The Lighthouse (2019 film)

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The Lighthouse
The Lighthouse.jpeg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byRobert Eggers
Produced by
  • Rodrigo Teixeira
  • Jay Van Hoy
  • Robert Eggers
  • Lourenço Sant' Anna
  • Youree Henley
Written by
  • Robert Eggers
  • Max Eggers
Starring
Music byMark Korven
CinematographyJarin Blaschke
Edited byLouise Ford
Production
company
Distributed by
Release date
  • May 19, 2019 (2019-05-19) (Cannes)
  • October 18, 2019 (2019-10-18) (United States)
Running time
110 minutes[3]
Country
LanguageEnglish
Budget$4 million[6]
Box office$13.5 million[7][8]

The Lighthouse is a 2019 psychological horror film directed and produced by Robert Eggers, who co-wrote the screenplay with his brother Max Eggers. Shot in black-and-white with a 1.19:1 aspect ratio, the film stars Willem Dafoe and Robert Pattinson as two lighthouse keepers who start to lose their sanity when a storm strands them on the remote island where they are stationed.

According to Eggers, although the final story bears little resemblance to Edgar Allan Poe's fragment "The Light-House", the film began as an attempt by his brother Max Eggers to do a contemporary take on the Poe story. When the project stalled, Robert offered to work with his brother and the project evolved into a period thriller with the Poe elements removed. Dafoe and Pattinson were cast as the lead characters in February 2018. Principal photography began on April 9, 2018, and lasted a total of 34 days in Leif Erikson Park in Cape Forchu, Nova Scotia, Canada, and inside a hangar at Yarmouth International Airport in Yarmouth, Nova Scotia.

The film had its world premiere at the 72nd Cannes Film Festival on May 19, and was theatrically released on October 18, 2019, by A24. The film received universal acclaim, with critics highlighting the technical aspects (notably the cinematography and production design), Eggers' screenplay and direction, and the performances of the leads. The film received a nomination for Best Cinematography at the 92nd Academy Awards.

Plot[edit]

In the late 19th century, Ephraim Winslow (Robert Pattinson) is sent on a boat to serve a contract job as a wickie for four weeks on an isolated island off the coast of New England, under the supervision of an irritable elderly man named Thomas Wake (Willem Dafoe). On the first day of the job, Winslow notices a hole in his cot. As he digs into it, he finds a small scrimshaw of a mermaid and stuffs it in his jacket. Winslow observes Wake going up to the lighthouse's lantern room at night and stripping naked. Winslow begins experiencing visions and dreams of tentacles in the lighthouse, tree stumps floating in the water, and distant images of a mermaid (Valeriia Karamän).

Over the course of his stay, Wake demands Winslow take the more taxing jobs—refueling the light, carrying heavy kerosene containers, and disposing of the two men's chamber pots. As the weeks progress, Winslow repeatedly encounters a one-eyed gull. Wake warns Winslow that it is bad luck to kill a gull, as he is superstitious that the animals are reincarnated sailors. The weeks continue, and Winslow masturbates to the figurine of the mermaid and continues to see Wake naked. One night at dinner, the two get to know each other and discuss Wake's previous second wickie, who Wake says died shortly after losing his sanity. Winslow reveals that he used to work in Canada as a timberman, but decided to change professions.

The day before Winslow is slated to leave, he notices the water pump is releasing bloody water and investigates. He checks the cistern to see a dying gull floating inside. The one-eyed seagull flies down and attacks Winslow, who grabs it and beats it to death against the cistern. That afternoon, the winds dramatically change direction. That night, a storm hits the island and the two men get drunk. The next morning, the ferry does not arrive and Winslow sees a body washed up on the shore. He approaches the naked body and realizes that it is a mermaid. He runs back into the cottage to find Wake stating that the rations were impacted by the storm. They dig up a crate said to contain extra rations, but it only contains more alcohol.

More nights progress and the storm continues, and the two men grow closer while remaining adversarial. Winslow unsuccessfully tries to steal the key to the lantern room from a sleeping Wake. He has visions of a lobster trap containing the severed, half-blinded head of Wake's previous wickie. One night, Winslow tells Wake that his real name is Thomas Howard and that he assumed the identity of Ephraim Winslow, Howard's foreman who died in an accident Howard failed to stop. Wake accuses Howard of "spilling his beans" and Howard tries to leave. He attempts to escape on the dory, but Wake destroys it with an axe. Wake chases Howard into the cottage, but inside, Wake claims that it was Howard who attacked him. With no alcohol left, the two begin mixing spirits out of turpentine and honey and the storm becomes so powerful that waves crash through the windows of the cottage.

