The Mummy (franchise)

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The Mummy is the title of several horror-adventure film series centered on an ancient Egyptian priest who is accidentally resurrected, bringing with him a powerful curse, and the ensuing efforts of heroic archaeologists to stop him. These three series of films accompany a spin-off film series, two comic book adaptations, three video games, an animated television series, and a roller coaster ride.

Universal Monsters film series (1932–1955)[edit]

The original series of films consisted of six installments, which starred iconic horror actors such as Boris Karloff (only in the original one, as Imhotep); Tom Tyler and Lon Chaney Jr. as Kharis; and lastly Eddie Parker, who played Klaris, a cousin of Kharis. The series of films is part of the larger Universal Monsters franchise.

Year Film The Mummy actor
1932 The Mummy Boris Karloff
1940 The Mummy's Hand Tom Tyler
1942 The Mummy's Tomb
Lon Chaney Jr.
1944
The Mummy's Ghost
The Mummy's Curse
1955 Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy Eddie Parker

Hammer Horror series (1959–1971)[edit]

In 1959, the British Hammer Film Productions began its own The Mummy series of films. These include the following:

Stephen Sommers series (1999–2008)[edit]

The Mummy
The Mummy Trilogy Blu-ray Boxset.jpg
Trilogy box set cover
Directed by Stephen Sommers
(The Mummy and The Mummy Returns)
Rob Cohen
(The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor)
Produced by Sean Daniel
James Jacks
Screenplay by Stephen Sommers
(The Mummy and The Mummy Returns)
Alfred Gough
Miles Millar
(The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor)
Starring Brendan Fraser
Rachel Weisz
John Hannah
Music by Jerry Goldsmith
Alan Silvestri
Randy Edelman
John Debney (additional music)
Edited by Bob Ducsay
Ray Bushey III
Kelly Matsumoto
Joel Negron
Production
company
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release date
1999–2008
Running time
368 minutes
Country United States
Egypt
Language English
Arabic
Budget $323 million
Box office $1.415 billion

Overview[edit]

Originally a proposed remake of The Mummy would have been directed by horror filmmaker/writer Clive Barker. Barker’s vision for the film was violent, with the story revolving around the head of a contemporary art museum who turns out to be a cultist trying to reanimate mummies.[1][2] Barker's take was "dark, sexual and filled with mysticism",[3] and that, "it would have been a great low-budget movie".[1]

In 1999, Stephen Sommers wrote and directed a remake of The Mummy, loosely based on the original film of 1932. This film switches genres from the emphasis on horror to adventure, concentrating more on action sequences, special effects, comedy, and a higher element of Egyptian lore. The film became a box office success spawning two sequels, several video games, a spin-off series, and an animated television series. The first two films received mixed reviews, while the third one received mostly negative reviews.

The Mummy trilogy[edit]

  • The Mummy, 1999
    It is the year 1926 and Richard “Rick” O'Connell, an American explorer, has discovered Hamunaptra, the city of the dead. Later, he meets with a beautiful librarian, Evelyn "Evy" Carnahan and her brother, Jonathan. When Evy accidentally revives the mummified corpse of an Egyptian priest, Imhotep, the pair must find a way to kill him before he rises back into power and destroys the world.
  • The Mummy Returns, 2001
    In 1933, Rick O'Connell and Evelyn Carnahan are married with a 7-year-old son, Alex. When Alex triggers a curse and Imhotep is resurrected, Rick and Evy must once again try to save the world and defeat the mummy.
  • The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor, 2008
    Set in 1946, the film continues the adventures of Rick O'Connell, his wife Evy, and his son Alex against a different mummy, the Dragon Emperor (Jet Li) of China.

Cancelled fourth film[edit]

After Tomb of the Dragon Emperor was released, actress Maria Bello stated that another Mummy film will "absolutely" be made, and that she had already signed on.[4] Actor Luke Ford was signed on for three films as well.[5] But in 2012, Universal Pictures announced that they had cancelled the film and was focusing on a reboot.

