The Mekons

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The Mekons
Mekons circa 2015, left to right: Lu Edmonds, Tom Greenhalgh, Steve Goulding, Sally Timms, Jon Langford, Susie Honeyman, Rico Bell (not pictured: Sarah Corina)
Mekons 13 July 2015
left to right: Lu Edmonds, Tom Greenhalgh, Steve Goulding, Sally Timms, Jon Langford, Susie Honeyman, Rico Bell
(not pictured: Dave Trumfio)
Background information
OriginLeeds, West Yorkshire, England
Years active1976–present
Spinoff ofThe Three Johns
Past members
WebsiteClub Mekon
The Mekons 77
OriginLeeds, West Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
Years active2017–present
Spinoff ofThe Three Johns

The Mekons are a British band formed in the late 1970s as an art collective. They are one of the longest-running and most prolific of the first-wave British punk rock bands.[2][3]

The band's style has evolved over time to incorporate aspects of country music, folk music, alternative rock and occasional experiments with dub.[4] They are known for their raucous live shows.[5]


The band was formed in 1976 by a group of University of Leeds art students: Jon Langford, Kevin Lycett, Mark White, Andy Corrigan and Tom GreenhalghGang of Four and Delta 5 formed from the same group of students.[6] They took the band's name from the Mekon, an evil, super-intelligent Venusian featured in the British 1950s–1960s comic Dan Dare (printed in the Eagle). The Mekons were described as a more chaotic version of Gang of Four; Lycett stated the band operated on the principle that "anybody could do it ... anybody could get up and join in and instruments could be swapped around; that there'd be no distance between the audience and the band."[6]

By their second show, supporting the Rezillos at the F Club, they were approached with a record deal by Bob Last of Fast Product. The Mekons were the first band signed to the label. The band's first single was "Never Been in a Riot", a satirical take on the Clash's White Riot. The release was made Single of the Week in NME.[6] Their second single, "Where Were You?" was released by the end of 1978 and sold out of its 27,500 copies. At this time, Last convinced the band to sign to a larger label—Virgin. The Mekons’ popularity peaked as they played on the same bill as other "new music" groups like Gang of Four, the Fall, the Human League, and Stiff Little Fingers.[6]

For several years the band played noisy, bare-bones post-punk, releasing singles on a number of labels. The Mekons' first album, The Quality of Mercy Is Not Strnen, was recorded using Gang of Four's instruments, and due to an error by the Virgin Records’ art department, featured pictures of Gang of Four on the back cover.[7][additional citation(s) needed] After 1982's The Mekons Story, a compilation of old recordings, the band ceased activity for a while, with Langford forming The Three Johns. Corrigan became a tour manager for many years before founding a company that provides visa and immigration services specialising in the entertainment industry. [citation needed]

By the mid-1980s (revitalised by the 1984 coal miners' strike) the Mekons had returned as an active group. The band was now augmented by vocalist Sally Timms, violinist Susie Honeyman, ex-Damned member Lu Edmonds, accordionist/vocalist Rico Bell (a.k.a. Eric Bellis), and former The Rumour drummer Steve Goulding. They began to experiment with musical styles derived from traditional English folk (tentatively explored on the English Dancing Master EP prior to the hiatus), and American country music. Fear and Whiskey (1985), The Edge of the World (1986) and The Mekons Honky Tonkin' (1987) exemplified the band's new sound, which built on the innovations of Gram Parsons and blended punk ethos and left wing politics with the minimalist country of Hank Williams. Subsequent albums, such as The Mekons Rock 'n Roll, continued to experiment with diverse instrumentation (notably the fiddle, accordion, slide guitar, and saz).[citation needed]

The Mekons Rock 'n Roll, released by A&M Records in 1989, was the band's first (and only) album to be put out by a major label. It was not a commercial success, reportedly selling only around 23,000 albums in the U.S.,[8] but was met with critical acclaim.[9][10][11][12] It was named eighth of the top 10 albums of 1989 in the Village Voice's Pazz & Jop critics poll.[13] In 1991, New York Times critic Jon Pareles called it "one of the best albums of the 1980s."[14]

