The Philco Television Playhouse

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The Philco Television Playhouse
Coefred.jpg
Fred Coe, producer of The Philco Television Playhouse
Genre Anthology drama
Directed by Fred Coe
Vincent J. Donehue
Gordon Duff
Herbert Hirschman
Delbert Mann
Robert Mulligan
Arthur Penn
Ira Skutch
Composer(s) Morris Mamorsky
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 7
No. of episodes 251
Production
Producer(s) Fred Coe
Gordon Duff
Ira Skutch
Running time 46–50 minutes
Release
Original network NBC
Picture format Black-and-white
Audio format Monaural
Original release October 3, 1948 (1948-10-03) – October 2, 1955 (1955-10-02)
Chronology
Related shows Goodyear Television Playhouse
The Alcoa Hour

The Philco Television Playhouse is an American television anthology series that was broadcast live on NBC from 1948 to 1955. (The reference book Encyclopedia of Television Shows, 1925 through 2010 lists the program as having been broadcast 1948-1956.)[1] Produced by Fred Coe, the series was sponsored by Philco. It was one of the most respected dramatic shows of the Golden Age of Television, winning a 1954 Peabody Award and receiving eight Emmy nominations between 1951 and 1956.

Overview[edit]

The first season featured adaptations of popular Broadway plays and musicals. Ronald Wayne Rodman, in his book Tuning in: American Narrative Television Music, noted, "Despite ensuing complications over the legalities of broadcasting copyrighted plays on television and several legal battles that ensued, the show flourished."[2]

The first episode was Dinner at Eight by George S. Kaufman and Edna Ferber. The second season consisted mostly of adaptations of popular novels from the Book of the Month Club. During later seasons, both original stories and adaptations were used. The title of the show was briefly changed to Repertory Theatre and Arena Theatre during part of the first season, but then reverted to The Philco Television Playhouse.

Bert Lytell was the program's host in 1948-1949.[1]

The series launched the television writing careers of Robert Alan Aurthur, Paddy Chayefsky, Sumner Locke Elliott, Horton Foote, Tad Mosel, William Templeton, Arnold Schulman, and Gore Vidal. Its most famous drama was Chayefsky's Marty (May 24, 1953), which starred Rod Steiger and was later made into a movie that won an Academy Award for Ernest Borgnine.

Among the many performers on the Philco Television Playhouse were Dennis Cross, Lillian Gish, Janet De Gore, Melvyn Douglas, Grace Kelly, Jack Klugman, Cloris Leachman, Walter Matthau, Steve McQueen, Paul Muni, ZaSu Pitts, Eva Marie Saint, Everett Sloane, Kim Stanley, Eli Wallach and Joanne Woodward. Many of these actors were making their first television appearance; one was Jose Ferrer, who recreated his stage performance in a one-hour television condensation of Cyrano de Bergerac a full year before the 1950 film version, for which Ferrer won an Oscar, was released. Another was Paul Muni, who starred in the 1948 presentation Counsellor-at Law.

Beginning in 1951, Philco shared sponsorship of the program with Goodyear, with the title alternating between Philco Television Playhouse and Goodyear Television Playhouse to reflect that week's sponsor.[3] In 1955, the show was retitled The Alcoa Hour. The three series were essentially the same, with the only real difference being the name of the sponsor.

When Peggy Mann's first novel, A Room in Paris, was published by Doubleday in 1955, it was immediately adapted for The Philco Television Playhouse. In the months after the August 7, 1955 live telecast with John Cassavetes, Popular Library released their paperback edition with cover illustration by Mitchell Hooks.

In the sixth season, Cathleen Nesbitt and Maureen Stapleton starred in Chayefsky's The Mother (April 4, 1954). This is one of the rare teleplays from television's Golden Age to be restaged on TV decades later, a Great Performances production on October 24, 1994, with Anne Bancroft and Joan Cusack.

The seventh season began September 19, 1954, with E. G. Marshall and Eva Marie Saint in Chayefsky's Middle of the Night, a play which moved to Broadway 15 months later and was filmed by Columbia Pictures in 1959.

On August 7, 1955, John Cassavetes played an American artist expatriate in A Room in Paris.[4] This adaptation of Peggy Mann's[5][6][7][8][9][10][11] novel (her first novel for adults) was published March 3, 1955, by Doubleday, followed by Popular Library's paperback edition.

The final Philco production, on October 2, 1955, was Robert Alan Aurthur's A Man Is Ten Feet Tall, co-starring Don Murray and Sidney Poitier, which was adapted and expanded into the 1957 MGM feature film, Edge of the City, with Poitier recreating his original role and John Cassavetes in Murray's part.

U.S. television ratings[edit]

Seasonal rankings (based on average total viewers per episode) of The Philco Television Playhouse on NBC.

