The People's Alliance (Durham, NC)

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The People's Alliance (PA) is a progressive grassroots consumer watchdog organization in Durham, NC. It comprises three legally separate organizational entities:[1] The People's Alliance, 501c(4) led by a steering committee, founded in 1975; The People's Alliance Fund, 501c(3) led by a board of directors, established in 1980; and The People's Alliance PAC – a political action committee established in 1982. The group participates and funds local initiatives, particularly to help low-income families obtain access to quality education, housing, and transportation.

History[edit]

The People's Alliance (PA) was founded in October 1975.[2] The founding members were activists, participants, and leaders in many political movements while in college in the 1960s and early 1970s. In 1978, members were typically white college graduates in their mid-20s to mid-30s working in white collar jobs. Many had actively opposed the Vietnam War and participated in the civil rights movement and women's equality and ecology movements. From the beginning, PA volunteers donated many hours of personal time to the organization.[3]

Accomplishments[edit]

The PA sponsors public and community forums and works with other grassroots organizations such as the Durham Committee on the Affairs of Black People to jointly fund campaigns.[4][5][6] Since its founding in 1975, PA has an extensive catalog of accomplishments.

1970s[edit]

In 1959, a 10-mile limited-access project called the East-West Expressway appeared on NCDOT thoroughfare plans. Construction began in 1967 on the first segment of the Expressway. The first segment of the project demolished the historically African-American neighborhood of Hayti. By the early 1970s, about half of the East-West Expressway had been constructed. The next segment of the expressway was directed at another historically African-American neighborhood centered around Crest Street in the 100-year-old community of Hickstown.[1][3][7]

The PA members recognized the opportunity to fight simultaneously for a number of political values – racial justice, interracial cooperation, anti-suburbanization, energy conservation, and environmental protection.[3] With the help of PA members, the Crest Street Community Council (CSCC) was formed in 1975 to oppose the segment of expressway that would demolish the neighborhood. In 1977, with guidance from the PA, the CSCC was able to obtain assistance from the North-Central Legal Assistance Program.[1][5] The involvement of the PA through the expressway negotiations (1975–1986) helped all involved parties come to a successful resolution.[1][5][7]

Michael D. Calhoun, the Legal Aid attorney for the CSCC, argued a case before the US Supreme Court regarding the payment of legal fees accrued during the negotiations.[8] The case was decided on November 4, 1986, in favor of the CSCC.[9] In 1992, the final segment of the East-West Expressway (also known as the Durham Freeway) was completed.[3][5][7]

1980s and 1990s[edit]

The PA was actively involved in a variety of causes, including taxation,[10] elections,[11] environment,[12] housing,[13] water/wastes/hazards,[14] racial, civil and gender rights,[1] education, and schools.[15]

2000s[edit]

A successful bond referendum in 1996 led to the 2008 construction of a transit station on West Chapel Hill Street across the street from the Amtrak train station that serves taxis and local, regional, and national buses.[16]

In 2009, PA was engaged with two separate issues over Jordan Lake. One involved re-delineation of the lake boundary by a private developer who stood to gain financially from the change and the second concerned water quality in the lake. PA successfully advocated for the passage of state legislation H239 "Restore Water Quality in Jordan Reservoir".[17]

The PA fought to prevent electronic digital billboards from cropping up along the Durham Freeway and Interstates 40 and 85.[18]

2014 committees[edit]

Several PA committees were active in 2014. The Voter Empowerment Committee built a coalition to educate citizens in Durham and surrounding areas about voting changes.[19] The Economic Inequality Committee focused on income inequality by developing a plan for a voluntary living wage campaign.[20][21][22][23] After almost a decade of PA advocating to the DPS School Board and administration, a significant expansion of the teacher mentoring and principal leadership training programs finally took place.[24][25] The Housing Committee advocates continued to fight for affordable and supportive housing near public transit.[2]

The PA supports the Southern Coalition, Durham NAACP, and Fostering Alternative Drug Enforcement (FADE) in questioning racial profiling by Durham Police. Their five policy recommendations were designed to end disparities and make the DPD more accountable, ensuring that civil rights are respected.