Just as the Mekons began to grow in critical stature, their relationship with A&M Records became tense, and the Mekons were soon dropped by the label, unable to fulfill their commercial expectations.[11] However, they continued to record at a prolific rate, releasing such notable albums as 1991's Curse of the Mekons, 2000's Journey to the End of the Night, and 2002's OOOH! (Out of Our Heads)[15] Natural moved the band to a more folk-flavoured sound. In April 2009 the Mekons returned to the studio to complete a new collection of songs, released in 2011 as Ancient and Modern on Bloodshot Records,[16] and, in a September 2010 interview, Jon Langford revealed that the band would tour the United States in 2011.[17][18][7]

In a February 2011 interview, Langford discussed the music documentary about the band, Revenge of the Mekons, directed by Joe Angio.[19] The film premiered in 2013 at the DOC NYC festival with members of the band in attendance.[20]

The band has toured and recorded with a mostly unaltered lineup (Langford, Greenhalgh, Timms, Goulding, Bell, Edmonds, Honeyman, and bassist Sarah Corina) throughout the 1990s and early 21st century, and has a highly devoted following.[21][7] Sarah Corina left in 2015, and Dave Trumfio, of Chicago and Southern California, replaced Corina on bass.[22][1]

The Mekons celebrated their 40th anniversary with the "Mekonville" festival near Ipswich, England, with both the current 2017 line-up and the re-united original 1977 lineup performing. At that festival, Mekonville, a 12-inch "split single" was released, with one new song from each of the two line-ups. The "current" line-up, still as "The Mekons", also performed several concerts in the UK and elsewhere in Europe in July and August, 2017. Jon Langford and Tom Greenhalgh are the only members common to both line-ups.[1]

They recorded their 2019 album Deserted in a studio near to Joshua Tree National Park. In an interview, they described how "the rugged landscape informed the highly diverse collection of songs they wrote".[23]

For 2022, The Mekons announced at least one performance in Europe.[24][additional citation(s) needed]


Alongside Bob Dylan and The Clash, the Mekons are the only other band or musician to make it twice onto Robert Christgau's Dean's Lists (begun in 1971), that is, Christgau selected both Fear and Whiskey (1985) and OOOH! (2002) as his album of the year. The Mekons are also one of Greil Marcus' favourite bands[25] About the Mekons Fear and Whisky Marcus said:

If Fear and Whiskey can only be heard as an aphorism, what evanescence does it consider essential? A bitter sentimentality. This is the music of a small group of people who, in a pop moment now almost a decade gone, once thought all things were possible, and who now live in a society where nothing they want is possible as more than an evanescence. They still wear the old jewelry of the punk ideology of 1976: No Future, which was somehow turned into an adventure, which got the Mekons a major-label contract. If anything, their music today is stronger than it ever was, but against the confidence of mainstream music, it carries an unmistakable undertone of self-mockery, of humiliation, of shame, because it cannot count.[26]

Other projects[edit]

Langford has worked as the founder and member of several solo and band projects including The Three Johns, the Waco Brothers, a punk-meets-Johnny Cash-like ensemble, and the Pine Valley Cosmonauts, a project that explores the music of Bob Wills, Johnny Cash and others. Besides his solo albums Langford has released CDs with Richard Buckner, Kevin Coyne, Kat Ex (Katherina Bornefeld) of The Ex, Roger Knox, and The Sadies, in some cases using the Pine Valley Cosmonauts name.[citation needed]

In 2014, some of The Mekons, dubbing themselves the "mini-Mekons", along with Robbie Fulks, went to northern Scotland to perform, sample the local whisky, and write and record an album on the island of Jura, in the studio of world and roots producer Giles Perring, a long-term collaborator with Mekon Susie Honeyman in the band Echo City. The record, named Jura, was released in November 2015 on Black Friday and is made up of original songs written on the trip, traditional songs, and a new recording of one Mekons song.[27][28]


In 2013, and again in September 2017 and July 2021, Janet Bean and Catherine Irwin of Freakwater joined together with Jon Langford and Sally Timms of the Mekons to be the Freakons, performing original and cover songs about coal mining in Appalachia, England, and Wales, to support the non-profit organization Kentuckians for the Commonwealth. Each time, the Freakons performed at the Hideout in Chicago, and elsewhere in Wisconsin. In 2013, they also performed at San Francisco's Hardly Strictly Bluegrass festival. In 2017, they were accompanied by violinists Jean Cook of New York City and Anna Krippenstapel of Louisville (The Other Years, Joan Shelley, etc.), and, only in Chicago, by Chicago/Louisville guitarist James Elkington (The Horse's Ha, etc.). In 2021, the same line-up, without Elkington, performed, and they released the live album Freakons, recorded at the 2017 Chicago performances. [29][30][31][32][33][34][35]





