produced by Sean S. Cunningham. The film follows two teenage girls who are taken into the woods and tortured by a gang of murderous thugs. The story is inspired by the 1960 Swedish film The Virgin Spring, directed by Ingmar Bergman, which in turn is based on a Swedish ballad "Töres döttrar i Wänge".
Craven's directorial debut, the film was made on a modest budget of $87,000, and was filmed in New York City and rural Connecticut in 1971. It was released theatrically in the United States on August 30, 1972, and was a major box office success, grossing over $3 million domestically. Although its confrontational violence resulted in its being heavily censored and sometimes banned in other countries, the film was generally well-received by critics. The film was remade into a 2009 film of the same name.
Mari Collingwood plans to attend a concert with her friend, Phyllis Stone, for her 17th birthday. Her parents, Estelle and John, express concern at the band and at Mari's friendship with Phyllis, but let her go and give her a peace symbol necklace. Phyllis and Mari go to the city for the concert. On the way, they hear a news report on the car radio of a recent prison escape, involving criminals Krug Stillo, a rapist and serial killer; his son Junior; Sadie, a promiscuous psychopath and sadist; and Fred "Weasel" Podowski, a child molester, peeping tom, and murderer. Before the concert, Mari and Phyllis encounter Junior when trying to buy marijuana. He leads them to an apartment where they are trapped by the criminals. Phyllis tries to escape, then reason with the criminals, but she fails and is gang-raped by Krug, Weasel and Sadie. Meanwhile, Mari's unsuspecting parents prepare a surprise party for her.
Mari and Phyllis are transported to the woods by the criminals. Mari recognizes that the road is near her home. Mari and Phyllis are forced to have sex with each other and Sadie performs oral sex on a weeping Mari. Phyllis absconds to distract the kidnappers and offer Mari an opportunity to escape but is chased by Sadie and Weasel, while Junior stays behind to guard Mari. Mari tries gaining Junior's trust by giving him her necklace and naming him "Willow". Phyllis is cornered and stabbed to death by Weasel. Sadie reaches into Phyllis's wounds and pulls out the insides.
Mari convinces Junior to let her go, but they are halted by Krug. Sadie and Weasel present Phyllis' severed hand and Krug proceeds to carve his name into Mari's chest, then rapes her. Mari vomits, quietly says a prayer, and walks into the nearby lake to clean herself. Krug fatally shoots her, leaving her body floating in the lake. Krug, Sadie, and Weasel wash and change out of their bloody clothes.
In their new attire, the gang go to the Collingwoods' home, masquerading as traveling salesmen. Mari's parents let them stay overnight, but Junior exposes their identity when Mari's mother sees he is wearing Mari's peace symbol necklace. Estelle listens in to the gang while they are spending the night in Mari's bedroom, and finds blood-soaked clothing in their luggage. She and her husband rush into the woods, where they find Mari's body on the bank of the lake. They carry Mari's body back to the house and exact revenge against the crooks.
Estelle seduces Weasel and performs fellatio on him that turns deadly when she bites off his penis and leaves him to bleed to death. Mari's father John takes his shotgun into the room where two of the criminals are sleeping. Krug escapes into the living room and overpowers John, but is then confronted by Junior, brandishing a revolver and threatening to kill him. Krug manipulates Junior into committing suicide. Krug is incapacitated by an electrocution booby-trap set earlier by John. Sadie rushes outside, where she is tackled by Estelle. Sadie escapes but falls into the backyard swimming pool where Estelle slits her throat with a knife. John kills Krug with a chainsaw. The sheriff and deputy finally arrive to find the stunned and bloodied couple sitting in the living room.
- Sandra Cassel as Mari Collingwood
- Lucy Grantham as Phyllis Stone
- David A. Hess as Krug Stillo
- Fred Lincoln as Fred "Weasel" Podowski
- Jeramie Rain as Sadie
- Marc Sheffler as Junior Stillo
- Cynthia Carr as Estelle Collingwood
- Gaylord St. James as Dr. John Collingwood
- Marshall Anker as Sheriff
- Martin Kove as Deputy
- Ada Washington as Ada
- Steve Miner (uncredited) as Hippie taunting Deputy
Sean S. Cunningham made his directorial debut with the white coater film The Art of Marriage. His film grossed $100,000 and attracted the company Hallmark Releasing (unaffiliated with Hallmark Cards Inc.). Cunningham made the film Together as a "better version" of film. Wes Craven, who had no money, was put on the job of synchronizing dailies for Cunningham's four-day re-shoot. He soon began editing the film with Cunningham and they became good friends. Hallmark Releasing bought the film for $10,000 and it was considered a "hit". Hallmark Releasing wanted them to do another film with a bigger budget and gave them $90,000 to shoot a horror film.
