The Paradise of Death
|The Paradise of Death|
|Doctor Who radio play|
CD release cover
|Directed by||Phil Clarke|
|Written by||Barry Letts|
|Length||5 episodes, 30 mins each|
|Originally broadcast||27 August – 24 September 1993|
Production and Broadcast History
This was the second radio serial made by the BBC based on the Doctor Who television series. In 1986, the Sixth Doctor, played by Colin Baker, had starred in a 6-part radio serial entitled Slipback, during a break between seasons whilst he was starring as the Doctor on television.
The scriptwriter for Paradise of Death, Barry Letts, was a former BBC Producer and Director who had (amongst his other credits) produced Doctor Who on television from 1969 to 1974 (in other words, for almost the entire time Jon Pertwee had played the Third Doctor). Letts had also co-written (together with playwright Robert Sloman) several of the Doctor Who television serials in which Pertwee had appeared, and had gone on later in the 1970s to novelise some of the television serials he had produced, which were published in hardback and paperback by WH Allen. He would also novelise his own scripts for this radio serial, for publication by WH Allen in 1994.
Because of Letts' familiarity with the Doctor Who series from the five years that he had produced the show, it was an obvious decision that his script would feature that period: namely Pertwee's Doctor, and some of the regulars (in the event, the Brigadier and Sarah) who Pertwee knew from his time on the show. In effect, this radio production was a reunion of the main cast who had worked on Pertwee's final season on television in 1973-74.
The serial The Paradise of Death was first broadcast in five episodes on BBC Radio 5 (a station which, at the time, was heard solely on AM in the UK) from 27 August to 24 September 1993. It was subsequently repeated, between 12 April and 10 May 1994, by BBC Radio 2 on FM.
The serial was released as part of the BBC Radio Collection on audio-cassette (ZBBC 1494), and in March 2000 was re-released on double CD (ISBN 0 563 55323 5). The Radio Collection releases included several "bonus" scenes which (due to some scripts proving too long for the 29 minute timeslot) had not been included in the radio broadcasts.
During the repeat of the serial on Radio 2, by mistake the episodes were aired out of order. This error generated so many complaints to the BBC's Duty Office that the Corporation realised they had under-estimated the size of the listening audience, a realisation which led them to decide to commission a sequel.
Accordingly, a second radio serial featuring the Third Doctor, The Ghosts of N-Space, was broadcast on Radio 2 in 1996. More might have followed, but unhappily Jon Pertwee died in 1996, bringing the Third Doctor's era to a close. Barry Letts was thereupon commissioned, instead, to develop an idea for a radio play based upon the 1970's BBC science fiction series Blake's 7, which would ultimately lead to his writing two productions featuring cast members from that show, which were broadcast in 1998.
Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart of UNIT asks the Doctor to investigate a particularly gruesome murder at a new theme park on London's Hampstead Heath, called Space World. Together with journalist Sarah Jane Smith and her photographer Jeremy Fitzoliver, they take in the incongruous exhibits, including virtual reality machines, and even seemingly living alien monstrosities - which the Brigadier immediately suspects of the killing.
The owners of the theme park are a gang of alien carpetbaggers from outer space, who are ostensibly trying to persuade the Government to begin talks on allowing interplanetary trade. Although their real motives are unclear, they have a sophisticated form of mind-control which they employ to kill anyone who threatens their plans.
When Sarah is kidnapped by the sinister Mr Tragan, and transported to the aliens' home planet, Parakon, the Doctor and the Brigadier must race to her rescue in the Tardis. On Parakon, they learn the truth about the proposed trade deal, which will mean the destruction of all life on Earth. The rapine plant is a parasite which will turn the planet into a wasteland.
Freeth and Tragan are secretly conspiring to overthrow the President and democratic government on Parakon, and fear what the visitors from Earth may accidentally disclose which might reveal their plans to Captain Rudley, the commander of the Presidential Guard. The Doctor hopes to persuade the President that rapine will harm the Earth, but Freeth and Grebber hope to have the Doctor executed before he can do so.