The Scorpion King spin-off series (2002–2018)[edit]

This spin-off series follows the adventures of Mathayus, who would later be known as the Scorpion King and, eventually, become a foe in The Mummy Returns. The films are as follows:

Critical and public response[edit]

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore
The Mummy 57% (85 reviews) 48 (34 reviews) B
The Mummy Returns 47% (140 reviews) 48 (31 reviews) A-
The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor 13% (171 reviews) 31 (33 reviews) B-

Feature films[edit]

Number Title Release date Director Continuity
1 The Mummy December 22, 1932 Karl Freund Universal Monsters
2 The Mummy's Hand September 20, 1940 Christy Cabanne
3 The Mummy's Tomb October 23, 1942 Harold Young
4 The Mummy's Ghost July 7, 1944 Reginald Le Borg
5 The Mummy's Curse December 22, 1944 Leslie Goodwins
6 Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy June 23, 1955 Charles Lamont
7 The Mummy September 25, 1959 Terence Fisher Hammer Stand-alone Films
8 The Curse of the Mummy's Tomb October 18, 1964 Michael Carreras
9 The Mummy's Shroud March 15, 1967 John Gilling
10 Blood from the Mummy's Tomb October 14, 1971 Seth Holt
Michael Carreras
(Uncredited)
11 The Mummy May 7, 1999 Stephen Sommers The Mummy Trilogy
12 The Mummy Returns May 4, 2001
13 The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor August 1, 2008 Rob Cohen
14 The Mummy June 9, 2017 Alex Kurtzman Dark Universe

Cast and characters[edit]

List indicator(s)
  • A dark grey cell indicates the character was not in the film.
  • A P indicates the character was shown in a photograph and/or mentioned.
  • A U indicates a uncredited role.
  • A V indicates a voice-only role.
  • A C indicates a cameo appearance.
  • A L indicates an appearance wherein an actor's facial features were digitally imprinted upon another actor's face.
  • A Y indicates an appearance as a younger version of a pre-existing character.
  • An A indicates an appearance through archival footage, audio or stills.
Character Original films Hammer series The Mummy trilogy Animated series Dark Universe
The Mummy The Mummy's Hand The Mummy's Tomb The Mummy's Ghost The Mummy's Curse The Mummy The Curse of the Mummy's Tomb The Mummy's Shroud Blood from the Mummy's Tomb The Mummy The Mummy Returns The Mummy:
Tomb of the Dragon Emperor
The Mummy The Mummy
1932 1940 1942 1944 1959 1964 1967 1971 1999 2001 2008 2001-2003 2017
Imhotep
The Mummy
Boris Karloff Boris KarloffA  
 
Arnold Vosloo  
 
Jim Cummings  
 
Ardeth Bay   Oded Fehr   Nicholas Guest  
Ankh-es-en-Amon / Anck-su-namun
Helen Grosvenor / Meela Nais
Zita Johann  
 
Patricia Velásquez   Lenore Zann  
Frank Whemple David Manners  
Sir Joseph Whemple Arthur Byron   Raymond Huntley  
Ralph Norton Bramwell Fletcher  
Dr. Muller Edward Van Sloan  
Kharis
The Mummy
 
 
Tom Tyler Lon Chaney Jr. Christopher Lee Dickie Owen Eddie Powell  
 
Steve Banning   Dick Foran   Felix Aylmer  
Babe Hanson (née Jenson)   Wallace Ford  
Professor Andoheb / The High Priest   George Zucco  
Dr. Charles Petrie   Charles Trowbridge  
Marta Solvani   Peggy Moran  
The Great Solvani   Cecil Kellaway  
Mehemet Bey   Turhan Bey   George Pastell  
Dr. John Banning   John Hubbard   Peter Cushing  
Isobel Banning (née Evans)   Elyse Knox   Yvonne Furneaux  
Professor Norman   Frank Reicher  
Yousef Bey   John Carradine  
Tom Hervey   Robert Lowery  
Princess Ananka
Amina Mansori
 
 
Ramsay Ames Virginia Christine Yvonne Furneaux  
 
Inspector Walgreen   Barton MacLane  
Sheriff Elwood   Harry Shannon  
Dr. James Halsey
Dr. Jenny Halsey
  Dennis Moore   Annabelle Wallis
Betty Walsh   Kay Harding  
Pat Walsh   Addison Richards  
Dr. Ilzor Zandaab   Peter Coe  
Ragheb   Martin Kosleck  
Cajun Joe   Kurt Katch  
Inspector Mulrooney   Eddie Byrne  
Rick O'Connell   Brendan Fraser John Schneider  
Evelyn O'Connell (née Carnahan)
Princess Nefertiri
 
