Oxford Classical Dictionary

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The Oxford Classical Dictionary (OCD) is generally considered "the best one-volume dictionary on antiquity,"[1][2] an encyclopedic work in English consisting of articles relating to classical antiquity and its civilizations. It was first published in 1949 (OCD1 or OCD), edited by Max Cary with the assistance of H. J. Rose, H. P. Harvey, and A. Souter. A second edition followed in 1970 (OCD2), edited by Nicholas G. L. Hammond and H. H. Scullard, and a third edition in 1996 (OCD3), edited by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth. A revised third edition was released in 2003, which is nearly identical to the previous third edition. Finally, a fourth edition was published in 2012 (OCD4), edited by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth with the assistance of Esther Eidinow, which remains the current edition. This most recent edition is marked principally by three features: first, revision to the text of approximately half the entries; second, 90 new or replaced entries (19 replaced); and, third, thoroughly updated bibliographies for each entry.[3]

The OCD's over 6,700 articles[4] cover everything from the daily life of the ancient Greeks and Romans to their geography, religion, and their historical figures.

Digital and on-line availability[edit]

The fourth edition and the third revised edition of the OCD are available online for members of subscribed institutions and for subscribed individuals via Oxford Reference. The third edition (1996) was also available on CD-ROM, but it is partially incompatible with more recent versions of Windows and has not been revised or re-released.[5]

Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization[edit]

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (OCCC), part of the Oxford Companions series of Oxford University Press, is an independent publication consisting of a selection of articles from the OCD, with accompanying illustrations. The first edition was published in 1998 (OCCC1 or OCCC), edited by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth, and contains over 600 articles selected from the OCD3. A paperback edition was issued in 2004. The current second edition was published in 2014 (OCCC2), edited by Simon Hornblower, Antony Spawforth, and Esther Eidinow, and contains over 700 articles selected from the OCD4.[6]

Varia[edit]

National Latin Exam

A copy of the OCD has traditionally been offered by the National Latin Exam as a prize for students who obtain four consecutive ascending gold medals on the exam.[7]

Forthcoming online version

As part of its Oxford Research Encyclopedia program, Oxford University Press is preparing a fully online, regularly updated version of the OCD, edited by Sander Goldberg, that will integrate multimedia content. No initial release date has been announced, but articles purportedly will begin to appear in early 2015.[8][9]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Markus Sehlmeyer, review of Oxford Classical Dictionary, ed. Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth, Bryn Mawr Classical Review 97.9.06 (1997). [1]
  2. ^ See, also, Gregory S. Bucher, review of Oxford Classical Dictionary, ed. Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth, Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2003.11.15 (2003). [2]
  3. ^ Information regarding the various editions of the OCD has been garnered from their front matter and dust jackets.
  4. ^ This information is garnered from the dust jacket of the OCD4 and is also obtainable from the edition's online version.
  5. ^ Online catalogue entry for the OCD, CD-ROM version, available through the website of Oxford University Press, UK version.[3]
  6. ^ Information regarding the editions of the OCCC has been garnered from their front matter and dust jackets.
  7. ^ "National Latin Exam Awards," from the website of the National Latin Exam. [4]
  8. ^ For all news and information regarding this new and upcoming online version of the OCD, see its current official website.
  9. ^ See, also, the catalogue entry at Oxford University Press for this new and upcoming online version of the OCD.

Editions and versions[edit]

Oxford Classical Dictionary

  • Oxford Classical Dictionary. Edited by Max Cary, with the assistance of H. J. Rose, H. P. Harvey, and A. Souter. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1949.
  • Oxford Classical Dictionary. Edited by Nicholas G. L. Hammond and H. H. Scullard. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970.
  • Oxford Classical Dictionary. Edited by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth. 3rd ed. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. ISBN 978-0-19-866172-6.
  • Oxford Classical Dictionary. Edited by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth. 3rd rev. ed. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. ISBN 978-0-19-860641-3.
  • Oxford Classical Dictionary. Edited by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth, with the assistance of Esther Eidinow. 4th ed. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-19-954556-8.

Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization

  • Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization. Edited by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1998, 2004. ISBN 978-0-19-860165-4 (hb), ISBN 978-0-19-860958-2 (pb).
  • Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization. Edited by Simon Hornblower, Antony Spawforth, and Esther Eidinow. 2nd ed. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. ISBN 978-0-19-870677-9.

External links[edit]