The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes

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The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes
Memoirs of sherlock holmes.jpg
Cover of The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes
AuthorArthur Conan Doyle
IllustratorSidney Paget
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
SeriesSherlock Holmes
GenreDetective fiction short stories
PublisherGeorge Newnes
Publication date
1893 (dated 1894) [1]
Media typePrint (Hardback)
Pagesviii, 279
Preceded byThe Adventures of Sherlock Holmes 
Followed byThe Hound of the Baskervilles 

The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of Sherlock Holmes stories, originally published in 1893, by Arthur Conan Doyle.

Doyle had decided that these would be the last collection of Holmes's stories, and intended to kill him off in "The Final Problem". Reader demand stimulated him to write another Holmes adventure—The Hound of the Baskervilles. In "The Return of Sherlock Holmes", Holmes relates the aftermath of "The Final Problem", and how he survived.

Contents[edit]

  1. "The Adventure of Silver Blaze"
  2. "The Adventure of the Cardboard Box" (this story is in His Last Bow in American editions of the canon)
  3. "The Adventure of the Yellow Face"
  4. "The Adventure of the Stockbroker's Clerk"
  5. "The Adventure of the Gloria Scott"
  6. "The Adventure of the Musgrave Ritual"
  7. "The Adventure of the Reigate Squire"
  8. "The Adventure of the Crooked Man"
  9. "The Adventure of the Resident Patient"
  10. "The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter"
  11. "The Adventure of the Naval Treaty"
  12. "The Final Problem"

Omissions of "The Adventure of the Cardboard Box"[edit]

The first London edition of the Memoirs in 1894 did not include "The Adventure of the Cardboard Box", although all twelve stories had appeared in the Strand Magazine. The first U.S. edition included the story, but it was very quickly replaced with a revised edition that omitted it.

The reasoning behind the suppression is unclear. In Britain the story was apparently removed at Doyle's request as it included adultery and so was unsuitable for younger readers. This may have also been the cause for the rapid removal of the story from the U.S. edition, and some sources[specify] state that the publishers believed the story was too scandalous for the American public.

As a result, this story was not republished in the U.S. until many years later, when it was added to His Last Bow. Even today, most American editions of the canon include it with His Last Bow, while most British editions keep the story in its original place in The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes.

Additionally, when the story was removed from the Memoirs, its opening pages, where Holmes emulates Dupin, were transferred to the beginning of "The Adventure of the Resident Patient". In some later U.S. editions of the Memoirs, which still omit "The Adventure of the Cardboard Box", this transfer still appears.

Adaptations[edit]

The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes (apart from "The Cardboard Box") were adapted for BBC Radio 4 in 1991–1992 as part of Bert Coules' complete radio adaptation of the canon, starring Clive Merrison as Holmes and Michael Williams as Watson. Notable guest stars included Peter Davison as Inspector Forrester in "The Reigate Squires", and Brian Blessed as Henry Wood in "The Crooked Man". Episodes were written by Bert Coules, Gerry Jones, Denys Hawthorne, Vincent McInerney, Peter Mackie, Robert Forrest, Peter Ling, and David Ashton, and directed by Enyd Williams and Patrick Rayner.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arthur Conan Doyle. The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. Oxford University Press, 1993, p. 274
  2. ^ Bert Coules. "The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes". The BBC complete audio Sherlock Holmes. Retrieved 12 December 2016.

External links[edit]

Wikisource[edit]