The Last Ninja
|The Last Ninja|
Cover art for the Commodore 64
Eclipse Software Design
|Designer(s)||Mark Cale (concept)
Tim Best (storyboard)
|Artist(s)||Hugh Riley (C64)
Hugh Riley, Erik Simon, Tim Lange (Atari ST & Amiga)
Erol Otus (Apple II & MS-DOS)
Peter Scott (Acorn Electron & BBC Micro)
|Composer(s)||Ben Daglish, Anthony Lees (C64)
Jochen Hippel (Atari ST, Amiga)
Russell Lieblich (MS-DOS), Tania Smith (NES)
|Series||The Last Ninja|
|Release date(s)||1987, 1988, 1989, 1990
Virtual Console (C64)
The Last Ninja is an action-adventure game originally developed and published by System 3 in 1987 for the Commodore 64. Other format conversions were later released for the Apple IIGS, MS-DOS, BBC Micro and Acorn Electron in 1988, the Apple II in 1989, the Amiga and Atari ST and ZX Spectrum (as Last Ninja Remix) in 1990, and the Acorn Archimedes in 1991.
The Last Ninja was one of the most successful games released on the Commodore 64. As the first in the Last Ninja series, it set the standard for the unique look and feel for its sequels: Last Ninja 2 and Last Ninja 3.
The Last Ninja contains a blend of exploration, puzzle solving and combat. The object of the game is to guide the ninja protagonist Armakuni on his journey to the palace of the evil shogun Kunitoki to assassinate him, avenging his clan, and retrieve the sacred scrolls. As the player progresses, Kunitoki's henchmen become more challenging as they learn the ways of the ninja.
The interface consists of the opponents' energy and collected inventory (on the right) and player's health (on the bottom). The world is viewed in an isometric perspective allowing the player to move in eight directions. Movements are relative to the direction Armakuni is facing but restricted to predefined paths (the scenery being inaccessible). Composure and precision must be used when navigating and jumping around obstacles, traps and fatal features of the terrain. By approaching and kneeling at certain landmarks, such as shrines to Buddha and water fountains, an indication of what to collect next is revealed. These items are often hidden in trees or bushes and flash shortly after a new screen has been entered.
Attack moves are executed by combinations of directional controls with the fire button for attacking the opponent's head, torso and legs. Weapons, like the ninjato, nunchaku, staff, shuriken and smoke bombs, can be equipped.
The island of Lin Fen is split into six distinct enclosed sections. They have to be tackled in a sequential order, each with their own unique challenges and items to collect:
- The Wastelands is set in bright green grassland surrounded by a rocky landscape consisting of 25 screens. Armakuni has to somersault from rock to rock to cross a swampy pit to find critical items like the pouch and key to complete the game. This level also features a fire-breathing dragon.
- The Wilderness has mountain ranges, caves and a small bamboo forest contained within 27 screens. Armakuni has to claw his way up and then down a steep cliff and execute pin-point jumping.
- The Palace Gardens paints a picture of tranquillity with flying white doves, magnificent waterfalls and flower beds over 25 screens. It also features a blue dragon and a ruined Buddha shrine.
- The Dungeons. A trap door drops Armakuni into an abandoned, dreadful place filled with torture chambers and dead ends over 24 screens. This eerie place is inhabited by scurrying spiders, rats, ghosts and skeletons that jump to life.
- The Palace is decorated by Asiatic furniture and is full of highly trained guards over 15 screens. Down the hall is a sword throwing statue that is particularly difficult to pass, requiring the player to stay close to the wall.
- The Inner Sanctum has a secret passage and a threatening archer statue within 15 screens that lead up to the final confrontation. The journey ends with a tough duel with the armoured Kunitoki. After his defeat, the scrolls are revealed.
Development and release
The program was originally being developed for System 3 in Hungary for more than a year by a team called SoftView but the financial advance for the work was refunded  and the Hungarian team uncredited for their work. The game was being written in Forth which was too slow and the team had been unable to get an animated sprite working. The code was taken back to London by Cale, and the engine was rewritten by John Twiddy.
