The New York Times Building
|The New York Times Building|
|Location||620 Eighth Avenue
New York, New York
|Owner||The New York Times Company (58% owner) and Forest City Ratner Companies (42% owner)|
|Management||Forest City Ratner Companies|
|Architectural||1,046 ft (319 m)|
|Roof||748 ft (228 m)|
|Top floor||721 ft (220 m)|
|Floor area||1,540,000 sq ft (143,000 m2)|
|Lifts/elevators||32 (24 passenger, 8 service)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Renzo Piano Building Workshop, FXFOWLE Architects|
|Developer||Forest City Ratner Companies|
|Structural engineer||Thornton Tomasetti|
|Main contractor||AMEC Construction Management|
The New York Times Building is a skyscraper on the west side of midtown Manhattan, New York City that was completed in 2007. Its chief tenant is The New York Times Company, publisher of The New York Times as well as the International New York Times, and other newspapers. Construction was by a joint venture of The New York Times Company, Forest City Ratner (Forest City Enterprises's New York subsidiary), and ING Real Estate.
- 1 History
- 2 Design
- 3 Climbers
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The original newspaper headquarters in 1851 were at 113 Nassau Street, in a little building that stood until fairly recently, then up the street a few years later at 138 Nassau Street. In 1858, the Times then moved to a five-story edifice at 41 Park Row; thirty years later, partially in response to a new tower erected by the competing Tribune, it commissioned a new 13-story building at the same site, one that remains in use by Pace University. In 1904, again partially in response to the Herald Square headquarters of another competitor, the paper moved to perhaps its most famous location, the Times Tower, altering the name of the surrounding area from Longacre Square to Times Square. The slender tower was so constricted in space that the paper outgrew it within a decade and, in 1913, moved into the Times Annex, 229 West 43rd Street, where it remained for almost a century.
The project was announced on December 13, 2001, entailing the erection of a 52-story tower on the east side of Eighth Avenue between 40th and 41st Street across from the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey Bus Terminal. The project, in conjunction with the Hearst Tower, represents the further westward expansion of Midtown along Eighth Avenue, a corridor that had seen no construction following the completion in 1989 of One Worldwide Plaza. In addition, the new building—called by many New Yorkers "The New Times Tower"—keeps the paper in the Times Square area, which was named after the paper following its move to the original Times Tower on 42nd Street in 1904. (The New York Times Company subsequently relocated to nearby 229 West 43rd Street in 1913.)
The site for the building was obtained by the Empire State Development Corporation (ESDC) through eminent domain. With a mandate to acquire and redevelop blighted properties in Times Square, ten existing buildings were condemned by the ESDC and purchased from owners who in some cases did not want to sell, asserting that the area was no longer blighted. The ESDC, however, prevailed in the courts. Once the 80,000-square-foot (7,400 m2) site was assembled, it was leased to The New York Times Company and Forest City Ratner for $85.6 million over 99 years (considerably below market value). Additionally, The New York Times Company received $26.1 million in tax breaks.
The tower was designed by Renzo Piano Building Workshop and FXFOWLE Architects, with Gensler providing interior design. The lighting design for the building's nighttime identity was designed by the Office for Visual Interaction Inc. The tower rises 748 feet (228 m) from the street to its roof, with the exterior curtain wall extending 92 feet (28 m) higher to 840 feet (260 m), and a mast rising to 1,046 feet (319 m). As of 2010[update], the building was tied with the Chrysler Building as the fourth-tallest building in New York City, due to the unfinished One World Trade Center exceeding their height. The tower is also the seventh-tallest building in the United States.
The steel-framed building, cruciform in plan, has a screen of 1 5⁄8" (41.3 mm) ceramic rods mounted on the exterior of the glass curtain wall on the east, west and south facades. The rod spacing increases from the base to the top, adding transparency as the building rises. The steel framing and bracing is exposed at the four corner "notches" of the building.
The new building is promoted as a green structure. The design incorporates numerous environmentally sustainable features for increased energy efficiency. The double skin curtain wall, automated louver shading system, dimmable lighting system, underfloor air distribution system and cogeneration are the main sustainable design features.
