The New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
|The New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn|
|Also known as||The New Adventures of Huck Finn|
|Genre||Children, live-action, animation|
|Created by||Mark Twain|
|Theme music composer||Ted Nichols|
|Opening theme||"The New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn"|
|Ending theme||"The New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn"|
|Country of origin||USA|
|No. of seasons||1|
|No. of episodes||20 (List of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Joseph Barbera
Donald A. Douglas
|Running time||30 Minutes|
|Production company(s)||Hanna-Barbera Productions|
|Distributor||Warner Bros. Television Distribution|
|Original run||September 15, 1968 – February 23, 1969|
The New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is an American children's television series that originally aired on NBC from September 15, 1968 through February 23, 1969. Produced by Hanna-Barbera and based on the classic Mark Twain characters, the program starred its three live-action heroes, Huck Finn (Michael Shea), Becky Thatcher (LuAnn Haslam), and Tom Sawyer (Kevin Schultz), navigating weekly adventures within an animated world as they attempted to outrun a vengeful "Injun Joe" (Ted Cassidy). After the show's original run, the series continued to air in reruns as part of The Banana Splits and Friends Show syndication package.
In February 1967, Hanna-Barbera Productions announced it was in the process of developing a record number of six new animated television series. According to the Los Angeles Times, the six new series in various stages of production at the time were Moby Dick and Mighty Mightor, Zartan (aka: The Herculoids), Shazzan, Samson & Goliath, Fantastic four and The New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Also nearing the end of post-production at the time was Hanna-Barbera's Jack and the Beanstalk, an hour long special which featured Gene Kelly dancing alongside various cartoon characters and aired on February 26, 1967. In a 2005 interview, LuAnn Haslam stated that Jack and the Beanstalk had served as a "trial run" for the technology of combining live-action with animation, saying "NBC had to be convinced that combining people with cartoon figures would work. It was a big success and so NBC went forward with our series." At the time of production, The New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was the first weekly television series to combine live-action performers and animation. During development of the series, William Hanna and Joseph Barbera also stated the show was to be the most expensive half hour ever put on television. In a July 1967 interview with columnist Hal Humphrey, William Hanna expressed high hopes for the innovative new concept, saying "When you say the word 'cartoon,' people think of children only, and we limit ourselves – although plenty of adults watch cartoons. We think combining the live action with the animation will give our company a special identification.", with Joseph Barbera adding "And do you know the clothes from that period are 'mod' today? The kids are wearing the same high-gaiter shoes now that Huck and Tom wore then".
After NBC green-lit the series, preparations began to find the youngsters to portray the series' three leads. In 2005, Haslam recalled the casting process, saying "(T)he show was produced by both Hanna-Barbera and NBC. As a result there were a lot of people to make happy when it came to choosing the cast. As I understand it, Hanna-Barbera cast the show and sent some kind of screen test/pilot to the NBC executives in New York. NBC didn't like the choices that had been made. They decided that they wanted the cast to be younger. So Hanna-Barbera had to start all over again." In casting their lead, Hanna-Barbera and NBC eventually found their ideal "Huck" in 14-year-old veteran child actor Michael Shea, reportedly selecting him out of 1,300 boys. 14-year-old newcomer LuAnn Haslam was chosen to play "Becky". In recounting how she landed the role, Haslam stated, "I got a call from my agent to go to Hanna-Barbera for an interview. Carmen Sanchez was the casting director. As I walked into her office she was on the telephone. She turned, looked at me and said to the person on the telephone, 'I have to go, Becky just walked in.'" Rounding out the series live-action cast was 13-year-old Kevin Schultz who was cast as "Tom". At the time, Schultz was best known for starring on the television western series The Monroes alongside his twin brother Keith, who had reportedly also auditioned for the role of "Tom" before Kevin was selected. And finally, character actor Ted Cassidy was cast to voice the role of the animated antagonist "Injun Joe". In an August 1967 interview with columnist Mel Heimer, Cassidy stated that he was looking forward to his upcoming role on the new series, saying, "I think I'll get more of a chance to do some acting than I did in (The Addams Family)."
