The Move

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The Move
The Move in 1967: from left to right, Carl Wayne, Roy Wood, Ace Kefford, Bev Bevan and Trevor Burton
The Move in 1967: from left to right, Carl Wayne, Roy Wood, Ace Kefford, Bev Bevan and Trevor Burton
Background information
OriginBirmingham, Warwickshire, England
Years active
  • 1965–1972
  • 2004–2014
  • 2016
Past membersList

The Move were a British rock band of the late 1960s and the early 1970s. They scored nine top 20 UK singles in five years, but were among the most popular British bands not to find any real success in the United States.[1][2] For most of their career the Move were led by guitarist, singer and songwriter Roy Wood. He wrote all the group's UK singles and, from 1968, also sang lead vocals on many songs. Initially, the band had four main vocalists (Wood, Carl Wayne, Trevor Burton and Chris "Ace" Kefford) who divided amongst themselves the lead vocal duties.[1]

The Move evolved from several mid-1960s Birmingham-based groups, including Carl Wayne & the Vikings, the Nightriders and the Mayfair Set. Their name referred to the move various members of these bands made to form the group.[3] Besides Wood, the Move's original five-piece line-up in 1965 was drummer Bev Bevan, bassist Ace Kefford, vocalist Carl Wayne and guitarist Trevor Burton.[3] By 1972, the Move had been reduced to a trio consisting of Wood, Bevan and Jeff Lynne, formerly of the Idle Race. The band's later years saw this lineup develop a side project called Electric Light Orchestra, which would go on to achieve major international success after the Move's disbandment.

Between 2007 and 2014, Burton and Bevan performed intermittently as "The Move featuring Bev Bevan and Trevor Burton".


Formation and early career[edit]

The Move were formed in December 1965, and played their debut show at the Belfry, Wishaw, on 23 January 1966. The original intentions of Trevor Burton, Ace Kefford and Roy Wood were to start a group from among Birmingham's best musicians—along similar lines to the Who. The three played together at jam sessions at Birmingham's Cedar Club, and invited Carl Wayne and Bev Bevan to join their new group. After a debut at the Bell Hotel in Stourbridge in January 1966, and further bookings around the Birmingham area, Moody Blues manager Tony Secunda offered to manage them. At the time, the Move mainly played covers of American west coast groups such as the Byrds together with Motown and rock 'n' roll songs. Many of the band's selections for their songs came from the extensive record collection of Danny King, a former bandmate of Burton.[4] Although Carl Wayne handled most of the lead vocals, all the band members shared harmonies, and each was allowed at least one lead vocal per show (and often traded lead vocals within specific songs).[5]

Secunda got them a weekly residency at London's Marquee Club in 1966, where they appeared dressed as gangsters.[3] Their early career was marked by a series of publicity stunts, high-profile media events and outrageous stage antics masterminded by Secunda; these included Wayne taking an axe to television sets.[3] Wood was uncomfortable with this sensationalism, and many concert promoters responded by banning the Move from live performances, but the stunts succeeded in drawing media attention and concert audiences to the group.[4] Eventually, Secunda also managed to persuade Wood to begin writing songs for the band during his time off.[5] They secured a production contract with independent record producer Denny Cordell, but that was turned into a media event by Secunda, who arranged for the band to sign their contracts on the back of Liz Wilson, a topless female model. Wood wrote their first single, "Night of Fear", a No. 2 hit on the UK Singles Chart in January 1967,[6] which began the Move's practice of musical quotation (in this case, the 1812 Overture by Tchaikovsky).[2] Their second single, "I Can Hear the Grass Grow", was another major hit, reaching No. 5 in the UK.[6]

In April 1967, NME reported that the Move had offered a £200 reward (equivalent to £4,600 in 2024)[7] for the recovery of the master tapes of ten songs intended for their debut album. The tapes were stolen from their agent's car when it was parked in Denmark Street, London.[8] The tapes were found in a skip (dumpster) shortly afterward, but the damage caused to them meant that new mixes and masters would have to be made, resulting in the delayed album only being released in March 1968 instead of the original plan of autumn 1967. Their third single "Flowers in the Rain" was the first chart single played on BBC Radio 1 when it began broadcasting at 7 am on 30 September 1967, introduced by Tony Blackburn. The single, which reached No. 2 in the UK,[6] was less guitar-orientated than their previous two singles, and featured a woodwind and string arrangement by Cordell's assistant Tony Visconti.[3] The track was released on the re-launched Regal Zonophone label.[2]

