The Philadelphia Award
|The Philadelphia Award|
|Awarded for||Given each year to a citizen of the Philadelphia region who, during the preceding year, acted and served on behalf of the best interests of the community.|
|First awarded||1921Leopold Stokowskito|
|Currently held by||Marsha Levick|
The Philadelphia Award is given each year to a citizen of the Philadelphia region who, during the preceding year, acted and served on behalf of the best interests of the community. Created by Edward William Bok in 1921, The Philadelphia Award is among the most cherished, meaningful and prestigious awards conferred in, by and for the Philadelphia community. In establishing the Award, Bok wrote, "service to others tends to make lives happy and communities prosperous." He believed that "the idea of service as a test of good citizenship should be kept constantly before the minds of the people of Philadelphia."
Since its inception, The Philadelphia Award has recognized the achievements of more than 80 individuals. Its recipients have been some of the most distinguished Philadelphians, including industrialists, educators, lawyers, political figures, scientists, physicians, members of the clergy, social activists, philosophers, musicians, artists, architects and writers.
Life and career of founder Edward W. Bok (1863-1930)
Edward William Bok (born Eduard Willem Gerard Cesar Hidde Bok) (October 9, 1863 – January 9, 1930) was born in Den Helder, Netherlands. At the age of six, he immigrated to Brooklyn, New York. In Brooklyn he washed the windows of a bakery shop after school to help support his family. His people were so poor that in addition he used to go out in the street with a basket every day and collect stray bits of coal that had fallen in the gutter where the coal wagons had delivered fuel.
In 1882 Edward Bok began work with Henry Holt and Company. In 1884 he became involved with Charles Scribner's Sons, where he eventually became its advertising manager. From 1884 until 1887 Bok was the editor of The Brooklyn Magazine, and in 1886 he founded the Bok Syndicate Press.
After moving to Philadelphia in 1889, he obtained the editorship of Ladies Home Journal when its founder and editor Louisa Knapp Curtis stepped down to a less intense role at the popular, nationally circulated publication. It was published by Cyrus Curtis, who had an established publishing empire that included many newspapers and magazines.
In 1896 Bok married Mary L. Curtis, the daughter of Louisa and Cyrus Curtis. She shared her family's interest in music, cultural activities, and philanthropy and was very active in social circles.
During his editorship, the Journal became the first magazine in the world to have one million subscribers and it became very influential among readers by featuring informative and progressive ideas in its articles. The magazine focused upon the social issues of the day. The mother of H.L. Mencken was one of those busy and amiable housewives who read Edward Bok’s Ladies’ Home Journal year after passing year. When Bok’s autobiography, The Americanization of Edward Bok, appeared in 1920, he reviewed it with an interest based on long acquaintance with the magazine. Mencken observed that Bok showed an irrepressible interest in things artistic:
When he looked at the houses in which his subscribers lived, their drab hideousness made him sick. When he went inside and contemplated the lambrequins, the gilded cattails, the Rogers groups, the wax fruit under glass domes, the emblazoned seashells from Asbury Park, the family Bible on the marble-topped center-table, the crayon enlargements of Uncle Richard and Aunt Sue, the square pianos, the Brussels carpets, the grained woodwork—when his eyes alighted upon such things, his soul revolted, and at once his moral enthusiasm incited him to attempt a reform. The result was a long series of Ladies’ Home Journal crusades against the hideousness of the national scene – in domestic architecture, in house furnishing, in dress, in town buildings, in advertising. Bok flung himself headlong into his campaigns, and practically every one of them succeeded. ... If there were gratitude in the land, there would be a monument to him in every town in the Republic. He has been, aesthetically, probably the most useful citizen that ever breathed its muggy air.
The Journal also became the first magazine to refuse patent medicine advertisements. In 1919, after thirty years at the journal, Bok retired.
In 1924 Mary Louise Bok founded the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, which she dedicated to her father, Cyrus Curtis, and in 1927, the Boks embarked upon the construction of Bok Tower Gardens, near their winter home in Mountain Lake Estates, Lake Wales, Florida, which was dedicated on February 1, 1929, by the president of the United States, Calvin Coolidge. Bok Tower sometimes is called a sanctuary and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a National Historic Landmark. Bok is used as an example in Dale Carnegie's How to Win Friends and Influence People.
Bok died on January 9, 1930, in Lake Wales, Florida, within sight of his beloved Singing Tower. Two of his grandsons are Derek Bok and Gordon Bok.
