Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center
|Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center|
Medical Center main campus in 2007
|Location||The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States|
|Hospital type||Short Term Acute Care|
|Affiliated university||The Ohio State University|
|Emergency department||US Level I Trauma|
|Website||http://wexnermedical.osu.edu Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center|
|Lists||Hospitals in Ohio|
The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, formerly called The Ohio State University Medical Center (OSUMC), is a multidisciplinary academic medical center located in Columbus, Ohio, United States, on the main campus of The Ohio State University (OSU). In 2010, the center was ranked one of "America's Best" by U.S. News & World Report in 11 specialties. OSU Medical Center was the only central Ohio hospital ranked as "America's Best" in 2010. However, as of 2016, the center's health-related programs garnered the best rankings of all at the medical center, including nursing-midwifery (#28), occupational therapy (#12), physical therapy (#10), and pharmacy (#6). In 2016, OSUMC was ranked in 7 specialties, with only one medicine-related area breaking into the Top 15 rankings (ear, nose, and throat).
In 2012, it was announced the OSU Medical Center would change its name to Wexner Medical Center at Ohio State University.
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine is the medical school at The Ohio State University and is located in Columbus. The college is recognized in both education and research, as reflected by 2016 rankings in the Top 40 U.S. News & World Report. In 2009, its primary teaching hospital (Ohio State University Hospital) ranked as one of the best hospitals in the U.S. in 10 different specialties; it was chosen to be among the 21 hospitals named to U.S. News & World Report's select honor roll of U.S. hospitals. In 2016, OSUMC was ranked in 7 specialties, with only one area breaking into the Top 15 rankings (ear, nose, and throat: #14) and two areas breaking into the Top 25 (cancer: #24; diabetes/endocrinology: #24). Two health related programs housed in the College of Medicine were ranked in the Top 15: occupational therapy (#12), and physical therapy (#10).
James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute
The Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute is a dedicated cancer hospital and research center that is part of the university's Comprehensive Cancer Center, with a governance structure separate from, but coordinated with, OSUMC.
OSU Physicians, Inc.
OSU Physicians Inc. is a unified physician practice representing more than 700 physicians.
OSU Health System
The OSU Health System is part of the center, which includes University Hospital and University Hospital East, OSUMC's two full-service hospitals. Other hospitals include the OSU Harding Hospital, an inpatient and outpatient psychiatric hospital; the Richard M. Ross Heart Hospital, dedicated to the study, treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases; OSU Rehabilitation Services at Dodd Hall, one of America's Top 10 rehabilitation centers, according to U.S.News & World Report; and the OSU Primary Care Network, an extensive network of community-based primary and sub-specialty care facilities throughout central Ohio. More than 50,000 inpatients receive medical care annually from OSUMC and OSUMC manages more than one million patient visits each year.
Medical breakthroughs and firsts
Pioneer Dr. Carl Leier developed Dobutamine, the revolutionary drug treatment to help heart failure. Dr. Bertha Bouroncle discovered hairy cell leukemia and developed a cure for it, Deoxycoformycin, along with Dr. Michael Grever, and Dr. Erik Kraut. Kazi Mobin-Uddin, MD who invented the first inferior vena cava filter a faculty member. Dr. Albert de la Chappelle discovered the founder mutation in cancer. Dr. William Hunt and Dr. Robert Hess in the Department of Neurological Surgery developed the Hunt and Hess scale for grading the severity of intracranial hemorrhages. Educational firsts by the Ohio State Medical School include an independent study curriculum in 1970, and a human cancer genetics fellowship. OSU was the first medical center in the United States to complete a heart bypass using minimally invasive robotics technology and the first to insert a digital pacemaker in a patient. Ohio State is a world leader in imaging research, installing the world's most powerful magnetic resonance imaging scanner in 1998, the 8 tesla MRI.
In 2000, young doctors and recent OSU graduates Peter Kourlas and Matthew Strout conducted genetic research that led to the discovery of a gene that plays a role in acute myeloid leukemia. Their work was conducted in the lab of Dr. Michael Caligiuri, a researcher recognized for his work in leukemia, lymphoma and immunology.
In 2002 Dr. Carlo Croce at the Ohio State University Medical Center took part in a groundbreaking genetic discovery concerning aberrant microRNA expression in fighting cancer, which sparked a new whole new field of medical research.
In 2009 scientists at the university also became the first to observe the entire real time behavior of the enzyme Dpo4, which will lead to studies on how genetic copying mistakes are made that lead to cancer and diseases, and the understanding of the molecular basis for disease. Later that year scientists developed technology that can magnetically manipulate cancerous cells.
The Ohio State University Medical Center has become a pioneer and leader in robotic surgery.
In 1999, Dr. Randall Wolf and Dr. Robert Michler became the first in the country to perform a robotically-assisted heart by-pass, while under the direction of Dr. Michler in 2009, the center became the first in North America to use the da Vinci HS SI robot during a surgery. In July 2009, OSU pioneered single incision robotic kidney surgery.
In September 2009, the Ohio State University trustees approved a $1 billion expansion of the medical center. The expansion is known as ProjectONE which refers to the collaboration between the Medical Center and The Ohio State University. The 20-story tower houses hospital beds dedicated to cancer and critical care patients. The hospital notably received a $100 million federal grant for the inclusion of a specialized radiation oncology center. Ground was broken for the project on June 18, 2010, with the expansion building opening in 2015 as the "new" James Cancer Hospital and Solove Cancer Research Institute. While its expansion was considered to be an important step in situating OSUMC in the list of best US hospitals, as of 2016, the cancer program housed in the new building had slipped substantially in the national rankings substantially and was no longer listed in the country's Top 30 cancer programs.
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