The Physical Principles of the Quantum Theory

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The Physical Principles of the Quantum Theory (German: Physikalische Prinzipien der Quantentheorie) by Nobel laureate (1932) Werner Heisenberg and subsequently translated by Carl Eckart and Frank C. Hoyt. The book was first published in 1930 by University of Chicago Press. Then in 1949, according to its copyright page, Dover Publications reprinted the "unabridged and unaltered" 1930's version.[1] The book discusses quantum mechanics and one 1931 review states that this is a "less technical and less involved account of the theor[y]".[2] This work has been cited more than 1200 times.[3]

In the book, after briefly discussing various theories, including quantum theory, Heisenberg discusses the basis for the fundamental concepts of quantum theory. Also by this time Heisenberg has stated, "the interaction between observer and object causes uncontrollable and large changes in the [atomic] system being observed...".[1] In this work Heisenberg also discusses his uncertainty principle or uncertainty relations.[1][4]


  1. ^ a b c — (1949) [1930]. The physical principles of the quantum theory. Translators Eckart, Carl; Hoyt, F.C. Dover. pp. 1–39. ISBN 9780486601137.
  2. ^ "(1) an Outline of Wave Mechanics (2) the Physical Principles of the Quantum Theory (3) Quantum Chemistry: A Short Introduction in Four Non-Mathematical Lectures". Nature. 127 (3197): 193. 1931. Bibcode:1931Natur.127..193.. doi:10.1038/127193a0.
  3. ^ The Physical Principles of the Quantum Theory. Google Scholar. 2013-09-07
  4. ^ Popper, Karl Raimund (1989). Quantum Theory and the Schism in Physics. New York: Routledge. pp. 60–63. ISBN 9781135859442.