The Lion King 1½

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The Lion King 1½
Lion king 1 half cover.jpg
DVD cover
Directed byBradley Raymond
Screenplay byTom Rogers
Based on
Produced byGeorge A. Mendoza
Starring
Edited byJoyce Arrastia
Music byDon L. Harper
Production
company
Distributed byWalt Disney Home Entertainment
Release date
  • February 10, 2004 (2004-02-10)
Running time
78 minutes[2]
CountryUnited States[1]
LanguageEnglish

The Lion King 1½ (also known as The Lion King 3: Hakuna Matata, or The Lion King III: Hakuna Matata in some regions) is a 2004 American animated direct-to-video musical comedy film produced by the Australian branch of DisneyToon Studios and released direct to video on February 10, 2004. The third and final installment released in the original Lion King trilogy, it is based on The Lion King's Timon & Pumbaa and serves as an origin story for the meerkat/warthog duo Timon and Pumbaa while the film is also set within the events of The Lion King. A majority of the original voice cast from the first film returns to reprise their roles, including Nathan Lane and Ernie Sabella as the voices of Timon and Pumbaa, respectively. The plot of the movie seems to be inspired by Tom Stoppard's Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, a tragicomedy that tells the story of the Hamlet from the point of view of 2 minor characters.

Plot[edit]

Timon is a social outcast in his meerkat colony on the outskirts of the Pride Lands due to frequently messing things up by accident. Though he is unconditionally supported by his mother, Timon dreams of a better life than his colony's bleak existence continuously hiding from predators. One day, he is assigned as a sentry in an attempt by his mother to get him accepted, but his daydreaming leads to the near death of his Uncle Max by the hyenas Shenzi, Banzai and Ed. Now completely shunned and convinced that he will never fit in with the other meerkats, Timon decides to leave to find a better life. He meets the mandrill Rafiki, who teaches him about "Hakuna Matata" and advises him to "look beyond what you see". Timon takes the advice literally and observes Pride Rock in the distance. Believing Pride Rock to be his paradise home, Timon ventures there and encounters Pumbaa the warthog on his way. The two quickly form a bond and Pumbaa accompanies Timon.

The pair arrive at Pride Rock during the presentation of Simba to the Pride Lands' animals. As they make their way through the crowd of onlookers, Pumbaa explosively passes gas due to his fear of crowds, causing an elephant to trumpet in fear and nearby animals to faint, but prompting animals further away to bow to Simba. Following this, Timon and Pumbaa make multiple attempts to set up homes throughout the Pride Lands, but wind up being forced away every time after witnessing several events from the original film, such as Simba singing "I Just Can't Wait to Be King", Mufasa's fight with the hyenas, and Scar's conspiring with the hyenas. Eventually, the pair are caught in the wildebeest stampede that killed Mufasa, and are thrown off a waterfall in their attempt to escape. Exhausted, Timon decides to give up, until Pumbaa discovers a luxurious green jungle he tried to tell Timon about earlier. They finally settle there with the philosophy of Hakuna Matata.

Eventually, Timon and Pumbaa encounter Simba in a nearby desert, nearly dead. They rescue him and decide to raise him under their philosophy. Years later, Nala appears and reunites with Simba after chasing and mistaking Pumbaa for food. Believing Hakuna Matata to be in jeopardy, Timon and Pumbaa attempt to sabotage their dates, but fail every time. After they witness Simba and Nala's argument, Simba disappears. Nala explains that he had run off to challenge Scar and reclaim Pride Rock, so that they need their help. Upset that Simba left them, Timon unsuccessfully tries to persuade Pumbaa to stay, but Pumbaa, annoyed that Timon would callously abandon Simba when he needs him, follows Simba and Nala. Timon indulges in the jungle's luxuries by himself, but loneliness starts to overwhelm him. Rafiki appears again and indirectly helps Timon realize that his true Hakuna Matata is with the ones he loves (not just the place he sought for), prompting Timon to take off after Pumbaa, Simba and Nala.