 
Rachel Weisz Maria Bello Grey DeLisle  
 
Jonathan Carnahan   John Hannah Tom Kenny  
Pharaoh Seti I   Aharon Ipalé  
Beni Gabor   Kevin J. O'Connor  
Dr. Allen Chamberlain   Jonathan Hyde  
Dr. Terrance Bey   Erick Avari  
Isaac Henderson   Stephen Dunham  
David Daniels   Corey Johnson  
Bernard Burns   Tuc Watkins  
Warden Gad Hassan   Omid Djalili  
Captain Winston Havlock   Bernard Fox  
Alexander "Alex" Rupert O'Connell   Freddie Boath Luke Ford Chris Marquette  
Mathayus
The Scorpion King
  Dwayne
"The Rock"
Johnson
 
Baltus Hafez   Alun Armstrong  
Lock-Nah   Adewale
Akinnuoye-
Agbaje
 
 
 
Izzy Buttons   Shaun Parkes  
Red Willits   Bruce Byron  
Jacques Clemons   Joe Dixon  
Jacob Spivey   Tom Fisher  
Han
The Dragon Emperor /
The Mummy
 
 
 
Jet Li  
 
 
General Yang   Anthony Wong  
Lin   Isabella Leong  
Mad Dog Maguire   Liam Cunningham  
Professor Roger Wilson   David Calder  
General Ming Guo   Russell Wong  
Zi-Yuan   Michelle Yeoh  
Sgt. Nick Morton
Set / The Mummy
  Tom Cruise
Princess Ahmanet
The Mummy
 
 
Sofia Boutella
Cpl. Chris Vail   Jake Johnson
Dr. Henry Jekyll
Mr. Eddie Hyde
  Russell Crowe
Col. Gideon Greenway   Courtney B. Vance


Crew[edit]

Crew/detail Film
Original films Hammer series The Mummy trilogy Dark Universe
The Mummy
(1932)
The Mummy's Hand
(1940)
The Mummy's Tomb
(1942)
The Mummy's Ghost
(1944)
The Mummy's Curse
(1944)
The Mummy
(1959)
The Mummy
(1999)
The Mummy Returns
(2001)
The Mummy:
Tomb of the Dragon Emperor

(2008)
The Mummy
(2017)
Director(s) Karl Freund Christy Cabanne Harold Young Reginald Le Borg Leslie Goodwins Terence Fisher Stephen Sommers Rob Cohen Alex Kurtzman
Producer(s) Carl Laemmle, Jr. Ben Pivar Oliver Drake
Ben Pivar
Michael Carreras
Anthony Nelson Keys
Sean Daniel
James Jacks
Sean Daniel
James Jacks
Bob Ducsay
Stephen Sommers
Sean Daniel
Alex Kurtzman
Roberto Orci
Chris Morgan
Writer(s) Screenplay:
John L. Balderston
Story:
Nina Wilcox Putnam & Richard Schayer
Griffen Jay
Maxwell Shane
Story:
Neil P. Varnick
Griffin Jay
Henry Sucher
Leon Abrams
Dwight V. Babcock
Jimmy Sangster Screenplay:
Stephen Sommers
Story:
Stephen Sommers, Lloyd Fonvielle & Kevin Jarre
Stephen Sommers Alfred Gough
Miles Millar
Jon Spaihts
Composer(s) James Dietrich Frank Skinner
(uncredited)
William Lava
Paul Sawtell
Franz Reizenstein Jerry Goldsmith Alan Silvestri Randy Edelman Brian Tyler
Editor(s) Milton Carruth Philip Cahn Milton Carruth Saul A. Goodkind Fred R. Feltshans Jr. Alfred Cox
James Needs
Bob Ducsay Bob Ducsay
Kelly Matsumoto
Joel Negron
Kelly Matsumoto
Paul Hirsch
Cinematographer Charles Stumar Elwood Bredell George Robinson William A. Sickner Virgil Miller Jack Asher Adrian Biddle Simon Duggan Ben Seresin
Production companies Hammer Film Productions Alphaville Films Relativity Media
The Sommers Company
Alphaville Films
K/O Paper Products
Sean Daniel Company
Distributor(s) Universal Pictures
Runtime 73 minutes 67 minutes 61 minutes 62 minutes 88 minutes 125 minutes 130 minutes 111 minutes 110 minutes
Release date December 22, 1932 September 20, 1940 October 23, 1942 July 7, 1944 December 22, 1944 25 September 1959 (UK) May 7, 1999 May 4, 2001 August 1, 2008 June 9, 2017

Derivative works[edit]

The entrance to Revenge of the Mummy: The Ride at Universal Studios Hollywood.

