The Nomad Soul

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The Nomad Soul
Omikron - The Nomad Soul Coverart.jpg
Developer(s)Quantic Dream[1]
Director(s)David Cage
  • Anne Devouassoux[2]
  • Herve Albertazzi[2]
  • Tom Marx[2]
  • Loic Normand[1]
  • Philip Campbell[1]
  • Olivier Nallet[2]
  • Fabien Fessard[2]
  • Stephane Elbaz[2]
  • Philippe Aballea[2]
  • Tony Lejuez[2]
Writer(s)David Cage
  • Microsoft Windows
    • EU: 31 October 1999
    • NA: November 1999
  • Dreamcast
  • 2000

The Nomad Soul (known as Omikron: The Nomad Soul in North America) is an adventure game developed by Quantic Dream and published by Eidos Interactive. It was released for Microsoft Windows in 1999 and Dreamcast in 2000. The player can engage in unarmed and armed combat, explore the three-dimensional environment of Omikron, and talk with non-player characters to move forward in the story.

Writer and director David Cage began the script in 1994 and signed a publishing deal with Eidos in 1997. David Bowie made the music with Reeves Gabrels, producing ten original songs. The game was finished after two-and-a-half years. The Nomad Soul was well received by critics, who preferred the PC version to its Dreamcast counterpart. Reviewers praised the graphics, soundtrack, story, character models, reincarnation mechanic, voice acting, and combat, but criticised the controls, loading times, multiple gameplay styles, and lack of immersion. It sold over 600,000 copies.


A fight sequence in side-on view

The Nomad Soul is an adventure game played from third-person, side-on, and first-person perspectives. The three-dimensional environment of Omikron is subject to exploration, which can be done either by walking, running, using vehicles known as Sliders, or taking elevators to reach apartments and offices. The player can engage in unarmed (third-person or side-on view) and armed fighting (first-person); combat experience, speed, dodging, and body resistance will improve with practice. The fighting controls allow the player to strafe, jump, crouch, punch, and kick, and in various combinations of these, unlock special moves. Physical exertion depletes energy, which is repleted with Medikits, food, drinks, or special potions. In the event of death (and eventually at will), the player is reincarnated into the body of the first non-player character (NPC) that interacts with them; there are more than forty people to inhabit. Mana levels signify the player's ability to cast spells and are increased with potions. To cross bodies of water, swimming sequences can be triggered, which expends oxygen.[2][3][4]

Reading messages, talking to NPCs (of which there are more than 140), and collecting items are crucial for the player to progress. They are afforded a piece of equipment known as SNEAK, which is mostly used to access character information, call Sliders, open the inventory, and retrieve facts that are vital to story progression. Objects can be used, examined, and stored in the inventory, which is separated into four categories: Magic Rings, Seteks, Map, and List. The inventory can hold up to eighteen objects; switching SNEAKs may forfeit items like weapons and Medikits. Magic rings allow the player to save the game at special points and buy advice about NPCs. Seteks, Omikronian currency, can be spent on things like consumables, better weapons, and advice. If the SNEAK inventory is full, artefacts can be transferred or deposited into the Multiplan Virtual Locker.[2][3]



The Nomad Soul is set in a futuristic city known as Omikron, which is a densely populated metropolis on the world of Phaenon, the second planet of the star Rad'an. At the start of the game, the player is asked by an Omikronian police officer named Kay'l 669 to leave their dimension and enter Omikron within his body. After doing so, the player continues with the investigation of serial killings that Kay'l and his partner Den were originally working on, attempting to pick up where Kay'l was apparently stopped from investigating.[5]

Omikron exists beneath an enormous crystal dome, which was constructed to protect against the ice age that Phaenon entered into after its sun's extinction. The city is split into different sectors: Anekbah, Qalisar, Jaunpur, Jahangir, and Lahoreh. Because it is forbidden for the inhabitants to leave their respective sectors, each area has developed uniquely, which is reflected by the diverging lifestyles and architecture. Common to all Omikronians, however, is the heavily oppressive and controlling government run by a supercomputer called Ix.[5]


Soon after the beginning of the game's introduction, the player begins the investigation in the Anekbah sector. They uncover information that suggests the serial killer they are looking for is in fact not human, but actually a demon. When members of an apparent underground, anti-government movement contact the player and confirm their suspicions, the investigation deepens and uncovers information; one of Omikron's chief police commanders, Commandant Gandhar, is a demon pretending to be human and luring human souls into Omikron from other dimensions by way of The Nomad Soul. Kay'l 669 asking the player to help him was a trap: supposedly, if the in-game character dies, the real human playing the video game will lose their soul forever. Despite many assassination attempts on the protagonist's life by other demons working behind the scenes, the player destroys Gandhar with supernatural weaponry.[5]