Timon catches up and reconciles with Pumbaa, before they journey onward to Pride Rock. After helping Simba and Nala distract the hyenas, Timon and Pumbaa run into Ma and Uncle Max, who came looking for Timon after Ma got angry at Rafiki for apparently leading Timon on a wild goose chase. Timon proposes that they all help Simba by getting rid of Scar and the hyenas. While Simba battles Scar, Ma and Uncle Max are directed to construct a series of tunnels beneath the hyenas, as at the same time, Timon and Pumbaa use various tactics to distract them while the tunnel is being made. When the tunnels are finished, Max knocks down the support beams, breaking the ground under the hyenas. However, the last few get jammed, prompting Timon to dive underground and break them himself. The cave-in commences, and the hyenas are ejected through the tunnels in time to confront Scar and kill him. Simba accepts his place as the rightful king of the Pride Lands, thanking Timon and Pumbaa for their help. Timon takes Pumbaa, Ma, Uncle Max, and the meerkat colony to live in the predator-free jungle to complete his Hakuna Matata, and he is praised as their hero.

Once the story finishes, Ma, Uncle Max, Simba, Rafiki, and eventually many other Disney characters (such as Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, Goofy, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Aladdin and Jasmine with the Genie, Stitch, Pocahontas, Dumbo etc.) join Timon and Pumbaa to rewatch the film in the theater in which Pumbaa tells Timon (as the screen fades to black) that he 'still doesn't do so well in crowds'.

Voice cast[edit]

Additional voices are provided by Tony Anselmo, Jeff Bennett, Corey Burton, Cam Clarke, Bill Farmer, Shaun Fleming, Carolyn Gardner, Bob Joles, Tress MacNeille, Alex Manugian, Del Roy, Chris Sanders, Kevin Schon, Blayne Weaver, and Andrea Wolfson.

Production[edit]

In April 2000, it was announced that the Walt Disney Company had selected Jeff Ahlholm, Colin Goldman, and Tom Rogers to write the script for The Lion King 3. It was scheduled to arrive in video stores sometime in 2001.[3] Bradley Raymond, who had previously directed Pocahontas II: Journey to a New World (1998) and The Hunchback of Notre Dame II (2002), came on board as director. He recalled that it was then-Disney Feature Animation president Thomas Schumacher's idea to "retell Lion King through the eyes of Timon and Pumbaa".[4] Additionally, Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi, who directed and co-wrote the screenplay for The Lion King respectively, consulted on the production.[5] According to Raymond, it was Allers who came up with the Mystery Science Theater 3000–inspired framing of the film.[4] Furthermore, the filmmakers drew inspiration from Tom Stoppard's play Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead as the first Lion King film had drawn inspiration from Hamlet.[6]

In May 2003, The Lion King 1+12 was scheduled for home video release in early spring 2004 with Nathan Lane, Ernie Sabella, and Matthew Broderick reprising their original roles, and Elton John and Tim Rice returning to compose a new song, "That’s All I Need".[7]

The film was animated by Walt Disney Animation Australia in Sydney, New South Wales and Disneytoon Studios in the United States.

Release[edit]

Upon its initial home video release, The Lion King 1+12 was accompanied by a marketing campaign tie-in with McDonald's with six Happy Meal toys: Simba, Rafiki, Timon, Pumbaa, Mufasa and Ed.[8] (This same promotion was used in international countries for the Special Edition release of the first Lion King with two additional toys featuring Zazu and Scar.)

The DVD edition contained include music videos, deleted scenes, behind-the-scenes views of how the movie was made, and two featurettes: Timon -- The Early Years; a mockumentary tracing Timon's childhood through tongue-in-cheek interviews with family and friends; and Disney's Funniest Moments, highlighting Disney animated characters from the Seven Dwarfs to Brother Bear. Two games are also featured, including a virtual safari backlot tour through the Pride Lands and a Lion King trivia game in the format of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, titled Who Wants to Be King of the Jungle?, and hosted by Meredith Vieira, then-host of the U.S. syndicated version.[7] The Lion King 1+12 was released on February 10, 2004. Internationally, it was titled The Lion King 3: Hakuna Matata.[9][10]

On its first day of sales, the film sold 1.5 million DVD copies,[11] and in its first three days of release the film generated about $55 million in sales revenue, 2.5 of which were DVD copies of the film.[12] By March 2004, six million DVD and VHS copies of the film had been sold in North America.[13] More than 30 percent of the title's sales were from the Latino market.[14] Later that year, the movie was released as part of a 3-movie box set along with The Lion King and The Lion King II: Simba's Pride on December 6. In January 31, 2005, the film, along with its predecessors, went back into moratorium.[15]

The film was first released on Blu-ray as part of an eight-disc box set on October 4, 2011, along with the other two films.[16] The movie later received a separate Blu-ray release as well as a standard DVD release on March 6, 2012, along with The Lion King II: Simba's Pride.[17] The Blu-ray and DVD releases, along with Simba's Pride and the Diamond Edition release of The Lion King, were removed from release on April 30, 2013.[18]

The film was re-released by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment on a Blu-ray combo pack and digital release along with The Lion King II: Simba's Pride on August 29, 2017 — the same day as the first film's Signature Edition was released.