On their first broadcast, the episodes were summarised as follows -
1: The Doctor is called in to investigate a murder at Space World.
2: The Doctor is dead, and the Brigadier discovers that the Parakon Corporation has friends in high places.
3: Can the Tardis escape from war-torn Blestinu in time to save Sarah Jane from Tragan?
4: Freeth holds the Doctor captive, while Captain Rudley is to be executed for treason.
5: The Gargan monster has Sarah and Jeremy cornered in its den.
- The Doctor — Jon Pertwee
- Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart — Nicholas Courtney
- Sarah Jane Smith — Elisabeth Sladen
- Jeremy Fitzoliver — Richard Pearce
- Chairman Freeth — Harold Innocent
- Vice-Chairman Tragan — Peter Miles
- President of Parakon — Maurice Denham
- Onya Farjin — Jane Slavin
- Grebber/Reporter — Brian Hall
- Clorinda/Secretary General of the UN — Jillie Meers
- General Commanding Unit — John Hardwood
- Odun/Patrol Leader — John Fleming
- Captain Waldo Rudley — Jonathan Tafler
- Greckle — Emma Myant
- Rasco Heldal — Michael Onslow
- Medan/Hunter — David Holt
- Yallett/Officer of the day — Philip Anthony
- Crestin/Bill/Radio Voice/Ambulance Man/Man - Andrew Wincott
- Nobby/Kitson/Wilkins/Soldier - Dominic Letts
- Echo Location Operator/Lexhan - Julian Rhind-Tutt
- Kaido/Guard 2/Ungar/Custodian of Data Store/Jenhegger - Trevor Martin
- The liner notes from the CD release state that this adventure fits "seamlessly into television continuity between The Time Warrior and Invasion of the Dinosaurs". It doesn't, because it contradicts events in episode 1 of Invasion of the Dinosaurs, as it seems to feature the Doctor casually introducing Sarah Jane to the Brigadier, as if they had not met by his rescuing Sarah when she was arrested as a suspected looter in the television story.
- Throughout the serial, the theme music used to commence and conclude each episode is not that which was used during Jon Pertwee's time on the television series. The music used is, anachronistically, from the final Tom Baker season on television in the 1980s.
- The opening scene, featuring an alien spacecraft landing on Hamstead Heath, is lifted from a story outline submitted to the Who production office in 1970, by Bob Baker and Dave Martin, for the serial which ultimately aired as The Claws of Axos.
- Episode 1 explicitly sets out to establish that the serial is taking place during the 1973-74 season on television, shortly after Sarah's first appearance in the show. The Doctor tells her about his visit to ancient Atlantis in The Time Monster the previous year, and they discuss events they experienced together, in Sarah's first story The Time Warrior (set in the merrie England of the 13th Century). The Radio Collection release includes a lot of additional detail, in a "bonus" scene.
- The Doctor's pointed remark, universally, to Freeth and Tragan in Episode 1, which the Brigadier echoes in the following scene, is a reference to a line of dialogue spoken by Roger Delgado in Terror of the Autons (1971).
- The alien mind-control helmets in Episode 1, used to force Mr Grebber to commit "suicide", are based on the mind control helmets used by the B.O.S.S. computer in The Green Death (1973) - a serial co-written by Barry Letts. Most of the plot devices which are re-used in this serial, detailed in this section, originally featured in televised Doctor Who episodes which Letts himself had written.
- In Episode 2 the Doctor's being presumed dead, until examined by a medical doctor, is based on a similar scene in The Daemons (1971), and Sarah presuming him to be dead (and crying over his body) is borrowed from Planet of the Spiders (1974) - both serials which were very familiar to Barry Letts, as he co-wrote both of them (with Bob Sloman).
- The discussion about the United Nations treaty (over the meaning of the host country clause), in Episode 2, are a reference to the Brigadier's argument concerning that clause with the Minister of Ecology in The Green Death - another serial co-written by Barry Letts.
