The Moss

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The Moss
Footbridge over The Moss - geograph.org.uk - 737197.jpg
The Moss, just to the north of Troway.
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Physical characteristics
Main source Coalpit Wood, Coal Aston, Derbyshire
518 feet (158 m)
River mouth River Rother at Eckington
Length 4.8 miles (7.7 km)

The Moss is a brook in North East Derbyshire, England.

When Rother Valley Country Park was built in 1980s, they used water from The Moss to fill the lakes.[1]

Name[edit]

The name of the river derives from Moss Beck, which means 'stream through marshy ground'.[2]

Course[edit]

The Moss' source can be found just to the east of Jordanthorpe Parkway (B6057 road). The source is a natural spring which lies in an area of woodland called Coalpit Wood.

The river flows through the Moss Valley and through the villages of Geerlane, Birley Hay, Ford and Eckington. Several areas of woodland are traversed, these include Coalpit Wood, Long Wood and Eckington Park.The main tributaries of The Moss are the Robin Brook, the Owler Car Brook, Sickle Brook, Troway Brook, Sloadlane Brook, and Ridgeway Brook.

The Moss flows into the River Rother in Eckington, Derbyshire, near Eckington Mine.

Moss Valley[edit]

Moss Valley is the name of the valley carved out by The Moss, located in North East Derbyshire, just south of Sheffield, England. Nearby settlements include Charnock, Troway, Eckington, Mosborough, and Ridgeway.

Moss Valley is home to the Eckington Woods and Bluebell Woods, the latter being a local term coined because of the quantity of bluebells which cover the woods in the springtime.

The valley, which is formed by The Moss and its tributaries, covers an area of about 10 square kilometres (3.9 sq mi).[3][4]

Industry[edit]

Moss Valley, due to its location next to a river near several coal seams and rock outcrops, has seen lots of industry over its history.

Moss Valley has a long history of quarrying and mining. Most of the quarries and mines are now closed, but several are still open. The coal mine near to where The Moss flows into the River Rother, Eckington Coal Mine (a drift mine operated by Moorside Mining Co. Ltd.), is still open; as is Sicklebrook Quarry in Sicklebrook (near Troway).

There are also several mills in the valley. In several locations, The Moss has been dammed to create reservoirs and mill ponds.

Moss Valley used to be renowned for its excellent sickle and scythe production.

Sport and recreation[edit]

Moss Valley is popular among walkers, ramblers and cyclists.[citation needed] On a bank holiday the woods can be very busy with people, families and groups exploring the woods or linking the woods into a wider walk. Mountain bikers are a common sight in the area, and several trails are popular amongst local cyclists on both the Mosborough and the Eckington sides of the valley. The two ponds on the Ridgeway side are used for private fishing, and there is a car park at this end, as well as the Bridge Inn public house.

Wildlife[edit]

Multiple locations in the Moss Valley have been designated as Sites of Special Scientific Interest by English Nature.

The main Moss Valley SSSI consists of a 25.9 hectare strip of land along both banks of the Moss, starting at Bromehead Wood (just east of Ford) and ending at the Gashouse Lane road bridge just outside Eckington. It has been designated as an SSSI due to its value as a high quality habitat for invertebrates.[3] This site also includes about 5 hectares of the increasingly rare floodplain grazing marsh habitat.

Three distinct locations in the valley have been designated as part of the Moss Valley Meadows SSSI, mainly along the side valley of the Robin Brook, one of the Moss' main tributaries. The northern section of the SSSI is the largest and consists of a large area of forest clearings in the Near Hill Clough Wood and the Far Hill Clough Wood immediately to the south of Charnock, a southern suburb of Sheffield; the site is located mainly on the southern bank of the Robin Brook, with the clearings in the trees supporting a meadow habitat. The central section of the SSSI is located further south along the Robin Brook, close to Hazlehurst Farm, in forest clearings in Parson's Wood and the neighborouring Joshua Holt woodland on the southern bank of the Robin Brook. The southern section of the SSSI is located in an area of open land just outside Geerlane, on the southern bank of the Moss where it is joined by the Robin Brook.[5]

Another two distinct locations in the valley have been designated as part of the Moss Valley Woods SSSI. Both are located on the southern slopes of the valley, high above the Moss. The western section is the larger of the two, located in a section of Whinacre Wood, Cook Spring Wood and Owler Car Wood to the north-east of Coal Aston. The eastern section is located in an area of Moor Mires Wood, Mires Spring Wood and Brownstorth Wood, between Sicklebrook to the west and Troway to the east.[6] There is a variety of common English woodland wildlife in the woods. Species often seen include; badgers, hares, roe deer,[7] foxes, rabbits and owls. The 85 species of moths and butterflies includes the white-letter hairstreak.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rother Valley Country Park History". Rother Valley Country Park. Retrieved 26 February 2011. 
  2. ^ Cameron, Kenneth (1959). The Place-Names of Derbyshire. Cambridge University Press. p. 13. 
  3. ^ a b "Moss Valley" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 26 February 2011. 
  4. ^ "Moss Valley Meadows" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 26 February 2011. 
  5. ^ http://magic.defra.gov.uk/MagicMap.aspx?startTopic=Designations&activelayer=sssiIndex&query=HYPERLINK%3D%271004522%27
  6. ^ http://magic.defra.gov.uk/MagicMap.aspx?startTopic=Designations&activelayer=sssiIndex&query=HYPERLINK%3D%271004522%27
  7. ^ a b Moss Valley Woodlands, WildSheffield, accessed 1 September 2009

Coordinates: 53°19′01″N 1°22′52″W / 53.317°N 1.381°W / 53.317; -1.381