Two video game adaptations of The Mummy (1999) were developed by Rebellion Developments and published by Konami in 2000: an action-adventure game for the PlayStation and PC[6] as well as a Game Boy Color puzzle game.[7] Dreamcast version was announced but later cancelled in the late 2000. The Mummy Returns released in late 2001 for the PlayStation 2 and developed by Blitz Games, the Game Boy Color version was developed by GameBrains, both versions were published by Universal Interactive. The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor was released in 2008, developed by Eurocom for the PlayStation 2 and the Wii, the Nintendo DS released was developed by A2M, all versions were published by Sierra Entertainment. In March 2012, a massive multiplayer online game known as The Mummy Online was released.

In May 2001, Chaos! Comics released the first of a three-issue series inspired by the film, titled The Mummy: Valley of the Gods.[8] The plot was supposed to take place between the first film and The Mummy Returns. Rick and Evelyn are on their honeymoon in Egypt and end up embarking on yet another adventure where they must unravel the mysteries of the Orb of Destiny and discover the location of the Valley of the Gods hidden beneath the sands. However, the second and third issues were never published.[9] This was most likely due to Chaos later filing bankruptcy in 2002 and selling the rights to all their titles at that time. Years later in 2008, another Mummy comic series was released by IDW Publishing, spanning four issues. This series was titled The Mummy: The Rise and Fall of Xango's Ax. Unlike the preceding comic series, all of the planned issues were published.[10]

From 2001 until 2003, an animated series simply titled The Mummy was made by Universal Animation Studios where it was based on the Stephen Sommers series of films. The series was later renamed in the second season as The Mummy: Secrets of the Medjai.

The film also inspired a roller coaster ride named Revenge of the Mummy: The Ride in Universal Studios Theme Parks, Florida.[11] Similar rides can also be found in Hollywood and Singapore.[12]

Other Mummy-inspired movies[edit]

Reboot[edit]

On April 4, 2012, Universal Studios announced that they are developing a reboot of the series, with Jon Spaihts to write the film and Sean Daniel who produced the three films, will be returning as producer.[13] On May 1, 2012, Universal signed on with Roberto Orci and Alex Kurtzman a two-year deal to produce the Mummy reboot through their K/O Paper Products banner.[14] On September 24, 2012, it was announced that Universal has set Len Wiseman to direct the film.[15] In December 2012, it was being said that The Mummy reboot will be different from the classic trilogy, it'll be a completely new take on the mythology, and it will be set in present day.[16] On February 14, 2013, Universal set The Hunger Games' writer Billy Ray to write a competitive draft for the Mummy reboot against Spaihts written script.[17] On July 31, 2013, director Wiseman has left the film project due of schedule conflicts.[18] On September 13, 2013, news reported that Mama's director Andrés Muschietti is in talks to direct the film.[19]

In October 2013, Orci spoke to IGN, hinted that both The Mummy and Van Helsing reboots will have a shared universe.[20] On November 27, 2013, Universal has set the film for an April 22, 2016, release.[21] On May 6, 2014, director Muschetti left the film due to creative differences, which Spaihts wrote the latest draft of the script, which reimagined The Mummy in modern-day with new characters not seen in previous iterations and a protagonist imbued with a human personality.[22] On July 16, 2014, Universal announced that they had tapped Alex Kurtzman and Chris Morgan to develop all classic movie monsters which include Frankenstein, Dracula, The Wolf Man, Creature from the Black Lagoon, The Invisible Man, Bride of Frankenstein, and The Mummy.[23] The first film they will develop together will be The Mummy, for which they had begun the meetings.[23] So on July 30, Kurtzman was set to direct the film.[24] Next day, the film's release date was pushed back to March 27, 2017, when Universal announced the April 22 for its new film The Huntsman. The film's plot is set in Iraq and follows a Navy SEAL and his team that battle mummies led by Ashurbanipal.[25]

