The Man in the Brown Suit
Dust-jacket illustration of the first edition
|Cover artist||Not known|
|22 August 1924|
|Media type||Print (hardback & paperback)|
|Pages||312 (first edition, hardcover)|
|Preceded by||Poirot Investigates|
|Followed by||The Road of Dreams|
The Man in the Brown Suit is a work of detective fiction by Agatha Christie, first published in the UK by The Bodley Head on 22 August 1924 and in the US by Dodd, Mead and Company later in the same year. The UK edition retailed at seven shillings and sixpence (7/6) and the US edition at $2.00. The character Colonel Race is introduced in this novel.
Anne Beddingfeld is on her own and ready for adventures when one comes her way. She sees a man die in a tube station and picks up a piece of paper dropped nearby. The message on the paper leads her to South Africa as she fits more pieces of the puzzle together about the death she witnessed, a murder in England the next day, and attempts to kill her on the ship en route to Cape Town.
Reviews were mixed at publication, as some hoped for another book featuring Poirot, while others liked the writing style and were sure that readers would want to read to the end to learn who is the murderer. A later review liked the start of the novel, and felt that the end did not keep pace with the quality of the start, and the reviewer did not like when the story became like a thriller novel.
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Nadina, a dancer in Paris, receives a visit from Count Sergius Paulovitch. Both are in the service of "the Colonel", an international agent provocateur and criminal. "The Colonel" is retiring, leaving his agents high and dry. Nadina has a plan to blackmail the Colonel.
Anne Beddingfeld is an orphan after the sudden death of her archaeologist father. Longing for adventure, she jumps at the chance live with her father's solicitor and his wife in London. Returning from an unsuccessful job interview, Anne is at Hyde Park Corner tube station when a man falls onto the live track, dying instantly. A doctor examines the man, pronounces him dead, and leaves. Anne picks up the note he dropped, which reads "17.1 22 Kilmorden Castle". The inquest of L B Carton brings a verdict of accidental death. Carton carried a house agent's order to view a house to let, The Mill House in Marlow, and the next day the newspapers report that a dead woman has been found there, strangled. The house belongs to Sir Eustace Pedler MP. A young man in a brown suit is identified as a suspect, having entered the house soon after the dead woman.
Anne realises the examination of the dead man was oddly done, and becomes suspicious. At Mill House, she finds a canister of undeveloped film and she learns that Kilmorden Castle is the name of a ship sailing on 17 January 1922 from Southampton to Cape Town. She books passage on it. On board the ship, Anne meets Suzanne Blair, Colonel Race, and Sir Eustace Pedler. In addition to his secretary, Guy Pagett, Pedler employs Harry Rayburn. At 1:00 am on the 22nd, Rayburn staggers into Anne's cabin having been stabbed. Anne dresses his wound but he is not grateful and leaves after an altercation with her.
Colonel Race recounts the story of the theft of a hundred thousand pounds' worth of diamonds some years before, attributed to the son of a South African gold magnate, John Eardsley, and his friend Harry Lucas. The two friends had found new diamonds in South America, which they brought to South Africa for verification. John and his friend were arrested and John's father, Sir Laurence, disowned his son. The war started a week later. John Eardsley was killed in the war and his father's huge fortune passed to his next of kin. Lucas was posted as "missing in action". Harry Rayburn walks into the cabin as the story is being told, overhears it, and leaves. The two men were not tried for the theft. Race reveals that he is the fortunate next of kin.
Anne and Suzanne examine the piece of paper Anne obtained in the Underground station. The paper could refer to cabin 71, Suzanne's cabin, originally booked by a woman who did not appear. Suzanne knows who the woman was, and more about a criminal gang led by an Englishman. They speculate that Nadina was the dead woman in the Mill House. Anne connects finding the film roll in Mill House with a film canister that was dropped into Suzanne's cabin in the early hours of the 22nd. They look inside the canister and find uncut diamonds. They speculate that Harry Rayburn is the Man in the Brown Suit. Anne is attacked as she walks the deck of the ship; Harry Rayburn saves her. Anne amazes Harry with her knowledge of events in Marlow and at Hyde Park Corner station, and suggests that Harry is Harry Lucas and the Man in the Brown Suit. They again part on bad terms. Anne turns her speculations into an article for the Daily Budget, which gets a scoop.
In Cape Town, Anne is lured to a house at Muizenberg, where she is imprisoned. Anne overhears Reverend Chichester speaking with a Dutchman about "the Colonel" wanting to question her tomorrow. The next morning she escapes and returns to Cape Town. There she finds that Harry is wanted as the Man in the Brown Suit and has gone missing. Pedler offers Anne the role of his secretary on his train trip to Rhodesia; she accepts at the last second, and is reunited on the train with Race, Suzanne, and Pedler, who has another new secretary named Miss Pettigrew.