Cunningham served as producer and Craven served as writer and director.
Written by Craven in 1971, the original script was intended to be a graphic 'hardcore' film, with all actors and crew being committed to filming it as such. However, after shooting began, the hard decision was made to edit down to a much softer film. This script, written as Night of Vengeance, has never been released; only a brief glimpse is visible in the featurette Celluloid Crime of the Century, and a sample is available in the UK DVD release.
The film's soundtrack was written by Stephen Chapin and David Hess. Chapin wrote all the incidental music for the movie; he also did all the arrangements and orchestration as well as all the contracting and producing musicians.
Hess also played the main antagonist Krug. It is particularly notable for being heavily contrasted with the events on screen. For example, as the gang drives the two girls out into the countryside, the upbeat, almost comical tune "Baddies Theme" plays and, after the rape scene, a soothing ballad plays. This counterpointing was also used elsewhere in the film, with the slapstick antics of the two police officers occurring in between scenes of torture. The soundtrack was released commercially around the same time as the film. In 1999 the soundtrack was re-released on compact disc by Hess on Rock Bottom Rules Records. In 2013 the soundtrack had a re-release on vinyl, compact disc, cassette and digital download on One Way Static Records. It was also re-issued on a limited hand numbered picture disc for Record Store Day 2014.
The film underwent many name changes, including Sex Crime of the Century (from the characters' dialogue in the car ride scene), Krug and Company (a version included on the DVD release), and The Men's Room (simply because one poster showed a men's bathroom). None of these names were particularly successful. Someone then came up with the title The Last House on the Left, along with the infamous "To avoid fainting, keep repeating 'It's only a movie'..." advertising campaign. (In actuality, it had been used twice before: first for gore-meister H.G. Lewis's 1964 splatter film Color Me Blood Red, and then for William Castle's Strait-Jacket the following year.) The film under the Last House... title proved to be a massive hit. Stories as to where the advertising campaign originated vary somewhat. Sean Cunningham claims that the person who gave the idea for it was watching a cut of the film with his wife, who continually covered her eyes, prompting him to tell her that it was "only a movie". Other origins have been suggested, however. The tagline was so successful that many other exploitation films later used it, sometimes with their own spin. The title was sometimes imitated, as in the case of Last House on Dead End Street.
|This section requires expansion. (October 2014)|
The film received generally positive reviews. The film currently has a 63% rating at Rotten Tomatoes. Roger Ebert gave the film three and a half stars out of four, and described it as "about four times as good as you'd expect" and maintained that opinion in the mid-1980s when he supported his positive comments again on a special episode of Siskel & Ebert called "Hidden Horror".
The film was censored in many countries, and was particularly controversial in the United Kingdom. The film was refused a certificate for cinema release by the BBFC in 1974 due to scenes of sadism and violence. During the early 1980s home video boom, the film was released uncut (save for an incidental, gore-free scene with the comedy cops, and the end credit roll) as a video that did not fall under their remit at the time. This changed when the "video nasty" scare which started in 1982 led to the Video Recordings Act 1984. This in turn banned the film as one of the Department of Public Prosecutions list of "video nasties".
The film remained banned throughout the remainder of the 1980s and into the 1990s. However it had built a cult reputation in the UK, and critics such as Mark Kermode began to laud the film as an important piece of work. In 2000, the film was again presented to the BBFC for theatrical certification and it was again refused. Blue Underground toured an uncut print around Britain without a BBFC certificate, with Southampton City Council granting the uncut version its own 18 certificate. It was granted a license for a one-off showing in Leicester in June 2000, after which the BBFC again declared that the film would not receive any form of certification.
In June 2002 the BBFC won against an appeal made to the Video Appeals Committee by video distributor Blue Underground Limited. The BBFC had required 16 seconds of cuts to scenes of sexual violence before the video could be given an ‘18’ certificate. Blue Underground Limited refused to make the cuts, and the BBFC therefore rejected the video. The distributor then appealed to the VAC, who upheld the BBFC's decision. During the appeal, film critic Mark Kermode was called in as a horror expert to make a case for the film's historical importance. However, after his report, the committee not only upheld the cuts but doubled them.
The film was eventually given an '18' certificate with 31 seconds of cuts on July 17, 2002, and was released in the UK on DVD in May 2003. The cut scenes were viewable as a slideshow extra on the disc, and there was a weblink to a website where the cut scenes could be viewed.
The BBFC classified the film uncut for video release on March 17, 2008.