- The numerous mentions in Episode 2 of Bessie, the Doctor's vintage motorcar, refer to the little yellow Edwardian roadster which the Doctor drove in various serials between The Silurians (1970) and The Five Doctors (1983).
- The scene where Tragan takes his head off in Episode 2, in order to show Sarah what he really looks like without his disguise, is based on a similar scene in the Tom Baker serial City of Death (1979), in which the non-human Scarroth takes off his rubber head-piece to reveal his true appearance to the Countess Scarlioni.
- The mention of the Blinovitch limitation effect in Episode 2 is a reference to a discussion on time travel between Jon Pertwee and Katy Manning in Day of the Daleks (1972).
- In Episode 3 the televising of gladiatorial games (featuring combat to the death) and the televising of hunting-down political agitators (which invariably ends in an execution), which are the core of the government's bread-and-circuses policy, to prevent unrest among the population, are based on the televised public executions in the Colin Baker serial Vengeance on Varos.
- The Brigadier's line, Reverse the polarity of the neutron flow, in Episode 3, is a joking reference to the many times Pertwee used that phrase (or some variant of it) on television, including in The Sea Devils and The Five Doctors (where he used that exact phrase), and in The Silurians, Terror of the Autons, The Daemons, The Time Monster, Frontier in Space and Planet of the Daleks (where he used a close variant of it).
- The flying aircar in Episode 3, with the push-button controls, is based on the aircars used by the Pirate Captain's guards in the Tom Baker serial The Pirate Planet (1978).
- The Doctor tries, unsuccessfully, to soothe an alien monster by crooning a Venusian Lullaby, in Episode 5, as he had successfully done with the monster Aggador in The Curse of Peladon and The Monster of Peladon.
- The revelation in Episode 5 that the Rapine plant - which the Parakon Corporation intends to harvest on Earth - will bring about the destruction of all life on the planet is lifted from The Claws of Axos: the details of the process differ, but the essence of the aliens' plan is the same as the Axons' nutrition cycle (for rapine read axonite).
- Jenhegger's line when he saves the Doctor's life, No you shall not, he is a good man, in Episode 5, is based on a similar scene in the final episode of The Daemons (1971), where Jo Grant begs the alien, Azal, not to slay the Doctor (No! No, he's a good man! Kill me, not him!) - another of the serials co-written by Barry Letts.
- Jeremy Fitzoliver returns in the next audio serial, The Ghosts of N-Space.
Cast and Crew Notes
- Writer Barry Letts was a long time writer, director and producer for Doctor Who, particularly during Jon Pertwee's years. He returned as the scriptwriter of the next radio play, Jon Pertwee's last performance as the Doctor, The Ghosts of N-Space.
- Harold Innocent had previously portrayed Gilbert M in the Doctor Who television serial The Happiness Patrol in 1987, and died between the first broadcast of episodes 3 and 4 of this serial.
- Peter Miles has portrayed several roles in Doctor Who, including Nyder in Genesis of the Daleks.
- Maurice Denham previously portrayed Azmael in the Doctor Who television serial The Twin Dilemma.
- Dominic Letts is the son of scriptwriter Barry Letts.
- Trevor Martin previously portrayed a Time Lord in the serial The War Games and the Doctor himself in the stage play Doctor Who and the Daleks in the Seven Keys to Doomsday. He reprised this latter role in the Big Finish Productions audio adaptation The Seven Keys to Doomsday.
|Series||Doctor Who book:
|Preceded by||The Evil of the Daleks|
The Paradise of Death was novelised by Barry Letts for WH Allen's Target Books imprint, and published in 1994 (ISBN 0-426-20413-1); it was the 156th and final novelisation to be published by Target, ending a series of books which began in 1964 (and had been published under the Target label since 1973).
The subsequent serial, The Ghosts of N-Space, would be novelised as part of the Virgin Missing Adventures series (although it was not a lost or missing serial).
- Originally titled 'The Vampire from Space'
- The Paradise of Death at the Doctor Who Reference Guide
- The Paradise of Death (audio) at The TARDIS Library
- The Cloister Library - The Paradise of Death