The Marvel Super Heroes
|The Marvel Super Heroes|
Print advertisement for the show
|Country of origin|
|No. of episodes||65|
|Running time||Half-hour series|
|Distributor||Disney–ABC Domestic Television|
|Original network||first-run syndication|
|Original release||September 1– December 1, 1966|
The Marvel Super Heroes is an American animated television series starring five comic-book superheroes from Marvel Comics. The first TV series based on Marvel characters, it debuted in syndication on U.S. television in 1966.
Produced by Grantray-Lawrence Animation, headed by Grant Simmons, Ray Patterson and Robert Lawrence, it was an umbrella series of five segments, each approximately seven minutes long, broadcast on local television stations that aired the show at different times. The series ran initially as a half-hour program made up of three seven-minute segments of a single superhero, separated by a short description of one of the other four heroes. It has also been broadcast as a mixture of various heroes in a half-hour timeslot, and as individual segments as filler or within a children's TV program.
The series, produced in color, had extremely limited animation produced by xerography, consisting of photocopied images taken directly from the comics and manipulated to minimize the need for animation production. The cartoons were presented as a series of static comic-strip panel images; generally the only movement involved the lips when a character spoke, the eyes, and the occasional arm or leg, or a fully animated black silhouette. The series used the original stories largely in their entirety, showcasing Jack Kirby, Steve Ditko and Don Heck art, among others, from the period fans and historians call the Silver Age of comic books.
Stan Lee, Marvel's editor and art director at the time, said in 2004 that he believed publisher Martin Goodman negotiated the deal with Grantray-Lawrence and that Lawrence chose the characters to be used. Lawrence rented Lee and his wife a penthouse apartment at 30 East 60th Street, near Madison Avenue, for Lee's use while he worked on the series. (Lee lived in Hewlett Harbor, New York, on Long Island, at the time.) Lee recalled, "I really don't remember any reaction from the Marvel artists involved. I wish I could claim to have written the [theme song] lyrics, because I think they're brilliant, but alas, I didn't". In the meantime, Grantray-Lawrence subcontracted production of The Mighty Thor segments to Paramount Cartoon Studios (the animation division of Paramount Pictures, formerly known as Famous Studios), headed at that time by Fleischer Studios veteran Shamus Culhane.
Marvel announced the series in the "Marvel Bullpen Bulletins" of the November 1966 issues, stating in that monthly fan page's hyperbolic style that, "It won't be long before our swingin' super-heroes [sic] make their star-studded debut on TV, appearing five nights a week — that's right, five — count 'em — five nights a week, for a half-hour each night. So you've just got time to make sure your set's in good working order — check your local paper for time and station — and prepare to have a ball!"
- Carl Banas - Bucky Barnes, Super-Adaptoid
- Sandy Becker - Captain America/Steve Rogers
- Bernard Cowan - Narrator, Odin, Mandarin, Melter, Captain Torak, Morgan, Ringmaster, Sando/Colonel Von Kraz,
- Jack Creley - Jack Frost/Professor Shapanka
- Len Carlson - Quicksilver, Loki, Mad Thinker, Black Knight, President
- Vern Chapman - Edwin Jarvis, Super-Adaptoid
- Gillie Fenwick - Baron Heinrich Zemo, Radioactive Man, Leader, Batroc the Leaper, Space Phantom, Dr. Cedric Rawlings, Heimdall, Mister Hyde, Sandu, Count Nefaria, Premiere Pouldu
- Max Ferguson - Hulk
- Tom Harvey - Giant-Man, Iceman, Chameleon, Super-Skrull
- Paul Kligman - Thunderbolt Ross, Red Skull, Warlord Krang, Mole Man, Metal Master, Power Man, Senator Harrington Byrd
- Vita Linder - Betty Ross, Pepper Potts, Lady Dorma, Jane Foster, Enchantress, Scarlet Witch, Black Widow, Wasp, Sharon Carter, Peggy Carter, Lorelei, Celia Rawlings, Countess de la Spirosa, Hippolyta
- Don Mason
- Ed McNamara - Swordsman, Titanium Man, Boomerang, Mad Thinker
- Claude Rae
- Henry Ramer - Crimson Dynomo/Anton Vanko, Borok, Major Uberhart, Doctor Doom, Wolfgang, Vashti
- Paul Soles - Bruce Banner, Attuma, Happy Hogan, Hawkeye, Rick Jones
- John Vernon - Iron Man/Tony Stark, Sub-Mariner/Prince Namor, Major Glenn Talbot, Major Corey
- Chris Wiggins - Thor/Dr. Donald Blake, Hawkeye, Kraven, Grey Gargoyle, Byrrah, Balder, Jack Frost, Molto, Professor X, Count Nefaria
For WNAC-TV in Boston, Arthur Pierce portrayed Captain America in live-action segments for the show. Actors portraying other characters, including Dr. Doom, Hulk, and Bucky, also appeared in live-action segments. The segments were scripted by Superman co-creator Jerry Siegel.
