The Legend of the Condor Heroes

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The Legend of the Condor Heroes
Legend of Condor Heroes 1959 edition 1st volume.jpg
Cover of a 1960s edition of the 1st volume of the novel
Author Jin Yong
Original title 射鵰英雄傳
Country Hong Kong
Language Chinese
Series Condor Trilogy
Genre Wuxia
Publisher Hong Kong Commercial Daily
Publication date
1 January 1957
Media type Print
Followed by The Return of the Condor Heroes
The Legend of the Condor Heroes
Traditional Chinese 射鵰英雄傳
Simplified Chinese 射雕英雄传
Literal meaning Story of the Eagle Shooting Hero

The Legend of the Condor Heroes is a wuxia novel by Jin Yong (Louis Cha). It is the first part of the Condor Trilogy and is followed by The Return of the Condor Heroes and The Heaven Sword and Dragon Saber. It was first serialised between 1 January 1957 and 19 May 1959 in Hong Kong Commercial Daily.[1] Jin Yong revised the novel twice, first in the 1970s and later in the 2000s. The English title is a mistranslation since both species of the condor, the Andean condor and Californian condor, are not native to China. A more accurate translation is Story of the Eagle Shooting Hero.

Plot[edit]

The story is set in the Song dynasty and at the beginning of the Jurchen-ruled Jin dynasty's invasion of northern China. The first part of the novel revolves around the friendship of two men, Yang Tiexin and Guo Xiaotian, who became heroes in their own right as they fought the Jin invaders. The bond between the duo is so strong that they pledge to each other that their unborn children will become either sworn siblings (if both are of the same sex) or a married couple (if they are of opposite sexes).

The story focuses on the trials and tribulations of their sons after Guo Xiaotian's death and Yang Tiexin's disappearance. Guo Xiaotian's son, Guo Jing, grows up in Mongolia under the care of Genghis Khan. He learns martial arts from the "Seven Freaks of Jiangnan" and Ma Yu of the Quanzhen Sect, as well as archery skills from Jebe. The Chinese title of the novel is derived from an incident in Guo Jing's adolescent years, when he shot down two eagles in the sky with a single arrow. Yang Tiexin's son, Yang Kang, on the other hand, grows up in the Jin dynasty as a Jurchen prince's son. Although he is mentored by Qiu Chuji of the Quanzhen Sect, he also secretly learns the evil "Nine Yin White Bone Claw" from Mei Chaofeng at the same time.

The boys' personalities differ largely from each other due to differences in their upbringing. Guo Jing is honest, loyal and righteous, but slow-witted. Conversely, Yang Kang is clever, but scheming and treacherous. They eventually meet each other and their respective lovers, Huang Rong and Mu Nianci. The main plot follows Guo Jing and Huang Rong's adventures and their encounters with the Five Greats. Meanwhile, Yang Kang plots with the Jurchens to conquer his native land, the Song dynasty. Yang Kang refuses to acknowledge his Han Chinese ethnicity and is strongly driven to acquire wealth, fame and glory. His treachery is slowly unveiled throughout the novel in the encounters he has with the protagonists.

With Guo Jing's assistance, the Mongol army conquers the Jin dynasty and subsequently turns its attention towards the Song dynasty. Guo Jing is unwilling to aid the Mongols in attacking his native land so he leaves Mongolia. Guo Jing returns to the Song dynasty and helps his fellow Han Chinese counter the impending Mongol invasion. On the other hand, Yang Kang dies from poisoning after attempting to kill Huang Rong with a palm strike, but ends up hitting her spiked soft armour, which was stained with poison. He leaves behind Mu Nianci and their unborn son, whom Guo Jing named "Yang Guo". In the meantime, the Mongol invasion temporarily stops when Genghis Khan dies unexpectedly, although Guo Jing and Huang Rong have already seen countless civilian deaths due to the Mongol conquests.

Characters[edit]

Adaptations[edit]

Films[edit]

Year Production Main cast Additional information
1958 Emei Film Company
(Hong Kong)
Cho Tat-wah, Yung Siu-yee, Lam Kau, Lai Kwan-lin See Story of the Vulture Conqueror
1977 Shaw Brothers Studio (Hong Kong) Alexander Fu, Tanny Tien, Lee I-min, Kara Hui See The Brave Archer
1978 Alexander Fu, Niu-niu, Lee I-min, Kara Hui See The Brave Archer 2
1981 Alexander Fu, Niu-niu, Yu Tai-ping See The Brave Archer 3
1993 Scholars Ltd. (Hong Kong) Leslie Cheung, Brigitte Lin, Maggie Cheung, Tony Leung Chiu-Wai, Jacky Cheung See The Eagle Shooting Heroes
1994 Leslie Cheung, Brigitte Lin, Maggie Cheung, Tony Leung Chiu-Wai, Tony Leung Ka-fai, Jacky Cheung See Ashes of Time

Television[edit]

Year Production Main cast Additional information
1976 CTV (Hong Kong) Jason Pai, Michelle Yim, Bruce Leung, Mang Chau See The Legend of the Condor Heroes (1976 TV series)
1983 TVB (Hong Kong) Felix Wong, Barbara Yung, Michael Miu, Sharon Yeung See The Legend of the Condor Heroes (1983 TV series)
1988 China Television Co, Ltd. (Co-production) Howie Huang, Idy Chan, Poon Wang-ban, Chiu Shu-yi See The Legend of the Condor Heroes (1988 TV series)
1992 TVB (Hong Kong) Ekin Cheng, Fiona Leung, Gallen Lo, Eddie Kwan, Vivian Chow See Rage and Passion
1993 Julian Cheung, John Chiang, Fiona Leung, See The Mystery of the Condor Hero
1994 Julian Cheung, Athena Chu, Gallen Lo, Emily Kwan See The Legend of the Condor Heroes (1994 TV series)
Ekin Cheng, Marco Ngai, Wong Siu-yin, Charine Chan, Chan Wai-yee, Wayne Lai See The Condor Heroes Return
2003 Ciwen Film & TV Production Co. Ltd. (Mainland China) Li Yapeng, Zhou Xun, Zhou Jie, Jiang Qinqin See The Legend of the Condor Heroes (2003 TV series)
2008 Chinese Entertainment Shanghai Ltd.
(Mainland China)
Hu Ge, Ariel Lin, Justin Yuan, Cecilia Liu See The Legend of the Condor Heroes (2008 TV series)
2017 Dragon TV (Mainland China) Yang Xuwen, Li Yitong, Chen Xingxu, Meng Ziyi, Michael Miu See The Legend of the Condor Heroes (2017 TV series)

Comics[edit]

In 1998, Hong Kong's Ming Ho Press (明河社) published a 38 volume manhua series illustrated by Lee Chi Ching. This was published in Indonesia by MNC Comics in 2000.

Video games[edit]

Shachou Eiyuuden: The Eagle Shooting Heroes is a video game developed by Sony Computer Entertainment for the PlayStation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The date conforms to the data published in Chen Zhenhui (陳鎮輝), Wuxia Xiaoshuo Xiaoyao Tan (武俠小說逍遙談), 2000, Huizhi Publishing Company (匯智出版有限公司), p. 56.