In Bulawayo, Anne receives a note from Harry which lures her out to a ravine near their hotel. She is chased and falls into the ravine. Almost a month later, Anne awakens in a hut on an island in the Zambezi with Harry Rayburn, who rescued her. Anne and Harry fall in love. Harry tells her of the diamond discovery he and John Eardsley made before the war in British Guiana. In South Africa, they were duped by a beautiful woman, Anita Grünberg, who substituted their diamonds for ones stolen from De Beers, matching the story recounted by Colonel Race. After being listed as missing in action in the war, Harry disappeared, coming to Africa under the name of Harry Parker. In Africa, Harry encountered Carton, recognising him from the incident with Anita. Harry followed Carton to London. He followed Nadina to the Mill House, where he found Nadina dead. He realises that the diamonds carried by Carton were aboard the Kilmorden Castle. Anne confirms that they were given to Suzanne on the night of the 22nd. Harry's island is attacked that night by an armed party led by a Dutchman, but the two escape, and Anne returns to Pedler's party. They exchange codes to be used in future communications so that neither can be duped again. Reunited with Suzanne, Anne learns that the diamonds are with luggage sent on with Sir Eustace. She receives a telegram signed Harry telling her to meet him, but not using their code.
Anne instead meets Chichester, alias Miss Pettigrew. She is led to Sir Eustace. Pedler forces Anne to write a note to Harry to lure him to his office. Harry turns up and Pedler is exultant until Anne pulls out a pistol and they capture Pedler. Race turns up with reinforcements and Pedler tries to bluff, but Race lists his crimes and the evidence. Sir Eustace escapes overnight. Anne is somewhat pleased, having a fondness for him. Race tells her that Harry is John Eardsley, not Harry Lucas, and the heir to a fortune he does not want. Harry has found his happiness with Anne, and they marry and live on the island in the Zambezi. Anne receives a letter from Sir Eustace, now living in South America.
- Anne Beddingfeld: orphaned daughter of Professor Beddingfeld, famous archaeologist.
- Anita Grünberg: Beautiful woman, alias Nadina the dancer, alias Mrs de Castina, alias Mrs Grey , she was once an agent of "The Colonel". She was murdered in The Mill House.
- John Eardsley: son of Sir Laurence Eardsley, the South African mining magnate who died a month before Anne is aboard the ship, alias Harry Lucas, alias Harry Rayburn. He fought in the Great War. He and friend Harry found a new source of diamonds in British Guiana in South America.
- Harry Lucas: friend of John Eardsley, killed in the Great War.
- Colonel Race: a distant cousin of Sir Laurence Eardsley who works for the British government as a spy or a detective. He has a reputation as lion hunter in Africa and as a wealthy man.
- The Hon Mrs Suzanne Blair: a society lady who befriends Anne Beddingfeld.
- Sir Eustace Pedler: a wealthy Member of Parliament and a businessman.
- Guy Pagett: Sir Eustace Pedler's secretary.
- Arthur Minks: alias the Reverend Edward Chichester, alias Miss Pettigrew, alias Count Sergius Paulovitch, and an agent of "The Colonel". He agrees to work with Harry Rayburn, and uses his acting skills to be many characters and to play the risky double game.
- Mr Flemming: solicitor, and his wife: Anne's landlords after her father's death.
- L B Carton: The husband of Anita Grünberg, he was a diamond sorter for De Beers in South Africa. He died at Hyde Park Tube Station.
- Inspector Meadows: Scotland Yard detective who dismisses Anne's evidence about the murder in The Mill House as unimportant.
- Lord Nasby: owner of the Daily Budget and Anne's employer.
- The red-bearded Dutchman: an agent of "The Colonel".
- Mrs Caroline James: wife of the gardener at The Mill House, who gives the keys to potential renters.
- The Colonel: Criminal mastermind and murderer whose identity is concealed for most of the story; he is revealed to be Sir Eustace Pedler, who escapes prosecution by living in South America.
Literary significance and reception
The Times Literary Supplement reviewed the novel in its issue of 25 September 1924. The review appreciated the "thriller-cum-adventure" style of the book and concluded, "The author sets so many questions to the reader in her story, questions which will almost certainly be answered wrongly, that no one is likely to nod over it, and even the most experienced reader of romances will fail to steer an unerring course and reach the harbour of solution through the quicksands and shoals of blood, diamonds, secret service, impersonation, kidnapping, and violence with which the mystery is guarded."