With the series' three young live-action stars in place, the complicated filming process began. During the months the series was in production, each day of filming reportedly began at 9:00 a.m. Under California law at the time, child actors were required to attend school for three hours a day and periods of instruction had to last at least 20 minutes at a time. When asked about the filming process, Michael Shea described an average day on the set, saying, "First we'd get made-up and dressed, and then we'd go to school while the shot was being set up. By coincidence, we were all taking the exact same subjects, so we were tutored together." The young actors' scenes were filmed in front of a royal blue backdrop (an early forerunner to the modern-day CGI green screen) and the cartoon background and characters were animated in later. A technique still in its infancy, the young cast was required to master the art of engaging in conversational exchanges without having their animated co-stars to interact with. Shea recalled, "Injun Joe, for instance, was a cartoon character, so when I had to talk to him, I'd run my eyes slowly up the blue screen until the director told me to stop. Then I'd just try to remember where that point on the screen was." Since the voice-actors would record their audio tracks after principal filming, character actor Bruce Watson (LuAnn Haslam mistakenly giving his name as Bruce Davidson), whom Shea described as "the greatest dialogue coach in the world", would perform the lines of all the animated characters for the young live-action stars to interact with during filming. Each episode reportedly took approximately 4 hours to film and six months to animate.
The pilot episode opens with a live-action prologue which sets the premise for the series. It's late afternoon in Hannibal, Missouri and Twain's classic characters, Aunt Polly (Tom's aunt) and Mrs. Thatcher (Becky's mother) appear distressed in their concern for the youngsters who are said to be late arriving home. Next, we see our three protagonists, Huckleberry Finn (Michael Shea), Becky Thatcher (LuAnn Haslam) and Tom Sawyer (Kevin Schultz) taking a short-cut home through the town's graveyard when they encounter "Injun Joe" (Ted Cassidy). Furious at the two boys for testifying in court to seeing him murder Doctor Robinson, Injun Joe chases the three children into McDougal's cave. Once inside, the three youngsters quickly become disoriented within the cave's complicated mazes and find themselves lost. As the spry children outrun him, an angry Injun Joe vows revenge, calling out to them "You'll never get away from me! No matter where you go, I'll get you!". This prologue would be re-edited with a voice-over by Michael Shea as Huck Finn summarizing the events, and would serve as the opening sequence for each subsequent episode.
Although we never see the three youngsters emerge from the cave, it is presumed that they eventually find a way out since, as each episode proper begins, we join our three young live-action heroes as they now inhabit an animated world. Throughout the series, the children embark on a quest to return to their families in Hannibul, Missouri, traveling to various exotic animated lands (Tropical islands; Egyptian deserts; Aztec cities; etc.) and make friendships with an array of fanciful animated characters (leprechauns; pirates; sorcerers, etc.). In addition to the new friends they meet, each episode also features an evil animated antagonist who bears an uncanny resemblance to Injun Joe (voiced by Cassidy). The likeness is not lost on the three children, who are routinely startled by the striking similarity to their nemesis back home, however, an explanation as to how, or why, Injun Joe is constantly able to remain one step ahead of them in order to assume these various identities is never provided. As the series only lasted one season, an episode explaining how, or if, the three children ever make it back home, or if it may, in fact, all be some sort of surrealistic "dream", is never seen.
In a departure from the networks' traditional cartoon time-slots, which were most commonly afternoons after school or Saturday mornings, the series premiered in its 7:00 p.m. Sunday night time-slot (6:00 p.m. depending on the time-zone) on September 15, 1968. Initial reaction was generally positive, with critics praising Hanna-Barbera's technique of combining live-action with animation as well as the performances of the show's three young leads. While acknowledging the series bore little resemblance to the original Twain stories, Milwaukee Journal critic, Wade Mosby felt the series would be enjoyable for its target audience, describing the series' three young leads as "engaging" and continuing, "There's lots of activity, some thrills and chuckles and (aside from the introduction) not too much violence." The Newburgh Evening News also expected the show to be popular with children, writing, "The younger set will love this show." and continuing the following week, "(T)he combined animation–live action techniques are excellent", as well as singling out young Haslam as "a charming scene stealer." However, Telegram News Service critic, Kathy Brooks expressed disappointment in Hanna-Barbera's handling of the beloved Twain characters writing, "Shame on Hanna-Barbera. They've taken the characters, and in reverse Twain tradition, white-washed them into fine upstanding citizens with no deviltry, and no charming original thoughts. Michael Shea plays Huck, and a more freshly-scrubbed looking Huck would be hard to find; Kevin Schultz plays Tom, and ditto for him. [...] No parent worth his salt should let his offspring think the TV version is the real Twain, or the real Becky or Tom or Huck."