After this brief victory, the player is invited to join the mysterious anti-government movement named "The Awakened", who work in tandem with an ancient religious order led by Boz, a mystical being that exists in purely electronic form on the computer networks of Omikron. The Awakened refer to the protagonist as the "Nomad Soul", since he has the ability to change bodies at will. The Nomad Soul learns afterwards that what is going on in Omikron is merely an extension of an old battle between mankind and demons spearheaded by the powerful Astaroth. Astaroth, who was banished to the depths of Omikron long ago, is slowly regenerating power while using demons to both collect souls and impersonate high members of the government; he believes he can eventually take complete control and move across Phaenon and the Universe beyond. Only by harnessing ancient, magical technology and by re-discovering several hidden tombs underneath Omikron's surface, can the Nomad Soul hope to discover how to destroy Astaroth, return to his own dimension, and prevent his soul from being captured by demons.[5]

Development and release[edit]

Writer and director David Cage, having grown tired of his role of fifteen years as a composer, started writing The Nomad Soul in 1994. The script resulted in a 200-page document, which was distributed to his contacts in the music business, who said the idea was technically impossible. In an act of defiance, Cage hired a team of friends[a] with development experience and turned one of his isolation booths into an office, with a deadline of six months until the money ran out, by which time the goal was to have a game engine and prototype. In the last week,[b] Cage travelled to London and called Eidos Interactive, who invited him for a meeting. Eidos were so impressed with the demonstration and script, the publishing deal was signed by noon the next day. The Nomad Soul was in full production one month later.[6] Two months after that, a prototype was displayed at E3.[9] With The Nomad Soul, Cage wanted to create "a movie-like experience - with total immersion" and mix multiple genres. He was initially hesitant to introduce first-person perspective, as it gave him headaches, but implemented it at Eidos' request.[7][9] The game took two-and-a-half years to complete.[9]

Cage had written down names of artists he wanted to work with, including Björk, Massive Attack, Archive, and David Bowie.[7] At the behest of Eidos' senior designer Philip Campbell, Bowie was ultimately solicited to compose the music, which was done with assistance from guitarist Reeves Gabrels. Bowie produced ten original songs and spent two weeks of design sessions in Paris, portraying a character named Boz and the lead singer of an in-game band playing gigs around Omikron City; Gabrels and Gail Ann Dorsey also lent their likenesses. Cage spent thirty hours doing motion capture for each concert. Bowie's priority was to imbue the game with "emotional subtext" and regarded this as a success. Fashion model Iman, Bowie's wife, played an "incarnable".[7][10][11]

The Nomad Soul was renamed Omikron: The Nomad Soul in North America.[6] It was released for Microsoft Windows on 31 October 1999 in Europe;[12] North America received it that November.[13][14] The game was ported for the Dreamcast, with release dates both reported for March and 22 June 2000.[15][16] A PlayStation version, planned for May 2000, was cancelled after seventy percent of it had been completed.[17] The game was also cancelled for PlayStation 2.[18] After Bowie's death in 2016, The Nomad Soul was made available at no cost for one week.[19]


Review scores
AllGame3.5/5 stars[3]4.5/5 stars[20]
Game RevolutionN/AA[4]
GamePro3.5/5 stars[22]4/5 stars[23]
PC Gamer (US)N/A68%[27]
Aggregate score

