The Miracle Worker (1962 film)
|The Miracle Worker|
|Directed by||Arthur Penn|
|Produced by||Fred Coe|
|Screenplay by||William Gibson|
|Based on||The Miracle Worker |
by William Gibson
|Music by||Laurence Rosenthal|
|Edited by||Aram Avakian|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|Box office||$2.5 million (rentals)|
The Miracle Worker is a 1962 American biographical film about Anne Sullivan, blind tutor to Helen Keller, directed by Arthur Penn. The screenplay by William Gibson is based on his 1959 play of the same title, which originated as a 1957 broadcast of the television anthology series Playhouse 90. Gibson's secondary source material was The Story of My Life, the 1902 autobiography of Helen Keller.
The film went on to be an instant critical success and a moderate commercial success. The film was nominated for five Academy Awards, including Best Director for Arthur Penn, and won two awards, Best Actress for Anne Bancroft and Best Supporting Actress for Patty Duke. The Miracle Worker also holds a perfect 100% score from the movie critics site Rotten Tomatoes.
Young Helen Keller (Patty Duke), blind and deaf since infancy due to a severe case of scarlet fever, is frustrated by her inability to communicate and subject to frequent violent and uncontrollable outbursts as a result. Unable to deal with her, her terrified and helpless parents contact the Perkins School for the Blind for assistance. In response they send Anne Sullivan (Anne Bancroft), a former student, to the Keller home to tutor her. What ensues is a battle of wills as Anne breaks down Helen's walls of silence and darkness through persistence, love, and sheer stubbornness. In the midst of the battle, Anne ultimately teaches Helen to make a connection between her hand signs and the objects in Helen's world for which they stand.
- Anne Bancroft as Anne Sullivan
- Patty Duke as Helen Keller
- Victor Jory as Captain Arthur Keller
- Inga Swenson as Kate Keller
- Andrew Prine as James Keller
- Kathleen Comegys as Aunt Ev
- Beah Richards as Viney (uncredited)
- Jack Hollander as Mr. Anagnos (uncredited)
- Michael Darden as Percy (uncredited)
- Dale Ellen Bethea as Martha (uncredited)
- John Bliss as Admissions Officer (uncredited)
- Judith Lowry as 1st Crone (uncredited)
- William F. Haddock as 2nd Crone (uncredited)
- Helen Ludlam as 3rd Crone (uncredited)
Despite the fact Anne Bancroft had won the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play for her performance in the Broadway production, United Artists executives wanted a bigger name cast as Anne Sullivan in the film adaptation. They offered to budget the film at $5 million if Elizabeth Taylor was cast but only $500,000 if director Arthur Penn insisted on using Bancroft. Penn, who had directed the stage production, remained loyal to his star. The move paid off, and Bancroft won an Oscar for her role in the film.
Also despite the fact that Patty Duke had played Helen Keller in the play, she almost did not get the part. The reason was that Duke, 15 years old at the time, was too old to portray a seven-year-old girl, but after Bancroft was cast as Anne, Duke was chosen to play Helen in the movie.
For the dining room battle scene, in which Anne tries to teach Helen proper table manners, both Bancroft and Duke wore padding beneath their costumes to prevent serious bruising during the intense physical skirmish. The nine-minute sequence required three cameras and took five days to film.
The film ranked #15 on AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers: America's Most Inspiring Movies.
In his review in The New York Times, Bosley Crowther observed, "The absolutely tremendous and unforgettable display of physically powerful acting that Anne Bancroft and Patty Duke put on in William Gibson's stage play The Miracle Worker is repeated by them in the film . . . But because the physical encounters between the two . . . seem to be more frequent and prolonged than they were in the play and are shown in close-ups, which dump the passion and violence right into your lap, the sheer rough-and-tumble of the drama becomes more dominant than it was on the stage . . . The bruising encounters between the two . . . are intensely significant of the drama and do excite strong emotional response. But the very intensity of them and the fact that it is hard to see the difference between the violent struggle to force the child to obey . . . and the violent struggle to make her comprehend words makes for sameness in these encounters and eventually an exhausting monotony. This is the disadvantage of so much energy. However, Miss Bancroft's performance does bring to life and reveal a wondrous woman with great humor and compassion as well as athletic skill. And little Miss Duke, in those moments when she frantically pantomimes her bewilderment and desperate groping, is both gruesome and pitiable."
Time Out London opined, "It's a stunningly impressive piece of work . . . deriving much of its power from the performances. Patty Duke and Anne Bancroft spark off each other with a violence and emotional honesty rarely seen in the cinema, lighting up each other's loneliness, vulnerability, and plain fear. What is in fact astonishing is the way that, while constructing a piece of very carefully directed and intelligently written melodrama, Penn manages to avoid sentimentality or even undue optimism about the value of Helen's education, and the way he achieves such a feeling of raw spontaneity in the acting."
Awards and honors
- Academy Award for Best Actress (Anne Bancroft, winner)
- Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress (Patty Duke, winner)
- Academy Award for Best Director (Arthur Penn, nominee)
- Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay (William Gibson, nominee)
- Academy Award for Best Black-and-White Costume Design (Ruth Morley, nominee)
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- 2003: AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains:
- 2005: AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores – Nominated
- 2006: AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers – #15
- List of American films of 1962
- Black (2005 film)
- List of films featuring the deaf and hard of hearing
- The Miracle Worker, Box Office Information. IMDb via Internet Archive. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
- The Miracle Worker at Turner Classic Movies
- New York Times review
- TV Guide review
- Time Out London review Archived 2009-02-03 at the Wayback Machine
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-14.
- "AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-14.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-14.