Cale said: "Basically, the whole idea – the whole concept – was mine. The vision of The Last Ninja as an isometric adventure was something I was very passionate about. Obviously, the machines back then weren’t powerful enough to create fully 3D games, so an isometric viewpoint seemed to be the right solution to move away from the standard side-scrolling platform games. We wanted to do something a bit different, something that would really capture the imagination. And there really is no better subject matter than the idea of controlling a ninja, a spiritual warrior. We wanted to combine an arcade experience with adventure elements. So it wasn’t like Double Dragon, where you just go punch, kick, move, punch, kick, move… The whole idea was to solve a series of simple but realistic adventure puzzles. What we were essentially trying to do was take the square cursor blob from Adventure on the Atari 2600 and turn it into a fully interactive 3D adventure."
The game was originally developed for the Commodore 64. Other format versions were published by Activision in 1987 for Apple IIGS and in 1988 for the Atari ST, MS-DOS. Superior Software published conversions for the BBC Micro, Acorn Electron in 1988 and Acorn Archimedes in 1992. The Amstrad CPC and ZX Spectrum versions never appeared despite being in production. It was re-released on Wii Virtual Console in Europe in April 2008 as the fifth Virtual Console C64 title, and in North America in February 2009 as one of the first three Virtual Console C64 titles.
Computer Gaming World stated "there is no exaggerating the graphic excellence of" The Last Ninja." It was the most successful original game ever on the Commodore C64. In Europe, the sales for the C64 version alone were in excess of 750,000 units and international multi-format sales exceeded 2,000,000 units. According to System 3's Mark Cale, about 4 million copies of the game were sold in all.
The game won many awards and was universally critically acclaimed as an original, ground-breaking game. It was also a runner up for the award of Game of the Year at the Golden Joystick Awards '88. According to UGO, "For a 20+ year old game, The Last Ninja is surprisingly advanced, sporting a combat system which allows specific body parts to be targeted, environmental obstacles, multiple weapons and hidden items galore."
- Beregi, Tamás. "PixelHeroes - First 50 years of Computer Games", publisher: Vince Kiadó, (2366): 198-207. ISBN 978-963-303-023-3
-  Games that Weren't: The Last Ninja V1
- Last Ninja Archives: The C64 Last Ninja Crew
- Retro Gamer 18, pages 56-57.
- World of Spectrum - The Last Ninja - URL last accessed 16 April 2006.
- "Toppling Cubes, 3-D Characters and Classic Ninja Kicks Lead a Stellar Lineup". Nintendo of America. 21 September 2009. Retrieved 21 September 2009.
- Lesser, Hartley; Lesser, Patricia; Lesser, Kirk (April 1988). "The Role of Computers". Dragon (132): 80–85.
- Lacey, Eugene (July 1987). "The Last Ninja: Killer!". Commodore User (2): 17.
- "The Last Ninja". Zzap!64 (28): 104. August 1987.
- Hybner, Tomas (August 1987). "The Last Ninja". Datormagazin (6): 24–25.
- Dunnington, Benn (January–February 1988). "The Last Ninja". Info (18): 18–19.
- Revis, Jon (March 1989). "Cut above the average". Electron User 6 (6): 20.
- Patterson, Mark (January 1991). "Ninja Remix". CU Amiga: 46–47.
- Webb, Trenton (February 1991). "Ninja Remix". Amiga Format (19): 77.
- Horgan, Tony (February 1991). "Ninja Remix". Amiga User International 5 (2): 88.
- King, Phil; Hayward, Chris (May 1993). "Ninja Remix". Amiga Force (5): 28.
- "Christmas Buyers Guide". Computer Gaming World. November 1987. p. 20.
- Studio 3 (formerly System 3) web site - URL last accessed 16 April 2006.
- "Golden Joystick Awards". Computer and Video Games (Future Publishing) (66): 101. April 1987. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Ninjas in Games | An evolution of ninjas in video games throughout the years., UGO.com, June 4, 2008