The next morning, Howard finds Wake's log, recording his infractions and recommending severance without pay. Wake chides Howard for his work performance while Howard accuses Wake of mental abuse, then begs him to see the light that Wake has been keeping from him. Wake berates Howard and Howard attacks him. While seeing visions of the mermaid, Wake as a sea monster, and the real Winslow, Howard beats Wake into submission. Howard leashes Wake with a rope and buries him alive in the ration pit. Howard takes the keys and prepares to go up to the lantern room, but Wake appears and strikes him in the shoulder with the axe. Howard disarms Wake with a kettle pot and kills him with the same axe before ascending the lighthouse. He approaches the Fresnel lens, and it stops and opens up to him. Howard gazes into the mirrored interior in ecstasy and reaches his arm inside. He then lets out distorted screams as the light brightens, before slipping, breaking his leg and falling down the lighthouse steps. Howard is finally seen lying naked on the rocks, missing an eye, as several gulls peck at his innards, eating him alive.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

The Lighthouse began as an attempt by Max Eggers to adapt "The Light-House," an unfinished short story by Edgar Allan Poe. Robert Eggers became aware of his brother's effort while trying to pitch his debut feature, The Witch, to studios. Max's project stalled, after which Robert offered to work on it based on his own vision. The final story, co-written by Robert and Max, bears no resemblance to the Poe work apart from the title.[9]

The literature of Maine-based writer Sarah Orne Jewett served as a significant point of reference for the dialects used in The Lighthouse. Maritime and surrealistic elements from the works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Herman Melville and Robert Louis Stevenson also informed the writing of the film. According to Eggers, a 19th-century incident at Smalls Lighthouse in Wales involving two lighthouse keepers (both named Thomas, as in the film) was an additional source of inspiration.[9]

The story is also inspired by the mythology of ancient Greece, that of the myth of Prometheus, stealing the sacred fire of Olympus (the beacon of the lighthouse) for the benefit of men and his subsequent punishment by Zeus of being chained to the Caucasus mountains and having his liver devoured every day by a raptor.

Casting[edit]

In February 2018, it was announced Willem Dafoe had been cast in the film.[10] Dafoe had previously reached out to Robert Eggers via email, expressing his admiration for The Witch and offering to work with the director in the future. When The Lighthouse was greenlit, Eggers offered Dafoe one of the leads.[9] Later in February 2018, Robert Pattinson joined the cast.[11]

Filming[edit]

From the beginning, Eggers wanted to shoot the film in black and white and a "narrow, vintage" aspect ratio.[9] Consequently, The Lighthouse was shot on black and white 35mm film, with an orthochromatic aesthetic that evokes 19th-century photography, as well as a nearly square 1.19:1 aspect ratio that corresponds to the tall and narrow sets and seeks to withhold information from the audience. Jarin Blaschke, who had previously collaborated with Eggers on The Witch and served as the film's director of photography,[12][13] stated that “The idea of widescreen only came about in the 1950s—we wanted to take people back further than that.” Blaschke and Eggers achieved the aesthetic of The Lighthouse by using a combination of film tools. The entire film was shot on Panavision Millennium XL2[14] cameras that were equipped with a vintage 1930s Baltar, and black-and-white Eastman Double-X 5222 film was used with a custom short pass filter. Blaschke almost exclusively set his aperture to T2.8, setting only the characters as the focus of shots.

Due to the low sensitivity of the cameras and film used on set, 8k and 9k HMI lights were used through the entirety of filming, as natural light could not suffice. HMI light was bounced off muslin cloths for daytime scenes. Low voltage bulbs and china lights were used to light nighttime and closeup scenes.

Principal photography began on April 9, 2018,[15][16] and lasted a total of 34 days.[17] Filming took place in Leif Erikson Park in Cape Forchu, Nova Scotia, Canada, and inside a hangar at Yarmouth International Airport in Yarmouth, Nova Scotia.[18][19] The shoot was noted for the difficulties the cast and crew encountered, as a result of the remote location, the unfavorable weather and the complexity of the shots Eggers and Blaschke had devised.[6][9]

A 70-foot (20-meter) working lighthouse was constructed specifically for the film, which according to Eggers could shine for 16 miles (25 kilometers).[6]

Release[edit]

The Lighthouse had its world premiere at the Cannes Film Festival in the Directors' Fortnight section on May 19, 2019.[20] It was also screened at the Toronto International Film Festival, and the Atlantic Film Festival in September 2019.[21] The film was distributed by A24 in North America and by Focus Features internationally.[22] It was released on October 18, 2019.[23]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

In its limited opening weekend on October 18, the film grossed $419,764 from eight theaters, for an average of $52,471 per venue.[24] In its second weekend the film expanded to 586 theaters, grossing $3 million and finishing eighth at the box office.[25] The following weekend, the film expanded to 978 theaters, falling 34.7% to $2 million and finishing 13th.[26]