Double-Skin Curtain Wall & Shading System
As one of the building’s innovations and key features, the horizontal white ceramic rods on the building facade acts as both an aesthetic veil and a critical shading device. The ceramic tubing aesthetically functions as a canvas with the environment conditions, changing color according to the sun and weather by gently reflecting light throughout the day. This exterior layer also allows the use of floor-to-ceiling ultra-clear glass that maximizes light and views for people both inside and outside the building. To optimize views, rods are spaced to allow occupants to have unobstructed views while both seated and standing. Aluminum silicate, an extremely dense and high-quality ceramic used for special manufacturing purposes, was chosen for its long-term durability and cost-effectiveness. The silicate rods were glazed with a finish similar to the material used on terra cotta to reflect light, self-clean, and ensure its resistance to weather. Additionally, the automated louver shading system is programmed to move in response to the position of the sun and inputs from sensor network to determine to raise or lower the shades, either blocking extreme light to reduce glare or allowing light to enter at times of less direct sunlight. With both systems working together, it is capable of limiting the building’s energy consumption by reducing 30% of solar heat gain and approximately 13% of energy costs by cooling loads.
Dimmable Lighting System
Normally in an office building, lighting accounts for approximately 44% of electrical consumption. Complementing the curtain wall and shading design, the lighting system aims to use daylight harvesting as the primary natural light sources for offices so that electric lighting serves as a supplement. The electric lighting responds to occupancy and also changes with daylight. Each of the more than 18,000 electrical ballasts in the lighting system contains a computer chip that enables its individual control, which means lighting levels are adjustable to meet the needs at different spaces operating varying levels of light with maximum efficiency. The daylighting and shading systems work in concert to ensure that the building efficiently uses natural light whenever possible.
Underfloor Air Distribution (UFAD)
The New York Times Company utilizes the underfloor air distribution system which strives for better indoor air quality, thermal comfort as well as energy saving. The conditioned air from the air handler is delivered through an air highway system that circumnavigates the service core and then into the six zoned off underfloor low pressure zones for distribution across the floor plate to all floor diffusers. Around each perimeter a series of fan power boxes control the temperature in the space. If heating is required then the fans turn on delivering heat via a hot water coil. In cooling mode, the fans operate to give increased ventilation around the perimeter spaces. Fresh air is supplied by two air handling units on the 28th floor sending fresh treated outside air to each floor where a constant volume VAV controls the amount of air entering the system. The air is then conditioned for proper cooling and humidity before being sent to the air highway. The New York Times Building also benefits from other general UFAD advantages. In the open plan office space that was implemented in occupied space from 2nd to 21st floors to enhance daylighting and outdoor views, the system provides flexibility to place the required equipment anywhere on the raised integrated service plenum. When departments or occupants needed to be reconfigured, the raised floor also enables maintenance to carry out changes at relatively lower expense.
Cogeneration on site
The New York Times Building incorporates a cogeneration plant to supply its 24-7 operation and 40% of the power used. Located in a mechanical room at the far end of the podium’s top floor, the plant consists of two natural gas fired reciprocating engine driven generators with a total generating capacity of 1.5 MW of electrical power. It recovers the heat produced by combustion and converts the heat into usable energy in the form of hot water. The recovered hot water serves as the building’s heating loop to provide warmth during the winter and functions as a refrigeration machine to provide cooling during the summer. The power from the grid is solely used by the building as a backup source.
A team of researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and Center for the Built Environment monitored the building’s performance for a year and compared the results with buildings that meet with the standard building efficiency codes. They found that the New York Times Building significantly reduced annual electricity, cut heating energy use by more than 50% and decrease the peak electric demand as well. "It is essential to start with a sound, integrated building design, and then to pay attention to details such as procurement of building equipment, and verifying the proper performance of the equipment after it is installed. The Times Company did its homework in 2004, well before construction began on the building, evaluating and optimizing the shading and daylighting technologies," concluded the Berkeley researchers. 
In the summer of 2008, three men illegally climbed the external facade of The New York Times Building within a month of each other, with the first two on the same day. The three climbers were not associated with one another.