Appearing in guest roles were:
- The X-Men — The original lineup of the Angel, the Beast, Cyclops, Iceman, and Marvel Girl appeared in a Sub-Mariner episode, "Dr. Doom's Day / The Doomed Allegiance / Tug of Death". The story was an adaptation of Fantastic Four #6 (Sept. 1962), but since Grantray-Lawrence Animation did not own rights to the Fantastic Four, the producers substituted the X-Men — although referring to them instead as "Allies for Peace". However, the characters retained their original designs and individual names from the comics.
- The Avengers — Episode 8 of The Incredible Hulk was an adaptation of Avengers #2 (Nov. 1963), and co-starred Thor, Iron Man (with his early golden armor recolored to match the red-and-gold design featured in the Iron Man episodes), Giant-Man, the Wasp. The lineup beginning in Avengers #4 (March 1964), with Thor, Iron Man, Giant-Man, the Wasp and the newly installed Captain America, appears in several Captain America episodes, as does the later line-up from Avengers #16 with Hawkeye, Quicksilver, and the Scarlet Witch.
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Each episode consisted of three chapters.
- Episode 1: The Origin of Captain America, Wreckers Among Us, Enter Red Skull
- Episode 2: The Sentinel and the Spy, The Fantastic Origin of the Red Skull, Lest Tyranny Triumph
- Episode 3: Midnight in Greymoor Castle, If This Be Treason, When You Lie Down With Dogs
- Episode 4: Return of Captain America, The Search, To Live Again
- Episode 5: Zemo and the Masters of Evil, Zemo Strikes, The Fury of Zemo
- Episode 6: The Revenge of Captain America, The Trap Is Sprung, So Dies A Villain
- Episode 7: Let The Past Be Gone, The Adaptoid, The Super Adaptoid
- Episode 8: Coming of the Swordsman, Vengeance Is Ours, Emissary of Destruction
- Episode 9: Bitter Taste of Defeat, Sorcery Triumph, The Road Back
- Episode 10: Doorway to Doom, When the Commissar Commands, Duel Or Die
- Episode 11: The Sleeper Shall Awake, Where Walks the Sleeper, The Final Sleep
- Episode 12: The Girl from Cap's Past, The Stage Is Set, 30 Minutes to Live
- Episode 13: The Red Skull Lives, He Who Holds the Cosmic Cube, The Red Skull Supreme
The Incredible Hulk
- Episode 1: The Origin of the Hulk, Enter the Gorgon, To Be a Man
- Episode 2: Terror of the Toadmen, Bruce Banner: Wanted For Treason, Hulk Runs Amok
- Episode 3: A Titan Rides the Train, The Horde of Humanoids, On the Rampage!
- Episode 4: The Power of Dr. Banner, Where Strides the Behemoth, Back from the Dead
- Episode 5: Micro Monsters, The Lair of the Leader, To Live Again
- Episode 6: Brawn Against Brain, Captured At Last, Enter the Chameleon
- Episode 7: Within this Monster Dwells a Man; Another World, Another Foe; The Wisdom of the Watcher
- Episode 8: The Space Phantom, Sting of the Wasp, Exit the Hulk
- Episode 9: Hulk vs. Metal Master, The Master Tests His Metal, Mind Over Metal
- Episode 10: The Ringmaster, Captive of the Circus, The Grand Finale
- Episode 11: Enter Tyrannus, Beauty & The Beast, They Dwell in the Depths
- Episode 12: Terror of the T-Gun, I Against A World, Bruce Banner is the Hulk
- Episode 13: The Man Called Boomerang; Hulk Intervenes; Less Than Monster, More Than Man
The Invincible Iron Man
- Episode 1: Double Disaster, Enter Happy Hogan, Of Ice and Men
- Episode 2: The Death of Tony Stark!, The Hands of the Mandarin, The Origin of The Mandarin
- Episode 3: Ultimo, Ultimo Lives, Crescendo
- Episode 4: The Mandarin's Revenge!, The Mandarin's Death Ray, No One Escapes the Mandarin
- Episode 5: Crimson Dynamo!, The Crimson Dynamo Strikes, Captured
- Episode 6: Enter Hawkeye, So Spins the Web, Triple Jeopardy
- Episode 7: If I Die, Let It Be With Honor; Fight On, For A World Is Watching; What Price Victory?
