The Melting Pot (play)
|The Melting Pot|
Theatre Programme for The Melting Pot (1916).
|Written by||Israel Zangwill|
The Melting Pot is a play by Israel Zangwill, first staged in 1908. It depicts the life of a Russian-Jewish immigrant family, the Quixanos. David Quixano has survived a pogrom, which killed his mother and sister, and he wishes to forget this horrible event. He composes an "American Symphony" and wants to look forward to a society free of ethnic divisions and hatred, rather than backward at his traumatic past.
David, the hero of the play proclaims:
There she lies, the great Melting Pot—listen! Can't you hear the roaring and the bubbling? There gapes her mouth [He points east]—the harbour where a thousand mammoth feeders come from the ends of the world to pour in their human freight. Ah, what a stirring and a seething! Celt and Latin, Slav and Teuton, Greek and Syrian,—black and yellow—
VERA: Jew and Gentile—
DAVID: Yes, East and West, and North and South, the palm and the pine, the pole and the equator, the crescent and the cross—how the great Alchemist melts and fuses them with his purging flame! Here shall they all unite to build the Republic of Man and the Kingdom of God. Ah, Vera, what is the glory of Rome and Jerusalem where all nations and races come to worship and look back, compared with the glory of America, where all races and nations come to labour and look forward!
The Melting Pot opened in Washington, DC, on October 5, 1908. President Theodore Roosevelt, in attendance that night, is said to have shouted "That's a great play, Mr. Zangwill." It opened at the Comedy Theatre in New York on September 6, 1909, and ran for 136 performances. It was produced by Liebler & Co. and staged (directed) by Hugh Ford. As in the original production, Walker Whiteside played David, Henry Vogel played Herr Pappelmeister and Chrystal Herne (daughter of James A. Herne) played Vera.
In the play, David emigrates to America in the wake of the 1903 Kishinev pogrom in which his entire family is killed. He writes a great symphony called "The Crucible" expressing his hope for a world in which all ethnicity has melted away, and falls in love with a beautiful Russian Christian immigrant named Vera. The dramatic peak of the play is the moment when David meets Vera's father, who turns out to be the Russian officer responsible for the annihilation of David's family. Vera's father admits his guilt, the symphony is performed to accolades, David and Vera live happily ever after, or, at least, agree to wed and kiss as the curtain falls.
The play received a production at New York's Metropolitan Playhouse in March 2006.
- The Melting Pot, e-book, Gutenberg Project.
- Sollors, Werner. Beyond Ethnicity; Consent and Descent in American Culture. New York: Oxford Univ. Press. 1986. p. 66.
- Guy Szuberla, "Zangwill's The Melting Pot Plays Chicago," MELUS, Vol. 20, No. 3, History and Memory (Autumn, 1995), pp. 3–20.
- Leftwich, Joseph. Israel Zangwill. The Internet archive.
- Rochelson, Meri-Jane (2008). A Jew in the Public Arena: The Career of Israel Zangwill. Wayne State University Press. pp. xxiii, 180–81.
- Burns Mantle and Garrison P. Sherwood, eds., The Best Plays of 1909–1919 (New York: Dodd, Mead, & Co.), 1933, p. 399.
- The Melting Pot, IBDB: Internet Broadway Database.
- Edna Nahshon, From the Ghetto to the Melting Pot: Israel Zangwill’s Jewish Plays (Wayne State University Press), 2006. ISBN 978-0-8143-2955-9