Legal issues[edit]

Without consulting the band, Secunda produced a cartoon postcard to promote the single "Flowers in the Rain"; this showed the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Harold Wilson, in bed with his secretary, Marcia Williams. Wilson sued the Move for libel and the group lost the law suit; they had to pay all costs, and all royalties earned by the song were awarded to charities of Wilson's choice.[3] The ruling remained in force even after Wilson's death in 1995.[3] In the Family Trees documentary special on the Birmingham music scene, Wood says that while the band as a whole lost their royalties, it affected him the most, as he wrote the song.[9]

For their fourth single the group had planned to release "Cherry Blossom Clinic", a lighthearted song about the fantasies of a patient in a mental institution, backed by the satirical "Vote For Me". However, the Move had been unnerved by their court experiences; they and the record label felt it unwise to pursue such a potentially controversial idea, so the single was shelved. "Vote For Me" remained unreleased until it appeared on retrospective collections from 1997 onwards, while "Cherry Blossom Clinic" became one of the tracks on their first LP, called Move.[2]

As a direct consequence of the lawsuit, the Move fired Secunda and hired Don Arden, who had himself recently been fired as manager of the Small Faces. In a 2000 interview, Wayne noted that there had always been a major split within the group about Secunda's tactics: "[Secunda] had the animals who would do what he wanted to do in Trevor, Ace, and me—the fiery part of the stage act. I think Roy would obviously qualify this himself, but I believe he was slightly embarrassed by the image and the stunts—but the rest of us weren't ... We were always willing to be Secunda puppets."[10]

Pop success and dissolution[edit]

During November and December 1967 the group took part in another package tour around the UK, playing two shows a night over sixteen days, as part of an all-star bill that included the Jimi Hendrix Experience, Pink Floyd, the Nice, Eire Apparent, the Outer Limits, Amen Corner, along with then-BBC Radio 1 DJ Pete Drummond.[11] In March 1968, the Move returned to the charts with "Fire Brigade", another UK Top 3 hit,[6] and the first on which Wood sang lead vocal. A few weeks later, around the time of the LP's release, Kefford was let go from the band due to increasing personal problems, escalated by drug usage.[12] Wood stated that from the day the band was founded, Kefford had not got along well with any of the other band members.[4] The Move then became a four-piece, in which Burton and (occasionally) Wayne took turns on bass on stage.[2]

The Move were on the bill at the inaugural Isle of Wight Festival on 31 August 1968. In mid-1968, their fifth single "Wild Tiger Woman", a song acknowledging the group's love of Jimi Hendrix (Wood and Burton sang backing vocals on "You Got Me Floatin'" on the Jimi Hendrix Experience's second album, Axis: Bold as Love), sold poorly and failed to make the UK chart.[3] The Move responded with their most commercially successful song to date, "Blackberry Way" (co-produced by Jimmy Miller), which topped the UK chart in February 1969.[6] Wayne refused to sing the song, so it was recorded as a trio with Wood again handling lead vocal.[4] Richard Tandy played keyboards on "Blackberry Way" and joined the band for a time, playing keyboards live, and switching to bass when Burton was briefly sidelined with a shoulder injury.[2] Upon Burton's recovery, Tandy departed to join the Uglys.[2] The new, more pop-oriented musical direction, and the single hitting number one was the last straw for the increasingly disenchanted Burton, who wanted to work in a more hard rock/blues-oriented style, and he left the group in February 1969 after an altercation on stage with Bevan in Sweden.[3]

At this time the band invited Jeff Lynne, a friend of Wood, to join. He turned the offer down, for he was still working toward success in the Idle Race, another Birmingham-based group. It was rumoured in the music press that Hank Marvin of the recently disbanded Shadows had been invited to join the Move. Some years later, Wayne recalled that to be nothing more than a publicity stunt; however, Marvin himself, in an article in Melody Maker in 1973 and elsewhere, has maintained that he was approached by Wood and invited to join the Move, but declined because their schedule was too hectic for him.[citation needed] Bevan confirmed in a 2014 interview that the band invited Marvin, but they never expected him to accept.[13] Burton was ultimately replaced in 1969 by Rick Price, another veteran of several Birmingham rock groups, who joined on a temporary, non-contractual basis.[3] Thus, the group in spring 1969 consisted of Wayne (vocals), Wood (guitar, vocals), Bevan (drums), and Price (bass, vocals).

