The Missiles of October
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|The Missiles of October|
DVD cover for the film
|Written by||Stanley R. Greenberg|
|Directed by||Anthony Page|
Howard Da Silva
|Theme music composer||Laurence Rosenthal|
|Country of origin||U.S.|
|Executive producer(s)||Irv Wilson|
|Running time||150 mins|
|Production company(s)||Maljack Productions
|Original release||18 December 1974|
The Missiles of October is a 1974 docudrama made-for-television play about the Cuban Missile Crisis. The title evokes the book The Guns of August by Barbara Tuchman about the missteps amongst the great powers and the failed chances to give an opponent a graceful way out, which led to the First World War. The teleplay introduced William Devane as John F. Kennedy and cast Martin Sheen as United States Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy. The script is based on Robert Kennedy's book Thirteen Days: A Memoir of the Cuban Missile Crisis.
The title of the play was influenced by the 1962 book The Guns of August by Barbara W. Tuchman, which describes various events leading to World War I; and, which had been read by President Kennedy shortly before the crisis. In the play, Kennedy compares events in the book to the crisis with the Soviet Union.
Staged as a two and a half hour television play, the production eschews physical action and detailed sets and wardrobes, in favor of emphasis on dialogue, emotion, and decision making. It depicts how the world came close to the brink of, and eventually stepped away from global thermonuclear war, highlighting the roles of President John F Kennedy, Attorney General Robert F Kennedy, Premier Nikita Khrushchev, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Adlai Stevenson, and former Secretary of State Dean Acheson in the crisis.
The Missiles of October gave the US general public its first look behind the scenes at the inner workings, disagreements, and ultimate consensus of Kennedy's administration to blockade Cuba, rather than attempt to invade to dislodge the just-discovered, only partially completed Soviet nuclear missile emplacements in Cuba. It details US attempts to give the Soviets room to negotiate without appearing to capitulate, and also periodically depicts Khrushchev reporting progress of the events to his Communist Party cohorts.
The play was directed by Anthony Page with writing credits given to Stanley R. Greenberg and Robert Kennedy.
- William Devane as John F. Kennedy, President of the United States
- Martin Sheen as Robert F. Kennedy, U.S. Attorney General
- Howard Da Silva as Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet Premier
- Ralph Bellamy as Adlai Stevenson, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations
- Michael Lerner as Pierre Salinger, White House Press Secretary
- Clifford David as Theodore Sorensen, White House Counsel
- John Dehner as Dean Acheson, former U.S. Secretary of State
- Nehemiah Persoff as Andrei Gromyko, Soviet Foreign Minister
- Albert Paulsen as Anatoly Dobrynin, Soviet Ambassador to the United States
- Dana Elcar as Robert McNamara, U.S. Secretary of Defense
- Larry Gates as Dean Rusk, U.S. Secretary of State
- William Prince as C. Douglas Dillon, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
- Keene Curtis as John McCone, Director of the CIA
- James Olson as McGeorge Bundy, U.S. National Security Advisor
- Andrew Duggan as Maxwell Taylor, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
- Robert P. Lieb as Curtis LeMay, Chief of Staff of the USAF
- Dennis Patrick as Llewellyn Thompson, Former U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union
- Kenneth Tobey as George W. Anderson Jr., Chief of Naval Operations
- James Hong as U Thant, U.N. Secretary General
- John Randolph as George Ball, Undersecretary of State
- Wright King as Richard Russell Jr., Senator
- Byron Morrow as J. William Fulbright, Senator
- Arthur Franz as Charles A. Halleck, Congressman
- Ron Feinberg as Charles de Gaulle, French President
- Paul Lambert as John A. Scali, ABC News Correspondent
- Doreen Lang as Evelyn Lincoln, President Kennedy's personal secretary
- Harris Yulin as Alexander Fomin, KGB spy
- Stewart Moss as Kenneth O'Donnell, Special Assistant to the President
- James T. Callahan as David Powers, Special Assistant to the President
- Peter Donat as David Ormsby-Gore, British Ambassador to the United States
- Thayer David as uncredited narrator
Technical Director Ernie Buttelman won the 1975 Emmy Award for outstanding achievement. There were several other Emmy nominations, including outstanding drama or comedy special; outstanding supporting actor in a comedy or drama special for Ralph Bellamy; and outstanding writing in an original teleplay for Greenberg. That same year Greenberg won the Humanitas Prize in the 90-minute category.
In 1997 the play won a Producers Guild of America Hall of Fame award.
- Thirteen Days (book), memoirs of the crisis by Robert Kennedy
- Thirteen Days (film), a retelling of the story with newly declassified information not available in 1974
- Cultural depictions of John F. Kennedy