The Pet Goat

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"The Pet Goat"
The Pet Goat (book cover).jpg
AuthorSiegfried Engelmann and Elaine C. Bruner
CountryUnited States
Genre(s)Children's fiction
Publication date1995

"The Pet Goat" (often erroneously called "My Pet Goat") is a reading exercise from the 1995 children's workbook Reading Mastery II: Storybook 1 by Siegfried Engelmann and Elaine C. Bruner.[1] It is designed to teach kids about words ending in the letter "E", using the Direct Instruction (DI) teaching method.[2] It gained attention on September 11, 2001; U.S. President George W. Bush was reading it at the Emma E. Booker School in Sarasota, Florida, when he was informed of the ongoing terror attacks.


"The Pet Goat" is the story of a girl's pet goat that eats everything in its path.[2] The girl's parents want to get rid of the goat, but she defends it.[2] A burglar enters the house and attempts to steal things, but the goat butts him - the parents gratefully decide to let the goat stay.[2] All smile but the burglar who is "sore" (ending in e).[2]

The book was written by Siegfried Engelmann and Elaine C. Bruner and is part of the 31-volume Reading Mastery series published by the SRA Macmillan early-childhood education division of McGraw-Hill. It uses the Direct Instruction (DI) teaching method, which was originally developed by Engelmann and Wesley C. Becker.[1]

George W. Bush during the September 11 attacks[edit]

On the morning of September 11, 2001, around 9:10, in front of a sign stating "Reading Makes a Country Great", George W. Bush was reading The Pet Goat while also listening to it being recited by a group of schoolchildren at Emma E. Booker Elementary School in Sarasota County, Florida, just after White House Chief of Staff Andrew Card informed him that a second airplane had just hit the World Trade Center. Bush remained seated for roughly seven minutes and followed along as the children read the book. After spending about 20 minutes total with the children, Bush was scheduled to give a short press conference at about 9:30 a.m. At the conference inside the school, Bush made his first speech about the attacks and was later taken to a secure location by the Secret Service aboard Air Force One before returning to the White House later that evening.[3]

Bush's critics—notably Michael Moore in his film Fahrenheit 9/11, in which Moore erroneously called the book My Pet Goat— argued that the fact that Bush continued reading the book after being notified that the attack was ongoing shows that he was indecisive.[1] However, Bush's defenders – and some of his critics – made the case that he felt keeping the children calm was his most important duty at that time. A 9/11 Commission Staff Report entitled Improvising a Homeland Defense, without citing a source for the claim, read: "The President felt he should project strength and calm until he could better understand what was happening."[4] According to Bill Sammon in Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism from Inside the White House, Bush's Press Secretary Ari Fleischer, at some point, was in the back of the classroom holding a pad on which he had written "Don't say anything yet."[5] Sammon contended that, although Bush was not wearing his glasses, he was able to read this message, decided to let Fleischer determine his course of action and that not bewildering the children was his priority, and it went unnoticed by the media. Sammon further stated:

Bush wondered whether he should excuse himself and retreat to the holding room, where he might be able to find out what the hell was going on. But what kind of message would that send—the president abruptly getting up and walking out on a bunch of inner-city second-graders at their moment in the national limelight?[5]

In the years following the incident, faculty and students of the school have come to offer their foreign policy opinions regarding Bush's decisions. Principal Gwendolyn Tose-Rigell defended Bush, stating: "I don't think anyone could have handled it better. What would it have served if [Bush] had jumped out of his chair and ran out of the room?" Shortly after bin Laden's death, former students Lazaro Dubrocq and Mariah Williams had been asked about the incident by Time, crediting Bush with keeping the classroom calm by finishing the story. Williams has said:

I don't remember the story we were reading — was it about pigs? But I'll always remember watching his face turn red. He got really serious all of a sudden. But I was clueless. I was just seven. I'm just glad he didn't get up and leave because then I would have been more scared and confused.

Chantal Guerrero, one of the students in the classroom, agreed, and was grateful that Bush regained his composure and stayed with the students until The Pet Goat was finished. Guerrero said: "I think the President was trying to keep us from finding out, so we all wouldn't freak out."[6]


  • Engelmann, Siegfried; Elaine C. Bruner (1995). Reading Mastery II: Storybook 1 (Rainbow ed.). Worthington, Ohio: SRA Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-574-10128-4.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Radosh, Daniel (July 26, 2004). "The Pet Goat Approach". The New Yorker.
  2. ^ a b c d e Jeffrey A. Trachtenberg (July 2, 2004). "Bush's Goat Tale Is Tough to Find". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  3. ^ Adair, Bill; Hegarty, Stephen (2002-09-08). "The drama in Sarasota". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2007-06-15.
  4. ^ "Improvising a Homeland Defense" (PDF)., page 22
  5. ^ a b Sammon, Bill (2002). Fighting Back. Regnery Publishing. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-89526-149-6.
  6. ^ Padgett, Tim (May 3, 2011). "The Interrupted Reading: The Kids with George W. Bush on 9/11". Time.