The Lavender Hill Mob
|The Lavender Hill Mob|
British quad poster
|Directed by||Charles Crichton|
|Produced by||Michael Balcon|
|Written by||T. E. B. Clarke|
|Music by||Georges Auric|
|Edited by||Seth Holt|
|Distributed by||General Film Distributors|
|28 June 1951 (UK)|
The Lavender Hill Mob is a 1951 comedy film from Ealing Studios, written by T. E. B. Clarke, directed by Charles Crichton, starring Alec Guinness and Stanley Holloway and featuring Sid James and Alfie Bass. The title refers to Lavender Hill, a street in Battersea, a district of South London, in the postcode district SW11, near to Clapham Junction railway station.
The British Film Institute ranked The Lavender Hill Mob the 17th greatest British film of all time. The original film was digitally restored and re-released to UK cinemas on 29 July 2011 to celebrate its 60th anniversary.
Henry Holland (Alec Guinness) is dining with a fellow Briton in a posh restaurant in Rio de Janeiro where he is well known. He relates a story explaining his presence in Rio. It seems he was an apparently unambitious London bank clerk in charge of gold bullion deliveries for over 20 years. He had a reputation for fussing over details and suspecting all cars he observed following the bullion van, but all in all appeared to be a man dedicated to his job and the gold's security. In fact, he had hatched the "perfect" plot to steal a load of bullion and retire. The one thing stopping him had been that selling the gold on the black market in Britain was too risky, and he was at a loss as to how to smuggle it abroad.
One evening a new lodger – artist Alfred Pendlebury (Stanley Holloway) – arrives at Holland's boarding house in Lavender Hill. Pendlebury owns a foundry that makes presents and souvenirs that are sold in many resorts, including foreign ones. Noticing how similar the foundry is to the place where the gold is made into ingots, Holland decides that the ideal way of smuggling the gold out of the country would be as Eiffel Tower paperweights sold in Paris, and puts this hypothetically to his new friend: "By Jove, Holland, it's a good job we're both honest men." "It is indeed, Pendlebury."
When Holland suddenly finds that he is about to be transferred to another department at the bank, he and Pendlebury quickly move into action. They recruit two petty crooks, Lackery Wood (Sidney James) and Shorty Fisher (Alfie Bass), to help them carry out the robbery. The plan is simple but clever, and it succeeds: Wood and Fisher carry out the hijack of the bullion van and switch the gold to Pendlebury's works van. Holland, who is supposedly assaulted and almost drowned in the robbery, becomes the hero of the hour. The police find themselves running around in circles, unable to track down the "master criminal" who is in fact right under their noses giving them false statements and misleading clues. Meanwhile, Holland and his associates melt the gold in Pendlebury's foundry and export it to France disguised as miniature Eiffel Towers.
The plan goes wrong when the woman running the souvenir kiosk in Paris misunderstands her instructions due to a language mixup - the box of gold towers is marked with an 'R' (for 'Reserve') but she assumes she has to keep back any boxes marked 'A', which in French sounds like the English pronunciation of 'R'. Instead of holding back the specially-marked box of Eiffel Towers, she opens it and puts them out for sale. Pendlebury and Holland, who have adopted the names of "Al" and "Dutch", arrive to retrieve their disguised bullion only to find that six of the towers have been sold to a party of British schoolgirls. A wild chase back to Calais and the Channel ferry Canterbury follows but hold-ups to buy tickets and negotiate passport, customs and currency controls prevent them from boarding the ship carrying the girls in time.
If just one of those towers is found to be gold then the game is up. Pendlebury and Holland therefore track down the schoolgirls and, in exchange for a similar tower and ten shillings apiece, recover most of the loot. One girl however refuses to return hers since she intends to give it to a friend who is a policeman. The girl delivers the souvenir to the officer, who is at an exhibition of police history and methods at Hendon Police College. Also attending is a police inspector who is investigating the robbery. As part of the case he checked up on Pendlebury's foundry and was told that many souvenirs bought in foreign places are actually made in Britain. A sudden thought occurs to him and he orders the souvenir to be tested. At that moment Pendlebury snatches it and he and Holland make their escape in a police car.