  1. Implement a mandatory written consent-to-search policy for all vehicle searches
  2. Make marijuana enforcement the Durham Police Department's lowest law enforcement priority
  3. Implement a policy requiring mandatory periodic review of officer stop data
  4. Reform and strengthen the Durham Civilian Police Review Board
  5. Mandate that the Durham Police Department participate in formal racial equity training

These recommendations came into effect on October 1, 2014.[26][27]

2015 Action Teams[edit]

Economic Inequality advocates for policies that ensure that all Durham residents have access to high-quality jobs that pay a living wage with benefits and the opportunity to acquire and make use of productive assets. The Education Team works to support a unified public education system for Durham families. The Coalition for Affordable Housing and Transit advocates for residents of all incomes so they can afford to live near rail transit stations and bus hubs in Durham.[2]

Public Office PA members[edit]

These People's Alliance members have held public office:[28]

  • Diane Catotti (Durham City Council)
  • Don Moffitt (Durham City Council)
  • Eddie Davis (Durham City Council)
  • Frank Hyman (Durham City Council)
  • Lanier Fonvielle-Blum (Durham City Council)
  • Lorisa Seibel (Durham City Council)
  • Mike Woodard (Durham City Council/NC State Senate)
  • Paul Luebke (NC State House of Representatives)
  • Steve Schewel (Durham School Board, Durham City Council, Mayor)
  • Wendy Jacobs (Durham County Commission)
  • Wib Gulley (Durham Mayor, NC State Senate)

Longtime Durham Mayor Bill Bell retired in 2017. Steve Schewel was elected as the new mayor in the November 2017 elections

People's Alliance Fund[edit]

The 501c(3) fund financially supports progressive educational and research activities in Durham and other North Carolina communities. They provide microgrants to progressive organizations needing one-time assistance for meetings, supplies, and educational materials.[29] Several conferences and initiatives have received funding.

The Southern Anti-Racism Network (SARN) Ella Baker Tour (2008) was a tour by 1960s veterans of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. The tour included a stop in Durham for events at North Carolina Central University and Duke University.[30][31] Five scholarships distributed through the Southern Anti-Racism Network for low-income Durham residents to participate in the One Nation Working Together march on Washington in October 2010. The march was organized by a broad coalition of labor, civil rights, and other progressive organizations.[32]