Bok and American domestic architecture
In 1895, Bok began publishing in Ladies Home Journal plans for building houses which were affordable for the American middle class – from $1,500 to $5,000 – and made full specifications with regional prices available by mail for $5. Later, Bok and the Journal became a major force in promoting the "bungalow", a style of residence which derived from India. Plans for these houses cost as little as a dollar, and the 1+1⁄2-story dwelling, some as small as 800 square feet, soon became a dominant form of new domestic architecture in the country.
Some architects complained that by making building plans available on a mass basis, Bok was usurping their prerogatives, and some, such as Stanford White openly discouraged him – although White would later come around, writing
I believe that Edward Bok has more completely influenced American domestic architecture for the better than any man in this generation. When he began ... I refused to cooperate with him. If Bok would come to me now, I would not only make plans for him, but I would waive my fee for them in retribution for my early mistake.
Bok is credited with coining the term living room as the name for room of a house that was commonly called a parlor or drawing room. This room had traditionally been used only on Sundays or for formal occasions such as the displaying of deceased family members before burial; it was the buffer zone between the public sphere and the private one of the rest of the house. Bok believed it was foolish to create an expensively furnished room that was rarely used, and promoted the new name to encourage families to use the room in their daily lives. He wrote, "We have what is called a 'drawing room'. Just whom or what it 'draws' I have never been able to see unless it draws attention to too much money and no taste ..."
Bok's overall concern was to preserve his socially conservative vision of the ideal American household, with the wife as homemaker and child-rearer, and the children raised in a healthy, natural setting, close to the soil. To this end, he promoted the suburbs as the best place for well-balanced domestic life.
Theodore Roosevelt said about Bok:
[He] is the only man I ever heard of who changed, for the better, the architecture of an entire nation, and he did it so quickly and effectively that we didn't know it was begun before it was finished.
Creation of The Philadelphia Award
In 1921, Bok created The Philadelphia Award  - among the most cherished, meaningful and prestigious awards conferred in, by and for the Philadelphia community. The award is given each year to a citizen of the Philadelphia region who, during the preceding year, acted and served on behalf of the best interests of the community. In establishing the Award, Bok wrote, "service to others tends to make lives happy and communities prosperous." He believed that "the idea of service as a test of good citizenship should be kept constantly before the minds of the people of Philadelphia."
Since its inception, The Philadelphia Award has recognized the achievements of more than 80 individuals. Its recipients have been some of the most distinguished Philadelphians, including industrialists, educators, lawyers, political figures, scientists, physicians, members of the clergy, social activists, philosophers, musicians, artists, architects and writers. All are bonded by a shared vision: Make the city and the region more prosperous, efficient and beautiful by enriching, educating, inspiring and caring for those who live there. The Philadelphia Award is administered by a Board of Trustees and carries an honorarium of $25,000.
- 2020 - Ala Stanford
- 2020 - Brian L. Roberts
- 2019 - Rev. Luis Cortés, Jr.
- 2019 - Nicole Kligerman
- 2019 - Amy J. Goldberg
- 2018 - Sylvester Mobley
- 2017 - Mel Heifetz
- 2016 - Charles L. Blockson
- 2015 - Marsha Levick
- 2014 - Kenneth Gamble
- 2014 - Suzanne & Ralph Roberts
- 2013 - Leigh & John Middleton
- 2012 - Carl H. June, MD
- 2011 - Aileen K. Roberts & Joseph Neubauer
- 2010 - Alice S. Bast
- 2009 - Joan Myers Brown
- 2008 - H. Fitzgerald Gerry & Marguerite Lenfest
- 2007 - Marciene Mattleman
- 2006 - Leonore Annenberg
- 2005 - Paul R. Levy
- 2004 - Gloria Guard
- 2003 - Judith Rodin
- 2002 - Lorene Cary
- 2001 - Bernard C. Watson
- 2000 - Ernesta D. Ballard
- 1999 - Cecilia Moy Yep
- 1998 - Graham S. Finney
- 1997 - Anne d'Harnoncourt
- 1997 - Jane Golden
- 1996 - Arlin Adams
- 1995 - Edward G. Rendell
- 1995 - John F. Street
- 1994 - Jeremy Nowak
- 1993 - The Hon. Walter H. Annenberg
- 1992 - Denise Scott-Brown & Robert Venturi
- 1991 - Sr. Mary Scullion, RSM
- 1990 - Herman Mattleman
- 1989 - Hilary Koprowsky
- 1988 - G. Stockton Strawbridge
- 1987 - Elaine Brown
- 1986 - Willard G. Rouse III
- 1985 - Rev. Paul M. Washington
- 1984 - Jennifer A. Allcock
- 1983 - Edmund N. Bacon
- 1982 - Carolyn L. Johnson
- 1981 - Edmund Wolf II
- 1980 - William M. Sample
- 1979 - Robert Austrian
- 1978 - Michael J. Sherman & Stephen Shutt
- 1977 - R. Stewart Rauch
- 1976 - Jonathan E. Rhoads
- 1975 - Robert W. Crawford
- 1975 - Perry C. Fennell, Jr.
