The Philippine Collegian

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Philippine Collegian
Front page of the Philippine Collegian (August 21, 2017).jpg
Front page of the Philippine Collegian on August 21, 2017
Type Student publication
Owner(s) University of the Philippines
Editor Sheila Ann T. Abarra
Founded 1922
(1910 as the College Folio; 1917 as Varsity News)
Headquarters Room 401 Vinzons Hall, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines

Philippine Collegian is the official student publication of the University of the Philippines Diliman, and one of only three[citation needed] tertiary-level campus publications in the Philippines released weekly. It is more commonly known to UP students as Kulê (pronounced coo-leh). It is known for its radical, often anti-administration views, and often gives critical views on the policies of the UP administration and the Philippine government.

Mosquito press[edit]

Mosquito Press is a term in journalism coined during Martial Law. It is a term used for publications such as the Philippine Collegian, which continued to criticize the martial law government despite the dangers this entailed. These publications were likened to mosquitoes, which are small but have a stinging bite.

Brief history[edit]

First known as the College Folio (1910) and Varsity News (1917).[1] As the College Folio, it was one of the very first undergraduate journals in the Philippines.[2] The Philippine Collegian was officially established in 1922. Since then, it has become a symbol for academic freedom, critical thinking, and journalistic integrity and excellence. [5]

During the Japanese Occupation, the Collegian was largely silent, since many of the university's units were shut down. In 1946, the Collegian resumed publishing, maintaining an anti-colonialist perspective. [6]

The 1950s brought to fore issues of academic freedom in the University, heightening the clash of beliefs between the Collegian, the University administration, and the national government. Then editor in chief Homobono Adaza, for example, was expelled for an editorial criticizing the UP administration. [7]

Articles on the emergent revolutionary movement gained ground in the 1960s, complementing the rise of the student movement against the dictatorship of then President Ferdinand Marcos. During Martial Law, the Collegian defied the media blackout by going underground. The publication formed the radical press together with the other student publications such as the Ang Malaya of the Philippine College of Commerce, now Polytechnic University of the Philippines and Pandayan of Ateneo de Manila University and the publications of various communist and socialist-led groups.[3] Several of its editors, including Abraham Sarmiento, Jr., Antonio Tagamolila, and Enrique Voltaire Garcia III, were either killed or died prematurely on account of their harassment by the Marcos government. [8]

Since the ouster of Marcos during the EDSA Revolution, the Collegian has regularly undergone changes in format, withstood controversies regarding the selection of its editors, and remained a critical voice as part of the alternative media. [9]

In 2018, the Collegian editorial examination came under fire due to a number of anomalies in the conduct of the entire process. Two Collegian staffers, Kultura writer Marvin Ang and Features writer Richard Calayeg Cornelio, were barred from taking the exam due allegedly to their graduating statuses, although no such restriction was specified in the Collegian Rules. Despite campus-wide protests against the narrow and discriminatory interpretation of the rules, the Board of Judges headed by UP College of Mass Communications Dean Elena Pernia upheld the verdict.

Even before this questionable ruling, Pernia had been widely criticized by UP students for her restrictive policies and her penchant for filing administrative charges against dissenting student leaders. Prior to the 2018 editorial exam fiasco, the Collegian 2017-2018 staff, at the helm of editor-in-chief Sanny Boy Afable, was known to have decried, among others, Pernia's anti-student administration in a series of articles and editorials.

UP Diliman Chancellor Michael Tan sided with Pernia's decision and affirmed the results of the controversial exam. Tan appointed Jayson Edward San Juan, en. p., as the editor-in-chief amid student-led clamor for a second, more inclusive and democratic examinations. Alumni, professors, and other concerned organizations and formations including the League of College Councils and the UPD University Student Council expressed concern over the UP administration's indifference to the students' campaign for fairness and press freedom.

At the 46th General Assembly of Student Councils and the 2018 UP Solidaridad Congress, student councils and student publications from all over the UP system united to recognize as illegitimate San Juan's Collegian and defied the UP administration's intervention by holding over the previous editorial term. In September 2018, the holdover term headed by Sheila Ann Abarra launched Rebel Kulê to counter the admin-installed Collegian.

Former Collegian Editors-in-Chief[edit]

