The Originals (band)

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The Originals
OriginDetroit, Michigan, United States
GenresR&B, soul, disco
Years active1966–1982, 1989–present
LabelsSoul (Motown)
Associated actsMarvin Gaye, Stevie Wonder, David Ruffin, Jimmy Ruffin, Edwin Starr, Bobby Taylor & the Vancouvers
MembersHank Dixon
Dillon Gorman
Terrie Dixon
Defrantz Forrest
Past membersFreddie Gorman
Walter Gaines
Ty Hunter
C. P. Spencer
Joe Stubbs

The Originals, often called "Motown's best-kept secret,"[1] were a successful Motown R&B and soul group during the late 1960s and the 1970s, most notable for the hits "Baby, I'm For Real," "The Bells," and the disco classic "Down To Love Town." Formed in 1966, the group originally consisted of baritone singer Freddie Gorman, tenor/falsetto Walter Gaines, and tenors C. P. Spencer and Hank Dixon (and briefly Joe Stubbs). Ty Hunter replaced Spencer when he left to go solo in the early 1970s. They had all previously sung in other Detroit groups, Spencer having been an original member of The (Detroit) Spinners and Hunter having sung with The Supremes member Scherrie Payne in the group Glass House. Spencer, Gaines, Hunter, and Dixon (at one time or another) were also members of The Voice Masters. As a member of the Holland–Dozier–Gorman writing-production team (before Holland–Dozier–Holland), Gorman (as a mailman) was one of the co-writers of Motown's first number 1 pop hit "Please Mr. Postman," recorded by The Marvelettes. In 1964 The Beatles released their version and in 1975 The Carpenters took it to number 1 again. This was the second time in pop history that a song had reached number 1 twice as "The Twist" by Chubby Checker, reached number 1 in both 1960 and 1961. In 2006, "Please Mr. Postman" was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame.

History[edit]

The group found success in the latter half of the 1960s as background singers for recordings by artists such as Jimmy Ruffin's "What Becomes of the Brokenhearted," Stevie Wonder's "For Once in My Life" and "Yester-Me, Yester-You, Yesterday," David Ruffin's "My Whole World Ended (The Moment You Left Me)," Marvin Gaye's "Chained" and "Just to Keep You Satisfied," Edwin Starr's "War" and "25 Miles," and many more. Much like The Andantes, Motown's in-house female backing group, The Originals are on countless Motown recordings but were never credited.

The Originals recorded plenty of their own material for Motown but saw only one single release before 1969. A cover of Leadbelly's "Goodnight Irene" was released in 1966, backed with "Need Your Lovin'" (both featuring Joe Stubbs on lead) but failed to chart. They recorded the song "Suspicion" in 1966, but it was never released as a single. Nevertheless, it has become a Northern Soul classic. The track has since been featured on many of their compilation albums and many Northern Soul compilations. The group saw the release of two more singles, "We've Got A Way Out Of Love" and "Green Grow The Lilacs," which failed to chart, in 1969.

The Originals found their biggest commercial success under the guidance of Marvin Gaye, who co-wrote and produced two of the group's biggest singles, the doo-wop influenced ballads "Baby, I'm For Real" and "The Bells". The former was such a hit that the group's debut album, 1969's Green Grow The Lilacs, was soon reissued as Baby, I'm For Real. The latter disc, from 1970's Potrait Of The Originals, sold more than one million copies and received a gold disc awarded by the R.I.A.A..[2]Both songs became seminal soul music recordings, and both have since been covered: 1990s R&B group After 7 re-recorded "Baby, I'm For Real" and made it a hit again in 1992, while another 1990s R&B group, Color Me Badd, re-recorded "The Bells" for one of their albums.

The release of Originals singles remained constant throughout the early 1970s, although chartings proved lower and more sporadic. The year 1970 saw two album releases and four singles, all of which were Top 20 R&B Hits. Ballads like "We Can Make It, Baby" and "God Bless Whoever Sent You", both from Naturally Together, continued the group's hit-making streak. "Don't Stop Now", an uptempo number produced by Smokey Robinson, also became popular, despite not being released as a single.

Chart appearances subsequently became less frequent, with only two appearances on any US charts between 1971 and 1975. In this time the group went through changes in personnel and style, with C.P. Spencer leaving in 1972 and being replaced by former Voice Master Ty Hunter. 1974's Game Called Love saw The Originals experimenting with a more country sound (surprisingly the title track was written and produced by Stevie Wonder) and 1975's California Sunset was an album of modern soul written and produced entirely by Lamont Dozier. Communique from 1976 marked the group's first foray into disco, expanded on with 1977's Down To Love Town. In total the group released some eight albums during their tenure at Motown.

Although the group went on to have more modest success in both the soul and disco fields near the end of the decade, including "Down To Love Town," a #1 dance chart hit, the songs they made with Marvin Gaye are arguably their most memorable and notable. Spencer returned briefly in the late 1970s, but after the death of Ty Hunter, on February 24, 1981,[citation needed] the group ceased recording and broke up about a year later. The group had left Motown in 1977, releasing two albums for Columbia and their last ever album for the independent label Phase II. They later reunited and recorded for Ian Levine's Motorcity Records; the group recorded several songs together including "Take The Only Way Out" which was scheduled for a single release, and individual members (including former member Joe Stubbs) also made some solo recordings. The group duetted with former Motown labelmates The Supremes for one single, "Back By Popular Demand" in 1991, as well. Freddie Gorman also released a handful of solo singles in the 1980s and later released a solo CD (as Freddi G) entitled It's All About Love (1997).