Both Ace Kefford and Trevor Burton struggled commercially after leaving the Move. Kefford formed his own short-lived group, the Ace Kefford Stand, with Cozy Powell on drums.[2] After this, he pursued a solo career and recorded a solo album in 1968, but it remained un-released until 2003 when it appeared as Ace The Face. Burton played bass with yet another Birmingham group, the Steve Gibbons Band, was one-third of the short-lived band Balls (with Denny Laine and Alan White), and later fronted his own blues group as lead guitarist.

In October 1969 the Move made their only concert appearances in the US, opening two shows for the Stooges in Detroit, and playing dates in Los Angeles and at the Fillmore West in San Francisco. When neither their US record company nor promoters showed any more interest—the band even had to make their own accommodation & travel arrangements—the remaining proposed tour dates in New York were cancelled and the group returned home. During that period, Arden sold the Move's management contract to impresario Peter Walsh, who was at the time also managing the Marmalade.[citation needed] Walsh, who specialised in cabaret acts, began booking the band into cabaret-style venues, which further increased the tension between Wayne and Wood.[4] Bevan later said the others felt "old before their time" when playing cabaret dates. By this point, Wood was openly discussing his desire to form a band playing more eclectic music, including both harder rock and classical instruments, which he tentatively dubbed "The Electric Light Orchestra".

The Move's second album, 1970's Shazam, continued the Move's practice of musical quotation, and of elaborately re-arranged versions of other performers' songs. "Hello Susie" (a Wood composition), which was a Top 5 hit for Amen Corner in 1969, quoted Booker T. Jones' and Eddie Floyd's "Big Bird". The album also featured a slightly slower re-recording of "Cherry Blossom Clinic", an instrumental medley of public domain works, and a cover of a Tom Paxton song, "The Last Thing on My Mind". Despite such superficial similarities with their past, however, the album represented a clear break from the Move's identity as a pop group, reintroducing them as a hard-edged underground band.[4] Burton played bass on a couple of tracks as they had been recorded before he left, although this was not credited at the time.[citation needed]

Well aware that Wood was intent on setting up his new, orchestral rock project, Wayne suggested that Wood concentrate on performing with his new band while continuing to write songs for the Move, which would be reorganized with a lineup consisting of Wayne, Burton, and Kefford; however, his suggestion was rejected by Wood, Bevan and Price, so after getting angry and embarrassed witnessing a fight between Wood and a drunken audience member in Sheffield, Wayne quit the group in January 1970, a month before the release of Shazam.[14] He subsequently worked in a variety of musical ventures and appeared on television and radio. In 2000, he replaced Allan Clarke as lead singer of the Hollies and performed with them as lead singer until his death from cancer in 2004.

Jeff Lynne and a new direction[edit]

Upon Wayne's departure, the Move jettisoned Walsh as manager and returned to Arden. Lynne agreed to join the band as a second guitarist and pianist, enthused by Wood's ELO idea. Wood also wanted a second songwriter in the band to relieve the pressure on himself. The band's first recording with Lynne was a single, "Brontosaurus". Feeling nervous as the band were about to go on stage for a television spot for the song, Wood spontaneously combed his hair out to make it look wild and applied black-and-white makeup with a star in the middle of his forehead, thus birthing the "Wizzard" image he would use extensively in his post-Move career and helping define the Move's image for the rest of their run.[4] Soon afterward, the band toured Ireland and Germany. In August 1970, the group was the lead act at the Knighton Rock Festival, staged in the small Radnorshire town of Knighton. In a radio interview, Bevan stated that the Move had ceased playing all of their prior songs except for "I Can Hear the Grass Grow" and were now playing mostly originals except for a few re-arranged covers (such as "She's a Woman"), as the band transitioned from mainstream pop toward progressive rock with its new alignment.

