The Patriot Game
The song concerns an incident during the Border Campaign launched by the Irish Republican Army during the 1950s. It was written by Dominic Behan, younger brother of playwright Brendan Behan, to the tune of an earlier folksong, "The Merry Month of May" (recorded by Jo Stafford and Burl Ives as "The Nightingale"). It tells the story of Fergal O'Hanlon, an IRA Volunteer from Ballybay, County Monaghan who was killed at the age of 20 in an attack on Brookeborough Royal Ulster Constabulary barracks in County Fermanagh on 1 January 1957. The operation was devised and led by Sean Garland, an IRA man from Dublin. Another volunteer, Seán South from Limerick, was also killed during the raid.
Behan later became close friends with Sean Garland, officiating as the best man at Garland's wedding. Behan had been involved with the IRA before writing the song but he did not support the continuing violent campaign of the IRA at the time, and altered the first verse from his initial lyrics to distance himself from nationalism.
The song is one of the best known to emerge from the Irish nationalist struggle and has been popular amongst the IRA, although it has also been covered by artists from different traditions such as Harvey Andrews, and Christy Moore said that British soldiers often requested the song at his gigs. "The Patriot Game" has been recorded by numerous artists, including the Kingston Trio, The Bluebells, The Dubliners, The Wolfe Tones, Schooner Fare, and The Clancy Brothers. It also appears on the Judy Collins LP record Whales and Nightingales.
There are variations on the lyrics, some of which date from Behan's different versions. For example, the last line can be sung as either "... cowards who sold out the patriot game" or "... Quislings who sold out the patriot game".
The cover by the Bluebells altered many of the lyrics to criticise "the old men who pay for the patriot game", implying that young volunteers are manipulated into dying for a cause that they believe to be just.
Like Behan, Bob Dylan used the melody of "The Merry Month of May" for his own song "With God on Our Side". Behan criticized Dylan publicly by claiming the melody as an original composition. He was annoyed because the first two verses of Dylan's song were a parody of his own song. Behan took the view that the provenance of Dylan's entire body of work must be questioned. Mike Evans writes that "legend has it" that, during an early tour of the UK by Bob Dylan, Behan rang him at his hotel room with an uncompromising tirade. When Bob Dylan suggested that "My lawyers can speak with your lawyers", Behan replied, "I've got two lawyers, and they're on the end of my wrists."
I don't mind a bit if I shoot down police
They are lackeys for war never guardians of peace
And yet at deserters I'm never let aim
The rebels who sold out the patriot game
When Liam Clancy sang the song with the Clancy Brothers, he did include the John Bull verse, but rewrote the second half of it as "So I gave up my boyhood to drill and to train, to play my own part in the patriot game". A handful of other artists have since then used those new lyrics in their covers. Most musicians who sang the verse as written by Behan still adjusted the lyric about de Valera and sang it in a more general manner as "the leaders". The verse about police officers is very commonly omitted, even by nationalist bands such as the Irish Brigade and the Wolfe Tones, although Harvey Andrews included it unaltered.
American filmmaker Arthur MacCaig named his 1979 documentary after the song, a portrayal of Irish history from a Republican perspective.
The song "Colony" by Damien Dempsey references the title of the song:
Katie she came from down Townsend street,
Ten in a bed and no shoes on their feet,
They played the patriot's game...
- Dominic Behan's performance for the radio
- From Dominic Behan's album Easter Week and After
- The Dubliners' Rendition
- Wilentz, Sean (2010). Bob Dylan in America. New York: Doubleday. p. 70. ISBN 9780385529884.
- Wilentz, p.361
- Pietzonka, Katrin (2013). And the Healing has Begun . . .: A Musical Journey towards Peace in Northern Ireland. AuthorHouseUK. pp. 183–184. ISBN 978-1491885581.
- Bailie, Stuart (2018). Trouble Songs. Belfast: Bloomfield. p. 163. ISBN 978-1-5272-2047-8.
- Shelton, Robert (1986). No Direction Home: The Life and Music of Bob Dylan. New York: Beech Tree Books. p. 213. ISBN 0-688-05045-X.
- Evans, Mike (2014). "Fighting Talk". Rock'n'Roll's Strangest Moments: Extraordinary But True Tales from 45 Years of Rock & Roll History. London: Pavilion Books. ISBN 9781849941815.
- Informational site including audio clips and parody
- Distributor's website entry on the 1979 documentary by Arthur McCaig
- Lyrics, chords, tab and video at martindardis.com