As of January 12, 2020, The Lighthouse has grossed $10.8 million in the United States, and $2.7 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $13.5 million.[7]

Critical response[edit]

On review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 91% based on 300 reviews, with an average rating of 8.17/10. The site's critics' consensus reads, "A gripping story brilliantly filmed and led by a pair of powerhouse performances, The Lighthouse further establishes Robert Eggers as a filmmaker of exceptional talent."[27] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 83 out of 100, based on 46 critics, indicating "universal acclaim."[28]

Owen Gleiberman of Variety called the film "darkly exciting" and "made with extraordinary skill," commenting that "the movie, building on The Witch, proves that Robert Eggers possesses something more than impeccable genre skill. He has the ability to lock you into the fever of what's happening onscreen."[1] Robbie Collin of The Daily Telegraph gave the film a perfect score, calling Dafoe's performance "astounding" and comparing Pattinson's to that of Daniel Day-Lewis in There Will Be Blood, commenting, "that's no comparison to make lightly, but everything about The Lighthouse lands with a crash. It's cinema to make your head and soul ring."[29]

Accolades[edit]

Award Date of ceremony Category Recipient(s) Result
Academy Awards[30] February 9, 2020 Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Pending
Austin Film Critics Association January 6, 2020 Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Nominated
Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Nominated
British Academy Film Awards February 2, 2020 Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Pending
Cannes Film Festival[31] May 25, 2019 FIPRESCI Prize – Directors' Fortnight/Critics' Week Robert Eggers Won
Chicago Film Critics Association[32] December 14, 2019 Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Nominated
Critics' Choice Movie Awards[33] January 12, 2020 Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Nominated
Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Nominated
Columbus Film Critics Association January 2, 2020 Best Actor Robert Pattinson Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Won
Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Runner-up
Dallas–Fort Worth Film Critics Association December 16, 2019 Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Runner-up
Detroit Film Critics Society[34] December 9, 2019 Best Actor Robert Pattinson Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Nominated
Best Screenplay Robert Eggers & Max Eggers Nominated
Georgia Film Critics Association[35] January 10, 2020 Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Nominated
Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Nominated
Best Production Design Craig Lathrop, Matt Likely Nominated
Gotham Awards[36] December 2, 2019 Best Actor Willem Dafoe Nominated
Greater Western New York Film Critics Association[37] December 30, 2019 Best Picture The Lighthouse Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Nominated
Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Nominated
Hollywood Critics Association Awards[38] January 9, 2020 Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Nominated
Houston Film Critics Society[39] January 2, 2020 Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Nominated
Independent Spirit Awards[40] February 8, 2020 Best Director Robert Eggers Pending
Best Male Lead Robert Pattinson Pending
Best Supporting Male Willem Dafoe Pending
Best Editing Louise Ford Pending
Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Pending
Indiana Film Journalists Association[41] December 16, 2019 Best Film The Lighthouse Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Robert Eggers & Max Eggers Runner-up
Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Won
Original Vision Award Robert Eggers Won
Las Vegas Film Critics Society[42] December 13, 2019 Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Won
North Carolina Film Critics Association[43] January 3, 2020 Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Nominated
Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Nominated
North Dakota Film Society[44] January 18, 2020 Best Picture The Lighthouse Nominated
Best Director Robert Eggers Nominated
Best Actor Robert Pattinson Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Won
Best Screenplay Robert Eggers & Max Eggers Nominated
Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Won
Best Production Design Craig Lathrop, Ian Greig Nominated
Best Editing Louise Ford Won
Oklahoma Film Critics Circle[45] December 15, 2019 Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Runner-up
Philadelphia Film Critics Circle[46] December 8, 2019 Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Won
Phoenix Critics Circle[47] December 14, 2019 Best Horror Film The Lighthouse Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Nominated
Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Nominated
San Diego Film Critics Society[48][49] December 9, 2019 Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Nominated
Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Won
San Francisco Bay Area Film Critics Circle December 16, 2019 Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Nominated
Satellite Awards[50] December 19, 2019 Best Motion Picture – Drama The Lighthouse Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Won
Seattle Film Critics Society[51] December 16, 2019 Best Picture The Lighthouse Nominated
Best Director Robert Eggers Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Won
Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Nominated
St. Louis Film Critics Association[52] December 15, 2019 Best Horror Film The Lighthouse Nominated
Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Runner-up
Toronto Film Critics Association December 8, 2019 Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Runner-up
Utah Film Critics Association[53] December 22, 2019 Best Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe Runner-up
Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Runner-up
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association[54] December 8, 2019 Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Nominated

References[edit]

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External links[edit]