  • Francisco Capistrano, 1923–1924
  • Emerito M. Ramos, 1930–1931
  • Wenceslao Q. Vinzons, 1931–1932
  • Ambrosio Padilla, 1932–1933
  • Arturo M. Tolentino, 1933–1934
  • Armando de J. Malay, 1934–1935
  • Romeno S. Busuego, 1937–1938
  • Renato Constantino, 1939–1940
  • Angel G. Baking, 1940–1941
  • Delfin R. Garcia, 1941–1942
  • Juan M. Hagad, 1946–1947
  • Mariano V. Ampil, Jr., 1947–1948
  • Leonardo B. Perez, 1948–1949
  • Augusto Caesar Espiritu, 1949–1950
  • Elmer A. Ordonez, 1950–1951
  • Francisco D. Villanueva, 1951–1952
  • Ignacio Debuque, 1952–1953
  • Crispulo J. Icban, Jr., 1953–1954
  • Luis Q. U. Uranza, Jr., 1954–1955
  • Sabino Padilla, Jr., 1955–1956
  • Homobono Adaza, 1956–1957
  • Jose H. Y. Masakayan, 1956–1957
  • Pacifico Agabin (Acting); Caesar Agnir, 1958–1959
  • Andres G. Gatmaitan, 1959-1960
  • Leonardo Quisumbing, 1961–1962; Luis V. Teodoro, Jr. (Editor)
  • Angelito Imperio, 1962–1963
  • Tristan Catindig, 1963–1964
  • Salvador T. Carlota, 1964–1965
  • Enrique Voltaire Garcia II, Ancheta K. Tan 1965–1966
  • Agustin Que, 1966–1967
  • Temario Rivera, 1966-1967
  • Nelson A. Navarro, 1967-1968
  • Jaime J. Yambao, March 1 - September 21, 1967, editor, Benild J. Pires, managing editor
  • Miriam P. Defensor, 1968–1969
  • Jose Y. Arcellana, 1968-1969
  • Victor Manarang, 1969–1970
  • Ernesto M. Valencia, 1971
  • Antonio S. Tagamolila, 1971
  • Reynaldo B. Vea, 1971–1972
  • Eduardo T. Gonzalez
  • Teodoro D. Yabut, Jr.
  • Oscar G. Yabes, 1972–1974
  • Emmanuel F. Esguerra, 1974–1975[4]
  • Diwa C. Guinigundo, 1975-1976 (1)[5]
  • Abraham Sarmiento, Jr., 1975–1976 (2)[6]
  • Cosme Diaz Rosell, 1976–1977
  • Alexander Poblador, 1977–1978
  • Diwata A. Reyes, 1978–1979
  • Malou Mangahas, 1979–1980
  • Roberto Z. Coloma, 1980–1981
  • Roan I. Libarios, 1981–1982
  • Napoleon J. Poblador, 1982–1983
  • Raphael P. Lotilla, 1983–1984
  • Benjamin Pimentel, Jr., 1984–1985
  • Noel Pangilinan, 1985–1986
  • Dean Karlo La Vina, 1986–1987
  • Ma. Cristina Godinez, 1987–1988
  • Patrocinio Jude H. Esguerra III, 1988–1989
  • Ruben Carranza, Jr., 1989–1990
  • Francis Ronald Perez, 1990–1991
  • Alexander Pabico, 1991–1992
  • Pablo John Garcia, Jr., 1992–1993
  • Bernard Cobarrubias, 1993–1994
  • Michael John C. Ac-ac, 1994–1995
  • Ibarra M. Gutierrez, 1995–1996
  • Voltaire Veneracion, 1996–1997
  • Lourdes C. Gordolan, 1997–1998
  • Jeanie Rose Bacong, 1998–1999
  • Seymour Barros-Sanchez, 1999–2000
  • Herbert V. Docena, 2000–2001
  • Duke M. Bajenting, 2001–2002
  • Ellaine Rose A. Beronio, 2002–2003
  • Sherwin A. Mapanoo, 2003–2004
  • Jayson DP Fajarda, 2004–2005
  • Juan Paolo E. Colet, 2005–2006
  • Karl Fredrick M. Castro, 2006–2007
  • Jerrie M. Abella, 2007–2008
  • Larissa Mae R. Suarez, 2008–2009
  • Om Narayan A. Velasco, 2009–2010
  • Pauline Gidget R. Estella, 2010–2011
  • Marjohara S. Tucay, 2011–2012
  • Ma. Katherine H. Elona, 2012–2013
  • Julian Inah G. Anunciacion, 2013-2014
  • Mary Joy T. Capistrano, 2014-2015
  • Mary Joy T. Capistrano, 2015-2016
  • Karen Ann A. Macalalad, 2016-2017
  • Sanny Boy D. Afable, 2017-2018
  • Sheila Ann T. Abarra, 2018-2019 (Rebel Kulê)

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Sinag (publication)
  • Eduardo Gonzalez, former dean, U.P. Asian Center, former president, DAP.
  • Reynaldo Vea, president, Mapua University.


  1. ^ Valenzuela, Jesús Z. (1933). History of Journalism in the Philippine Islands. Jesús Z. Valenzuela. p. 22. Retrieved 2008-05-30. 
  2. ^ Chee, Tam Seong (1981). Essays on Literature and Society in Southeast Asia. National University of Singapore Press. p. 148. ISBN 9971-69-036-5. Retrieved 2008-05-30. 
  3. ^ Franco, Jennifer Conroy (2001). Elections and Democratization in the Philippines. Taylor & Francis. p. 105. ISBN 0-8153-3734-5. Retrieved 2008-05-30. 
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-08-20. 
  10. ^ [3]
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-09-01. Retrieved 2006-04-25. 
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-29. Retrieved 2007-01-09. 
  13. ^ [4]

External links[edit]