The Message (Bible)
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|Full name||The Message|
|Translation type||Idiomatic/Dynamic equivalence/Paraphrase|
|Copyright||Copyright 2002 Eugene H. Peterson|
The Message: The Bible in Contemporary Language is a highly idiomatic translation of the Bible by Eugene H. Peterson published in segments from 1993 to 2002. It is a simplistic translation of the Bible's original languages. The Message is a personal paraphrase of the Bible in English by Peterson from the original languages. The contemporary American slang used in the translation deviates from a more neutral International English, and it falls on the extreme dynamic end of the dynamic and formal equivalence spectrum.
According to the Introduction to the New Testament of The Message, its "contemporary idiom keeps the language of the Message (Bible) current and fresh and understandable". Peterson notes that in the course of the project, he realized this was exactly what he had been doing in his thirty-five years as a pastor, "always looking for an English way to make the biblical text relevant to the conditions of the people".
The publisher states: "Peterson's work has been thoroughly reviewed by a team of recognized Old and New Testament scholars to ensure that it is accurate and faithful to the original languages."
Old Testament team:
- Robert L. Hubbard, Jr., North Park Theological Seminary (chair)
- Richard E. Averbeck, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School
- Bryan E. Beyer, Columbia International University
- Lamar E. Cooper, Sr., Criswell College
- E. Enns, Eastern University
- Duane A. Garrett, The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary
- Donald R. Glenn, Dallas Theological Seminary
- Paul R. House, Beeson Divinity School, Samford University
- V. Philips Long, Regent College
- Tremper Longman, Westmont College
- John N. Oswalt, Asbury Theological Seminary
- L. Pratt, Jr., Reformed Theological Seminary
- H. Walton, Wheaton College
- Prescott H. Williams, Jr., Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary
- Marvin R. Wilson, Gordon College
New Testament team:
- William W. Klein, Denver Seminary (chair)
- L. Bock, Dallas Theological Seminary
- A. Hagner, Fuller Theological Seminary
- Moises Silva, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary
- Rodney A. Whitacre, Trinity School of Ministry
The Message was published piecemeal over a nine-year period. The New Testament was published in 1993. The Old Testament Wisdom Books were published in 1998. The Old Testament Prophets were published in 2000. The Old Testament Pentateuch were released in 2001. The Books of History came out in 2002. The entire Bible was released the same year and follows the traditional Protestant Biblical canon.
Comparison to other translations
The Message was translated by Peterson from the original languages. It is a highly idiomatic translation, using contemporary slang from the US rather than a more neutral International English, and it falls on the extreme dynamic end of the dynamic and formal equivalence spectrum. Some scholars, like Michael J. Gorman, consider some of Peterson's idiomatic renderings unconventional.
1 The Lord is my shepherd, I lack nothing.
2 He makes me lie down in green pastures,
he leads me beside quiet waters,
3 he refreshes my soul.
He guides me along the right paths
for his name’s sake.
4 Even though I walk
through the darkest valley,
I will fear no evil,
for you are with me;
your rod and your staff,
they comfort me.
1 The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.
2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.
3 He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.
4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.
1 Because the Lord is my Shepherd, I have everything I need!
2-3 He lets me rest in the meadow grass and leads me beside the quiet streams. He gives me new strength. He helps me do what honors him the most.
4 Even when walking through the dark valley of death I will not be afraid, for you are close beside me, guarding, guiding all the way.
1–3 God, my shepherd!
I don’t need a thing.
You have bedded me down in lush meadows,
you find me quiet pools to drink from.
True to your word,
you let me catch my breath
and send me in the right direction.
4 Even when the way goes through
I’m not afraid
when you walk at my side.
Your trusty shepherd’s crook
makes me feel secure.
Lord's Prayer (Matthew 6:9-13)
9 "This, then, is how you should pray:
'Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name,
10 your kingdom come,
your will be done,
on earth as it is in heaven.
11 Give us today our daily bread.
12 And forgive us our debts,
as we also have forgiven our debtors.
13 And lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from the evil one.'"
9 After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.
10 Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.
11 Give us this day our daily bread.
12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.
13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.
9 “Pray along these lines: ‘Our Father in heaven, we honor your holy name.
10 We ask that your kingdom will come now. May your will be done here on earth, just as it is in heaven.
11 Give us our food again today, as usual,
12 and forgive us our sins, just as we have forgiven those who have sinned against us.
13 Don’t bring us into temptation, but deliver us from the Evil One. Amen.’
Our Father in heaven,
Reveal who you are.
Set the world right;
Do what's best—
as above, so below.
Keep us alive with three square meals.
Keep us forgiven with you and forgiving others.
Keep us safe from ourselves and the Devil.
You’re in charge!
You can do anything you want!
You’re ablaze in beauty!
Yes. Yes. Yes.
- The Pentateuch: ISBN 1-57683-196-5
- The Books of History: ISBN 1-57683-194-9
- The Wisdom Books: ISBN 1-57683-126-4
- The Prophets: ISBN 1-57683-195-7
- With verse markings (The Message Remix): ISBN 1-57683-434-4
- Without verse markings: ISBN 1-57683-289-9
- With verse markings (The Message: The Numbered Edition): ISBN 1-57683-673-8; this edition was recognized as an ECPA Christian Book Award winner.
- Catholic/Ecumenical Edition: 2013, ISBN 978-0879464943
- "Introduction to the New Testament, from The Message". Retrieved 2008-06-03.
- "Version Information". Retrieved 2011-06-03.
- "What's Unique about THEMESSAGE". messagebible.com. Retrieved 2020-07-17.
- Gorman, Michael J. (2008). Elements of Biblical Exegesis: A Basic Guide for Students and Ministers. Baker Books. p. 51. ISBN 9781441232830. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- "2006 Christian Book Awards Winners - Bibles category". Retrieved 2008-06-03.
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