As a Sunday evening show, the series garnered a wider audience than Saturday morning cartoons of the time, and launched its three attractive young stars as popular teen idols of the day. The series aired in over 15 countries and its three young leads were routinely in demand to make celebrity appearances to meet with young fans across the United States during the show's original run. During this time, the series also inspired a comic book adaptation. In December 1968, Gold Key Comics published a one-issue The New Adventures Of Huck Finn comic book, based on the episode "The Curse Of Thut" which aired around the same time. Although popular with child and teenage audiences, the series struggled in the ratings against its Sunday night competition and, by the end of 1968, news sources were already reporting that a second season appeared unlikely. The final original episode aired on February 23, 1969, with NBC continuing to air the show in reruns through the fall of that year, ultimately replacing it with Wild Kingdom on September 14, 1969. After the show's cancellation, the series was repackaged into syndication as part of The Banana Splits and Friends Show. Although originally airing in an hour-long format as a Saturday morning show called The Banana Splits Adventure Hour, subsequent incarnations were re-edited and sold into syndication as half hour episodes which included several series not originally part of the original show. As part of The Banana Splits, The New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn enjoyed new life, becoming well known to subsequent generations for the next four decades.
|#||Title||Director||Writer(s)||Original airdate||Repeat airdate(s)||Prod. Code|
|1||"The Magic Shillelah"||Hollingsworth Morse||Frank Crow
Leprachauns seek their lost Magic Shillelah which Becky finds first. Tom and Huck are taken prisoner by the gypsy chieftain Zarko who eventually gets hold of the magic Shillelah. Becky and the Leprachauns come to the rescue and recover the Shillelah.
Voices: Dennis Day, Daws Butler, Henry Corden, Don Messick, John Myhers
|2||"Huck Of La Mancha"||Hollingsworth Morse||George Eckstein||22/09/1968||26/01/1969||30-9|
|Tom, Huck and Becky meet Don Cihote De La Manche. Together they head off to rescue Cihote's squire Sandro and challenge the brigand leader Don Jose. Instead Don Jose captures Tom and Cihote, who make their escape and overthrow Don Jose and his lot.|
|3||"The Terrible Tempered Kahleef"||Bruce Bilson||Joanna Lee||29/09/1968||23/03/1969, 24/08/1969||30-7|
|In the city of Baghistan ruled by the tyrannical lady snatching Kahleef, Becky gets captured, so Tom and Huck stowaway on a ship and sneak into to the palace. The retired sorcerer Muzaffar helps provide Tom and Huck a way to stealthily rescue Becky.|
|4||"The Little People"||Walter S. Burr||(Unknown)||06/10/1968||30/03/1969, 31/08/1969||30-3|
|Tom, Huck and Becky get shipwrecked and separated on an island. Huck meets the Lilliputs and is to be wed to King Bigun's daughter Tina. Tom and Becky rescue a hunter Bitto and his partner and head to the Lilliputs to help each other from a tribe of savages.|
|5||"Pirate Island"||Byron Haskin||Kenneth L. Kolb||13/10/1968||13/04/1969, 17/08/1969||30-4|
|Tom, Huck and Becky row to an island inhabited by apes. Pirates led by Captain X come to the island and capture Tom and Becky. Huck and an ape named Bulu, help Tom and Becky to battle the pirates and they narrowly escape the ship as it blows up.|
|6||"The Last Labor of Hercules"||Hollingsworth Morse||David Duncan||20/10/1968||06/04/1969, 08/10/1969||30-6|