A confused pursuit then takes place through London, with Holland using the radio in the police car they have stolen to divert the pursuers to a different car. Eventually, though, an officer succeeds in stopping their car and arresting Pendlebury. Holland escapes to Rio de Janeiro with the six gold towers, worth "£25,000, enough to keep me for one year in the style to which I was, ah, unaccustomed." But now, he finishes telling his visitor, the money is mostly gone. As they leave the restaurant, Holland is seen to be handcuffed to his countryman.
- Alec Guinness as Henry "Dutch" Holland
- Stanley Holloway as Alfred "Al" Pendlebury
- Sid James as Lackery Wood
- Alfie Bass as Shorty Fisher
- Marjorie Fielding as Mrs. Chalk
- Edie Martin as Miss Evesham
- John Salew as Parkin
- Ronald Adam as Turner
- Arthur Hambling as Wallis
- Gibb McLaughlin as Godwin
- John Gregson as Farrow
- Clive Morton as Station Sergeant
- Sydney Tafler as Clayton
- Marie Burke as Senora Gallardo
- Audrey Hepburn as Chiquita
- William Fox as Gregory
- Michael Trubshawe as British Ambassador
- Jacques B. Brunius, Paul Demel, Eugene Deckers and Andreas Malandrinos as Customs Officials
- Cyril Chamberlain as Commander
- Moultrie Kelsall as Detective Superintendent
- Christopher Hewett as Inspector Talbot
- Meredith Edwards as P.C. Williams
- Patrick Barr as Divisional Detective Inspector
- David Davies as City Policeman
- Desmond Llewelyn as Customs Official (uncredited)
- Richard Wattis as opposition MP (uncredited)
- Cast notes
- Audrey Hepburn makes an early film appearance in a small role as Chiquita near the start of the film. Robert Shaw also made his first film appearance, playing a police laboratory technician towards the end of the film. English actress Patricia Garwood made her first film appearance in this movie at the age of nine.
Screenwriter Clarke is said to have come up with the idea of a clerk robbing his own bank while doing research for the film Pool of London (1951), a crime thriller surrounding a jewel theft. He consulted the Bank of England on the project and it set up a special committee to advise on how best the robbery could take place.
- London, England, UK
- Bank Underground Station
- Bank of England, Threadneedle Street
- Bramley Arms Pub, Bramley Road, Notting Hill (finale: end of the chase)
- Carlton Road, Ealing (zebra crossing on way to police exhibition)
- Gunnersbury Park (police exhibition)
- Queen Victoria Street, Blackfriars (scene of bullion robbery)
- RAF Northolt, Ruislip (airport)
- Paris, France
In the car chase scene at the end of the film, an officer uses a police box to report seeing a police car being driven by a man in a top hat. In fact, the driver is wearing the uniform of the police as originally set up in 1829 by Sir Robert Peel, known as "Bobbies" or "Peelers."
The scene where Holland and Pendlebury run down the Eiffel Tower's spiral staircase and become increasingly dizzy and erratic, as does the camera work, presages James Stewart's condition in Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo, made seven years later. A film montage of sensational newspaper headlines marks the crime as taking place in August 1950.
The Lavender Hill Mob had its charity world premiere at the Marble Arch Odeon cinema in London on the 28th of June 1951. The film was popular at the British box office. Until Star Wars (film), it was Guinness's highest-grossing film at the U.S. box office with rentals of $580,000.
Awards and honours
- "Stanley Holloway". Art & Hue. 2019. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
- The Guardian 15 July 2011: Cream of the cockney crop Retrieved 19 April 2012
- "The Lavender Hill Mob 1951 - Locations". movie-locations.com. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
- The Aurum Film Encyclopedia – The Gangster Film, edited by Phil Hardy, Aurum Press, 1998
- Empire – Special Collectors' Edition – The Greatest Crime Movies Ever, published in 2001
- "Filming locations" on IMDB. Retrieved December 2011
- Thumim, Janet. "The popular cash and culture in the postwar British cinema industry". Screen. Vol. 32 no. 3. p. 258.
- "Alec Guinness Now Money Star in US". Variety. 13 January 1954. p. 2.
- "Rank's Rebel Yell". Variety. 6 March 1957. p. 10.
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