- 1975 - Melvin Floyd
- 1975 - John C. Haas
- 1975 - Ruth W. Hayre
- 1975 - Floyd L. Logan
- 1975 - Sol Schoenbach
- 1975 - Irving W. Shandler
- 1974 - William Henry Hastie
- 1973 - Ruth Patrick
- 1972 - J. Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
- 1971 - Franklin C. Watkins
- 1970 - Louis I. Kahn
- 1969 - Eugene Ormandy
- 1968 - Marcus Albert Foster
- 1967 - Richardson Dilworth
- 1966 - Lessing J. Rosenwald
- 1965 - Rev. Leon H. Sullivan
- 1964 - Gaylord P. Harnwell
- 1963 - John H. Gibbon, Jr.
- 1962 - George W. Taylor
- 1961 - Edwin O. Lewis
- 1960 - Allston Jenkins
- 1959 - Harry A. Batten
- 1958 - Helen C. Bailey
- 1957 - Catherine Drinker Bowen
- 1956 - Isidor S. Ravdin
- 1955 - Joseph S. Clark, Jr.
- 1954 - Esmond R. Long
- 1953 - George Wharton Pepper
- 1952 - Francis Bosworth
- 1951 - Franklin H. Price
- 1950 - Fiske Kimball
- 1949 - Frederick H. Allen
- 1947 - Samuel S. Fels
- 1946 - Maurice B. Fagan & Marjorie Penney
- 1945 - Owen J. Roberts
- 1944 - William Draper Lewis
- 1943 - James M. Skinner
- 1942 - William Loren Batt
- 1940 - Marian Anderson
- 1939 - Thomas Sovereign Gates
- 1938 - Rufus M. Jones & Clarence Pickett
- 1937 - Alfred Newton Richards
- 1936 - George W. Wilkins
- 1935 - Francis Fisher Kane
- 1934 - Charles M.B. Cadwalader
- 1933 - Lucy Langdon Wilson
- 1932 - Earl D. Bond
- 1931 - The Unknown Citizen
- 1930 - Paul Philippe Cret
- 1929 - Cornelius McGillicuddy (Connie Mack)
- 1928 - Eli Kirk Price
- 1927 - W. Herbert Burk
- 1926 - Chevalier Jackson
- 1925 - Samuel Yellin
- 1924 - Charles C. Harrison
- 1923 - Samuel S. Fleisher
- 1922 - Russell H. Conwell
- 1921 - Leopold Stokowski
- ^ a b "Edward Bok". Internet Accuracy Project. Retrieved January 22, 2011.
- ^ Edward William Bok (1915). Why I Believe In Poverty. Curtis Publishing Company. pp. 6–9. LAGE-4427767.
- ^ Hamersly, Lewis R. (1904). Who's who in Pennsylvania: A Biographical Dictionary of Contemporaries. L.R. Hamersly & Co. p. 66.
- ^ Mencken, H. L. "The Incomparable Bok", Smart Set (January 1921), pp. 140-142. Review of The Americanization of Edward Bok (New York: Scribner, 1920)
- ^ Bok, Edward William (1921). "Cleaning Up the Patent-Medicine and Other Evils". The Americanization of Edward Bok.
- ^ He appears in Part Two, Chapter 4 ("How to Become a Good Conversationalist").
- ^ Gardens, Bok Tower. "Edward Bok - Author & Philanthropist - Bok Tower Gardens".
- ^ a b c d Jackson, Kenneth T. (1985), Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-504983-7, p.186
- ^ Anonymous. "The Living Room is Born". Ladies Home Journal. 125 (6): 12.
- ^ a b "About The Philadelphia Award". Board of Trustees of the Philadelphia Award. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
- ^ "Scholar Charles Blockson receives 2016 Philadelphia Award". Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- ^ "FREDERICK ALLEN, PHYSICIAN, 73, DIES; Child Psychiatrist Once Led Philadelphia Guidance Clinic". New York Times. January 17, 1964. Retrieved January 17, 2021.