The Master and Margarita (miniseries)
|The Master and Margarita|
|Created by||Vladimir Bortko|
|Theme music composer||Igor Kornelyuk|
|Country of origin||Russia|
|No. of seasons||1|
|No. of episodes||10|
|Running time||10 x 52 minutes|
|Original network||Telekanal Rossiya|
|Original release||December 19, 2005 – December 28, 2005|
The Master and Margarita (Мастер и Маргарита) is a Russian television mini-series produced by Russian television channel Telekanal Rossiya, based on the novel The Master and Margarita, written by Soviet writer Mikhail Bulgakov between 1928 and 1940. Vladimir Bortko directed this adaptation and was also its screenwriter.
This was Bortko's second attempt to make a screen adaptation of Bulgakov's masterpiece. In 2000 he had already been solicited by the Kino-Most film studio, associated with competing channel NTV; but at the last moment Kino-Most did not reach an agreement with Sergei Shilovsky, grandson of Mikhail Bulgakov's third wife Elena Sergeevna Shilovskaya, the self-declared owner of the copyrights. In 2005, Telekanal Rossiiya reached an agreement with Shilovsky.
This TV-epopee of more than eight hours was heavily criticized, or at least regarded with much skepticism. The first broadcast on December 19, 2005, was preceded by months of controversy in the media. Opponents feared that filming the work for television would sacrifice the layered narrative of the novel and the complexity of the socio-political and metaphysical themes to the popular demands of the broadcast medium. Director Bortko followed the dialogues of the novel carefully, and the series became the most successful series ever on Russian television. Most of the criticism stopped after the first appearance on screen. On December 25, 2005, 40 million Russians watched the seventh episode.
Despite the fact that the city of Moscow plays an important role in the novel, director Vladimir Bortko opted to shoot the 1930s scenes in Saint Petersburg. “Saint Petersburg today is much more like Moscow in the Stalin period than Moscow today,” he said. The biblical scenes were shot in Bulgaria.
Unlike previous screen adaptations, director Vladimir Bortko followed the novel meticulously. The setting of a TV-series appeared to be an ideal format to elaborate the complicated, multidimensional work with many different characters. “Bulgakov wrote the novel almost like a screenplay”, Bortko said.
- The first story is a satire of the ‘30s in the 20th century, the period during which Joseph Stalin was in power in the Soviet Union. The devil Woland comes to Moscow to have his annual Spring Ball of the Full Moon. Together with his demonic suite, he challenges the corrupt lucky ones, bureaucrats, and profiteers of that period in an hilarious way..
- The second story line is set in the biblical Yershalaim, and describes the inner struggle of Pontius Pilate before, during, and after the conviction and execution of Yeshua Ha Nozri.
- The third layer tells the love story between a nameless writer in Moscow in the 1930s and his lover Margarita. The Master has written a novel about Pontius Pilate, a subject which was taboo in the officially atheistic Soviet Union.
Differences from the novel
Despite the length of the TV series, several scenes and characters from the novel were not included in this adaptation.
- The most notable of the absent characters are the doctor, Kuzmin, and the demon Abaddon.
- The most notable of the absent scenes is The Dream of Nikanor Ivanovich, in which Bulgakov denounces, through the dream of a protagonist, the show trials in the Soviet Union. Vladimir Bortko replaced this scene with an assembly of authentic Soviet propaganda films from that period.
- Vladimir Bortko did not like the voice of actor Aleksandr Galibin, who played the role of the Master. Galibin's voice is not heard in the film. Instead, his lines were dubbed using the voice of Sergey Bezrukov, the actor who played the role of Yeshua.
- Some of the actors who appear in this TV series also appeared in the film The Master and Margarita made by Yuri Kara. Aleksandr Filippenko (Azazello in Bortko's production) is Koroviev in Kara's film, while Valentin Gaft, who plays the roles of both Kaifa and the chief officer of the secret police in Bortko's miniseries, is Woland in Kara's film.