Season TV season Ranking Viewers (in millions)
3rd 1950–1951 #3 4.620
4th 1951–1952 #12 6.181
5th 1952–1953 #17 7.609
6th 1953–1954 #19 8.450
7th 1954–1955 #

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Result Award Category Recipient
1954 Winner Peabody Award
1951 Nominated Emmy Award Best Dramatic Show
1952 Nominated Emmy Award Best Dramatic Show
1953 Nominated Emmy Award Best Dramatic Show
1954 Nominated Emmy Award Best Dramatic Show
1955 Nominated Emmy Award Best Written Dramatic Material Paddy Chayefsky
Nominated Emmy Award Best Dramatic Show
Nominated Emmy Award Best Actress in a Single Performance Eva Marie Saint (For episode "Middle of the Night")
1956 Nominated Emmy Award Best Original Teleplay Writing Robert Alan Aurthur (For episode "A Man Is Ten Feet Tall")

In popular culture[edit]

In 2006, the NBC series Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip referenced The Philco Television Playhouse as The Philco Comedy Hour, a comedy show that aired on the fictional NBS network. Eli Wallach made a guest appearance on Studio 60, playing a former show writer who was blacklisted in the 1950s.

Episodes[edit]

Season 1 (1948-49)[edit]

No. in
series
No. in
season
Title Original air date
1 1 "Dinner at Eight" October 3, 1948 (1948-10-03)
2 2 "Rebecca" October 10, 1948 (1948-10-10)[12]
3 3 "Counselor-at-Law" October 17, 1948 (1948-10-17)[12]
4 4 "Angel in the Wings" October 24, 1948 (1948-10-24)[12]
5 5 "Street Scene" October 31, 1948 (1948-10-31)[12]
6 6 "This Thing Called Love" November 7, 1948 (1948-11-07)[12]
7 7 "Camille" November 14, 1948 (1948-11-14)[12]:245-246
8 8 "An Inspector Calls" November 21, 1948 (1948-11-21)[12]:246
9 9 "I Like It Here" November 28, 1948 (1948-11-28)[12]:246
10 10 "Suspect" December 5, 1948 (1948-12-05)[12]:246
11 11 "Parlor Story" December 12, 1948 (1948-12-12)[12]:246
12 12 "A Christmas Carol" December 19, 1948 (1948-12-19)
13 13 "The Old Lady Shows Her Medals" December 26, 1948 (1948-12-26)
14 14 "Ramshackle Inn" January 2, 1949 (1949-01-02)
15 15 "Cyrano de Bergerac" January 9, 1949 (1949-01-09)
16 16 "Papa Is All" January 16, 1949 (1949-01-16)
17 17 "Pride and Prejudice" January 23, 1949 (1949-01-23)
18 18 "Dark Hammock" January 30, 1949 (1949-01-30)
19 19 "The Late Christopher Bean" February 6, 1949 (1949-02-06)
20 20 "The Story of Mary Surratt" February 13, 1949 (1949-02-13)[12]:249
21 21 "Twelfth Night" February 20, 1949 (1949-02-20)[12]:249
22 22 "St. Helena" February 27, 1949 (1949-02-27)[12]:249
23 23 "The Druid Circle" March 6, 1949 (1949-03-06)
24 24 "Quality Street" March 13, 1949 (1949-03-13)
25 25 "Dinner at Antoine's" March 20, 1949 (1949-03-20)
26 26 "Becky Sharp" March 27, 1949 (1949-03-27)
27 27 "And Never Been Kissed" April 3, 1949 (1949-04-03)
28 28 "What Makes Sammy Run?" April 10, 1949 (1949-04-10)
29 29 "Mr. Mergenthwirker's Lobblies" April 17, 1949 (1949-04-17)
30 30 "Burlesque" April 24, 1949 (1949-04-24)
31 31 "Macbeth" May 1, 1949 (1949-05-01)
32 32 "Romeo and Juliet" May 15, 1949 (1949-05-15)
33 33 "This Time, Next Year" June 5, 1949 (1949-06-05)
34 34 "It Pays To Advertise" June 12, 1949 (1949-06-12)
35 35 "Summer Formal" June 19, 1949 (1949-06-19)
36 36 "Jenny Kissed Me" June 26, 1949 (1949-06-26)
37 37 "Dark of the Moon" July 3, 1949 (1949-07-03)
38 38 "For Love or Money" July 10, 1949 (1949-07-10)
39 39 "The Five Lives of Richard Gordon" July 17, 1949 (1949-07-17)
40 40 "You Touched Me!" July 24, 1949 (1949-07-24)
41 41 "The Fourth Wall" July 31, 1949 (1949-07-31)
42 42 "Enter Madame" August 7, 1949 (1949-08-07)
43 43 "A Murder Has Been Arranged" August 14, 1949 (1949-08-14)
44 44 "Pretty Little Parlor" August 21, 1949 (1949-08-21)
45 45 "Three Concerned Moon" August 28, 1949 (1949-08-28)

Season 2 (1949-50)[edit]