Reception[edit]

On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 78% based on 18 reviews, with an average rating of 6.4/10.[19]

Frank Lovece of TV Guide gave the film 3+12 stars out of 4 stating that "This retelling of The Lion King (1994) from the point of view of comic sidekicks Timon (voice of Nathan Lane) and Pumbaa (Ernie Sabella) is one of the rare Disney direct-to-video sequels worthy of the original." He went on to say that 'the only aspect of the film that feels forced is the revisionist positioning of Timon as young Simba's step-dad, which has no emotional echo in the first film. The quality of the animation is surprisingly impressive; some static backgrounds are the primary concession to a small-screen budget and the fluid character movements and expressions are vastly superior to those of, say, The Lion King's Timon and Pumbaa TV cartoon series.'"[20] Joe Leydon of Variety gave the film a positive review, writing "toddlers and preschoolers will be equally enchanted and amused by colorful toon shenanigans."[21] Los Angeles Times article writer Susan King wrote that "Because Disney's made-for-video sequels to their classic animated films have been mediocre at best, expectations for this new sequel to the mouse house's 1994 blockbuster were slim. But thanks to a clever story line, snappy dialogue that kids and adults will enjoy, a couple of decent new songs and the return of the original voice actors, Lion King 1+12 is an irreverent gas."[22]

Many reviewers have suggested that the film was influenced by the Tom Stoppard play Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead, which follows Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, two minor characters from Shakespeare's play Hamlet, and details their experiences taking place during the same time as the events of Hamlet, similar to what the film does with its predecessor, which has been similarly compared to Hamlet.[21][23][24][25] Screenwriter Tom Rogers confirmed that this was intentional in a 2019 interview, adding that the film's frame story was inspired by Mystery Science Theater 3000.[6]

Soundtrack[edit]

The Lion King 1+12: Songs From Timon and Pumbaa's Hilarious Adventure
Soundtrack album by
Various Artists
ReleasedFebruary 10, 2004
GenreR&B, Pop, world, soundtrack
Length22:52
LabelWalt Disney

The film's soundtrack album contains two original songs: "Diggah Tunnah", written by Seth Friedman and Martin Erskine, and "That's All I Need", written by Elton John and Tim Rice, who had worked on the first film. The latter song, which is performed by Nathan Lane in the film, is largely based on a deleted song from The Lion King titled "The Warthog Rhapsody", with which it shares a similar melody.[4]

The film features the song "Hakuna Matata" from the first film, which is featured both as the original soundtrack recording in the soundtrack album and in the film as a new cover performed by Lane and Ernie Sabella. The soundtrack also consists of various covers of pop songs, such as Hugh Masekela's "Grazing in the Grass" performed by Raven-Symoné, Kool and the Gang's "Jungle Boogie" performed by Drew K. and the French, and "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" (which appears briefly in the original film as well) by Lebo M. Vinx (and with sampled vocals from Lebo M.) performed "Diggah Tunnah Dance". Other featured songs not on the soundtrack include "Sunrise, Sunset" from the musical Fiddler on the Roof and the eponymous theme song from the television show Peter Gunn composed by Henry Mancini.

The film contains an original score composed by Don L. Harper, and also features Ennio Morricone's instrumental theme from the Sergio Leone film The Good, the Bad and the Ugly.[26]

Track listing
No.TitleArtistLength
1."Grazing in the Grass"Raven-Symoné2:59
2."Diggah Tunnah Dance"Lebo M. and Vinx3:53
3."That's All I Need"Nathan Lane2:29
4."Hakuna Matata"Nathan Lane, Ernie Sabella, Jason Weaver and Joseph Williams3:33
5."The Lion Sleeps Tonight"Lebo M.3:35
6."Jungle Boogie"Drew K. and the French3:20
7."Timon's Traveling Theme"Don L. Harper1:20
8."The Good, the Bad and the Ugly"Ennio Morricone1:43
Total length:22:52