Joe Stubbs, brother of Four Tops lead Levi Stubbs, died on February 5, 1998. He had been with the group for about six months in 1966, as well a member of The Falcons, The Contours, and 100 Proof (Aged In Soul). C. P. Spencer died on October 20, 2004, and the group's spokesman Freddie Gorman followed on June 13, 2006.[3] Walter Gaines died January 17, 2012, after a long illness.[4] Dixon is now the only surviving, and active, founding member of the original group.

Reformation[edit]

Following the death of Freddie Gorman in 2006, longtime member Hank Dixon and Hank's daughter Terrie Dixon reformed The Originals as a live touring act, with Freddie's son songwriter and producer Dillon F. Gorman, plus the son of Gene Chandler, Defrantz Forrest, to complete the line-up.

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Year Album Chart positions Record label
US
[5]
US
R&B

[5]
1969 Green Grow the Lilacs [A] 174 18 Soul
1970 Portrait of the Originals 198 47
Naturally Together 44
1972 Def·i·ni·tions
1974 Game Called Love
1975 California Sunset 51 Motown
1976 Communique Soul
1977 Down to Love Town
1978 Another Time, Another Place Fantasy
1979 Come Away with Me
1981 Yesterday and Today Phase II
"—" denotes the album failed to chart
  • A Album was later reissued as Baby, I'm for Real

Compilation albums[edit]

Year Album Chart positions Record label
US USR&B
1990 Baby, I'm for Real Motown
1999 The Very Best of the Originals
2002 The Essential Collection Spectrum
"—" denotes the album failed to chart

Singles[edit]

Year Single (A-side, B-side)
Both sides from same album except where indicated
Peak chart positions Album
US
[6]
US
R&B

[6]
US
Dance

[6]
1967 "Good Night Irene"
b/w "Need Your Lovin' (Want You Back)"
Non-album tracks
1969 "We've Got A Way Out Of Love"
b/w "You're The One"
Green Grow The Lilacs
"Green Grow The Lilacs"
b/w "You're The One"
"Baby, I'm For Real"
b/w "Moment Of Truth"
14 1
1970 "The Bells"
b/w "I'll Wait For You"
12 4 Portrait Of The Originals
"We Can Make It Baby" / 74 20 Naturally Together
"I Like Your Style" 20 Portrait Of The Originals
"God Bless Whoever Sent You"
b/w "Desperate Young Man" (non-album single)
53 14 Naturally Together
1971 "Keep Me"
b/w "A Man Without Love" (from Naturally Together)
Definitions
1972 "I'm Someone Who Cares"
b/w "Once I Have You (I Will Never Let You Go)" (from Naturally Together)
113
1973 "Be My Love"
b/w "Endlessly Love"
Game Called Love
"There's A Chance When You Love You'll Lose"
b/w "First Lady (Sweet Mother's Love)"
Non-album tracks
1974 "Supernatural Voodoo Woman" (Part 1)
b/w Part 2 (Non-album track)
Game Called Love
"Game Called Love"
b/w "Ooh You (Put A Crush On Me)"
"You're My Only World"
b/w "So Near (and Yet So Far)"
1975 "Good Lovin' Is Just A Dime Away"
b/w "Nothing Can Take The Place (Of Your Love)"
53 California Sunset
"Fifty Years"
b/w "Financial Affair"
Unreleased
"Everybody's Got To Do Something"
b/w Instrumental version of A-side
Communique
1976 "Touch"
b/w "Ooh You (Put A Crush On Me)" (from Game Of Love)
"Down To Love Town"
b/w "Just To Be Closer To You"
47 93 1
1977 "Call On Your Six-Million Dollar Man"
b/w "Mother Nature's Best"
6 Down To Love Town
1978 "Temporarily Out Of Order"
b/w "It's Alright"
Another Time, Another Place
1979 "Blue Moon"
b/w "Ladies (We Need You)" (from Another Time, Another Place)
Come Away With Me
"J-E-A-L-O-U-S (Means I Love You)"
b/w "Jezebel (You Got Me Under Your Spell)"
1981 Medley: "Waitin' On A Letter"/"Mr. Postman"
b/w "The Magic Is You"
74 Yesterday and Today
"The Magic Is You"
b/w "Let Me Dance"
1982 "Baby, I'm for Real - '82"
b/w "The Magic Is You"
"—" denotes the single failed to chart

As background vocalists[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "THE ORIGINALS - ESSENTIAL COLLECTION". www.modculture.com. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
  2. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 284. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
  3. ^ "The Originals". www.allmusic.com. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  4. ^ Thedeadrockstarsclub.com. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
  5. ^ a b "The Originals US albums chart history". Billboard. Retrieved 2011-04-05.
  6. ^ a b c "The Originals US singles chart history". Billboard. Retrieved 2011-04-05.

External links[edit]