The Nomad Soul sold more than 600,000 copies,[29] between 400,000 and 500,000 of which came from Europe. Cage blamed the low sales in North America on Eidos' lack of support in that market.[7] It was nominated as the best personal computer adventure game of 1999 by CNET Gamecenter, The Electric Playground, and GameSpot, losing variously to Gabriel Knight 3, Spy Fox 2, and Outcast.[30][31][32] It was also nominated in the "Outstanding Achievement in Character or Story Development" category at the 3rd Annual Interactive Achievement Awards in 2000, losing to Age of Empires II: Age of Kings.[33] Reviewing the Dreamcast version, Glenn Wigmore of AllGame held the game to be "unique", writing that the execution of its real-time graphics was done well and that, ultimately, "the game looks solid and creates the atmosphere of a giant, dark, and tangible world". He enjoyed the characters' varied, fleshed out demeanor, and for the most part thought the voice acting was good. The combat also appealed to Wigmore, who called it "fun".[3] AllGame's Chris Couper said in his PC review that The Nomad Soul was "by leaps, bounds and great units of measurement, [his] favorite game of 1999". He regarded the story as "fascinating", the graphics as "amazing", and the soundtrack as "breathtaking" (particularly the song "New Angels of Promise"). The most innovative part of the game, according to Couper, was that it allowed the player to reincarnate into other characters' bodies.[20] Eurogamer was impressed with Omikron's atmospheric, "futuristic cityscape", thinking well of the general story.[21] Game Revolution declared The Nomad Soul the first game to approach total immersion, thus calling it the "best single player gaming experience" of 1999. Cage's direction of the in-game movie sequences was also praised. Game Revolution termed the story "deeply engaging", the ability to solve individual problems through multiple paths "refreshing", the graphical effects "simply gorgeous", the character models "striking", and sound effects and voice acting "generally excellent". Like Couper, Game Revolution liked the musical score, dubbing it "atmospheric".[4] GamePro, evaluating it on the Dreamcast, was pleased with the setting and music.[22] Having played the PC version, GamePro's Nash Werner observed that, at its best, the game was "a fresh approach to a neglected adventure-gaming genre". He likened the graphics to Blade Runner and Tim Burton's artstyle, deemed the score to be "incredible" and key to the atmosphere, and considered the gameplay "smooth".[23] Ryan Mac Donald, writing the Dreamcast review for GameSpot, found the story good enough to maintain the player's interest throughout. He saw the controls as "adequate" and agreed that the game boasted "impressive" graphics as well as a "wonderful" soundtrack.[24] Greg Kasavin's PC review, also for GameSpot, admired the character models, their realistic portrayal of emotion, and voice acting. Kasavin additionally complimented the graphics engine for its high quality rendering of enemies, weapon effects, and architecture in first-person view.[25] IGN's Jeremy Dunham reviewed the Dreamcast version, which he noted as a "unique experience", saying the graphics looked better than on the PC. Dunham enjoyed the song "New Angels of Promise", same as Couper, and praised the soundtrack as a whole. He also echoed Couper's view that the reincarnation mechanic was one the game's most innovative features.[26] Vincent Lopez's PC review at IGN lauded the "fun, but simple" first-person mode, preferring unarmed combat for its combos and animation. What impressed him the most was the adult manner in which he felt the story was handled. He too saw the graphics as "incredible"; the soundtrack was similarly commended.[14] Greg Vederman of PC Gamer thought the gameplay was fun, especially the third-person exploration.[27]

Conversely, Wigmore noted that some details were "a tad rough", while also faulting the "low" colour palette. He blamed the character's lack of agility on "sluggish" controls and deducted the game for its "terrible loading time".[3] Eurogamer criticised the uniformity of the NPCs, vehicles, and artificial intelligence. Like Wigmore, Eurogamer disliked the controls, which were found to worsen the first-person sequences. Also subject to reproval were the save game system, "pretentious silliness" in the narrative, reincarnation mechanic, substandard graphics, and "blocky and often poorly animated" character models.[21] Despite lauding the story, Game Revolution admitted it was "a little cliched", while also decrying armed and unarmed combat as "noticeably low on flash" compared to other games.[4] GamePro disparaged the execution of the game modes, agreeing with others on the "universally awkward" controls. Loading "hiccups" were also disapproved of.[22] Werner stated that, at its worst, The Nomad Soul was "your typical puzzle hunt with non-player characters that can often be annoying". He thought the models were "blocky" and their textures "murky" or "blurry".[23] Donald noted that Quantic Dream's incorporation of various styles was a failure and became disillusioned with the promise of an immersive world, judging it instead as "little more than a polygonal prop". The action sequences were criticised for their repetitiveness.[24] Kasavin took the same view as Donald on the implementation of multiple gameplay styles, calling them "ineffective". He questioned the originality of the world, considered the character animations "stilted and unrealistic", dismissed the unarmed combat as "silly" compared to other fighting games, and diverged from others on the soundtrack, saying it lacked variety.[25] Dunham wrote that The Nomad Soul was best described as "Messiah and Shenmue's illegitimate child", disregarding the Dreamcast version as an "obviously rushed" port. Though initially impressed with the reincarnation mechanic, he grew tired of it near the end.[26] Lopez mentioned framerates as one "serious problem" he encountered, especially in first-person mode.[14] Vederman stated that the first-person and side-on segments looked and played "rather poorly", suggesting the game would have benefited from their removal.[27]


In April 2000, a sequel was in the early stages of development,[15] then scheduled to be released by 2001.[9] It went under the titles Nomad Soul: Exodus and Omikron 2: Karma and was planned for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, and Xbox 360.[34][35] After the release of Fahrenheit, the project was still in discussion, but ultimately scrapped in favour of Heavy Rain.[29][35]