- Episode 8: The Moleman Strikes, The Dragon of the Flames, Decision Under the Earth
- Episode 9: The Other Iron Man!, Death Duel, Into The Jaws of the Death
- Episode 10: The Cliffs of Doom!, The False Captain America, The Unmasking
- Episode 11: My Life For Yours, The Black Knight's Gambit, The Menace of the Monster
- Episode 12: The Dream Master, If A Man Be Mad, Duel In Space
- Episode 13: Beauty and the Armor, Peril in Space, As A City Watches
The Mighty Thor
- Episode 1: Trapped by Loki, The Vengeance of Loki, The Defeat of Loki
- Episode 2: Chained Evil; Sandu, Master of the Supernatural; Enchanted Hammer
- Episode 3: Enchantress and Executioner, Giants Walk the Earth, Battle of the Gods
- Episode 4: At the Mercy of Loki, Trial of the Gods, Return To Earth
- Episode 5: The Absorbing Man; In My Hands, This Hammer; Vengeance of the Thunder God
- Episode 6: To Kill A Thunder God, The Day of the Destroyer, Terror of the Tomb
- Episode 7: The Grey Gargoyle, The Wrath of Odin, Triumph in Stone
- Episode 8: The Mysterious Mister Hyde, Revenge of Mr. Hyde, Thor's Showdown with Mr. Hyde
- Episode 9: Every Hand Against Him, The Power of the Thunder God, The Power of Odin
- Episode 10: The Tomorrow Man, Return of Zarrko, Slave of Tomorrow Man
- Episode 11: Enter Hercules, When Meet Immortals, Whom the Gods Would Destroy
- Episode 12: The Power of Pluto, The Verdict of Zeus, Thunder in the Netherworld
- Episode 13: Molto, the Lava Man; Invasion of the Lava Man; Living Rock
Prince Namor the Sub-Mariner
- Episode 1: Peril in the Surface World, So Spreads the Net, The Unveiling
- Episode 2: The Start of the Quest!, Escape to Nowhere, A Prince There Was
- Episode 3: Not All My Power Can Save Me!, When Fails the Quest, The End of the Quest
- Episode 4: Atlantis Under Attack, The Sands of Terror, The Iron Idol of Infamy
- Episode 5: The Thing from Space, No Escape for Namor, A Prince Dies Fighting
- Episode 6: To Conquer a Crown, A Prince No More, He Who Wears the Crown
- Episode 7: To Walk Amongst Men!, When Rises the Behemoth, To the Death
- Episode 8: The World Within!, Atlantis Is Doomed, Quest for X-Atom
- Episode 9: Beware the Siren Song, Spell of Lorelei, Return of the Mud Beast
- Episode 10: Ship of Doom, Fall of Atlantis, Forces of Vengeance
- Episode 11: The Planet of Doom, To Test a Prince, To Save a Planet
- Episode 12: Dr. Doom's Day, The Doomed Allegiance, Tug of Death
- Episode 13: Let the Stranger Die..!, To Destroy a Tyrant, Save A City
- Alphabetized by city
- WTEN-TV / Channel 10 • Albany, New York
- WBAL / Channel 11 • Baltimore, Maryland
- WNEM / Channel 5 • Bay City/Saginaw, Michigan
- WNAC / Channel 7 • Boston, Massachusetts
- WKBW / Channel 7 • Buffalo, New York
- WAZ / Channel 3 • Charleston, West Virginia (became WSAZ / Channel 3 • Huntington, West Virginia)
- WCCB-TV / Channel 18• Charlotte, North Carolina
- WGN / Channel 9 • Chicago, Illinois
- CKLW / Channel 9 • Detroit, Michigan (became CBET / Channel 9 • Windsor, Ontario, Canada)
- KWGN-TV / Channel 2• Denver, Colorado
- KHJ (became KCAL-TV) / Channel 9 • Los Angeles, California
- WHBQ / Channel 13 • Memphis, Tennessee
- WVUE / Channel 12 • New Orleans, Louisiana
- WOR (became WWOR) / Channel 9 • New York City, New York
- KYW / Channel 3 • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- WPGH-TV / Channel 53 • Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
- WGAN (now WGME) / Channel 13 • Portland, Maine
- WPRO (became WPRI) / Channel 12 • Providence, Rhode Island
- WHEC / Channel 10 • Rochester, New York
- KSD (became KSDK) / Channel 5 • St. Louis, Missouri
- KCPX (became KTVX) / Channel 4 • Salt Lake City, Utah (ad erroneously listed station as WCPX)
- WAPA / Channel 4 • San Juan, Puerto Rico
- WHEN (became WTVH) / Channel 5 • Syracuse, New York
- WTTG / Channel 5 • Washington, D.C.
