The Necessities of Life
|The Necessities of Life|
|Directed by||Benoît Pilon|
|Produced by||René Chénier
|Written by||Bernard Émond|
|Music by||Robert Lepage|
|Cinematography||Michel La Veaux|
|Edited by||Richard Comeau|
|Distributed by||Seville Pictures|
The Necessities of Life (French: Ce qu'il faut pour vivre; Inuktitut: Inuujjutiksaq ᐃᓅᔾᔪᑎᒃᓴᖅ or ᐃᓅᔾᔪᑦᐃᒃᓴᖅ[which?] [inuːjjutikˈsaq]) is a 2008 Canadian drama film directed by Benoît Pilon and starring Natar Ungalaaq, Éveline Gélinas and Paul-André Brasseur. Told in both French and Inuktitut, the film is about an Inuit man who seeks treatment for tuberculosis in Quebec.
The film was shot in Iqaluit, Nunavut and Quebec City. It received positive reviews and won four Genie Awards, including Best Direction for Pilon, and the Special Grand Prize of the Jury of the Montreal World Film Festival.
In 1952, a tuberculosis epidemic is sweeping Northern Canada, causing numerous Inuit to seek treatment in Canadian cities. One Inuit man from Baffin Island, Tiivii, arrives at a sanatorium in Quebec City. He is treated by a French Canadian nurse, Carole. An orphaned boy, Kaki, also spends time with Tiivii in the institution.
Tiivii struggles with the language barrier, being unable to speak French. Kaki speaks both French and Inuktitut, and can translate conversations between Tiivii and Carole. However, the relationship becomes awkward when Tiivii, through Kaki, asks Carole for sex. Kaki had advised him it was a bad idea, citing his greater understanding of white people, though Tiivii felt he had a better understanding of women. Tiivii hopes to adopt Kaki.
When director Benoît Pilon read Bernard Émond's screenplay, he wanted Inuit actor Natar Ungalaaq as the lead role after seeing him in the 2001 Inuit film Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner. Ungalaaq read the screenplay, and found the story personal as his real-life grandfather was diagnosed with tuberculosis during the historical epidemic in the 1950s. He did not disclose this story to the media until after the film was complete. For his role as Kaki, Paul-André Brasseur, who lived in Montreal and spoke French, learned his Inuktitut lines with Ungalaaq's aid.
The film was first screened at the Montreal World Film Festival and at the Théâtre Maisonneuve on 25 August 2008. It opened in wider Quebec theatres on 29 August, and was re-released in Montreal, Quebec City and Sherbrooke on 3 April 2009.
After the film was submitted for consideration for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, Entertainment One granted distribution rights for the United States to IFC Films in January 2009. Entertainment One re-released the film in Toronto and Vancouver in April 2009.
The film received critical acclaim. In Canada, Marc-André Lussier of La Presse called the film beautiful and Natar Ungalaaq strong and charismatic. The Montreal Gazette's Brendan Kelly called it "quite simply one of the best Quebecois films of the year." Normand Provencher of La Presse described it as intelligent and beautiful. In Maclean's, Brian D. Johnson assessed the film as "an immaculately crafted, deeply distressing drama," albeit difficult to watch given the subject matter. Johnson said Ungalaaq displayed grace, but at times was depicted as a noble savage. Linda Barnard, writing for The Toronto Star, called it "A gentle yet moving story," and praised Ungalaaq. Following Quebec's Jutra Awards, MP Marcel Proulx told the Canadian House of Commons in March 2009 that the film was a powerful statement on the distinct cultures of Nunavik and the rest of Quebec. MP Roger Pomerleau also publicly congratulated Ungalaaq.
Writing for Variety, Dennis Harvey said "Necessities knows just how to eke maximum poignancy from its events without seeming to manipulate for tearjerking effect." Dan Kois, writing for The Washington Post, called the film "thoughtful and, especially at its end, quite touching," but found it unoriginal and blandly directed. In The Chicago Reader, Cliff Doerksen said parts of the film appear to be no better than a TV movie, "but the acting is understated and strong."