  1. ^ The amount has both been reported as five and six.[6][7]
  2. ^ The year this occurred was 1997.[7][8]


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  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Quantic Dream (31 October 1999). The Nomad Soul manual. Eidos Interactive.
  3. ^ a b c d e Wigmore, Glenn. "Omikron: The Nomad Soul". AllGame. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d "Can you hear me, Major Tom? I'm stuck in Omikron! Review". Game Revolution. 1 November 1999. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d Quantic Dream (31 October 1999). The Nomad Soul. Microsoft Windows, Dreamcast. Eidos Interactive.
  6. ^ a b c "David Cage: From the brink". MCV. 28 September 2011. Archived from the original on 17 February 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Staff (21 September 2013). "The Making Of: Omikron: The Nomad Soul". Edge. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014.
  8. ^ Quantic Dream [@Quantic_Dream] (25 April 2019). "On May 2, Quantic Dream will be 22 years old. #Happy22QD" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 7 May 2019 – via Twitter.
  9. ^ a b c d Strohm, Alex (12 January 2000). "Omikron Team Interviewed". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 31 August 2000.
  10. ^ Feldman, Brian (11 January 2016). "How David Bowie's Love for the Internet Led Him to Star in a Terrible Dreamcast Game". New York. Archived from the original on 13 January 2016.
  11. ^ Traiman, Steve (5 June 1999). "More Musicians Explore Video Game Work". Billboard. p. 101. Archived from the original on 18 September 2018.
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  13. ^ a b "Omikron: The Nomad Soul". GameRankings. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
  14. ^ a b c d Lopez, Vincent (12 November 1999). "Omikron: The Nomad Soul". IGN. Archived from the original on 16 August 2000.
  15. ^ a b Strohm, Axel (26 April 2000). "Omikron Gets a Sequel". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 18 September 2018.
  16. ^ Carpenter, Nicole (15 January 2016). "Square Enix Giving Away Omikron: The Nomad Soul in Honor of David Bowie". IGN. Archived from the original on 3 April 2019.
  17. ^ Strohm, Axel (26 April 2000). "Update: Cancelled PS Omikron". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 21 May 2016.
  18. ^ Walker, John (28 February 2010). "Retrospective: Omikron: The Nomad Soul". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on 11 January 2016.
  19. ^ Morrison, Angus (15 January 2016). "Omikron: The Nomad Soul free as Bowie tribute". PC Gamer. Archived from the original on 16 January 2016.
  20. ^ a b Couper, Chris. "Omikron: The Nomad Soul". AllGame. Archived from the original on 15 November 2014.
  21. ^ a b c "Nomad Soul". Eurogamer. 12 November 1999. Archived from the original on 11 January 2015.
  22. ^ a b c "Omikron: The Nomad Soul". GamePro. 10 July 2000. Archived from the original on 29 June 2004.
  23. ^ a b c Werner, Nash (1 January 2000). "Omikron: The Nomad Soul". GamePro. Archived from the original on 5 July 2004.
  24. ^ a b c Donald, Ryan Mac (13 July 2000). "Omikron Review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 11 January 2015.
  25. ^ a b c Kasavin, Greg (29 November 1999). "Omikron: The Nomad Soul Review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 11 January 2015.
  26. ^ a b c Dunham, Jeremy (5 July 2000). "Omikron: the Nomad Soul". IGN. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019.
  27. ^ a b c Vederman, Greg. "Omikron: The Nomad Soul". PC Gamer. Archived from the original on 15 March 2006.
  28. ^ "Omikron: The Nomad Soul". GameRankings. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
  29. ^ a b Gibson, Ellie (17 March 2005). "Quantic Dream considers Omikron II". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on 17 January 2012.
  30. ^ "Adventure Game of the Year, Nominees | GameSpot's The Best & Worst of 1999". GameSpot. 2000. Archived from the original on 16 August 2000.
  31. ^ "Adventure | The Gamecenter Awards for 1999!". CNET Gamecenter. 21 January 2000. Archived from the original on 4 June 2000.
  32. ^ "BEST PC ADVENTURE GAME OF THE YEAR | the Blister Awards 1999". The Electric Playground. March 2000. Archived from the original on 28 October 2000.
  33. ^ "2000 Awards Category Details – Outstanding Achievement in Character or Story Development". Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on 5 June 2019.
  34. ^ Staff (17 February 2000). "The Nomad Soul Is Back". IGN. Archived from the original on 18 September 2018.
  35. ^ a b Sheffield, Brandon (23 June 2008). "Paris GDC: Quantic Dream Considering Second Next-Gen Title". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016.