|Tom, Huck and Becky are lost in the woods and meet Hercules, who has his final labor to complete. The king and his centaur try to make sure he fails and imprison Tom, Huck and Becky, but they escape and with the aid of Pegasus, prevent Hercules from falling into the king's trap and enable him to complete the last labor.|
|7||"The Gorgon's Head"||Hollingsworth Morse||Herman Miller||27/10/1968||N/A||30-16|
|In a cave, Tom, Huck and Becky free a maiden who was to be a sacrifice and for that the Guru imprisons them, but the Guru's servant releases them. Together the three head off to get Gorgon's gaze in order to defeat the fire hydra and rescue the maiden, which culminates in the stoning of the Guru.|
|8||"The Castle Of Evil"||Walter S. Burr||Kenneth L. Kolb||03/11/1968||20/04/1969||30-5|
|In a dark forest, Becky is caught by skeleton warriors of the wizard Zilbad. Tom and Huck infiltrate the castle and break into Zilbad's lab to rescue Becky, where Huck tricks Zilbad into turning himself into a crystal statue which undoes his evil curses.|
|9||"Hunting The Hunter"||Hollingsworth Morse||Kenneth L. Kolb||24/11/1968||27/04/1969||30-11|
|While trying to find food, Tom, Huck and Becky are surrounded by animals who don't take a liking to humans. After a judgement trial a hunter arrives. Becky aids an injured fox, while Tom and Huck distract the hunter which enables the animals to ambush him.|
|10||"The Curse Of Thut"||Bruce Bilson||David Duncan||01/12/1968||22/06/1969||30-2|
Lost in the desert, Tom, Huck and Becky are met by Thut who seeks his lost Marna and are taken to the Typhonian Pharoah for a deadly trial, but they manage to summon Thut who ends his 5,000 year search for Marna and shows the three the way out.
Note: This story was adapted in issue #1 (10232-812, December 1968) of the Gold Key comic The New Adventures of Huck Finn.
|11||"The Ancient Valley"||Hollingsworth Morse||David Duncan||15/12/1968||29/06/1969||30-13|
|Tom, Huck and Becky fly in a balloon to a Prehistoric valley. A spear throwing tribe are at war with a rock throwing tribe. Becky tries to stop this useless war, but the three are captured by a mountain tribe. They make their escape after disposing of the mountain chieftain.|
|12||"Menace In The Ice"||Walter S. Burr||Peter Allan Fields||22/12/1968||15/06/1969||30-10|
|Tom, Huck and Becky are abducted by Captain Calidor and put to work on his ship. Calidor is intent on melting the snowland glaciers. After some difficulty, Huck gets help from the abominable snowmen whilst the ship servant, Huga, turns against Calidor and overthrows him.|
|13||"The Eye Of Doorgah"||Robert Gist||Herman Miller||29/12/1968||13/07/1969||30-1|
|A gem called the Eye of Doorgah is stolen from a temple. Both Tom and Huck go off to find it and are caught at a Thuggee Clan lair, but they manage to escape, recover the gem and return it to the temple where Doorgah banishes the Thuggee Clan.|
|14||"Mission Of Captain Mordecai"||Ezra Stone||Joanna Lee||05/01/1969||11/03/1969||30-8|
|Lost at sea Tom, Huck and Becky board Captain Mordecai's ship. The captain's mission is to kill a monstrous whale. As the three are swallowed by the whale, the captain chases them around the whale's body until they escape through the whale's blowhole.|
|15||"The Jungle Adventure"||Hollingsworth Morse||Bill Lutz||19/01/1969||18/03/1969||30-15|
|In the jungle, Tom is poisoned by a Anatrata Bush. Huck and Becky get caught on slave trading ship while Tom is taken by tribal warriors. Huck and Becky escape with Chibunu and get back to the tribe in time to cure Tom.|
|16||"Son Of The Sun"||Hollingsworth Morse||Al C. Ward
Kenneth L. Kolb
|Tom splits with his friends and enters an Aztec city where he is made the Sun King, but his trial for true kingship is bound to fail. Huck and Becky save Tom and they all make their escape.|