For the rest of the year, the Move concentrated on studio work, because they still owed one more album under their existing contract with Essex Music (David Platz) – which Essex Music was planning to use to set up its own record label, Fly Records. To prepare for their new direction, Wood and Lynne overdubbed multiple instruments, including piano, woodwinds, sitar, and a Chinese cello that Wood had bought. However, before the third album Looking On was completed, Arden signed the new Wood-Lynne-Bevan band (without Price, who was not under contract with the Move) to a three-album deal with the Harvest Records division of EMI that included a £25,000 (equivalent to £488,400 in 2024).[7] advance (announced at the time as £100,000 (equivalent to £1,953,800 in 2024).[7], but still more money (£8,333 each) (equivalent to £162,800 in 2024)[7] than the band had seen so far, despite its success). As a result, by the time Looking On was released in December 1970, with five songs composed by Wood and two by Lynne, Fly Records had lost interest in it, despite the fact that the album included a No. 7 hit, "Brontosaurus",[6] which was the band's last recording for Regal Zonophone.[2] The second single from the album, "When Alice Comes Back to the Farm", failed to chart on Fly.[2] The song intended as the B-side of that single, "10538 Overture", was ultimately held by the band for its new Electric Light Orchestra project, and Price's bass line was deleted and re-recorded by Wood, since Price was not part of the new group. Price in fact was unaware that the Move were working without him, until he heard about new material being made in early 1971. He then pursued other projects, including the band Mongrel, although he later rejoined Wood in Wizzard and the short-lived Wizzo Band. He went on to work in musical management, and also formed the duo Price and Lee with his wife Dianne Lee, formerly of the duo Peters and Lee.

Toward the first split[edit]

The Move/Electric Light Orchestra in 1973

Although Wood, Lynne and Bevan had intended Looking On to be the final Move album, Harvest requested that the new group first release a new Move album, in the same vein as Looking On, as the first album under its new deal, with the other two albums to be credited to the new group, in order to recoup the advance given to the band. As a result, the band recorded the last Move album and the first Electric Light Orchestra album at the same time—even during the same lengthy recording sessions (due to all the overdubbing by Wood and Lynne). The final Move LP, Message from the Country, was released in summer 1971.[2] Wood's "Ben Crawley Steel Company" featured a Bevan lead vocal that was modelled on Johnny Cash, while Bevan's "Don't Mess Me Up" (sung by Wood) paid homage to Elvis Presley, complete with fake Jordanaires. Although Wood and music critics continue to hold Message from the Country in high regard,[4][15] in 2005 Bevan referred to that album as his least favourite from the Move.[16] The album was followed by two more Wood-penned hit singles, "Tonight" and "Chinatown".[2][6] For several television appearances behind those songs, the Move added two musicians who became members of the original ELO: Bill Hunt (horns, woodwinds, piano) and a returning Richard Tandy (guitar, bass).

In 1972, after the release of the first Electric Light Orchestra album, the Move released what turned out to be a farewell record, a maxi single consisting of "California Man", "Ella James" (from Message, but a track originally planned by EMI to be their first single on the Harvest label) and "Do Ya".[2] "California Man", a No. 7 UK hit[6]—featuring baritone saxophones, a double bass, and a riff borrowed from George Gershwin—was an affectionate tribute to Jerry Lee Lewis (the double bass had Lewis's nickname, "Killer", written on it) and Little Richard, with Lynne and Wood trading verses and lines.[3][4] Meanwhile, Lynne's "Do Ya" became the Move's best-known song in the US; it was the only Move song to reach the US Billboard Hot 100 chart at No. 93.[17] (However, the Electric Light Orchestra's remake of "Do Ya", recorded after Wood's departure, was a significant US hit in 1977.)[1] With the release of the album The Electric Light Orchestra, within weeks of the last single being released, they appeared on television promoting both the Move's last single and ELO's debut single (the long-delayed "10538 Overture") at the same time. Wood and Hunt quit ELO during the early recording sessions of ELO's second album, ELO 2, which was the group's final album under their Harvest Records contract. Wood went on to front the glam rock band Wizzard, as well as releasing a solo album in 1973, Boulders, while Lynne, Bevan and Tandy kept touring as ELO and finally achieved international success. Boulders was recorded during Wood's time with the Move, but its release was held off because Lynne and Bevan wished it not to compete with the Move's albums.[4]

Resurrection and break-up[edit]

A one-off reunion occurred on 28 April 1981, at the Locarno in Birmingham, involving Wood, Bevan, and Kefford.[18] Several other Birmingham bands of the era also reunited for the event, which was a charity fundraiser.