Rare or lost scenes
Many different versions of the film exist on various DVD and VHS releases struck from different cuts of the film, many of them from different countries. To get a completely uncut version is difficult as even some cinema machinists cut footage from prints of the movie before screening it during the 1970s; many copies were cut or "hacked to pieces" and because of this some scenes have become rarities. According to Wes Craven, some people who were offended by the movie even stole copies of the original film and burned them.
Some incomplete scenes are:
- "Lesbian rape scene" – One scene long thought lost, except as a photographic still, is the two female victims forced to commit sexual acts on each other in the woods. This forced lesbian rape scene was included as an outtake with no sound on the Metrodome Three-Disc DVD Ultimate Edition and on the 2011 Blu-ray release.
- "Mari in her room" - Photographic stills exist showing a nude Mari in her room in the beginning of the movie where she is reading birthday cards; the shot scenes of this no longer exist.
- "Mari raped by Sadie" - Footage of Sadie committing sexual acts against Mari in the woods is often removed, even from some DVDs that have been labeled as "uncut".
In the Krug and Company cut, Mari is still alive when her parents find her. She tells her parents what happened to her and Phyllis before dying in front of them.
In 1980s, Vestron Pictures hired Danny Steinmann to write and direct a sequel, though the film fell apart in pre-production due to rights issues. Mario Bava's film Twitch of the Death Nerve was also released under the titles Last House on the Left – Part II, Last House – Part II and New House on the Left.
In August 2006, Rogue Pictures finalized a deal to remake The Last House on the Left with original writer and director Wes Craven as a producer. The company intended to preserve the storyline of the original film. Craven described his involvement with the remake: "I'm far enough removed from these films that the remakes are a little like having grandchildren. The story, about the painful side effects of revenge, is an evergreen. The headlines are full of people and nations taking revenge and getting caught up in endless cycles of violence." Craven formed Midnight Pictures, a shingle of Rogue, to remake The Last House on the Left as its first project. Production was slated for early 2007. Screenwriter Adam Alleca was hired to write the script for the remake.
In May 2007, Rogue entered negotiations with director Dennis Iliadis to direct the film. The film was released to theaters in the US and Canada on March 13, 2009.
- Top Ten Low Budget Films Under $500,000. Daily Film Dose. Retrieved April 1, 2013
- "The Last House on the Left, Box Office Information". The Numbers. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
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- Leistedt, Samuel J.; Linkowski, Paul (January 2014). "Psychopathy and the Cinema: Fact or Fiction?". Journal of Forensic Sciences (American Academy of Forensic Sciences) 59 (1): 167–174. doi:10.1111/1556-4029.12359. PMID 24329037. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
- Celluloid Crime of the Century, featurette documentary on the 2003 Anchor Bay DVD edition of The Last House on the Left
- Ocker, J.W. (2010). The New England Grimpendium. Countryman Press. pp. 123–25. ISBN 978-0881509199.
- The Last House on the Left soundtrack info on Discogs
- The Last House on the Left soundtrack release on One Way Static Records
- David A. Szulkin: Wes Craven's The Last House On The Left; Revised Edition, pages 127–133; published June 2000, FAB Press; ISBN 1-903254-01-9.
- David A. Szulkin: Wes Craven's The Last House On The Left; Revised Edition, Page 178; published June 2000, FAB Press; ISBN 1-903254-01-9.
- Last House on the Left - review by Roger Ebert
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills Ballot
- "LAST HOUSE ON THE LEFT Rejected by the BBFC". Bbfc.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
- "THE LAST HOUSE ON THE LEFT Rejected by the BBFC". Bbfc.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
- Mark Kermode (July 2001). "Left on the shelf". BFI. p. 26.
- [dead link]
- Mark Kermode (2008-05-09). "Mark Kermode's film blog: DVD News: Last House on the Left". BBC. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
- Celluloid Crime of the Century, featurette documentary on the 2003 Anchor Bay-DVD edition of The Last House on the Left
- "The Last House on the Left". Dvddrive-in.com. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
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- Jeff (March 28, 2009). "Chapter VII: After Friday V". Stone Cold Crazy. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- Johnny (November 10, 2011). "Lost In Developmental Hell: Beyond The Last House On The Left". Freddy in Space. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- "Ecologia del delitto". The Encyclopedia of Fantastic Film and Television. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
- Michael Fleming (2006-08-16). "'Left' right for Rogue". Variety. Retrieved 2007-10-17.
- Michael Fleming (2006-09-27). "Helmer haunts Rogue's house". Variety. Retrieved 2007-10-17.
- Borys Kit (2007-05-30). "Iliadis on path to 'House' redo". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 2007-09-15. Retrieved 2007-10-17.
- The Last House on the Left at the Internet Movie Database
- The Last House on the Left at AllMovie
- The Last House on the Left at Rotten Tomatoes