  • 1978: "Never Been In A Riot" b/w "32 Weeks" and "Heart & Soul" − FAST 1 (Fast Product)
  • 1978: "Where Were You?" b/w "I'll Have To Dance Then (On My Own)" − FAST 7 (Fast Product)
  • 1979: "Work All Week" b/w "Unknown Wrecks" − VS300 (Virgin Records)
  • 1980: "Teeth" b/w "Guardian" and "Kill" b/w "Stay Cool" (Virgin Records) – double 7"
  • 1980: "Snow" b/w "Another One" (Red Rhino Records)
  • 1981: "This Sporting Life" b/w "Frustration" − CNT1 (CNT Records)
  • 1982: "This Sporting Life" b/w "Fight the Cuts" − CNT8 (CNT Records)
  • 1986: "Hello Cruel World" b/w "Alone & Forsaken" − Sin004 (Sin Record Company)
  • 1988: "Ghosts of American Astronauts" (Sin Record Company, Cooking Vinyl, Twin/Tone Records)
  • 1990: "Claw" b/w "Crap Rap" with The Ex (Clawfist)
  • 1990: "Sheffield Park" b/w "Having a Party" (Blast First)
  • 1990: "Makes No Difference" b/w "Having A Party" (Blast First)
  • 1995: "Untitled 1" b/w "Untitled 2" − QS31 (Quarterstick Records)
  • 2017: Mekonville: "How Many Stars Are Out Tonight" b/w "Still Waiting" − (Sin/Slow)


  • 1980: Mutant Pop (PVC/Jem), a US reissue of various early Fast Product singles, including the Mekons first 7", Never Been in a Riot b/w 32 Weeks, as well as Where Were You?, both first released in 1978.
  • 1985: "They Shall Not Pass" CNT Miner's Strike compilation includes "Fight The Cuts" and "This Sporting Life"
  • 1986: The Mekons Story—re-released in 1993/2008
  • 1987: Mekons New York (ROIR) – re-released in 1990/2001 as New York: On the Road 86–87
  • 1989: Original Sin (Rough Trade Records) – Collects together Fear and Whiskey, parts of The English Dancing Master, Crime and Punishment EP, and Slightly South of the Border EPs
  • 1999: I Have Been to Heaven and Back: Hen's Teeth and other lost fragments of unpopular culture, Vol. 1 (Quarterstick Records)
  • 1999: Where Were You? Hen's Teeth and other lost fragments of unpopular culture, Vol. 2 (Quarterstick Records)
  • 2001: Curse of the Mekons/Fun '90— combined reissue (Collectors' Choice Music)
  • 2004: Heaven & Hell: The Very Best of the Mekons (Cooking Vinyl)
  • 2011: Me-Tunes (not on label)



  • 2002: Hello Cruel World: Selected Lyrics [of 125 songs] book, written & illustrated by The Mekons (Verse Chorus Press; ISBN 978-1891241147)
  • 2016: Existentialism book, including Existentialism CD (Sin Publications/Verse Chorus Press, distributed by Bloodshot Records)[40]