In 2004, after the death of Wayne, Bevan formed the Bev Bevan Band—shortly to be renamed 'Bev Bevan's Move' (without any other past members), in order to capitalise on the Move's continuing reputation and belated success. Bevan recruited former ELO Part II colleagues guitarist Phil Bates and keyboard player Neil Lockwood, plus bassist Phil Tree, to play a set on tour composed mostly of classics by the Move. Wood expressed extreme displeasure at that development.[19][20]

Former Move guitarist Burton joined the band on occasion during 2006, and joined permanently in 2007 (Wayne had tried to broker a reunion between Bevan and Burton before his death, and was to be involved with the new band). Bates departed in July 2007 to re-join ELO Part II (now renamed the Orchestra) and was replaced with Gordon Healer. The Autumn 2007 tour was billed as "the Move featuring Trevor Burton and Bev Bevan".[21]

In 2014, the band toured as the Move with a lineup consisting of Bevan, Burton, Tree, keyboardist/vocalist Abby Brant, and guitarist/vocalist Tony Kelsey. On 2 May 2014, Bev Bevan announced through a Facebook post that the Move had broken up, and that he and Burton would tour separately with groups called "the Bev Bevan Band" and "the Trevor Burton Band".[22][23] In December 2014 the Bev Bevan Band completed their "Stand Up And Rock" tour, which lasted for almost 50 dates, in conjunction with Bevan's childhood friend Jasper Carrott. Guests on the tour included Trevor Burton, Geoff Turton and Joy Strachan-Brain, alongside Bevan, Kelsey, Tree and Brant.

In 2016 the band announced that they had reformed again, and were due to perform at The Core Theatre in Solihull, West Midlands, with a line-up consisting of Bevan, Burton, Tree, and Kelsey;[24] however, it was later revealed that the band performing would no longer be billed as 'The Move', but as 'Bev Bevan's Zing Band', and would not feature Burton; with the line-up consisting of Bevan, Tree, and Kelsey, along with a returning Abby Brant, and Geoff Turton on lead vocals.[25]



Final lineup

  • Bev Bevan – drums, percussion, vocals (1965–1972, 2004–2014)
  • Trevor Burton – guitar, bass, vocals (1965–1969, 2007–2014) (unofficial member 2004–2007)
  • Phil Tree – bass, vocals (2004–2014)
  • Abby Brant – keyboards, vocals (2014)
  • Tony Kelsey – guitar, vocals (2014)



  1. ^ a b c Unterberger, Richie. "Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Strong, Martin C. (2000). The Great Rock Discography (5th ed.). Edinburgh: Mojo Books. pp. 673–675. ISBN 1-84195-017-3.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Roberts, David (1998). Guinness Rockopedia (first ed.). London: Guinness Publishing Ltd. p. 282. ISBN 0-85112-072-5.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Sharp, Ken (30 September 1994). "Roy Wood: The Wizzard of Rock". The Move Online. Archived from the original on 15 January 2008.
  5. ^ a b Brumbeat: The Move. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 381. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
  7. ^ a b c d UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 7 May 2024.
  8. ^ Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (first ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 171. CN 5585.
  9. ^ Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "Rock Family Trees - The Birmingham Beat - Full length version". YouTube. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  10. ^ Carl Wayne, 2000 interview Archived 2 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine, The Move Online. Retrieved November 2006.
  11. ^ "Syd Barrett Pink Floyd Psychedelic Music Progressive Music: 12/3/67 Pink Floyd Poster – Hendrix Package Tour". Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  12. ^ Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (first ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 183. CN 5585.
  13. ^ "Interview: Bev Bevan (The Move, ELO, Black Sabbath) • Hit Channel". 5 March 2014. Archived from the original on 10 February 2021. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
  14. ^ "History". Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  15. ^ Farrar, Justin (15 June 2010). "The 10 Best (Longhaired) Power-Pop Albums of the 1970s". Archived from the original on 26 January 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
  16. ^ Liner notes, Message from the Country re-issue, EMI Records, 2005.
  17. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2003). Top Pop Singles 1955–2002. Billboard. ISBN 0-89820-155-1.
  18. ^ Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "The Move - I Can Hear The Grass Grow Live Locarno 28 Apr 81.wmv". YouTube. 14 May 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
  19. ^ "The Move Online: Roy Wood 'Move' Statement". 9 July 2011. Archived from the original on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 30 July 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  20. ^ Mojo magazine, 2007
  21. ^ Bev Bevan interview with Johnnie Walker, BBC Radio 2, 20 September 2007
  22. ^ Bevan, Bev (2 May 2014). "Bev Bevan announces breakup of the Move". Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  23. ^ Kelley, Ken (3 May 2014). "The Move Announce Their Break-Up". Ultimate Classic Rock. Town Square Media. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  24. ^ "Bev Bevan's Zing Band at The Core Theatre on 17 Sep 2016". Retrieved 30 July 2017.
  25. ^ "Bev Bevan's Zing Band". Archived from the original on 30 July 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016.

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