Methodist Church (USA)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from The Methodist Church (USA))
Jump to: navigation, search

The Methodist branch of Protestant religion traces its roots back to 1739 where it developed in England as a result of the teachings of John Wesley.[1] Wesley didn't set out to create a new church, but instead began several small faith-restoration groups within the Anglican church called the "United Societies." Soon however, Methodism spread and eventually became its own separate religion when the first conference was held in 1744. In 1830 the organization of Methodist Protestant Church was founded.[2] Formation of the Methodist Church, union of the Methodist Episcopal Churches, North and South, and the Methodist Protestant Church, in 1939.[3] In 1939, the three branches of American Methodism (the Methodist Protestant Church, the Methodist Episcopal Church, and the Methodist Episcopal Church, South) came to an agreement to reunite under the name "The Methodist Church."[1]The Methodist Church was the official name adopted by the Methodist denomination formed in the United States by the reunion on May 10, 1939, of the northern and southern factions of the Methodist Episcopal Church (which had split earlier in 1844 over the issue of slavery and the impending Civil War in America. During the War Between the States of 1861-1865, the denomination was known briefly as The Methodist Episcopal Church in the Confederate States of America) along with the earlier separated Methodist Protestant Church of 1828.[4]

In 1968,the Evangelical United Brethren Church and the Methodist Church, the churches became the second largest Protestant denomination in America, The United Methodist Church[1].

Its book of liturgy used for the reunited denomination was "The Book of Worship for Church and Home", editions of which were published in 1945 and later revised in 1965. They had two official hymnals, the first being "The Methodist Hymnal", published in 1935 and 1939 by the same three church bodies that later became The Methodist Church. It was replaced in 1966 by "The Book of Hymns".

The Methodist Church then later merged with the Evangelical United Brethren Church on April 23, 1968, to form "The United Methodist Church" with its headquarters, offices and publishing houses in Nashville, Tennessee. Over the next few years most of the individual local congregations in the two bodies under the names of "Methodist Church" or "Evangelical United Brethren Church" changed the latter part of their name to: " ------ United Methodist Church". The new U.M.C. became one of the largest and most widely spread across the nation, denominations in America.[5]

Methodism spread rapidly throughout the United States in the late 18th and early 19th centuries through itinerant preachers.[6]


Methodist is member of a Christian Protestant denomination originating in the 18th-century evangelistic movement of Charles Wesley and John Wesley and George Whitefield.[7]

Methodism represents a branch of Protestant Christianity that traces its heritage back to John Wesley and his attempts to bring revival within the Church of England in the early 18th century C.E. Methodism holds many of the basic Protestant Christian beliefs, including the inspiration and authority of scripture for faith and practice, the doctrines of the Trinity and the divinity of Jesus, and the necessity of grace to save humans from the consequences of sin.[8]


Methodism, 18th-century movement founded by John Wesley that sought to reform the Church of England from within. The movement, however, became separate from its parent body and developed into an autonomous church. There were roughly 15 million Methodists worldwide at the turn of the 21st century.[9]

In 1784, when there was a shortage of ordained ministers in America after the Revolution, the Bishop of London refused to ordain a Methodist for the United States. Feeling himself forced to act and believing that biblical principles allowed a presbyter to ordain, Wesley ordained Thomas Coke as superintendent and two others as presbyters. In the same year, by a Deed of Declaration, he appointed a Conference of 100 men to govern the Society of Methodists after his death[9]

In 1907 the Methodist New Connexion, the Bible Christians, and the United Methodist Free Churches joined to form the United Methodist Church; and in 1932 the Wesleyan Methodist Church, the Primitive Methodist Church, and the United Methodist Church came together to form the Methodist Church.[9]

Women were given limited clergy rights in 1924 and were accepted for full ordination in 1956. In 1980 the United Methodist Church elected its first woman bishop, and it has elected more since.[9]


  1. ^ a b c "What the Methodist Church Believes and Practices". Religion & Spirituality. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ "United Methodist Church Timeline - GCAH". Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  3. ^ "United Methodist Church Timeline - GCAH". Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  4. ^ The Book of Discipline of the United Methodist Church, 1984, page 10
  5. ^ The Constitution of The United Methodist Church, Preamble footnote, as found in "The Book of Discipline" "of the United Methodist Church", 1984, page 20.
  6. ^ "Methodist Origins, Methodist History, Methodist Beliefs". Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  7. ^ "the definition of Methodist". Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  8. ^ "Methodist Origins, Methodist History, Methodist Beliefs". Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Methodism | religion". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2015-12-01.