|Municipality||New York City|
|Source||Upper New York Bay|
|Mouth||Lower New York Bay|
The Narrows is the tidal strait separating the boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn in New York City, United States. It connects the Upper New York Bay and Lower New York Bay and forms the principal channel by which the Hudson River empties into the Atlantic Ocean. It has long been considered to be the maritime "gateway" to New York City and historically has been one of the most important entrances into the harbors of the Port of New York and New Jersey.
The Narrows was most likely formed after deposition of the Harbor Hill Moraine about 18,000 years prior to the end of the last ice age. Previously, Staten Island and Brooklyn were connected and the Hudson River emptied into the ocean through the present course of the Raritan River, by taking a more westerly course through parts of present-day northern New Jersey, along the eastern side of the Watchung Mountains to Bound Brook, New Jersey, and then on into the Atlantic Ocean via Raritan Bay. A build-up of water in the Upper Bay allowed the river to break through to form the Narrows less than 12,000 to 13,000 years ago as it exists today.
The first recorded European entrance into the Narrows was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, who set anchor in the strait and was greeted by a group of Lenape, who paddled out to meet him in the strait.
In August 1776, the British forces under William Howe on Staten Island undertook an amphibious operation across the Narrows and landed in Brooklyn, where they routed Washington's Army at the Battle of Long Island.
The Staten Island Tunnel, carrying the New York City Subway across the Narrows, was partially built during the 1920s but was never completed. The Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge was completed across the Narrows in 1964. The longest suspension bridge in the world at the time, it is still the longest suspension bridge in the United States (by length of the main span).
View of the Narrows, 1832, by Karl Bodmer. Fort Lafayette is visible off of the Brooklyn shore.
The Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, shown with USS Leyte Gulf passing underneath it, spans the Narrows.
Satellite view of the Narrows. Staten Island is on the left, and Brooklyn is on the right, connected by the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge.
- Geography of New York–New Jersey Harbor Estuary
- List of longest suspension bridge spans
- Staten Island Tunnel
- ^ Charles Merguerian (2003): The Narrows, Flood – Post-Woodfordian Meltwater Breach of the Narrows Channel, NYC (pdf; 1,5 MB)
- ^ Raskin, Joseph B. (2013). The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System. New York, New York: Fordham University Press. doi:10.5422/fordham/9780823253692.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-82325-369-2.
- ^ "Verrazano Bridge Opened to Traffic; New Landmark Greeted With Fanfare in Harbor". The New York Times. November 22, 1964. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 28, 2022.
- ^ McCauley, J. K. (November 25, 2014). "The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge at 50". City Room. Retrieved November 28, 2022.
This article includes a list of general references, but it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. (September 2014)
- Merguerian, Charles. "The Narrows, Flood – Post-Woodfordian Meltwater Breach of the Narrows Channel, NYC" (2003)
- Waldman, John. Heartbeats in the Muck The Lyons Press; (2000). ISBN 1-55821-720-7
- Media related to The Narrows at Wikimedia Commons