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Category Nominees Result
2005 Annie Awards Best Home Entertainment Production The Lion King 1½ Won
Music in an Animated Feature Production The Lion King 1½ Nominated
DVD Exclusive Awards Best Animated Character Performance Nathan Lane (voice)
Alexis Stadermann (animator)
  • For Timon
Won
Best Animated DVD Premiere Movie The Lion King 1½ Won
Best Director (of a DVD Premiere Movie) Bradley Raymond Won
Best Editing (of a DVD Premiere Movie) Joyce Arrastia Won
Best Screenplay (for a DVD Premiere Movie) Tom Rogers Won
Saturn Award Best DVD Release The Lion King 1½ Nominated

Video game[edit]

A video game based on the film was published in 2003 for the Game Boy Advance, featuring Timon and Pumbaa as the playable characters.[27][28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Lion King 1 1/2 (2004)". Allmovie. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  2. ^ "The Lion King 1½". Disney+. Retrieved 4 January 2022.
  3. ^ Lyons, Charles (April 12, 2000). "Disney taps cubs to pen direct-to-vid 'Lion King 3'". Variety. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Alter, Rebecca (April 27, 2022). "Lion King 1½ Makes Sense If You Were Raised on Home Video". Vulture. Archived from the original on April 27, 2022. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  5. ^ Armstrong, Josh (October 8, 2011). "Allers & Minkoff: The Legacy of The Lion King". Animated Views (Interview). Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  6. ^ a b Spencer, Keith A. (August 10, 2019). "We just solved a major mystery in the Lion King franchise". Salon.com. Retrieved August 10, 2019.
  7. ^ a b Villa, Joan (May 9, 2003). "Dis fills 'Lion' gaps with '1 1/2'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original (Fee required) on October 31, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2014 – via High Beam Research.
  8. ^ DeMott, Matt (February 5, 2004). "McDonald's Happy Meals Feature Lion King 1 1/2 Toys". Animation World Magazine. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
  9. ^ "Disney DVD and Video Newsletter - The Lion King 1½" On DVD And Video February 10". Disney. February 2004. Archived from the original on August 14, 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  10. ^ Ball, Ryan (February 10, 2004). "Lion King 1 1/2 Continues Circle of Life". Animation Magazine. Archived from the original on March 4, 2017. Retrieved March 4, 2017.
  11. ^ Ball, Ryan (February 12, 2004). "Lion King 1 1/2 Sells 1 1/2 Million". Animation Magazine. Retrieved March 4, 2017.
  12. ^ Herrick, Scott (February 15, 2004). "'Lion' sequel DVD roaring". Variety. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
  13. ^ Ball, Ryan (March 2, 2004). "Lion King 1 1/2 Tops 2004 Sales". Animation Magazine. Retrieved March 4, 2017.
  14. ^ Wolf, Jessica (April 7, 2005). "Home Video Speaks Latinos' Language". hive4media.com. Archived from the original on April 13, 2005. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  15. ^ "Out of Print Disney DVDs". UltimateDisney.com.
  16. ^ "Audiences to Experience Disney's "The Lion King" Like Never Before" (Press release). Walt Disney Pictures. May 26, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2011 – via PR Newswire.
  17. ^ Lui, Ed. "Lion King 1 1/2" and "Lion King 2" Coming to Blu-ray, DVD, and Digital on March 6, 2012". Toon Zone. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012.
  18. ^ "The Lion King 1 1/2". Disney Movies Anywhere.
  19. ^ "The Lion King 1½ (2004)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  20. ^ "The Lion King 1 1/2". TV Guide.
  21. ^ a b Leydon, Joe (February 10, 2004). "Review: 'The Lion King 1½'". Variety. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
  22. ^ King, Susan (February 12, 2004). "Rip-roaring 'Lion' retelling". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
  23. ^ Churnin, Nancy (February 17, 2004). "Catch the 'King' when he was a cub". Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012 – via HighBeam Research.
  24. ^ Willman, Chris. "The Lion King 1½". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 20, 2004.
  25. ^ The Lion King 1½. VideoHound's Golden Movie Retriever Archived 2014-03-23 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ "Lion King 1 1/2 Original Soundtrack". AllMusic. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
  27. ^ "The Lion King 1½ Game Boy Advance info/review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on August 8, 2009. Retrieved August 7, 2008.
  28. ^ Disney Interactive (October 7, 2003). "Kids Play inside the World of Hakuna Matata with Disney's The Lion King 1 1/2 for Game Boy Advance and Disney's The Lion King PC Game Collection". Business Wire. Archived from the original on March 4, 2017. Retrieved March 4, 2017.

External links[edit]