- Proventel (Caracas, Venezuela)
- WCCO (Minneapolis/Saint Paul, Minnesota)
- WXON-TV / Channel 20• Detroit, Michigan
- WSNS-TV / Channel 44 • Chicago, Illinois (late 1970s)
- WPIX-TV / Channel 11 • New York City, New York (late 1970s)
- WPGH-TV / Channel 53• Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
- WSBK-TV / Channel 38• Boston, Massachusetts
- WXIX-TV / Channel 19• Cincinnati, Ohio
- XHGC-TV (Canal 5 by Televisa, Mexico)
- WVTV-TV / Channel 18• Milwaukee, Wisconsin
- WHCT-TV / Channel 18• Hartford, Connecticut
- KCOP-TV / Channel 13• Los Angeles, California
- KTXA-TV / Channel 21• Dallas, Texas
- WNEW-TV / Channel 5• New York City, New York
- WSMV-TV / Channel 27• Worcester, Massachusetts
- WTAF-TV / Channel 29• Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- WPHL-TV / Channel 17• Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- TV Record / Sao Paulo, Brazil
- Ulbra TV / Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Segments of the series appear on at least two VHS home video releases, containing three videocassettes each: Marvel Superheroes: Triple Pack #1 (UPC #024543004127) and Marvel's Mightiest Heroes: Triple Pack #2. Fox Video released a version titled Marvel's Mightiest Super Heroes Gift Set (EAN #0024543004134).
In September 2004, Buena Vista Home Entertainment announced plans to release The Marvel Superheroes Show on June 28, 2005, as a five-DVD set titled The 60's Superheroes. By February 2005, however, the release was off the schedule.
On May 21, 2007, the UK company Maximum Entertainment released four two-disc sets, for Region 2, each set containing 13 episodes of the Captain America, Iron Man, Sub-Mariner and Thor segments respectively, with each episode re-edited into continuous, half-hour segments. On August 25, 2008, the UK company Liberation Entertainment released a two-disc set of the Hulk segments, re-edited into 13 20-minute episodes..
- Title per The Marvel Super Heroes. (Animated opening credits) YouTube. Archived from the original on October 26, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-25. NOTE: The title is rendered inaccurately as "The Marvel Superheroes" at its entry on the Internet Movie Database and at TV.com.
- Robert Lawrence interview, Jack Kirby Collector #41, Fall 2004, pp. 42-47.
- "''The Marvel Superheroes'' Episode Guide". TV.com. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
- Thomas, Roy; Sanderson, Peter (2007). The Marvel Vault: A Museum-in-a-Book with Rare Collectibles from the World of Marvel. Running Press. p. 101. ISBN 978-0762428441.
In 1966, television production company Grantray-Lawrence produced a series of five half-hour semi-animated shows under the banner title Marvel Superheroes. Captain America, The Incredible Hulk, Iron Man, The Mighty Thor, and Sub-Mariner all made their television debuts.
- McGovern, Adam (Fall 2004). "A Minute of Stan's Time" (41). (sidebar, Jack Kirby Collector: 47.
- Marvel Bullpen Bulletins: "Sensational Secrets and Incredible Inside Information Guilelessly Guaranteed to Avail You Naught!", in Tales of Suspense #83 (Nov. 1966) and other Marvel comics that month.
- Butler, Kevin S. (n.d.). "New York City Kid Show Roundup: Marvel Superheroes [sic]". TVParty.com. Archived from the original on September 4, 2001.
- Weekend Magazine (May 24, 1969)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-24. Retrieved 2015-04-09.
- Hofius, Jason; George Khoury (2010). Age of TV Heroes: The Live-Action Adventures of Your Favorite Comic Book Characters. TwoMorrows Publishing. ISBN 1-60549-010-5.
- "'Marvel's Mightiest Heroes: Triple Pack #2'". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
- Powell, James W. (June 17, 2003). "'The Incredible Hulk' (Animated Series)". (review) DVDTalk.com. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
- Lambert, David (September 24, 2004). "The Marvel Superheroes - Capt. America! Hulk! Thor! Iron Man! Sub-Mariner!". TVShowsonDVD.com. Archived from the original on February 8, 2006. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
- Lambert, David (February 1, 2005). "The Marvel Superheroes - Studio Says 'Superheroes' are Off the Schedule". TVShowsonDVD.com. Archived from the original on August 18, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
- "Jon T" (pseudonym) (July 23, 2007). "'The Marvel Super Heroes': Classic Comics in Suspended Animation". Toon Zone. Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
- The Marvel Superheroes (1966 TV series) at The Internet Movie Database
- The Marvel Superheroes Show at the Big Cartoon DataBase
- The Marvel Super Heroes at TV.com
- Toonarific pages for Captain America, The Incredible Hulk, The Invincible Iron Man, The Mighty Thor, Prince Namor The Sub-Mariner