|17||"Prophecy Of Peril"||Hollingsworth Morse||David Duncan||02/02/1969||27/07/1969||30-17|
|Tom, Huck and Becky thwart a Mongol ambush on a Chinese prince. The Khan sends Tom to enter the city of Petua by Trojan horse. Huck and Becky escape with the help of a dog while Tom escapes Petua in a dragon kite and blows up the Mongol camp.|
|18||"Strange Experiment"||Hollingsworth Morse||Kenneth L. Kolb||09/02/1969||06/07/1969||30-12|
|Tom, Huck and Becky enter the house of a mad scientist Dr. Filostro who shrinks Huck. Tom and Becky escape their prison and get Huck to his normal size. In the chaos that follows, Filostro, Creech and a hideous monster all get shrunk.|
|19||"The Conquistador Curse"||Bruce Bilson||Tom and Helen August||16/02/1969||01/06/1969||30-18|
|In Ancient Incan ruins lies the cursed Conquistador who haunts Tom, Huck and Becky for the gold they took away, which they lose as they progress. By time they lose all their gold they find themselves free from the curse.|
|20||"All Whirlpools Lead To Atlantis"||Robert Gist||Robert Sabaroff
|Tom, Huck and Becky get sucked down a whirlpool to the seabed. King Llandor and Huck exchange clothes, so Morpho's minions mistake Huck for Llandor. Morpho next captures Tom and Becky, but all three make their escape and help Llandor defeat Morpho and his minions.|
- "'Death of a Salesman' Will Be Repeated". Los Angeles Times. February 6, 1967.
- "Cartoon Creators Drawing Profits". Los Angeles Times. July 24, 1967.
- "Huck Finn Featured in Series". Saskatoon Star-Phoenix. September 10, 1968.
- "Beyond Becky Thatcher: The Life and Times of LuAnn Haslam". KiddieMatinee.com. May 30, 2005.
- "6 New Series Due for NBC Next Season". The Hartford Courant. March 17, 1968.
- "Two Men Dominate TV Cartoon Field". Toledo Blade. July 24, 1967.
- "Cartoonists Hold Big Hunk Of Time". The Portsmouth Times. July 24, 1967.
- "'Huck Finn' Star At Six-Gun Territory". Oscala Star-Banner. December 29, 1968.
- "TV Mailbag - Michael Shea?". The Hartford Courant. March 16, 1969.
- "Right Out of Pages of Mark Twain Book". The Deseret News. September 18, 1968.
- "Scene Action - Michael Shea and Kevin Schultz?". The Evening Independent. January 2, 1969.
- "'Lurch' Moves on; 'Injun Joe' soon". The Bryan Times. August 16, 1967.
- "Setting Up the Story Situation". The Baltimore Sun. July 28, 1968.
- "The Incredible Inman". The Courier-Journal. April 30, 2006.
- "TV Previews - Sunday". The Free Lance-Star. September 13, 1968.
- "TV Sunday". The Milwaukee Sentinel. September 14, 1968.
- "New Huck Finn Freshly Bathed". The Calgary Herald. November 22, 1968.
- "Huck Finn Finds New Adventures". The Schenectady Gazette. September 14, 1968.
- "'Phyllis Diller Show' Is Pretty Standard". The Milwaukee Journal. September 16, 1968.
- "Weekend Television Highlights – Sunday 7–7:30". The Evening News. September 14, 1968.
- "Weekend Television Highlights – Sunday 7–7:30". The Evening News. September 21, 1968.
- "'Huck Finn' TV Star At Six-Gun". Oscala Star-Banner. December 19, 1968.
- "Former Actor Gets New Role for Hollywood Parade". Los Angeles Times. November 27, 1993.
- "Do Viewers Really Want to See Something New in U.S. Television?". The Vancouver Sun. October 22, 1968.
- "The Bedford Files". Centre Daily Times. April 5, 2002.
- The New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn at the Internet Movie Database
- The New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn at the Big Cartoon DataBase
- The New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn at Toontracker.com
- The New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn at TV.com
- Interview with LuAnn Haslam at Kiddiematinee.com
- Interview with Michael Shea at Google News