- A main theme of The Master and Margarita, death under mysterious circumstances, remains very topical. Several deaths that have occurred, since the filming of the miniseries, among actors who played roles in it feed the idea for many Russians that a curse rests upon those who participate in a film adaptation of The Master and Margarita, and this idea is fiercely debated even today. Valentin Gaft, who plays both the roles of Kaifa and the chief of the secret police, lost his 29-year-old daughter, who hanged herself shortly after filming. Valery Zolotukhin, who played Bosoy, lost his 27-year-old son in the same way. Kirill Lavrov, who played the role of Pontius Pilate, got cancer and died on April 27, 2007. Aleksandr Abdulov, the actor who played Korovyev, died of lung cancer on January 3, 2008, age 54. Vladislav Galkin, who played the poet Ivan Bezdomny, was found dead under suspicious circumstances in a rented apartment in Moscow on February 27, 2010, age 39.
- General Producers: Anton Zlatopolsky, Valery Todorovsky
- Produced by Telekanal Rossiya in collaboration with Goskino
- VFX: Lesta Studio
- Special effects: Behemoth Studio St. Petersburg
- Special effects: Trigraph
- Margarita: Anna Kovalchuk
- Master: Aleksandr Galibin (voiced by Sergey Bezrukov)
- Woland: Oleg Basilashvili
- Bezdomny: Vladislav Galkin
- Pontius Pilate: Kirill Lavrov
- Koroviev: Aleksandr Abdulov
- Azazello: Aleksandr Filippenko
- Yeshua: Sergey Bezrukov
- Behemoth: Aleksandr Bashirov
01. Титры (Titles) - 2:04
02. Невидима и свободна (Invisible and free) - 4:57
03. Казнь (The Execution) - 5:20
04. Нравятся ли вам мои цветы? (Do you like my flowers?) - 2:40
05. Шабаш (Sabbath) - 6:55
06. Вальс (Waltz) - 3:48
07. Гефсиманский сад (Garden of Gethsemane) - 3:31
08. Воланд (Woland’s theme) - 3:40
09. Любовь выскочила...как убийца в переулке (Love leaped out in front of us) - 4:47
10. Крем Азазелло (Azazello’s Cream) - 1:47
11. И при луне ему нет покоя (Even the moon gives him no peace) - 4:01
12. Великий бал у Сатаны (The Great Ball at Satan's) - 12:02
13. Ещё про любовь (More about love) - 6:58
14. Маэстро, урежьте марш! (Maestro! Hack out a march!) - 1:47
Total time: 60:89 min.
More screen adaptations
- Giovanni Brancale - Il Maestro e Margherita - 2008 (film)
- Ibolya Fekete - A Mester és Margarita - 2005 (film)
- Sergei Desnitsky - Master i Margarita - 1996 (film)
- Yuri Kara - Master i Margarita - 1994 (film)
- Paul Bryers - Incident in Judea - 1991 (film)
- Andras Szirtes - Forradalom Után - 1990 (film)
- Maciej Wojtyszko - Mistrz i Małgorzata - 1988 (TV series)
- Andrzej Wajda - Pilatus und Andere - 1972 (TV film)
- Aleksandar Petrović - Il Maestro e Margherita - 1972 (film)
- To be expected
- Scott Steindorff - The Master and Margarita - 2012 (movie picture)
- Rinat Timerkaev - Master i Margarita - 2012 (animated movie picture)
- (Russian) Official website
- (English) The Master and Margarita (TV miniseries) at the Internet Movie Database
- (English) (French) (Dutch) (Russian) The Master and Margarita (TV miniseries) on the Master and Margarita website
- NN. "Мастер и Маргарита - Экранизация". Telekanal Rossija.
- Boris Makarenko (December 27, 2005). "Время Мастра". Politcom.
- NN. "Мастер и Маргарита - Места съемок". Telekanal Rossiya.
- Steve Shelokhonov. "The Master and Margarita 2005 - Plot summary". IMDb.
- Jan Vanhellemont. "The Master and Margarita (2005 TV miniseries)". The Master and Margarita website.
- Arseny Avramenko. "Актеры которые поплатились за свои роли в сериале "Мастер и Маргарита"". Uznay vsyo.