The unnamed reviewer in The Observer (7 September 1924) wrote: "Miss Christie has done one bold and one regrettable thing in this book. She has dispensed with Hercule Poirot, her own particular Sherlock Holmes, to whose presence and bonhomie and infallibility the success of her previous books has been mainly due." After comparing Poirot with Harry Rayburn, the reviewer continued by saying that the book, "will be something of a disappointment to those who remember The Mysterious Affair at Styles. It is an excellent and ingenious complexity, in its way, but it might have been written by quite a number of the busy climbers of who now throng this particular slope of Parnassus. One almost suspects that Miss Christie contemplates exchanging the mantle of Conan Doyle for that of Miss Dell; a hazardous manoeuvre, for the two authoresses are very different in tastes and sympathies." The reviewer went on to say that, "The plan of the book is rather confused. There is a prologue which does not link itself up with the rest of the story for quite a long time; and the idea of giving alternate passages from the diaries of the heroine and of Sir Eustace Pedler is not altogether justified by the glimpses it gives of that entertaining but disreputable character. One of the points on which some readers will have doubts is as to the plausibility of the villain: assuredly he is a novel type in that role. The book, like all Miss Christie's work, is written with spirit and humour."
Robert Barnard said about this novel that it was "Written during and about a trip to Southern Africa, this opens attractively with the heroine and her archeologist father (Agatha's interest in the subject was obviously pre-Max), and has some pleasant interludes with the diary of the baddie. But it degenerates into the usual stuff of her thrillers, and the plot would probably not bear close examination, if anyone were to take the trouble."
Some additional blurbs regarding the book, and used by The Bodley Head for advertising subsequent print runs, are as follows:
- "A capital tale — mystery piled on mystery, incident on incident." — Referee.
Context in Christie works
Like The Secret Adversary, The Man in the Brown Suit is less a novel of pure detection than it is a thriller typical of its period. It follows the adventures of Anne Beddingfeld who witnesses a man killed in a subway station and the man whose appearance frightened him, as she becomes involved in a world of diamond thieves, murderers, and political intrigue in this tale set in South Africa. Colonel Race makes his first appearance in the novel; he later appears in Cards on the Table, Sparkling Cyanide, and Death on the Nile.
Development of the novel
The book has some parallels to incidents and settings of a round-the-world work trip taken by Christie with her first husband Archie Christie and headed by his old teacher from Clifton College, Major E A Belcher, to promote the forthcoming 1924 British Empire Exhibition. The tour lasted from 20 January to 1 December 1922. It was on the tour that Christie wrote the short stories which would form all of Poirot Investigates (1924) and most of the contents of Poirot's Early Cases, published in 1974.
Dining with the Christies before the trip, Belcher had suggested setting a mystery novel in his home, the Mill House at Dorney and naming the book The Mystery of the Mill House; and had insisted on being in it as well. He is the inspiration for the central character Sir Eustace Pedler, having been given a title at Archie's suggestion. The Mill House also makes an appearance, albeit located in Marlow.
Christie found Belcher "childish, mean and somehow addictive as a personality: 'Never, to this day, have I been able to rid myself of a sneaking fondness for Sir Eustace', wrote Agatha of the fictionalised Belcher, a main character in The Man in the Brown Suit. 'I dare say it's reprehensible, but there it is.'"
Film, TV or theatrical adaptations
The Man in the Brown Suit (1989) aired in the US on 4 January 1989, adapted by Alan Shayne Productions in association with Warner Brothers Television. It is set in a later era than the 1920s and many details are changed as a result. At least one review found the story lacking, feeling that those adaptations of Christie's novels shown on PBS fared better than this one aired on CBS in the US.
Adapator: Carla Jean Wagner
Director: Alan Grint
- Stephanie Zimbalist – Anne Beddingfeld
- Rue McClanahan – Suzy Blair
- Tony Randall – Rev Edward Chichester
- Edward Woodward – Sir Eustace Pedler
- Ken Howard – Gordon Race
- Nickolas Grace – Guy Underhill
- Simon Dutton – Harry Lucas
- María Casal – Anita
- Federico Luciano – Leo Carton
- Rose McVeigh – Valerie
Graphic novel adaptation
The Man in the Brown Suit was released by HarperCollins as a graphic novel adaptation on 16 July 2007, and, on 3 December 2007 was adapted by "Hughot" and illustrated by "Bairi" (ISBN 0-00-725062-2). This was translated from the edition first published in France by Emmanuel Proust éditions in 2005 under the title of L'Homme au complet marron.
