The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus (1985 film)
|The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus|
|Written by||Julian P. Gardner|
|Directed by||Jules Bass
Arthur Rankin Jr.
|Theme music composer||Bernard Hoffer|
|Country of origin||United States
Arthur Rankin Jr.
|Running time||50 minutes|
|Original release||December 17, 1985|
The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus is a 1985 Christmas stop motion animated television special produced by Rankin/Bass Productions and based on the 1902 children's book The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus by L. Frank Baum, the writer of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. The special first aired December 17, 1985 on CBS in the United States, and December 24, 1986 on TV Asahi in Japan under the title Santa's Secret and Great Adventure (サンタの秘密と大冒険, lit. Santa no Himitsu to Dai Bōken). This was Rankin/Bass's final "Animagic" stop motion animated special filmed in Japan. Future specials and series would be traditionally animated from this point on.
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- Earl Hammond - Santa Claus
- Earle Hyman - King of the Awgwas
- Larry Kenney - The Commander of the Wind Demons
- Lynne Lipton
- Robert McFadden - Tingler
- Lesley Miller - Necile
- Peter Newman as Peter Nook
- Joey Grasso
- J.D. Roth - Young Santa Claus
- Alfred Drake - The Great Ak
Characters without a voice listed above
- Good Queen Zurime
- Her Majesty, the Queen of the Water Spirits
- The Lord of the Sleep Fays
- The Master of the Sound Imps
- The Grand Duke of the Light Elves
- Princes Flash and Twilight
- The Protector of the Nooks
- The King of the Ryls
- Shiegra the lioness
- Peter Knook, master of all animals
- Produced and Directed by Arthur Rankin, Jr. and Jules Bass
- Screenplay and Lyrics - Julian P. Gardner
- Based on the Original Book The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus by L. Frank Baum
- Supervising Producer - Lee Dannacher
- In Charge of Production for Pacific Animation Corporation: Masaki Iizuka
- "Animagic" Staff - Akikazu Kono, Hiroshi Tabata, Seiichi Araki, Ichiro Komuro, Kyoko Kita (uncredited), Minoru Tamura, Koji Hirata, Shinichi Noro, Yukio Fukushima
- Continuity - Don Duga
- Recording Engineers - John Curcio, Michael Farrow, Bob Elder
- Production Coordinators - Matthew Malach, Constance Long
- Music Arranged and Conducted by Bernard Hoffer
The Rankin/Bass production, which spells the title with an ampersand, truncates much of the story (it ran in a one-hour time slot) and simplifies some of the motivations, but its major alterations from the book are setting up the hearing over the Mantle of Immortality as a frame story explaining just why Claus deserves the mantle, although there is an edit that makes it difficult to realize that the scene in which Ak calls the council when first finding the infant in the woods does not occur in the same time period as the main story. In addition, Shiegra accompanies Claus to the Laughing Valley, in which, unlike the book, it is always Winter. A similar compromise toward popular culture is Claus's now eight reindeer, albeit unnamed. Peter Knook, a rather crusty but amiable fellow, replaces most of the other Knooks, save the Protector (King) and two strangers, and declares "only on Christmas Eve" for the reindeer without any argument or explanation. One important new character, Tingler, a Sound Imp also accompanies Claus and gives him someone to talk to.
When the show premiered, the book was not as easily available, and many Oz fans who only knew of the book were surprised to discover that Tingler was not one of Baum's creations, so true was the character to the author's spirit. Earle Hyman portrayed the King of the Awgwas, and Leslie Miller played Necile. Most of the other voices were performed by Peter Newman and Lynne Lipton. Larry Kenney was the Commander of the Wind Demons, who initially served as a devil's advocate to Ak at the fateful hearing, but soon became the Immortal most approving of giving the Mantle to Claus, and casts the first vote in what proves to be a unanimous decision to that effect. Most of the Immortals' titles were changed to alleviate them all being kings and queens.
Screenwriter Julian P. Gardner created a musical production number, "Big Surprise" as the children at Weekum's orphanage plead Santa Claus for more toy cats. Other songs include the chorus "Babe in the Woods" and the powerful chant, "Ora e Sempre (Today and Forever)" representing the immortals. Bernard Hoffer composed the music, as well as setting a quatrain by Baum inspired by Claus's famous laugh. The presentation of the Christmas tree is different; Claus, realizing his death is imminent, decorates a tree with ornaments and suggests it should be his memorial.
This is the only Rankin/Bass Christmas special without a celebrity narrator. The special now airs on Freeform, though it is heavily edited from its original CBS broadcast, along with most of the other Rankin/Bass animated Christmas specials.
The Rankin/Bass production is distributed by Warner Bros. Television. This special was paired with Nestor, The Long-Eared Christmas Donkey and released on DVD under the Warner Archive brand on November 17, 2009.
- List of animated feature films
- List of Christmas television specials
- List of stop-motion films
- The Life & Adventures of Santa Claus (2000 film)