Canada submitted the film for consideration for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, one of the rare Canadian selections to feature a substantial amount of Inuktitut, following Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner. In January 2009, Academy members shortlisted the film among nine for the 81st Academy Awards, but it was not nominated.
|Genie Awards||Best Motion Picture||Bernadette Payeur and René Chénier||Nominated|||
|Best Direction||Benoît Pilon||Won|
|Best Original Screenplay||Bernard Émond||Won|
|Best Actor||Natar Ungalaaq||Won|
|Best Supporting Actress||Éveline Gélinas||Nominated|
|Best Original Score||Robert Marcel Lepage||Nominated|
|Best Editing||Richard Comeau||Won|
|Best Costume Design||Francesca Chamberland||Nominated|
|Jutra Awards||Best Film||Bernadette Payeur and René Chénier||Won|||
|Best Direction||Benoît Pilon||Nominated|
|Best Screenplay||Bernard Émond||Won|
|Best Actor||Natar Ungalaaq||Won|
|Best Music||Robert Marcel Lepage||Nominated|
|Montreal World Film Festival||Special Grand Prize of the Jury||Benoît Pilon||Won|||
|Most Popular Film of the Festival||Benoît Pilon||Won|
|Most Popular Canadian Feature Film||Benoît Pilon||Won|
- Aboriginal peoples in Northern Canada
- List of submissions to the 81st Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- List of Canadian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
- Lapointe, Bruno (24 August 2008). "Le déracinement d'un inuit". Canoe.ca. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- "Natar Ungalaaq harvests two best actor awards". The Nunatsiaq News. 10 April 2009. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- George, Jane (11 September 2008). "Natar is not a great Inuit actor he's a great actor". The Nunatsiaq News. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- Kelly, Brendan (25 August 2008). "Ce qu'il faut pour vivre marks strong debut for Quebec in competition". The Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- "Ce qu'il faut pour vivre de retour en salles". Le Devoir. 31 March 2009. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- Vlessing, Etan (9 January 2009). "IFC grabs rights to 'Necessities of Life'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- Strauss, Marise (7 April 2009). "Second life for Necessities". Playback. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- Lussier, Marc-André (26 August 2008). "Ce qu'il faut pour vivre : belle entrée québécoise au FFM". La Presse. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- Provencher, Normand (31 August 2008). "Ce qu'il faut pour vivre: la maladie de l'exil". La Presse. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- Johnson, Brian D. (20 February 2009). "The Seductions of History". Maclean's. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- Barnard, Linda (20 February 2009). "Ce qu'il faut pour vivre (The Necessities of Life): Moving story". The Toronto Star. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- "40th PARLIAMENT, 2 e SESSION EDITED HANSARD • NUMBER 036". Parliament of Canada. 30 March 2009. Retrieved 7 January 2007.
- Harvey, Dennis (26 August 2008). "Review: 'The Necessities of Life'". Variety. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- Kois, Dan (18 June 2010). "Movie review: In 'The Necessities of Life,' an Inuit tale goes south". The Washington Post. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- Doerksen, Cliff. "The Necessities of Life". The Chicago Reader. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- Wong, Jessica (23 September 2016). "Xavier Dolan's It's Only the End of the World to be Canada's Oscar foreign-language film submission". CBC News. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- "En bref - Ce qu'il faut pour vivre, présélectionné aux Oscars". Le Devoir. 14 January 2009. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- "The Necessities of Life leads Genie nominations". CBC News. 10 February 2009. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- Dixon, Guy (11 February 2009). "Genie Award voters anoint The Necessities". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- "Passchendaele, Necessities of Life dominate Genie Awards". CBC News. 4 April 2009. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- The Canadian Press (30 March 2009). "'Ce qu'il faut pour vivre' wins big at Jutra awards". CTV News. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
- "AWARDS OF THE MONTREAL WORLD FILM FESTIVAL - 2008". Montreal World Film Festival. Retrieved 31 December 2016.