  • 2013: Revenge of the Mekons directed by Joe Angio


  1. ^ a b c Terrell, Steve (11 August 2017). "I was at Mekonville. Where were you?". Santa Fe New Mexican. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  2. ^ Pareles, Jon (30 April 1987). "Rock: Britain's Mekons". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  3. ^ Roberts, Randall (23 June 2015). "Unsung Mekons are a musical beacon of persistence and creativity". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  4. ^ Pareles, Jon (17 December 1989). "Recordings; The Mekons Take Aim at Rock-and-Roll". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  5. ^ Watrous, Peter (30 August 1993). "Review/Rock; A Sound With a Sense Of History, and Humor". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d Reynolds, Simon (2006). "Militant Entertainment: Gang of Four, the Mekons, and the Leeds Scene". Rip it Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. New York: Penguin Books.
  7. ^ a b c Marchman, Tim (21 April 2015). "A Skeptic's Guide To The Mekons". Deadspin. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  8. ^ Kot, Greg (3 November 1991). "Curse of the Mekons". Chicago Tribune. Chicago. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  9. ^ "Top 100 Albums of the 1980s". Pitchfork. 20 November 2002. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  10. ^ "Blender's 100 Greatest Indie-Rock Albums Ever". 14 November 2007. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  11. ^ a b c d Christgau, Robert (24 April 2001). "The Mekons: Rock 'n' Roll". Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  12. ^ Nelson, Elizabeth (18 September 2019). "Handcuffed to History: 'The Mekons Rock 'N' Roll' Is 30 Years Old". The Ringer. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  13. ^ "Pazz & Jop: Top 10 Albums By Year, 1971-2017". Village Voice. New York City. 22 January 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  14. ^ Pareles, Jon (5 July 1991). "Pop/Jazz; The Mekons Shed a Label For a Curse That Works". New York Times. New York City. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  15. ^ Miles, Milo (19 May 1991). "Recordings View; The Mekons Try a Little Wizardry". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  16. ^ Kenigsberg, Ben (28 October 2014). "Critic's Pick: Far-Flung, Long-Lasting and Still Punk at the Core". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  17. ^ Zimmerman, Lee (25 April 2014). "A Fat Welsh Bastard: Jon Langford". Blurt Magazine. Retrieved 21 November 2015. Originally published in 2010
  18. ^ Martens, Todd (24 September 2010). "A Mekon reflects: 'We've always been stupid enough to keep doing this,' says punk survivor Jon Langford". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  19. ^ Markowitz, Andy (10 February 2011). "The Ask: Jon Langford: What the Mekons Is". MusicFilmWeb. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  20. ^ Tannenbaum, Rob (24 October 2014). "The Cult Band That Keeps on Chugging: A Documentary Celebrates the Mekons". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  21. ^ Kot, Greg (11 July 2015). "Mekons review: Still fierce after all these years". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  22. ^ Kirsch, Steve (18 July 2015). ""It looks like an accident...." Live review: The Mekons, Harrisburg, PA, July 17, 2015". Kirsch, Steve. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  23. ^ Tucker, Ken (16 April 2019). "The Mekons Celebrate Restlessness And Exploration On 'Deserted'". Fresh Air. NPR. Transcript.
  24. ^ "The Great Rock 'n' Roll Sea Cruise". Sixthman. 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
  25. ^ David Cantwell: Greil Marcus’s Critical Super Power The New Yorker, December 2, 2015. Cantwell writes: ″Later, if we listen to the record Marcus was describing—something by the Mekons, say, one of his favorite bands ...″
  26. ^ Greil Marcus: Beyond the grave, rock critic Theodor Adorno meets the Mekons Artforum, December 1985
  27. ^ Allen, Jim (11 November 2015). "Songs We Love: The Mekons, 'Go From My Window'". NPR. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  28. ^ Moss, Marissa R. (5 November 2015). "Hear Robbie Fulks and Cowpunkers the Mekons' Wild 'Beaten and Broken'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  29. ^ Rami (4 September 2013). "Bloodshot News: Mekons + Freakwater = Freakons!". Bloodshot Records. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  30. ^ "2013". Hardly Strictly Bluegrass. 2013. Archived from the original on 20 December 2021. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  31. ^ Kendrick, Monica (31 August 2017). "Alt-country heroes Freakwater and postpunk lifers the Mekons come together to get their Freakons". Chicago Reader. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  32. ^ Loerzel, Robert (19 September 2017). "Freakons at the Hideout and the Shitty Barn". Loerzel, Robert. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  33. ^ "Freakons (early patio show)". Hideout. 8 June 2021. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  34. ^ "Fluff & Gravy Records". Fluff & Gravy Records. 2021. Retrieved 30 July 2021.
  35. ^ a b Freakons [album liner notes]. Fluff & Gravy Records. 2021.
  36. ^ "Quarterstick Records". Quarterstick Records. 2019. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  37. ^ "The Edge of the World: by Mekons". Quarterstick Records. 2019. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  38. ^ Breihan, Tom (21 June 2011). "Mekons Announce New Album". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  39. ^ "Mekons & Robbie Fulks: Jura". Record Store Day. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  40. ^ a b "EXISTENTIALISM Mekons". Bloodshot Records. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2017. Limited edition Book is SOLD OUT
  41. ^ "Mekons: Deserted". Bloodshot Records. 2019. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  42. ^ "Exquisite: by Mekons". Glitterbeat Records. 14 January 2022. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  43. ^ Anders, Pat; Spott (16 November 2000). "We (heart) Mekons". Stay Free!. Archived from the original on 20 November 2000. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External links[edit]