No. in
series
No. in
season
Title Original air date
46 1 "What Every Woman Knows" September 4, 1949 (1949-09-04)
47 2 "Pride's Castle" September 11, 1949 (1949-09-11)
48 3 "The Little Sister" September 18, 1949 (1949-09-18)
49 4 "The Lonely" September 25, 1949 (1949-09-25)
50 5 "The Queen Bee" October 2, 1949 (1949-10-02)
51 6 "Something's Got To Give" October 9, 1949 (1949-10-09)
52 7 "The Last Tycoon" October 16, 1949 (1949-10-16)[12]:262
53 8 "Because of the Lockwoods" October 23, 1949 (1949-10-23)[12]:262
54 9 "Damion's Daughter" October 30, 1949 (1949-10-30)[12]:263
55 10 "The House of the Seven Gables" November 6, 1949 (1949-11-06)[12]:263
56 11 "The Promise" November 13, 1949 (1949-11-13)[12]:264
57 12 "Medical Meeting" November 20, 1949 (1949-11-20)[12]:264
58 13 "The Wonderful Mrs. Ingram" November 27, 1949 (1949-11-27)[12]:265
59 14 "Mist on the Water's" December 4, 1949 (1949-12-04)[12]:265
60 15 "The Beautiful Bequest" December 11, 1949 (1949-12-11)[12]:266
61 16 "The Strange Christmas Dinner" December 18, 1949 (1949-12-18)[12]:266
62 17 "In Beauty Like the Night" December 25, 1949 (1949-12-25)[12]:267
63 18 "Little Boy Lost" January 1, 1950 (1950-01-01)[12]:267
64 19 "Bethel Merriday" January 8, 1950 (1950-01-08)[12]:268
65 20 "Murder at the Stork Club" January 15, 1950 (1950-01-15)[12]:268
66 21 "The Marriages" January 22, 1950 (1950-01-22)
67 22 "Uncle Dynamite" January 29, 1950 (1950-01-29)
68 23 "The Sudden Guest" February 5, 1950 (1950-02-05)
69 24 "Ann Rutledge" February 12, 1950 (1950-02-12)
70 25 "Letter to Mr Priest" February 19, 1950 (1950-02-19)
71 26 "Hometown" February 26, 1950 (1950-02-26)
72 27 "The Life of Vincent Van Gogh" March 5, 1950 (1950-03-05)
73 28 "The Uncertain Molly Collicutt" March 12, 1950 (1950-03-12)
74 29 "The Trial of Steve Kent" March 19, 1950 (1950-03-19)
75 30 "The Second Oldest Profession" March 26, 1950 (1950-03-26)
76 31 "Nocturne" April 2, 1950 (1950-04-02)
77 32 "Dirty Eddie" April 9, 1950 (1950-04-09)
78 33 "The End Is Known" April 16, 1950 (1950-04-16)
79 34 "The Man in the Black Hat" April 23, 1950 (1950-04-23)
80 35 "The American" April 30, 1950 (1950-04-30)
81 36 "The Feast" May 7, 1950 (1950-05-07)
82 37 "Brat Farrar" May 14, 1950 (1950-05-14)
83 38 "The Charmed Circle" May 21, 1950 (1950-05-21)
84 39 "Semmelweis" May 28, 1950 (1950-05-28)
85 40 "Sense and Sensibility" June 4, 1950 (1950-06-04)
86 41 "The Bump on Brannigan's Head" June 11, 1950 (1950-06-11)
87 42 "Anything Can Happen" June 18, 1950 (1950-06-18)
88 43 "Hear My Heart Speak" June 25, 1950 (1950-06-25)
89 44 "The Reluctant Landlord" July 2, 1950 (1950-07-02)
90 45 "The Tentacles" July 9, 1950 (1950-07-09)

Season 3 (1950-51)[edit]

No. in
series
No. in
season
Title Original air date
91 1 "High Tor" September 10, 1950 (1950-09-10)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Terrace, Vincent (2011). Encyclopedia of Television Shows, 1925 through 2010. McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-6477-7. P. 831.
  2. ^ Rodman, Ronald Wayne (2010). Tuning in: American Narrative Television Music. Oxford University Press. p. 60. ISBN 9780195340242. Retrieved 8 October 2016. 
  3. ^ Kraszewski, Jon (2011). The New Entrepreneurs: An Institutional History of Television Anthology Writers. Wesleyan University Press. p. 181. ISBN 9780819571038. Retrieved 8 October 2016. 
  4. ^ "The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 51". newspapers.com. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  5. ^ "Peggy Mann Houlton, 65, Author Of Books About Drug Abuse, Dies". The New York Times. 19 July 1990. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "Finding Aid for the Sidney Carroll papers, 1957-1981". cdlib.org. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  7. ^ "Peggy Mann". imdb.com. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  8. ^ http://fosfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/FOS-Kinescopes-Collection.pdf
  9. ^ "Author Peggy Mann Houlton, 65". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  10. ^ "Peggy Mann Biography". famousbio.com. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  11. ^ "The Santa Fe New Mexican from Santa Fe, New Mexico · Page 66". newspapers.com. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Hawes, William (2001). Live Television Drama, 1946-1951. McFarland. p. 245. ISBN 9781476608495. Retrieved 8 October 2016. 

External links[edit]