The WNCU-FM "Keep It Kool" Project (2012) was an emergency project by the nonprofit radio station at North Carolina Central University in Durham so that they could purchase and install new air conditioning for the station's failing transmitter, allowing it to run at full capacity during the hot summer of 2012.[33] For the People's Alliance Forum on Economic Inequality and the Economy (2013), distinguished local academics and activists discussed the crisis of income inequality in North Carolina and issues related to poverty and jobs.[34] Participants included Gene Nichol of the University of North Carolina School of Law,[35] Rob Schofield of NC Policy Watch,[36] Sandy Darity of the Sanford School of Public Policy,[37] and Jeff Ward of the Duke University Law School.[38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Durham People's Alliance Records | Durham County Library". durhamcountylibrary.org. Racial, civil and gender rights. Durham, NC. Boxes 25, 33, 38, 55, 58. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "Durham People's Alliance". Durham People's Alliance. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d Rohe, William M.; Mouw, Scott (March 31, 1991). "The Politics of Relocation: The Moving of the Crest Street Community". Journal of the American Planning Association. 57 (1): 57–68. doi:10.1080/01944369108975472. ISSN 0194-4363.
  4. ^ "Durham, North Carolina: Bullish on the Future". Utne. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d "East-West Expressway Environmental Impact Study – Case Studies – Environmental Justice – Environment – FHWA". www.fhwa.dot.gov. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  6. ^ "Overview of Durham History – Museum of Durham History". www.museumofdurhamhistory.org. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  7. ^ a b c Luebke, Paul (July 1, 2008). "Activists and Asphalt: A Successful Anti-expressway Movement in a "New South City"". Human Organization. 40 (3): 256–263. doi:10.17730/humo.40.3.yq7662455473m077.
  8. ^ Ratliff, Alice A.; Calhoun, Michael D. (October 1988). "Use of Last Resort Housing Benefits and Redevelopment Powers to Preserve a Low-Income Community Threatened with Displacement: A Case History". Clearinghouse Review.
  9. ^ "N.C. DOT v. Crest St. Commun. Council 479 U.S. 6 (1986)". Justia US Supreme Court.
  10. ^ "Durham People's Alliance Records | Durham County Library". durhamcountylibrary.org. Taxes. Durham, NC. Boxes 3, 6, 17, 21, 36, 46, 47. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  11. ^ "Durham People's Alliance Records | Durham County Library". durhamcountylibrary.org. Elections. Durham, NC. Boxes 19, 35, 45, 56, 58. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  12. ^ "Durham People's Alliance Records | Durham County Library". durhamcountylibrary.org. Environment. Durham, NC. Boxes 5, 20, 33, 36, 38, 56, 59. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  13. ^ "Durham People's Alliance Records | Durham County Library". durhamcountylibrary.org. Housing. Durham, NC. Boxes 15, 48, 49, 50, 54, 57. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  14. ^ "Durham People's Alliance Records | Durham County Library". durhamcountylibrary.org. Water/wastes/hazards. Durham, NC. Boxes 20, 26, 33, 35, 45, 46, 47, 53, 59, 61. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  15. ^ "Durham People's Alliance Records | Durham County Library". durhamcountylibrary.org. Education and schools. Durham, NC. Boxes 15, 16, 17, 45, 55, 57. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  16. ^ "Durham People's Alliance Records | Durham County Library". durhamcountylibrary.org. Transit Station. Durham, NC. Boxes 4, 21, 60. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  17. ^ "North Carolina General Assembly – House Bill 239 Information/History (2009–2010 Session)". www.ncleg.net. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  18. ^ "Durham City Council votes unanimously to keep current ordinance banning digital billboards". Indy Week. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  19. ^ "You Can Vote". You Can Vote. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  20. ^ "Durham Living Wage". Durham Living Wage. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  21. ^ "Support the Durham Living Wage Project". North Carolina's Union Movement. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  22. ^ "The Durham Living Wage Project | The Progressive Pulse". pulse.ncpolicywatch.org. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  23. ^ "Living Wage project launches with 28 Durham businesses". The Herald-Sun. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  24. ^ "Durham Public Schools: DPS to expand teacher mentoring program". Edline. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  25. ^ "Durham Public Schools hopes to retain teachers, principals with mentoring program". ABC11 Raleigh-Durham. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  26. ^ "Human Relations Commission | Durham, NC". durhamnc.gov. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  27. ^ "Human Relations Commission and Civilian Police Review Board Recommendations Report, Responses & Updates | Durham, NC". durhamnc.gov. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  28. ^ "Durham People's Alliance Records | Durham County Library". durhamcountylibrary.org. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  29. ^ "Funded Projects". The People's Alliance Fund. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  30. ^ "Ella Baker Tour – SNCC alums to visit Durham". UNC Press Blog. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  31. ^ "We Shall Overcome Fund Final Report | Southern Anti-Racism Network". www.projectsarn.org. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  32. ^ "Organizing the unemployed". The Institute for Southern Studies. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  33. ^ "WNCU – Keeping It Kool Campaign". www.nccu.edu. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  34. ^ "Will Our Governor Stand Up For All of Us Or Just The Richest Among Us". Durham Democratic Women. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  35. ^ "N.C. Poverty Research Fund". www.law.unc.edu. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  36. ^ "Rob Schofield, Policy Director, NC Policy Watch | NC Justice Center". www.ncjustice.org. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  37. ^ "Darity Jr., William A. | Duke University Sanford School of Public Policy". sanford.duke.edu. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  38. ^ "Jeff Ward | Duke University School of Law". law.duke.edu. Retrieved December 3, 2015.