On June 5, 2008, a professional climber, Alain Robert, dubbed "The French Spiderman," climbed the north side of The New York Times Building. He was able to scale the building from first floor all the way to the roof. During his climb, Robert attached a fluorescent green neon sign to the building that read "Global warming kills more people than a 9/11 every week". Robert also wore a t-shirt promoting the website "The Solution is Simple". Robert was met on the roof by the NYPD emergency service unit team where he was put in a harness to ensure he did not fall and placed under arrest. Later that day, a second climber scaled the western face of the building. He also was arrested for climbing the building facade after reaching the roof. The climber, 32-year-old Brooklyn resident Renaldo Clarke, was wearing a T-shirt with the words "Malaria No More" written on it.
The third climber was David Malone, 29, from Connecticut, who also scaled the west side of the building on July 9, 2008. Unlike the two previous climbers, Malone did not attempt to make it to the roof. He hung a banner around the fifth floor upon the first "T" of The New York Times sign, that had a picture of Osama Bin Laden holding Bush like a puppet—"Bin Laden's Plan" (the title of his book and Web site). He then climbed higher, stopping at the 11th floor, and remained hanging on the building for four hours before being arrested. Malone said he was protesting Al Qaeda's "crusader baiting", and "intentional provocation of the U.S." On Saturday March 24, 2012 a homeless man was caught climbing the building. He made it to the 5th floor before getting stuck, and was eventually arrested.
- "New York Times Tower - The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat.
- The New York Times Building at SkyscraperPage
- David Dunlap, "150th Anniversary: 1851-2001; Six Buildings That Share One Story," in the New York Times, 11 November 2001.
- Dunlap, David W. (2001-10-25). "Blight to Some Is Home to Others; Concern Over Displacement by a New Times Building". New York Times
- Moses, Paul (2002-06-17). "The Paper of Wreckage". The Village Voice
- Bagli, Charles V. (2001-02-28). "Deal Reached to Acquire Land for The Times's Headquarters". The New York Times.
- Office for Visual Interaction Inc.
- "A statement in steel: The New York Times Building". GoStructural.com. 2004-06-15. Retrieved 2007-11-29
- "The New York Times Building: Designing for Energy Efficiency Through Daylighting Research". Science Beat. 2004-02-17. Retrieved 2007-11-29
- Jambhekar, S. (10 October 2004). "Times Square Skyscrapers: Sustainability Reaching New Heights" (PDF). CTBUH Conference, Seoul. Retrieved 10 October 2004. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "CTBUH_Technical_Paper" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- A Post-Occupancy Monitored Evaluation of the Dimmable Lighting, Automated Shading, and Underfloor Air Distribution System in The New York Times Building (PDF) (Report). Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California Berkeley. January 2013.
- Underfloor Air Distribution in a Commercial High Rise:The New York Times Headquarters (PDF) (Report). National Conference on Building Commissioning. May 2007.
- "New York Times Employees Say Renzo Forgot the Bike Parking". 2007-12-06. Retrieved 2007-12-06.
- "Why the New York Times Building Is Saving So Much Energy". 2013
- Nicholson, Marcy (2008-06-05). "French 'Spiderman' scales New York Times building". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
- "2nd Man Climbs West Side Building in Copycat Stunt". New York Post. 2008-06-04. Retrieved 2009-09-04.[dead link]
- Roberts, Georgett (2008-06-08). "Spidey 2: No Fear At All Times". New York Post. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
- Cruz, Wil; Coffey, Jill (2008-07-08). "Times climb - again! Man scales paper's headquarters to protest Al Qaeda". Daily News (New York). Retrieved 2009-09-04.
- yahoo.com, Man climbs up The New York Times' headquarters[dead link]
- "Man busted for climbing up New York Times building". NY Daily News. 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2012-03-24.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The New York Times Building.|
- The New York Times Building official website
- New York Times Tower on CTBUH Skyscraper Center
- "The New York Times Company Enters The 21st Century With A New Technologically Advanced And Environmentally Sensitive Headquarters" (PDF) (Press release). The New York Times Company. November 19, 2007.