- 1924, John Lane (The Bodley Head), 22 August 1924, Hardcover, 312 pp
- 1924, Dodd Mead and Company (New York), 1924, Hardcover, 275 pp
- 1949, Dell Books (New York), 1949, Paperback, (Dell number 319 [mapback]), 223 pp
- 1953, Pan Books, 1953, Paperback, (Pan number 250), 190 pp
- 1958, Pan Books, 1958, Paperback, (Great Pan G176)
- 1978, Panther Books (London), 1978, 192 pp; ISBN 0-586-04516-3
- 1984, Ulverscroft Large Print Edition, Hardcover; ISBN 0-7089-1125-0
- 1988, Fontana Books (Imprint of HarperCollins), 1988, Paperback, 240 pp; ISBN 0-00-617475-2
- 2007, Facsimile of 1924 UK first edition (HarperCollins), 5 November 2007, Hardcover, 312 pp; ISBN 0-00-726518-2
Following completion in late 1923, The Man in the Brown Suit was first serialised in the London Evening News under the title Anne the Adventurous. It ran in fifty instalments from Thursday, 29 November 1923 to Monday, 28 January 1924. There were slight amendments to the text, either to make sense of the openings of an instalment (e.g. changing "She then..." to "Anne then..."), or omitting small sentences or words. The main change was in the chapter divisions. The published book has 36 chapters whereas the serialisation has only 28 chapters.
In her 1977 Autobiography Christie made a slight mistake with the name of the serialisation and refers to it as Anna the Adventuress (possibly confusing it with the 1904 book of the same name by E. Phillips Oppenheim). Irrespective of this mistake, the change from her preferred title was not of her choosing and the newspaper's choice was one that she considered to be "as silly a title as I have ever heard". She raised no objections, however, as the Evening News were paying her £500 (£26,171 in current terms) for the serial rights which she and her family considered an enormous sum. At the suggestion of her first husband Archie, Christie used the money to purchase a grey, bottle-nosed Morris Cowley. She later stated that acquiring her own car ranked with dining at Buckingham Palace as one of the two most exciting incidents in her life.
Christie was less pleased with the dustjacket of the book, complaining to the Bodley Head that the illustration, by an unnamed artist, looked as if the incident at the Tube Station occurred in "mediaeval times", when she wanted something "more clear, definite and modern". The Bodley Head were anxious to sign a new contract with Christie, now recognising her potential, but she wanted to move on, feeling that "they had not treated a young author fairly." The US serialisation was in the Blue Book magazine in three instalments from September (Volume 39, Issue 5) to November 1924 (Volume 40, Issue 1) with each issue containing an uncredited illustration.
Christie's dedication in the book reads:
"To E.A.B. In memory of a journey, some Lion stories and a request that I should some day write the Mystery of the Mill House".
"E A B" refers to Major E A Belcher (see References to actual history, geography and current science above).
The dustjacket front flap of the first edition carried no specially written blurb. Instead both the front and back flap carried adverts for other Bodley Head novels.
- Curran, John (2009). Agatha Christie's Secret Notebooks. HarperCollins. p. 260. ISBN 978-0-00-731056-2.
- Marcum, JS (May 2007). "American Tribute to Agatha Christie: The Classic Years 1920s". Insight BB. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- The English Catalogue of Books. XI (A-L: January 1921 – December 1925). Millwood, New York: Kraus Reprint Corporation. 1979. p. 309.
- "Review". The Observer. 7 September 1924. p. 5.
- "Review". The Times Literary Supplement. 25 September 1924. p. 598.
- Barnard, Robert (1990). A Talent to Deceive – an appreciation of Agatha Christie (Revised ed.). Fontana Books. p. 196. ISBN 0-00-637474-3.
- Christie, Agatha (1925). The Secret of Chimneys. John Lane Company, The Bodley Head. p. 306, Advertising supplements.
- Morgan, Janet (1984). Agatha Christie, A Biography. Collins. pp. 108–111. ISBN 0-00-216330-6.
- Christie, Agatha (1977). Autobiography. Collins. pp. 310–321. ISBN 0-00-216012-9.
- Thompson, Laura (2008). Agatha Christie: An English Mystery. London: Headline Review. ISBN 978-0-7553-1488-1.
- Terry, Clifford (4 January 1989). "Agatha Christie`s `Brown Suit` Looks A Bit Faded". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- Holdings at the British Library (Newspapers – Colindale). Shelfmark: NPL LON LD23
- O'Donoghue, Jim; Goulding, Louise; Allen, Grahame (March 2004). "Consumer Price Inflation since 1750" (PDF). Economic Trends UK Office of National Statistics. pp. 38–46. ISBN 0 11 621671 9. Retrieved 7 September 2018.