Methodist Church (USA)

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Methodist Church
Classification Mainline Protestant and Evangelical
Orientation Methodism
Polity Episcopal
Associations Federal Council of Churches
Origin 1735
Merger of Methodist Episcopal Church and the Methodist Episcopal Church, South (1939)
Separations Fundamental Methodist Conference, Inc. (1942)
Evangelical Methodist Church (1945)
Association of Independent Methodists (1965)
Merged into United Methodist Church (1968)

The Methodist Church was the official name adopted by the Methodist denomination formed in the United States by the reunion on May 10, 1939, of the northern and southern factions of the Methodist Episcopal Church (which had split earlier in 1844 over the issue of slavery and the impending Civil War in America. During the American Civil War, the denomination was known briefly as The Methodist Episcopal Church in the Confederate States of America) along with the earlier separated Methodist Protestant Church of 1828.[1]

Its book of liturgy used for the reunited denomination was "The Book of Worship for Church and Home", editions of which were published in 1945 and later revised in 1965. They had two official hymnals, the first being "The Methodist Hymnal", published in 1935 and 1939 by the same three church bodies that later became The Methodist Church. It was replaced in 1966 by "The Book of Hymns".

The Methodist Church then later merged with the Evangelical United Brethren Church on April 23, 1968, to form "The United Methodist Church" with its headquarters, offices and publishing houses in Nashville, Tennessee. Over the next few years most of the individual local congregations in the two bodies under the names of "Methodist Church" or "Evangelical United Brethren Church" changed the latter part of their name to: "------ United Methodist Church". The new U.M.C. became one of the largest and most widespread denominations in America.[2] Earlier in 1946, some Methodists formed the Evangelical Methodist Church, separating from the Methodist Church, citing the influence of modernism in that Church as the reason for entering into schism.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Book of Discipline of the United Methodist Church, 1984, page 10
  2. ^ The Constitution of The United Methodist Church, Preamble footnote, as found in "The Book of Discipline" "of the United Methodist Church", 1984, page 20.
  3. ^ Garrett, James Leo; Hinson, E. Glenn; Tull, James E. (1983). Are Southern Baptists "Evangelicals"?. Mercer University Press. p. 47. ISBN 9780865540330. The Evangelical Methodist Church, which separated from the Methodist Church in 1946 over issues of polity and "modernism," is a congregationally governed group.