On October 14, 2015, The Hollywood Reporter reported that Kurtzman and Spaihts has two scripts with a male and a female mummy villain.[26] On November 24, 2015, Variety reports that Tom Cruise is in talks to star in the film. Variety also reports that Cruise isn’t expected to produce, but he will play a major part in development.[27] On December 8, 2015, The Hollywood Reporter has reported that Sofia Boutella is in talks for the female Mummy role in the reboot.[28] It was announced that Cruise and Boutella will star in the reboot with a June 9, 2017, release date.[29] In March 2016, Variety and The Hollywood Reporter has reported that Annabelle Wallis and Jake Johnson are in talks for a role of an archaeologist and a member of the military.[30][31] The film began production in April 2016 located in Oxford, England.[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Slotek, Jim (May 2, 1999). "Unwrapping The Mummy". Toronto Sun. 
  2. ^ The Mummy That Wasn't", Cinescape (May 3, 1999).
  3. ^ Hobson, Louis B (May 1, 1999). "Universal rolls out new, improved Mummy", Calgary Sun.
  4. ^ Adler, Shawn (2008-03-10). "'Mummy 3' Star Maria Bello Talks About Taking Over For Rachel Weisz, Fighting An Invisible Baddie". MTV. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  5. ^ "Luke Ford Signed For Three 'Mummy' Films". Bloody-Disgusting. 2008-07-16. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  6. ^ "The Mummy (PSX)". IGN. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  7. ^ "The Mummy (GBC)". GameSpot. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  8. ^ "The Mummy Valley of the Gods (Issue List)". Comic Collector Live Database. Retrieved 2011-03-29. 
  9. ^ "The Mummy Valley of the Gods (Issue #2)". Comic Collector Live Database. Retrieved 2011-03-29. 
  10. ^ "The Mummy: the Rise and Fall of Xango's Ax (Issue List)". Comic Collector Live Database. Retrieved 2011-03-29. 
  11. ^ "Universal Studios Hollywood - Revenge of the Mummy - the Ride". Archived from the original on 2008-10-18. 
  12. ^ "Revenge of the Mummy: The Ride at Universal Orlando Resort". 
  13. ^ Gallagher, Brian (4 April 2012). "'The Mummy' Gets Reboot from 'Prometheus' Writer Jon Spaihts". movieweb.com. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "Universal Signs Kurtzman And Orci; Pair Takes On 'The Mummy' And 'Van Helsing'". deadline.com. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  15. ^ Fleming Jr, Mike (24 September 2012). "Len Wiseman Wrapping Up Deal To Helm Universal Reboot Of 'The Mummy'". deadline.com. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  16. ^ "The Mummy Remake to Be an Epic Horror Movie Set in Present Day America". movieweb.com. 13 December 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  17. ^ Brodesser-Akner, Claude (14 February 2013). "Starving for Mummy Reboot, Universal Hires Hunger Games Screenwriter to Pen Competing Script". vulture.com. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  18. ^ Sneider, Jeff (31 July 2013). "Director Len Wiseman Exits 'The Mummy' Reboot at Universal". thewrap.com. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  19. ^ Kit, Borys (13 September 2013). "'Mama' Director in Talks to Helm 'Mummy' Reboot for Universal". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  20. ^ Tilly, Chris (18 October 2013). "Bob Orci Discusses Van Helsing Reboot". ign.com. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  21. ^ "Universal Dates 'The Mummy' Reboot For April 2016, Pushes 'Warcraft' Out Of 'Star Wars' Slot". deadline.com. 27 November 2013. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  22. ^ Sneider, Jeff (6 May 2014). "'Mummy' Reboot Loses 'Mama' Director Andy Muschetti". thewrap.com. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  23. ^ a b Fleming Jr, Mike (16 July 2014). "Universal Taps Alex Kurtzman, Chris Morgan To Relaunch Classic Movie Monster Franchises". deadline.com. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  24. ^ Kit, Borys (30 July 2014). "Alex Kurtzman to Direct 'The Mummy' Reboot". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  25. ^ Williams, Celeb (October 22, 2014). "EXCLUSIVE: First Plot Details on Alex Kurtzman's 'The Mummy' Reboot". Superhero Movies News. Archived from the original on October 26, 2014. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  26. ^ Ford, Rebecca (October 14, 2015). "New Mummy in Universal's Monster Might Be Female". The Hollywood Reporter. 
  27. ^ Kroll, Justin (November 24, 2015). "Tom Cruise in Talks to Star in 'The Mummy' Reboot (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. 
  28. ^ Kit, Borys; Ford, Rebecca (December 8, 2015). "'Kingsman' Actress Sofia Boutella in Talks to Star in 'The Mummy' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. 
  29. ^ Kroll, Justin (January 21, 2016). "Tom Cruise's 'The Mummy' Gets New Release Date". Variety. 
  30. ^ Kroll, Justin (March 7, 2016). "Tom Cruise's 'Mummy' Reboot Casts Annabelle Wallis". Variety. 
  31. ^ Kit, Borys (March 8, 2016). "'New Girl' Star Jake Johnson Joins Tom Cruise in 'The Mummy' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. 
  32. ^ "Tom Cruise looks scared with Annabelle Wallis on set of new Mummy film". Daily Mail.